Presentation on theme: "Learning about Children"— Presentation transcript:
1Learning about Children Child Development and Parenting
2Benefits of Studying Children Learn why children feel, think, and act the way they do.Discover caregivers’ importance.Enjoy children more.Learn about career opportunities.
3Changes in ChildhoodUntil the twentieth century, some people believed that there was nothing special or important about childhood.Changing attitudes, social changes, and advances in technology and medicine have changed views about childhood.
4Health ChangesBefore the 20th century, diseases caused children’s deaths in almost every family.Today, these can be controlled and better nutrition has helped children to become more healthy.However, childhood obesity is becoming an overwhelming concern in our society.
5Education Changes Public education is available to all students. Students are now grouped according to age and sometimes learning abilities.Technology can enhance the learning process.Schools work to meet all students needs.
6Work Changes Laws have been established: Banning children from working in factories, dangerous jobs and other adult workplaces.Specifying the minimum working age.
7Play Changes More time to play, more toys, computers. Children spend much of their time playing.
8Dress Changes Children used to dress much more formally. Suits, gowns, and dresses were common.Now causal clothes for boys and girls often look similar.
9Childhood is CrucialThe baby’s brain is about one-quarter the size of an adults.It is important to stimulate the brain:Activities that arouse a baby’s sense of sight, sound, tough, taste, and smell.Read The Developing Brain-pg. 28
10Characteristics of Development 5 General RulesDevelopment is similar for each individual.Development builds upon earlier learning.Development proceeds at an individual rate.The different areas of development are interrelated.Development is a lifelong process.
11Influences on Development Children develop at different rates because of the factors that influence them.Heredity and Environment
12HeredityThe biological transfer of certain characteristics from earlier generations.Blood typeEye colorHair color__________Often referred to as nature.
13EnvironmentPeople, places, and things that surround and influence a person.FamilyHomeSchoolCommunity___________Often referred to as nurture.
14Lifelong Growth and Development Development continues through life- birth to death.This happens in stages called the human life cycle.Each stage presents different challenges that must be met– development tasks.Mastering one of these prepares a person to move on to the next.Give examples…
15Development Beyond Childhood Adolescence- between childhood and adulthood.Young adulthood- people in their 20’s.The 30’sMiddle age- ages 40-55Late adulthood- ages 55-75Very late adulthood- beyond 75.