Presentation on theme: "Knowing Where to Look The difference between an archives and a library and why having this information can help you for the rest of your academic life."— Presentation transcript:
Knowing Where to Look The difference between an archives and a library and why having this information can help you for the rest of your academic life. Archival Research Basics with the National Archives Lesson # 2 The National Archives and Records Administration Pacific Alaska Region Seattle, Washington & Anchorage, Alaska 9/1/2009
When doing research on any topic, it is important to know what you are looking for and where that item or items might be. In order to figure that out, it is often important to know the difference between the TYPES of materials you might be looking for.
Published Materials Created by one or several people and reproduced in some quantity. Books being chosen for Wheelwright Library, Wheelright, Kentucky 1946 ARC Identifier 541514 (www.archives.gov/research/arc/ )www.archives.gov/research/arc/
Often contain indexes and tables of contents. Charlestown, Indiana Library 1941, ARC Identifier 518271 (www.archives.gov/research/arc/ )www.archives.gov/research/arc/ Published Materials
Usually catalogued by topic. Map Library Kent State University Published Materials
Sometimes catalogued by date Newspaper section of periodicals library Newman Library Virginia Tech University Published Materials
May have multiple indexes and catalogs to help you find items and subjects within. Some may be digitized and/or online. Childrens Periodicals from the Graduate School of Library and Information Science University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Published Materials
Unpublished materials Loose materials, often organized into files and sometimes placed in boxes of different types. Proclamation Signing, Cuba Quarantine. President Kennedy. White House, Oval Office., 10/23/1962 ARC Identifier 194243 (www.archives.gov/research/arc/ )www.archives.gov/research/arc/
Often never reproduced in any way. The original is often all there is. Photograph of two Metal Fragments Removed from the Head of President John F. Kennedy at the Time of His Autopsy ARC Identifier 305167 (www.archives.gov/research/arc/ )www.archives.gov/research/arc/ Unpublished materials
May only be organized by material type or by date Archivist R.D.W. Connor (right) receives a master print of the epic film Gone With The Wind from Carter Barron, Loews Eastern Division Manager of Theaters on January 30, 1941. Looking on is Senator Walter Franklin George of Georgia. http://www.archives.gov/75th/photos/1940s/01.html http://www.archives.gov/75th/photos/1940s/01.html
Often organized by the agency or person who created them rather than by topic US Army Immigration & Naturalization Service US Navy Bureau of Indian Affairs US Forest Service Fish and Wildlife Service US Federal District Courts Bureau of Land Management
Bureau of Prohibition ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY: BUREAU OF PROHIBITION SEATTLE, WA 1927-33 The Bureau of Prohibition was responsible for tracking bootleggers and organized crime leaders. They focused primarily on interstate and international cases and those cases where local law enforcement official would not or could not act. The Seattle office of the Bureau of Prohibition apparently operated in Idaho, Oregon, Montana, Washington and Wyoming. Predecessor Agency: Prohibition Unit, Department of the Treasury Successor Agency: Alcohol Tax Unit, Department of the Treasury Date Compiled: 2/23/94 SERIES DESCRIPTION: INVESTIGATORY CASE FILES 1924-33 14 linear feet Arranged by case file number These case file contain raw investigatory data as well as news clippings relating to the investigation; correspondence between law enforcement officials and correspondence with informants; and