Presentation on theme: "1 Contents Chapter Learn About Children"— Presentation transcript:
11 Contents Chapter Learn About Children Section 1.1 Make a Difference in Children’s LivesSection 1.2 Studying ChildrenSection 1.3 Observing Young Children
2Section 1.1 Make a Difference in Children’s Lives Caregivers use their skills and knowledge to interact with children.Caregivers can make a positive difference in a child’s life.Childhood is viewed differently today than in past years.2
4Benefits of Studying Children Understand why children do what they do.Taking care of children is one of the most important responsibilities you can have.
5Benefits of Studying Children Learn job skills by working with children.Better understand yourself by evaluating your own childhood.How do you think learning about children can help you understand yourself?
6Views of Childhood Childhood is known to be: a period of rapid developmenta time of dependence on caregiverspreparation for adult lifecaregiverA person who takes care of a child.6
7Views of Childhood Childhood has changed over time in the areas of: healtheducationworkplaydressChildren learn through play.
8Section 1.2 Studying Children Childhood is an important time of physical, mental, and emotional development.A child’s heredity and environment affect development.Development continues throughout the life cycle.
9Content Vocabulary Academic Vocabulary stimulation theory heredity environmentself-esteemhuman life cycledevelopmental tasktheorysequence
10Importance of Childhood Development Childhood prepares us for adulthood.Babies receiving stimulation develop more quickly and have a more secure self-image.stimulationAny activity that arouses a baby’s sense of sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell.
11Importance of Childhood Development Development builds upon earlier learning and proceeds at an individual rate.Development continues throughout life.Different areas of development are interrelated.
12Importance of Childhood Development Heredity and environment influence a child’s development.Self-esteem affects the ability to handle challenges.heredityThe biological transfer of certain characteristics from earlier generations.self-esteemSelf-worth; the value peopleplace on themselves.
13Stages of Life After Childhood adolescenceyoung adulthoodthe thirtiesmiddle agelate adulthoodvery late adulthood
14Section 1.3 Observing Young Children An important component in learning and understanding child development is observation.Observation allows caregivers to better understand individual children and their particular needs.14
16Why Observe Children? We learn more by observing than by reading. Observing allows you to see personalities.
17How to Observe Young Children Separate fact from opinion.Observations can be subjective or objective.subjectiveTo rely on personal opinions and feelings, rather than facts, to judge an event.objectiveSomething is factual, and leaves aside personal feelings and prejudices.
18How to Observe Young Children Observation records should include:datetimenumber of children and adults presentnames and ages of all present
19How to Observe Young Children Choose the correct type of observation record.Avoid interacting with the children unless necessary.Keep observations and interpretations confidential.
20How to Observe Young Children Explain each of the following actions.ActionExplanationKnow your purpose.Before you begin, define the purpose of your observation. What are you supposed to observe?Note the physical features of the setting. Who is there? What activities are going on? Record the time and place.Identify the when, where, who, and what.Be descriptive.Use words and phrases to capture the moment. Give a picture of what you see.
21How to Observe Young Children Explain each of the following actions.ActionExplanationMake comparisons.Look for similarities and differences.Uncover the data.Record factual information, focus on the evidence at hand.At the end, read through your comments, make clarifications or corrections, and add any additional notes.Review and clarify.
