Presentation on theme: "UNIMED BN training seminar"— Presentation transcript:
1UNIMED BN training seminar UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONUNIMED BN training seminar“Promoting Innovation and Technology Transfer”SwissôtelIstanbul, Turkey27-28 February 200225 February 2002
2Building National Capacity to foster UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONBuilding National Capacity to fosterAccess to Knowledge and TechnologyUNIDO’s Experience
3Gerardo Patacconi Building National Capacity to foster UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONBuilding National Capacity to fosterAccess to Knowledge and Technology:UNIDO’s ExperienceGerardo PatacconiIndustrial Development Officer – Quality & Productivity SpecialistIndustrial Promotion and Technology BranchUNIDO - P.O. Box 300 A-1400 Vienna, AustriaTel Fax
4Objective of the presentation: Exchange ideas Identify key issues UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONBuilding National Capacity to fosterAccess to Knowledge and Technology:UNIDO’s ExperienceObjective of the presentation:Exchange ideasIdentify key issuesStimulate discussionsExamples………
5Issues to be addressed and questions What is/Why innovation (R&D, soft/hard technologies...)?What is the situation in Mediterranean countries/examples?What actions should be taken at policy and institutional level and by enterprises?What tools are needed?Identification of potential innovative value chains/districts..Technology need assessment/management?Benchmarking and (best) practices?Innovation Financing models?Access to information….?How to strengthen partnership –UNIMED (Assessments, demonstrations, twinning, training, coaching, info, ….)UNIDO’s involvement
6understanding user needs lack of awareness/perceived advantage Underdeveloped science and technology infrastructureLack of large private industries with their own R&D activitiesInsufficient numbers of trained personnel and tested strategies for technological development…..understanding user needslack of awareness/perceived advantagelack of strategyadaptation and customisationimplementation support………….
7TECHNOLOGY IS THE COLLECTION OF ALL INPUTS INTO THE PROCESS OF GENERATION & DELIVERY OF A PRODUCT
8The CHALLENGETechnology Infrastructure and skills not always updated nor conforming to international standards/regulations/practices…….and most of their Enterprises:are often unable to produce goods with proven, credible and constant quality at a competitive price;Have problems to meet stringent standards and the challenges of globalization;Need to become to World Class to compete in foreign and domestic markets;Should be upgraded in order to enter international production and trade chains.
9The CHALLENGE To enter and stay in both the traditional and in the e-marketplace, enterprises need: NETWORKING SMEs/Technology Infrastructure(high-potential/critical mass)High QUALITYCONFORMITY to standards and technical regulationsRELIABILITY (production and delivery)COST-effectivenessCUSTOMER-focus (knowing markets/customers)……INNOVATION and CREATIVITY
10The CHALLENGE TO PRODUCE GOODS AND SERVICES Right CUSTOMER (s)Right PRODUCT (s)Right QUANTITY (ies)Right QUALITY (ies)Right TIMERight PRICE (s)
11The CHALLENGEThe new economy brings opportunities but also challenges to developing countries.Without investment, technology and innovation, they run the risk of becoming increasingly marginalized.
14Comparison of One Change of 100% (Reengineering/New Technology) to 100 Changes of 1% (Continuous Improvement)Improvement2Relative Improvement1Number of StepsReengineering/New TechnologyContinuous Improvement
16Emerging technology Strategy WhenWhatHowHow to finance itWho should help……..New customerNew ProductNew processHigher capacityHigher productivityHigher qualityMarket/regulatory pressure..
17Emerging Technology Strategy how to develop networks, institutions, and human capital to support the diffusion of innovationHow to develop efficient ways to acquire foreign technologyHow to develop the local technical human capital to take advantage of innovationsAccess to Technology &Knowledge
18Emerging Technology Strategy Imports of capital goods and componentsDesign specifications and technical assistance from foreign buyersForeign technology licensingDirect Foreign Investment and strategic alliancesEducation and training(abroad)Local (R&D) effortsTechnical AssistanceICTAccess to Technology &Knowledge
20Bridging the technology divide; Supports the efforts of developing countries and economies in transitionBridging the technology divide;Technology upgrading of industrial sectors, clusters and value chains and capacity-buildingNorth-South and South-South knowledge/technology transfer and partnershipAccess hard and soft technologiesBuilds the capacity of the private sector to compete in global markets byadopting new technologies;improving management practices;Meeting international standards
21Specialized sectoral Technology solutionsProcess and production Technology (PPT)Information and Communication Technology (ICT)Environmentally sound technology (EST)Cross-sectoralTechnologysolutions
22Development of services to help the private sector Mobilize knowledge, skills and technology for enhancing production capabilities and productivity growthEnabling environment at the policy, institutional and enterprise level providing the technological infrastructure for development.