draft and final reports. Some files have transcripts of telephone taps. The files contain information on local prohibition activities as well as interstate activities (OR/WA and WA/CA) and international smuggling activities (US/Canada). Many of the files relate to local law enforcement and elected official involved in bootlegging. Some materials may be restricted due to Grand Jury information TYPE OF MATERIALS: correspondence, news clippings, transcripts, reports, photos SUBJECT REFERENCE: prohibition, law enforcement GEOGRAPHIC NAME REFERENCE: WA, OR, ID, MT, WY, CA, British Columbia, Columbia River BEGIN AND END BOX NUMBERS: 1-32 FOLDER LIST: FILE NO. CASE TITLE Box 1: Docket #101 Great Falls, Montana (Western Sales Co., et.al.) Docket #106 Absarokee, Montana (complaint of Rev. W.L. Spencer) Docket #108 Plentywood, Montana Docket #158 Miles City, Montana (closed) Docket #158 1/2 Billings, Montana (closed) 3.01-237 Seattle Conspiracy 3.01-246 Russell Wood, Harold Anderson, et.al. (A.W. Wash. case) [Tacoma, WA] 7-A Parsons, Frank [Vancouver, B.C] 45-A Conspiracy to transport alcohol between California & Oregon 65-B Gus Hodel, et.al. [Great Falls, MT] [photo in paper of officers by still] 119-B Hemrich Brewing Co. Seattle, WA 3.02-186 119-B Hemrich Brewing Co. Continued ….. Sometimes (but not always) there are lists telling us what files are inside the boxes
BEGIN AND END BOX NUMBERS: 1-32 FOLDER LIST: FILE NO. CASE TITLE Box 1: Docket #101 Great Falls, Montana (Western Sales Co., et.al.) Docket #106 Absarokee, Montana (complaint of Rev. W.L. Spencer) Docket #108 Plentywood, Montana Docket #158 Miles City, Montana (closed) Docket #158 1/2 Billings, Montana (closed) 3.01-237 Seattle Conspiracy 3.01-246 Russell Wood, Harold Anderson, et.al. (A.W. Wash. case) [Tacoma, WA] 7-A Parsons, Frank [Vancouver, B.C] 45-A Conspiracy to transport alcohol between California & Oregon 65-B Gus Hodel, et.al. [Great Falls, MT] [photo in paper of officers by still] 119-B Hemrich Brewing Co. Seattle, WA 3.02-186 119-B Hemrich Brewing Co. Continued ….. Sometimes (but not always) there are lists telling us what files are inside the boxes
Often unpublished materials take hours of careful research to find and use
So why would you bother to take the time to search through original documents that are not indexed or organized by topic?
Perhaps you want a copy of the original treasury warrant for the purchase of Alaska for a report or exhibit. Treasury Warrant in the Amount of $7.2 Million for the Purchase of Alaska, 08/01/1868, ARC Identifier 301667 ( www.archives.gov/research/arc/ )www.archives.gov/research/arc/
Perhaps you want to examine areas of Alaska that were of concern to the Environmental Protection agency in the 1970s Documerica Project - Valdez Narrows 1974, ARC Identifier 555709 (www.archives.gov/research/arc/ )www.archives.gov/research/arc/
Or find an original civil war discharge certificate for an ancestor or person important to the outcome of the war. Josiah Webster Civil War Discharge Certificate February, 1863, 02/1863, ARC Identifier 192986 ( www.archives.gov/research/arc/ )www.archives.gov/research/arc/
Perhaps you want to find out what REALLY happened to individual or groups of African Americans before the Civil War Warrant for Habeas Corpus, September 21, 1839 United States v. Cinque and the Africans, Case Files, ARC Identifier 2641484 (www.archives.gov/research/arc/ )www.archives.gov/research/arc/ See the entire NARA Documented Rights exhibit
Or simply make history come alive? Civil war photographs from www.archives.gov/research/arc/ (ARC Identifiers 524705, 524564, 524642)www.archives.gov/research/arc/
So … lets pretend you are now convinced to take the time to dig through some original records. How would you figure out what facility would have the record you want and where it is located?
