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Learning about Children Child Development and Parenting.

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Presentation on theme: "Learning about Children Child Development and Parenting."— Presentation transcript:

1 Learning about Children Child Development and Parenting

2 Benefits of Studying Children Learn why children feel, think, and act the way they do. Learn why children feel, think, and act the way they do. Discover caregivers importance. Discover caregivers importance. Enjoy children more. Enjoy children more. Learn about career opportunities. Learn about career opportunities.

3 Changes in Childhood Until the twentieth century, some people believed that there was nothing special or important about childhood. Until the twentieth century, some people believed that there was nothing special or important about childhood. Changing attitudes, social changes, and advances in technology and medicine have changed views about childhood. Changing attitudes, social changes, and advances in technology and medicine have changed views about childhood.

4 Health Changes Before the 20 th century, diseases caused childrens deaths in almost every family. Before the 20 th century, diseases caused childrens deaths in almost every family. Today, these can be controlled and better nutrition has helped children to become more healthy. Today, these can be controlled and better nutrition has helped children to become more healthy. However, childhood obesity is becoming an overwhelming concern in our society. However, childhood obesity is becoming an overwhelming concern in our society.

5 Education Changes Public education is available to all students. Public education is available to all students. Students are now grouped according to age and sometimes learning abilities. Students are now grouped according to age and sometimes learning abilities. Technology can enhance the learning process. Technology can enhance the learning process. Schools work to meet all students needs. Schools work to meet all students needs.

6 Work Changes Laws have been established: Laws have been established: Banning children from working in factories, dangerous jobs and other adult workplaces. Banning children from working in factories, dangerous jobs and other adult workplaces. Specifying the minimum working age. Specifying the minimum working age.

7 Play Changes More time to play, more toys, computers. More time to play, more toys, computers. Children spend much of their time playing. Children spend much of their time playing.

8 Dress Changes Children used to dress much more formally. Children used to dress much more formally. Suits, gowns, and dresses were common. Suits, gowns, and dresses were common. Now causal clothes for boys and girls often look similar. Now causal clothes for boys and girls often look similar.

9 Childhood is Crucial The babys brain is about one- quarter the size of an adults. The babys brain is about one- quarter the size of an adults. It is important to stimulate the brain: It is important to stimulate the brain: Activities that arouse a babys sense of sight, sound, tough, taste, and smell. Activities that arouse a babys sense of sight, sound, tough, taste, and smell. Read The Developing Brain-pg. 28 Read The Developing Brain-pg. 28

10 Characteristics of Development 5 General Rules 5 General Rules 1. Development is similar for each individual. 2. Development builds upon earlier learning. 3. Development proceeds at an individual rate. 4. The different areas of development are interrelated. 5. Development is a lifelong process.

11 Influences on Development Children develop at different rates because of the factors that influence them. Children develop at different rates because of the factors that influence them. Heredity and Environment Heredity and Environment

12 Heredity The biological transfer of certain characteristics from earlier generations. The biological transfer of certain characteristics from earlier generations. Blood type Blood type Eye color Eye color Hair color Hair color __________ __________ Often referred to as nature. Often referred to as nature.

13 Environment People, places, and things that surround and influence a person. People, places, and things that surround and influence a person. Family Family Home Home School School Community Community ___________ ___________ Often referred to as nurture. Often referred to as nurture.

14 Lifelong Growth and Development Development continues through life- birth to death. Development continues through life- birth to death. This happens in stages called the human life cycle. This happens in stages called the human life cycle. Each stage presents different challenges that must be met– development tasks. Each stage presents different challenges that must be met– development tasks. Mastering one of these prepares a person to move on to the next. Mastering one of these prepares a person to move on to the next. Give examples… Give examples…

15 Development Beyond Childhood Adolescence- between childhood and adulthood. Adolescence- between childhood and adulthood. Young adulthood- people in their 20s. Young adulthood- people in their 20s. The 30s The 30s Middle age- ages 40-55 Middle age- ages 40-55 Late adulthood- ages 55-75 Late adulthood- ages 55-75 Very late adulthood- beyond 75. Very late adulthood- beyond 75.


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