23Constraints Lack of knowledge of technology opportunities and skills Disconnected/scattered SMEs (value chains?)Gap in transferring innovation culture to the business community and in encouraging investment in new technologiesLimited capacity to upgrade available technology/continuous improvementUnderdeveloped science and technology infrastructure including quality infrastructureLack of large private industries with their own R&D activities and poor R&D in SMEsInadequate financing schemesLimited adaptation and customization capability………………..
24Role of Business Associations Facilitate knowledge Transfer for “new generic technologies” – ICT, biotechnology, new materials and processing technologies;Bring the innovation results and the innovation culture to the business environment and encourage investment in new technologyFacilitate transfer and absorption of technology to developing countries (North-South and South-South UNIMED);Advocacy for innovation policies/incentives
25Role of Business Associations Monitor technological trends (foresight) including market needs, industrial applications, standards requirements;Provide training and support to SMEs in the areas of innovation, technology need assessment, technology acquisition, management of technological change and technology absorption.Network with industrial associations, R&D institutes, universities, professional and, government institutions etc.Foster use of technology in competitive manufacturing and marketing of products: including environmental considerations, quality-related aspects, the innovation process and the transfer of technology from developers to the users
26Technology Foresight and Monitoring To guide the development of the technological infrastructure, support to innovation, incentives to enterprises and assistance to them in technology management and technology transfer, leading to the envisaged competitiveness and growth at the enterprise level;Technology Policies and StrategiesActive agents of innovation and technology transfer, with networking arrangements and strategic alliances.Technology CentresAdvanced Technology Management
27Identification of critical technology needs (link to foresight) Advanced Technology ManagementIdentification of critical technology needs (link to foresight)Generation of and use of technology in competitive manufacturing and marketing of products, including environmental considerations, quality-related aspects, the innovation process and the transfer of technology from developers to the users.
28Investment and technology promotion strategies To involve and articulate various key players that should learn collectively, not only at the enterprise level but also at the level of academia, Industrial Associations, R&D institutions, technology centers, development financing, and other institutions which form and support the national innovation system;To include extension services to enterprises, because enterprises of developing countries, and SMEs in particular, cannot alone manage the technology acquisition process and the innovation process, which they need to achieve and sustain their competitive position in the market place;To involve a consistent international cooperation whereby developing countries can learn from those countries, industrialized or more advanced developing countries, that have upgraded their technological institutions and learned how to make them relevant to the private sector.
29Tools Trade and Technology/Knowledge Transfer EST Cleaner Production Energy/KyotoQualityInfrastructureInternationalTechnology Centers andInvestment/Technology Promotion OfficesTechnology needs assessment &Technology managementCapacity BuildingService ProvidersInternational Business Incubation Systems IBISToolsTechnology ForesightMise à NiveauBOTManuals….
30Regulation of international technology transactions: Trade and TK TransferLicensing agreements,Direct foreign investment, Joint ventures,Franchising,Turn-key contracts,Consultancy agreements,etc.)Regulation of international technology transactions:Main forms of international technology transactionEconomic issues and legal problems associated with each form of transactionRegulatory mechanisms (approval and registration procedures, competition or antitrust laws…)Conformity assessment….
31Trade and Technology/Knowledge Transfer Special and differential (S&D) provisions included in all the WTO agreements…… developed countries should help developing countries in specific areas (such as technology transfer under intellectual property protection) but actions needed are not defined………..
32Trade and Technology/Knowledge Transfer Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)The Doha declaration includes a separate declaration, which unambiguously reaffirms the primacy of public health concerns over patent rights in the TRIPS agreement.Length and scope of pharmaceutical patenting in developing countriesTransition periods for the Implementation of TRIPs in the agricultural sector in developing countriesMechanisms to make operational existing technology transfer provisions in the TRIPs agreement.