At this point it will be important for you to learn the difference between INSTITUTIONAL COLLECTIONS and GOVERNMENT REPOSITORIES
Collections People are always collecting things like: Stamps Coins Antiques Books
Libraries and museums may collect (among other things) CollectionsBooksManuscriptsObjectsMapsJournalsNewspapersPhotographs Moving Images Artwork Electronic materials Special collections
Works kept in special collections (as opposed to the library's general collection) are typically stored there because they are unusually valuable, rare (possibly unique), or fragile, or because they should not, for some particular reason, be allowed to commingle with the library's other works (Wikipedia) Unpublished materials are often kept in special collections
In any collection Always check to see what they have collected Be aware that they probably do not have EVERYTHING possible (you will probably need to look in other places for more items)
Government Repositories Items or documents in a government repository are usually not collected. [DISCLAIMER: Even government repositories (like archives) may actually hold a few collections that have been donated or otherwise obtained.] However, for the most part, NO conscious decision is made to collect particular items or types of items. The law tells them what to save.
Government repositories [archives] are where government agencies send their historic or permanent records when they no longer need them. SO… You can COUNT on particular documents like the ones on the right [if they were saved] being held in a government archives. The U.S. Federal archives … U.S. Military records … Records of the federal courts … Federal immigration records … Federal land records … American Indian records (recorded by the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs) … Federal program records (CCC, WPA, Highways, Dams, rationing, and thousands more) … Federal census records
Government repositories [archives] are where government agencies send their historic or permanent records when they no longer need them. SO… You can COUNT on particular documents like the ones on the right [if they were saved] being held in a government archives. A state, county or local government facility … Birth certificates … State and local census records … Records of the local courts … Marriage certificates … Local land records … School records … State and local program records … Nearly unlimited possibilities for state and local agencies and department records
So … where would you go if … You were looking for a birth certificate? You needed a copy of Catcher in the Rye? You wanted a record of what happened at the Little Bighorn? You were looking for a fire map of the Colville Indian agency? You needed your grandfathers citizenship application?
So … where would you go if … You were looking for a birth certificate? – –The state archives for the state of birth You needed a copy of Catcher in the Rye? – –Any library that has it in their collection You wanted a record of what happened at the Little Bighorn? – –Military records held at the National Archives You were looking for a fire map of the Colville Indian agency? – –National Archives original records (Bureau of Indian Affairs and/or the Bureau of Land Management) You needed your grandfathers citizenship application? – –Either in the 1) National Archives or 2) a state, county, or local archives (depending upon the court that the records were filed in.)
Wow … how did I know that? The first thing I did was – –Figure out whether it was a published or unpublished record – –If published, look at library databases to find who has a copy of the item in their collection. – –If it is not published, check to see if it was a government document, notice WHAT government created the document, look in that government archives. – –If it is not published and non-government, do an internet search to see if the document exists in a special collection in a library or museum.
Cant figure it out? Always remember that the people who can help direct you in your search are: ArchivistsLibrarians Museum staff Historians Other researchers They know their records … They know where else to look They are your best resource!
ASSIGNMENT 2 1. 1. Review the analysis sheet you filled out for Lesson 1 2. 2. Look at the types of documents you listed 3. 3. Using the Lesson 2 worksheet, list specific documents you might want to look for in order to write about the ethnic composition of your community. What type of document are you looking for? (map, photo, journal, diary, article, encyclopedia entry, drawing,…) Given the document type, is it most likely published, unpublished, or both? Would the document have been produced by a government or non- government entity? Is it most likely in a collection (or collections or in a government repository? Which one and where? 4. 4. Please send a copy of the completed worksheet to email@example.com or Carol Buswell, 6125 Sand Point Way NE, Seattle, WA 98115 for review. If you are taking this course for credit, this is a REQUIRED and GRADED assignment. firstname.lastname@example.org
Need to know where something is RIGHT NOW? ASK US! We are here to help you. The National Archives at Anchorage 654 West Third Avenue Anchorage, AK 99501-2145 907-261-7800 email@example.com Serves Alaska The National Archives at Seattle 6125 Sand Point Way, NE Seattle, WA 98115-7999 206-336-5115 firstname.lastname@example.org Serves Washington, Oregon and Idaho