Presentation on theme: "Unité 1 La grammaire dUnité 1. Les accents o laccent aigu – é: makes an ay sound. o laccent grave – è: makes an euh sound. Also seen as ù / à to distinguish."— Presentation transcript:
Les accents o laccent aigu – é: makes an ay sound. o laccent grave – è: makes an euh sound. Also seen as ù / à to distinguish between words. o laccent circonflexe – ^: this can occur over any vowel (â / ê / î / ô / û). o le tréma – : this shows that two vowels are pronounced seperately (ë / ï / ü). o la cédille - ç: is used under a c before an a, o, u to turn the c into an s sound.
Les nationalités o You must make agreement between masculine and feminine, singular and plural. o Adjectives are learned in masc. sing. forms, from there you add e for the fem. sing. and s for the plural. o If there is already an e or s at the end of a nationality, then do not add another.
La politesse o Being polite is very important in France. You would address people older or those you dont know with Bonjour Monsieur / Madame / Mademoiselle. Also, you would use the vous form when you address them. o With ones friends you can be more informal, using Salut for hello and the tu form when you address them.
La politesse o When asking how someone is, there are different ways to ask: - Comment allez-vous? (formal or plural) - Comment vas-tu? (singular and informal) - (Comment) Ça va? (informal, but may be heard while the vous is used)
LUsage des articles indéfinis o Indefinite articles are used when you are not talking about a specific item. In English we use a, an, or some while in French we use un, une, or des. - un – used for masculine words - une – used for feminine words - des – used for plural words (no matter if they are masculine or feminine)
Des exemples o a boy – un garçon o a pen – un stylo o a girl – une fille o a chair – une chaise o some gentlemen – des messieurs o some hamburgers – des hamburgers o some ladies – des mesdames o some pizzas – des pizzas
LUsage des articles définis o Definite articles are used when you are talking about specific items. In English we use the while in French we use le, la, l or les. - le – used for masculine singular words - la – used for feminine singular words - l – used for singular words that start with a vowel - les – used for plural words (no matter if they are masculine or feminine)
Des exemples o the boy – le garçon o the pen – le stylo o the girl – la fille o the chair – la chaise o the computer – lordinateur o the gentlemen – les messieurs o the hamburgers – les hamburgers o the ladies – les mesdames o the pizzas – les pizzas
Souvenez que… o Remember that there is no way to know if a noun is masculine or feminine. You just have to memorize the article along with the noun. o Remember also that if a noun begins with a vowel, you will need to link the article with the first letter of the noun. Whether it is with an l, un, une, des, les.
Lusage Possessive adjective - describes that someone owns/has a relation to an object/being. Steps to finding correct possessive adjective: 1 st : find who is owning the item 2 nd : is object masculine or feminine? singular or plural?
Les adjectifs possessifs Here are the possessive adjectives for each of the singular owners: subject masculine feminine plural pronoun je mon ma mes tu ton ta tes il/elle/on son sa ses
Les adjectifs possessifs Here are the possessive adjectives for each of the plural owners: subject singular plural pronoun nous notre nos vous votre vos ils/elles leur leurs