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Accident Prevention Principles

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Presentation on theme: "Accident Prevention Principles"— Presentation transcript:

1 Accident Prevention Principles

2 Introduction Accidents result from breakdowns in the safety system & represent a management problem Many safety professionals attack accidents by identifying, evaluating, & controlling hazards

3 Objectives Understand accident prevention & loss control terms
Explain causes of accidents Describe methods used in an accident prevention program strategy

4 Injury Stats Unintentional injuries are the 5th leading cause of death - exceeded by heart disease, cancer, stroke, & chronic pulmonary diseases Between ages , unintentional injuries are leading cause of death

5 Injury Stats 43% of deaths are motor-vehicle related
5,100 occurred at work 57 ere mining-related 1,190 occurred in construction 28,800 occurred at home 24,100 occurred in public sector

6 Consequences Loss of life Permanent or temporary disability
Minor injury Property damage Loss of production Loss of wages

7 Consequences Increase in insurance costs Loss of profit
Loss of recreation/hobby Pain & suffering (physical & psychological) Litigation settlements

8 Costs Total cost is over $500 billion
Wages & productivity losses (245.6) Medical expenses (77.4) Administrative expenses (77.6) Motor-vehicle damage (40.2) Employer cost (20.0) Fire loss (8.2)

9 Definitions

10 Safety An acceptable level of risk Freedom from hazards
Science/activity directed at controlling hazards & preventing accidents

11 Hazard Condition or situation that can cause/contribute to an accident
Common hazards include: fall to a lower lever, struck-by, caught in, under, or between, contact with, etc

12 Accident Unplanned release of energy that results in injury or property damage Usually when force of energy released exceeds threshold limit value of affected body or object

13 Risk Measure of both probability & severity of all hazards associated with a given activity or condition

14 Incident Unplanned event that may or may not cause loss
All accidents are incidents, but not all incidents are accidents Incidents that do not result in loss indicate a breakdown in the safety system, & investigated

15 Safety Management Planning, organizing, directing, monitoring/controlling those activities necessary to achieve an organization’s loss prevention & loss control objectives

16 Loss Control Program whose purpose is to minimize accident-based financial losses Analysis of property damage is considered to be a highly desirable, worthwhile activity

17 Loss Prevention Describes a before-the-loss (proactive) program designed to identify & correct potential accident problems

18 Causes Of Accidents Accident cause complex
Failure of people, equipment, materials, or environment to behave or react as expected Man Machines Materials Environment

19 Accident Cause Model Management Safety Policy & Decisions
Personal Factors; Environmental Factors Unsafe Act Unsafe Condition Unplanned Release of energy and/or Hazardous Material Accident Personal Injury Property Damage

20 Energy Release Mechanical Electrical Chemical Thermal Radiation

21 Unsafe Acts Using defective equipment Servicing equipment in motion
Operating equipment without training Operating equipment at improper speeds Failure to warn co-workers

22 Unsafe Acts Failure to use PPE Improper lifting
Failure to lockout/tagout Use of drugs or alcohol Failure to block equipment

23 Unsafe Conditions Defective tools & equipment Excessive dust/noise
Inadequate guards/supports Poorly designed or maintained haul roads Poor lighting Accumulations of combustibles

24 Personal Factors Inadequate capability (physical & mental aspects)
Lack of knowledge Lack of skill Stress Improper motivation

25 Job Factors Inadequate leadership or supervision
Inadequate engineering Inadequate design, layout Inadequate purchasing

26 Job Factors Inadequate maintenance
Inadequate tools, equipment, materials Inadequate work standards Abuse, misuse, wear & tear

27 Lack of Control Management policies/decisions & failure to insure compliance for: leadership & administration management training planned inspections task analysis & procedures Task observation

28 Lack of Control Organizational rules Emergency preparedness
Accident/incident analysis Accident/incident investigation PPE Engineering controls Purchasing control

29 Lack of Control Hiring placement Employee training General promotion
Personal communication Group meetings Health control Off-the-job safety

30 Analyzing The Causes Of Accidents
Management’s commitment to safety must be transparent through its actions

31 Accident Prevention Program Strategy
Injuries can be prevented when management fully supports the prevention program & everyone lives up to their responsibilities ACCOUNTABILITY

32 Total Safety Work Culture
Strong management commitment to safety is essential Safety is a value, not a priority Priorities get rearranged in reaction to schedules, resources, orders, etc. Values endure & represent a foundation we base our decisions & actions Safety is more than compliance

33 Total Safety Work Culture
Balanced attention given equally to environment, behavior & person Program must be positive, i.e., focusing on implementing safe practices, not avoidance of mistakes or unsafe acts

34 Total Safety Work Culture
Essential that supervisors consistently promote safe performance by words & actions Authority is a powerful force in determining behavior of others

35 Total Safety Work Culture
We should be our brother’s keeper Assuming that no accidents or good incidence rate (IR) means a safe operation is misleading At-risk behavior may have reached or may be reaching critical levels

36 Role of Management Establish standards/policies Hiring & selection
New employee training Skills/task training Adequate job instruction PPE

37 Role of Management Job analysis procedures Supervisory training
Annual refresher safety training Engineering controls Purchasing controls

38 Role of Management Planned inspections Maintenance
Accident investigations Group communications

39 Role of Management Emergency/evacuation plan First aid care
Safety coaching program Performance reinforcing procedures

40 Role of Management Implement policies & enforce procedures
Continuous monitoring & control Plan Do Check Act

41 Summary The intent of this presentation was to take a proactive approach to accident prevention by systemically identifying, evaluating, and controlling hazards in the workplace

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