22Make a Difference in Children’s Lives Chapter SummarySection 1.1Make a Difference in Children’s LivesBy studying children, you canlearn why they act the way they do.discover why caregivers are an important influence.enjoy children more.Attitudes and practices have changed due to research.22
23Heredity and environment both impact development. Chapter SummarySection 1.2Studying ChildrenExperiences in the first years of life promote rapid brain development.Heredity and environment both impact development.Self-esteem influences a person’s ability to face life’s challenges.23
24Observing Young Children Chapter SummarySection 1.3Observing Young ChildrenLearn things by observing that you cannot learn from a book.There are four types of observation methods.Observations should be conducted carefully and kept confidential.24
25ReviewDo you remember the vocabulary terms from this chapter? Use the following slides to check your knowledge of the definitions.The slides in this section include both English and Spanish terms and definitions.Start
26comportamiento típico typical behaviorcomportamiento típicoA way of acting or responding that is common at each stage of childhood.Una manera de actuar o responder que es común en cada etapa de la infancia.Show Definition
27persona a cargo del ciudado caregiver A person who takes care of a child.Persona que se encarga de un niño.Show Definition
28stimulation estimulación Any activity that arouses a baby’s sense of sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell.Una actividad que despierta el sentido de la vista, el oído, el olfato y el tacto en el bebé.Show Definition
29heredityherenciaThe biological transfer of certain characteristics from earlier generations.La transferencia biológica de características de generaciones anteriores.Show Definition
30environmententornoThe people, places, and things that surround and influence a person, including family, home, school, and community.Las personas, lugares y cosas que rodean e influyen a una persona, como la familia, la escuela, la comunidad.Show Definition
31Self-worth; the value people place on themselves. self-esteemautoestimaSelf-worth; the value people place on themselves.Autovaloración, el valor que las personas se dan a sí mismas.Show Definition
32human life cycle ciclo de vida humano A set of stages of human development that each present different challenges to be met or skills to be acquired.Serie de etapas en el desarrollo humano; cada una presenta retos por alcanzar y habilidades por adquirir.Show Definition
33developmental task escala de desarrollo The challenge to be met or skill to be acquired in each stage of the human life cycle.Reto por alcanzar o habilidad que se debe tener en cada una de las etapas del ciclo de vida humano.Show Definition
34subjectivesubjetivoTo rely on personal opinions and feelings, rather than facts, to judge an event.Basarse en opiniones y sentimientos personales, en vez de en hechos, para juzgar un suceso.Show Definition
35objectiveobjetivoSomething is factual, and leaves aside personal feelings and prejudices.Algo que se basa en hechos, y hace caso omiso de sentimientos personales y prejuicios.Show Definition
36A record of everything observed for a set period, such as 15 minutes. running recordregistro continuoA record of everything observed for a set period, such as 15 minutes.El registro de todo lo observado por un periodo de tiempo, como 15 minutos.Show Definition
37anecdotal record anecdotario/récord A report of a child’s actions that concentrates on a specific behavior or area of development.Reporte de la actividad de un niño que se enfoca en ciertos comportamientos y áreas de desarrollo.Show Definition
38A tally of how often a certain behavior occurs. frequency countconteos de frecuenciaA tally of how often a certain behavior occurs.Cuenta de la frecuencia en la que ocurre un comportamiento específicoShow Definition
39(comportamiento) base baseline(comportamiento) baseA count made before any steps are taken to try to change a behavior.Medición que se realiza antes de tomar medidas para cambiar un comportamiento.Show Definition
40developmental checklist lista de indicadores de desarrollo A list of skills children should master, or behaviors they should exhibit, at a certain age.Lista de habilidades o comportamientos que un niño debería tener o dominar a cierta edad.Show Definition
41The analysis an observer forms and expresses about what was observed. interpretationinterpretaciónThe analysis an observer forms and expresses about what was observed.El análisis que alguien se forma y expresa sobre algo que ha observado.Show Definition
42confidentiality confidencialidad The protection of another person’s privacy by limiting access to personal information.Protección de la privacidad de alguien al limitar acceso a información personal.Show Definition
43impact impacto A significant effect. Efecto significativo. Show Definition
44Ethical; relating to issues of right and wrong. moralmoralEthical; relating to issues of right and wrong.Ético; se refiere a lo correcto y lo incorrecto.Show Definition
45A belief; an abstract thought or idea. theoryteoríaA belief; an abstract thought or idea.Creencia; un pensamiento o idea abstracto.Show Definition
46sequencesecuenciaAn order of steps.Orden de pasos.Show Definition
47A fact that is taken for granted. Algo que se da por hecho. assumptionsuposiciónA fact that is taken for granted.Algo que se da por hecho.Show Definition