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Adjective Agreement and Placement Français 1 Waters
The Rule Adjectives must agree with the noun it modifies in gender and number.
What does it mean? ADJECTIVES (words that describe a noun) must AGREE (be in the same form) with the NOUN (person, place or thing) it MODIFIES (changes in character or form) in GENDER (a system of classification, in this case Masculine or Feminine) and NUMBER (single or plural).
Making Agreement with regular adjectives SingularPlural Masculine S Feminine - E- ES
You have already seen the AGREEMENT rule when using articles.
Masculine / Singular noun with definite article Le cahier
Masculine / Plural Les cahiers
Feminine/Singular with definite article La calculatrice
Feminine/Plural Les calculatrices
Singular / Masculine Noun with indefinite article Un crayon
Plural / Masculine Noun Des crayons
Feminine / Singular Noun with indefinite article Une trousse
Feminine / Plural Noun Des Trousses
You make the same changes when you add adjectives to describe your nouns. Think equality! Whatever characteristic your noun has (m/f, s/p) all words describing that noun MUST have the SAME characteristics!
Masculine/Singular with adjective agreement Le cahier vert
Masculine Plural with adjective agreement Les cahiers verts
Feminine Singular with adjective agreement La trousse rose
Feminine Plural with adjective agreement Les trousses roses
Placement Did you notice where the colors were placed? In French, adjectives are placed AFTER the noun. Naturally, there is an exception called BANGS (but that is a whole different lesson that we will work on after you get this one down!).
Now you try! The blue backpack Le sac à dos bleu
Make the changes! Think equality and word order! The blue backpacks Les sacs à dos bleus
Keep going… The green calculator La calculatrice verte
…and if it is plural??? The green calculators Les calculatrices vertes
Now its your turn! 1. Identify the noun in the sentence. 2. Is the noun masculine or feminine? 3. Is the noun singular or plural? 4. Apply the answers to #2 and #3 to ALL words that DESCRIBE the NOUN! BON COURAGE!
Can you fill in the blanks? Jai une gomme (rose). Tu as un stylo (bleu)? Coline a une trousse (vert). Nous avons des cahiers (noir). Madame a des classeurs (blanc).
Jai une gomme rose. Tu as un stylo bleu? Coline a une trousse verte. Nous avons des cahiers noirs. Madame a des classeurs blancs.
Remember… EQUALITY! Adjectives must agree with the noun it modifies in gender and number.
Now, translate! Marc and Luc have green backpacks. Mr. LeDuc does not have a red pen. They have the blue books. I need the red book. Do you have the orange ruler? Colette does not have the blue binder. He has a black pencil case.
1. Marc et Luc ont les sacs à dos verts. 2. M. LeDuc na pas de stylo rouge. 3. Ils ont les livres bleus. 4. Il me faut un livre rouge. 5. As-tu une règle orange? 6. Colette na pas de classeur bleu. 7. Il a une trousse noire.
One final note… This one concept, for me, was the hardest thing I had to learn in French! But, dont give up! If you follow the steps you will get it and if you get it now you wont have to relearn it when the concept of AGREEMENT reappears. And, trust me…it reappears frequently! So BON COURAGE! Now, go forth and make your adjectives agree!