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Sonnet: Composed Upon Westminster Bridge

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1 Sonnet: Composed Upon Westminster Bridge
William Wordsworth Siddhant Tiku

2 Author Biography William Wordsworth (7 April 1770 – 23 April 1850) was a major English Romantic poet who, helped to launch the Romantic Age in English Literature in the year The second of five children born to John Wordsworth and Ann Cookson, William Wordsworth was born on 7 April 1770 in Wordsworth House in Cocker mouth, Cumberland. His sister, the poet and diarist Dorothy Wordsworth, to whom he was close all his life, was born the following year, and the two were baptised together. Wordsworth's father, a legal representative, was rarely present, however taught him poetry, including that of Shakespeare. He relied on William to run his own Fathers library. William never had a good connection with either of his grandparents nor with his Uncle. In fact they distressed him to a level where he contemplated suicide.

3 Author Biography Composed upon Westminster Bridge, September 3, 1802 is a sonnet by William Wordsworth describing London and the River Thames, viewed from Westminster Bridge in the early morning. Wordsworth and his sister Dorothy were travelling to Calais to visit Annette Vallon and his daughter Caroline by Annette, prior to his forthcoming marriage to Mary Hutchinson. According to Dorothy’s diary, the pair left at around five thirty in the morning and had to cross the Bridge. That day it looked rather more unique than usual and William wrote what he felt about his view.

4 Author Biography A few of Williams achievements are:
Lyrical Ballads in 1798 with Samuel Taylor Coleridge "Ode: Intimations of Immortality" written 1804 The Prelude - Long autobiographical poem written between Wrote 523 sonnets

5 Poem Earth has not anything to show more fair: Dull would he be of soul who could pass by A sight so touching in its majesty: This City now doth, like a garment, wear The beauty of the morning; silent, bare, Ships, towers, domes, theatres, and temples lie Open unto the fields, and to the sky; All bright and glittering in the smokeless air. Never did sun more beautifully steep In his first splendour, valley, rock, or hill; Ne'er saw I, never felt, a calm so deep! The river glideth at his own sweet will: Dear God! the very houses seem asleep; And all that mighty heart is lying still!

6 Literary Device Line 1: Earth, the claim that no sight is more beautiful than the view from Westminster Bridge is a case of hyperbole, or exaggeration. Line 2: The word "dull" suggests a contrast with a knife or some other sharp object. In the implicit metaphor, the dull person's soul has been worn down by time and experience. Line 3: To say that something is "touching in its majesty" is almost a paradox, a contradiction in terms. A touching sight is intimate and personal, while a majestic one is grand and public. With this phrase, Wordsworth comes close to capturing the indescribable feeling of familiarity and distance all at once.

7 Literary Devices . SIMILE The persona compares the manner in which the beauty of the morning settles over the city, to that of a garment on a body. This emphasizes the perfection of the beauty of the morning, just as a garment flows smoothly over a body. . PERSONIFICATION Lines 9-10: The sun is referred to as a male who rises sharply and beautifully. This emphasizes the beauty of the city in the morning. The use of this personification also helps the reader to personalize this beauty. Line 12: Like the sun, the river is personalized as well. This allows the reader to see the river as real, instead of a thing. It comes alive and we can visualize it's movement, gliding, as beautiful. This creates an effect on the reader to not take things like the river for granted. Line 13: When some-one is asleep, they are usually peaceful. Therefore, when the persona describes the houses as sleeping, he is emphasizing the peace that exists in the city in the morning. The inhabitants of the houses are asleep, therefore the houses are quiet and peaceful.

8 Literary Devices Inversion
Used to make the poem rhyme with next word: line 2-’dull would he be’ Amplification Line 3-Is used to list the beauty of what he is seeing for example-’a sight so touching by its majesty:’ Pathetic fallacy Line 12-Is showing how the sight is peaceful and calm like the poets thoughts. Simile ‘is City now doth, like a garment, wear’ also used to say how like a garment beauty of this sun rise will be gone and removed as the day comes, but will appear again the next day.

9 Structure of the writing
The poem is "Composed upon Westminster Bridge, September 3, 1802" is an Italian sonnet, written in iambic pentameter with ten syllables per line. The rhyme scheme of the poem is abbaabbacdcdcd. It also consists of a octet and an sestet.

10 Themes This poem is a classic example of someone being taken by surprise by beauty and just staring at it, wide-eyed and open-mouthed. On the other hand, the neatness and precision of the sonnet form might seem odd with the speaker's spontaneous bursts of joy. We don't know too many people who speak in Petrarchan sonnets when they're happy. Also, the speaker spends a significant portion of the poem talking about how great the scenery is rather than describing it. City and nature play a good game in this poem and are very outstanding as it is basically what he is describing.

11 Themes Examples of the themes are in most if not even all the lines and this emphasises the fact and the amazement of the city at the time in the morning where there’s no about yet and it is all so calm and peaceful. Specific examples of the theme are in lines 4-14.

12 Analysis The poem begins with a rather shocking statement, especially for a Romantic poet: "Earth has not anything to show more fair." This statement is surprising because Wordsworth is not speaking of nature, but of the city. He goes on to list the beautiful man-made entities therein, such as "Ships, towers, domes, theatres and temples." In fact, nature's influence isn't described until the 7th line, when the speaker relates that the city is "open to the fields, and to the sky." While the city itself may not be a part of nature, it is certainly not in conflict with nature. This becomes even more clear in the next line, when the reader learns that the air is "smokeless" (free from pollution).

13 Analysis Wordsworth continues to surprise his reader by saying that the sun has never shone more beautifully, even on natural things. He then personifies the scene, giving life to the sun, the river, the houses, and finally to the whole city, which has a symbolic heart. The reader imagines that the city's heart beats rapidly during the day, while everything and everyone in it is bustling about, but now, in the early morning hours, the city's heart is "lying still." By using personification in his poem, Wordsworth brings a kind of spirit to the city, which is usually seen as a simple construction of rock and metal.


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