33Trade and Technology/Knowledge Transfer January 2002….exasperated European officials say U.S. pressure appears to have torpedoed a $3 billion project to build a European version of the U.S. global positioning system (GPS), which uses signals from orbiting satellites to track geographical position within 36 meters.The proposed system, dubbed Galileo, was intended to give Europeans more autonomy, both industrially and militarily. That's no small concern, since the United States can selectively block access to GPS, as it has during the military campaign in Afghanistan.…. European plans to develop a rapid-reaction military force will become much more credible with their own GPS in military operations.Source: ITD News
35Technology Infrastructure Investment and technology Promotion OfficesUNIDO Mediterranean-Arab NetworkUNIDO’s ExchangeNational Cleaners Production Centres NCPCInternational Technology CentresSub-Contracting Exchanges and PartnershipQuality and Productivity Centres
36Technology Infrastructure: International Technology CentersThey act as outreach technology arms for services and international frameworks for cooperation in technology areas with cross-sectoral and wide economic impact.Mostly operate in the field of “new generic technologies” – IT, biotechnology, new materials and processing technologies;Bring the innovation results and the innovation culture to the business environment and encourage investment in new technologyFacilitate transfer and absorption of technology to developing countries (North-South and South-South);
37Technology Infrastructure: International Technology CentersAre fully financed from extra-budgetary contributions (from both developed and developing countries)Monitor technological trends (foresight) including market needs and industrial applications;Provide training and support to SMEs in the areas of innovation, technology acquisition, management of technological change and technology absorption.Network with R&D institutes, universities, professional and industrial associations, government institutions etc.
38Technology Infrastructure: International Technology Centers International Centre for Science and High Technology (ICS, Trieste, Italy)International Centre for Advancement of Manufacturing Technology (ICAMT, Bangalore, India)International Centre for Small Hydro Power (ICSHP, Huanzhou, China)International Centre for Application of Solar Energy (CASE, Perth, Western Australia)International Materials Assessment and Application Centre (IMAAC, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)International Centre of Medicine Biotechnology (ICMB, Moscow, Russia)International Centre for Materials Evaluation Technology (ICMET, Taejon, Republic of Korea)UNIDO-Shanghai International IT Technology Promotion Centre (Shanghai, China)UNIDO-Shenzhen Environment Technology Promotion Centre (Shenzhen, China)
39International/National Cooperating with UNIDO Centres Technology Infrastructure:International Technology CentersInternational Centre for Materials Technology Promotion (ICM, Beijing, China) – pipeline project to be open in March 2002International/National Cooperating with UNIDO CentresInternational Centre for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI, 18 member countries, Moscow, RussiaInternational Technology Centre (InterTec, Vienna, Austria, technologies from Russia)National Technology Transfer Centre (Minsk, Belarus)Technology Transfer Centre (Kiev, Ukraine)Sectoral Technology Centres (Egypt) – under establishmentUNIDO-Bulgaria Technology Promotion and Innovation Centre – to be established
40Technology Infrastructure: International Technology Centers In 2001, the International Centre for Advancement of Manufacturing Technology (ICAMT, Bangalore, India) started to implement a project aiming at technology upgrading the foundry industries in the Agra City, India. The transfer of a new technology (at a cost of US$150,000) and its application at 100 foundries will secure 10,000 working places for local people, thus investing only US$15 to secure one job).The International Centre of Medicine Biotechnology (ICMB, Moscow, Russia), in cooperation with the Beijing Free Economic Zone and City Administration, promoted a modern medical diagnostic centre to be established in Beijing and mobilized the investment of US$35 million for this purpose. In addition, ICMB is finalizing a package of technology transfer agreements between Russia and India at a cost of US$7,0 million.The National Centre for Technology Transfer, established by UNIDO in the Republic of Belarus, facilitated the transfer of new technologies to the Shandong Province of China. 14 agreements were signed by partners towards creating new enterprises in China to commercialize R&D results from Belarus and more than 100 research projects selected for further consideration. Similar technology partnership programmes were initiated with two other Provinces of China.
