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Les Adjectifs Décrivent les noms et personnages. In English, adjectives are always found in front of the noun, but most French adjectives follow the noun.

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Presentation on theme: "Les Adjectifs Décrivent les noms et personnages. In English, adjectives are always found in front of the noun, but most French adjectives follow the noun."— Presentation transcript:

1 Les Adjectifs Décrivent les noms et personnages

2 In English, adjectives are always found in front of the noun, but most French adjectives follow the noun they modify: un livre vert - green book un garçon hyperactif - hyper guy une table ronde - round table du thé sucré - sweet tea

3 Certain adjectives are placed before the noun, some which you can memorize with the acronym "BAGS": Beauty Age Good and bad Size These descriptors - and a few others - are considered inherent qualities of the noun: une jolie fille - pretty girl un jeune homme - young man une nouvelle maison - new house un petit problème - small problem

4 French adjectives change to agree in gender and number with the nouns that they modify, which means there can be up to four forms of each adjective: Adjective: joli (pretty) Masculine singular joli Feminine singular jolie Masculine plural jolis Feminine plural jolies

5 Most French adjectives add E for feminine and S for plural. This rule applies to adjectives that end in most consonants as well as all vowels except the unaccented E. Adjective: bleu (blue) Masculine singular bleu Feminine singular bleue Masculine plural bleus Feminine plural bleues Adjective: amusant (funny) Masculine singular amusant Feminine singular amusante Masculine plural amusants Feminine plural amusantes

6 When the masculine singular adjective ends in an unaccented E, there is no difference between the masculine and feminine forms: Adjective: rouge (red) Masculine singular rouge Feminine singular rouge Masculine plural rouges Feminine plural rouges When the default form of the adjective ends in S or X, there is no difference between the masculine singular and plural forms: Adjective: gris (grey) Masculine singular gris Feminine singular grise Masculine plural gris Feminine plural grises

7 Most French adjectives are regular, but there are a number of irregular adjectives, based on the final letter(s) of the masculine singular adjective. Adjectives that end in a vowel plus L or N usually become feminine by doubling the consonant before adding E. Ending: el > elle Adjective: personnel (personal) Masculine singular personnel Feminine singular personnelle Ending: on > onne Adjective: bon (good) Masculine singular bon Feminine singular bonne Adjectives that end in er or et need a grave accent: Ending: er > ère Adjective: cher (expensive) Masculine singular cher Feminine singular chère Ending: et > ète Adjective: complet (full) Masculine singular complet Feminine singular complète

8 DANS LA DICTIONNAIRE: Exemple: beautiful /bju:tifΰl/ ADJ [person, music, picture, clothes] beau (belle f), bel m before vowel ; [weather] superbe, splendide ; [dinner] magnifique


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