41INVESTMENT AND TECHNOLOGY PROMOTION: DIFFERENCES AND COMPLEMENTARITIES International Technology Centers andInvestment/Technology Promotion OfficesINVESTMENT AND TECHNOLOGY PROMOTION: DIFFERENCES AND COMPLEMENTARITIESInvestorsGovernmentAgenciesInvestmentFundsFinancialInstitutionsTechnologyIPAsITPOsIndustrialAssociationsVentureCapitalR&DInstitutesUniversitiesITPOsTechnologyCentresManagementInnovationCompetitive Production SustainableGrowth
42International Technology Centers and Investment/Technology Promotion OfficesInvestment and technology Promotion Offices
43MEDITERRANEAN-ARAB NETWORK: MEMBERS Present members IPU EGYPT/GAFIIPU JORDAN/JIBIPU MOROCCO/ODIIPU TUNISIA/MCIEITPO BAHRAINITPO GREECEITPO FRANCEITPO ITALYPotential future membersITPO SpainITPO TurkeyIPU Lebanon/IDAL
44MEDITERRANEAN-ARAB NETWORK: MEMBERS Investment and Technology Promotion OfficesBilateral Credit LinesUpgrading Quality and Technology InfrastructureMise à Niveau
45National Cleaners Production Centres NCPC International Technology CentersNCPCNational Cleaners Production Centres NCPC23 NCPC in countries around the world, with aninvestment of US$21 million (together with UNEP)
46UNIDO Programme on TEST / MED Transfer of Environmentally Sound Technologies in the Mediterranean Regionbuilding capacity in industrial service institutions in four countries for the identification of EST and the least costly path to environmental complianceThe TEST focal points: UNIDO/UNEP National Cleaner Production Centre, (Tunisia and Morocco), or a UNIDO-EU cleaner production centre (Lebanon) or USAID/DANIDA Pollution Prevention Centre (Egypt)REVIEWCPEMSEMAESTContact:Under final negotiation for GEF
47International Business Incubation Systems Technology Infrastructure:Business Incubation SystemsIBISInternational Business Incubation SystemsThe technology acquisition and the innovation process are needed to achieve and sustain enterprises competitive position in the market place;
48Innovative Business Creation Process Technology Infrastructure:Business Incubation SystemsInnovative Business Creation ProcessKNOWLEDGE PUSH Knowledge available locallyMARKET PULL Global Market
49SOURCES OF LOCAL AVAILABLE KNOWLEDGE (TUNISIA) Technology Infrastructure:Business Incubation SystemsSOURCES OF LOCAL AVAILABLE KNOWLEDGE (TUNISIA)Spin offs from large enterprises (Tunisie Telecom)Universities, Technical Institutes, Research Centres (INRST, CERT, ISETcom, INSAT, IRSIT, etc.)Targeted population groups (returning emigrants with high technical background, Cynex)
50IBIS - TUNISIA LEAD SPONSORS PARC TELECOMINSTITUTE OF RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT (INRST)NABEULISET - APISFAXENIS - API
51Tools Technology Foresight UNIDO Manual on Technology Transfer Negotiation and Training KitTraining Package on Technology ManagementGuidelines on Business AlliancesGuide on Joint VenturesUNIDO BOT GuidelinesTechnology Needs Assessment Manual and reporting software systemUNIDO’s Subcontracting SystemMise à Niveau………
52Technology Foresight (TF) ToolsTechnology Foresight (TF)A powerful instrument for establishing common views on the future development strategies among policy-making bodies.Involves wide participation of major actors, namely, the government, science, industry and NGOA way for systematic forecasting of the long-term trends in development of science, technology, the economy and social needsIt aims at identifying the emerging technologies with highest potential of contributing to economic and social benefits.
53IT Networking - IT Tools Networking - IT Networking - IT Government PolicyToolsTechnology Foresightand MonitoringITNetworking - ITNetworking - ITTechnology Acquisition and TransferTechnology Management and InnovationNetworking - ITInstitutionalFrameworkEnterprisesCompetitiveness
56Tools COMPETITIVENESS Export The local market THE UPGRADING PROCESS AT THE ENTERPRISE LEVELAT THE ENVIRONMENT LEVELToolsOverall strategic diagnosisInstitutional & regulatory environmentFormulation of the upgrading plan and financing schemeInfrastructure and servicesBanking and financial environmentApproval of the upgrading planInvestment incentives and promotionImplementation and follow-up of the upgrading planModernisation of equipmentOrganisation and management systemsProductionsystemsTraining &skillsdevelopmentQuality &certificationMarketing & market ResearchAlliance &PartnershipCOMPETITIVENESSExportThe local market
57CONTRIBUTIONS BY Gerardo Patacconi E4PQ Manager Phone (+43-1)Fax. (+43-1)Jose Manuel De Caldas LimaSenior Industrial Development AdvisorPhone (+43-1)Fax. (+43-1)Ouseph PadickakudiIndustrial Development OfficerPhone (+43-1)Fax (+43-1) –Vladimir KozharnovichITC Programme ManagerPhone: (+43-1) /3702Fax: (+43-1)Lucia CartiniITPOs AdvisorPhone (+43-1)Fax. (+43-1)Fabrizio CondorelliIBIS Programme ManagerPhone (+43-1)Fax. (+43-1)
59Intellectual property: protecting and regulating the use of intangible assets comprising knowledge and informationIntellectual property:Forms of intellectual property (patents, trade marks, copyright, and allied rights);Comparisons between intellectual property and other methods of promoting technological development (e.g. tax incentives, state funding for research and development, and government procurement policies).Legal and institutional frameworks of national and international intellectual property systems.
60Intellectual property: Areas covered by the TRIPS agreementCopyright and related rightsTrademarks, including service marksGeographical indicationsIndustrial designsPatentsLayout-designs (topographies) of integrated circuitsUndisclosed information, including trade secrets