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UNIMED BN training seminar Promoting Innovation and Technology Transfer Swissôtel Istanbul, Turkey 27-28 February 2002 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT.

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Presentation on theme: "UNIMED BN training seminar Promoting Innovation and Technology Transfer Swissôtel Istanbul, Turkey 27-28 February 2002 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNIMED BN training seminar Promoting Innovation and Technology Transfer Swissôtel Istanbul, Turkey 27-28 February 2002 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION 25 February 2002

2 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Building National Capacity to foster Access to Knowledge and Technology UNIDOs Experience

3 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Gerardo Patacconi Industrial Development Officer – Quality & Productivity Specialist Industrial Promotion and Technology Branch UNIDO - P.O. Box 300 A-1400 Vienna, Austria Tel. +43-1-26026-3605 Fax +43-1-26026-6840 e-mail: gpatacconi@unido.org Building National Capacity to foster Building National Capacity to foster Access to Knowledge and Technology: Access to Knowledge and Technology: UNIDOs Experience UNIDOs Experience

4 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Objective of the presentation: Exchange ideas Identify key issues Stimulate discussions Examples……… Building National Capacity to foster Building National Capacity to foster Access to Knowledge and Technology: Access to Knowledge and Technology: UNIDOs Experience UNIDOs Experience

5 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 5 Issues to be addressed and questions What is/Why innovation (R&D, soft/hard technologies...)? What is the situation in Mediterranean countries/examples? policyinstitutional enterprises What actions should be taken at policy and institutional level and by enterprises? What tools are needed? Identification of potential innovative value chains/districts.. Technology need assessment/management? Benchmarking and (best) practices? Innovation Financing models? Access to information….? How to strengthen partnership –UNIMED (Assessments, demonstrations, twinning, training, coaching, info, ….) UNIDOs involvement

6 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 6 understanding user needs lack of awareness/perceived advantage lack of strategy adaptation and customisation implementation support…………. Underdeveloped science and technology infrastructureUnderdeveloped science and technology infrastructure Lack of large private industries with their own R&D activities Insufficient numbers of trained personnel and tested strategies for technological development…..Insufficient numbers of trained personnel and tested strategies for technological development…..

7 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 7 TECHNOLOGY IS THE COLLECTION OF ALL INPUTS INTO THE PROCESS OF GENERATION & DELIVERY OF A PRODUCT

8 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 8 Technology Infrastructure and skills not always updated nor conforming to international standards/regulations/practices……. and most of their Enterprises : are often unable to produce goods with proven, credible and constant quality at a competitive price; Have problems to meet stringent standards and the challenges of globalization; Need to become to World Class to compete in foreign and domestic markets; Should be upgraded in order to enter international production and trade chains. The CHALLENGE

9 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 9 NETWORKING SMEs/Technology Infrastructure(high- potential/critical mass) High QUALITY CONFORMITY to standards and technical regulations RELIABILITY (production and delivery) COST-effectiveness CUSTOMER-focus (knowing markets/customers)…… INNOVATION and CREATIVITYINNOVATION and CREATIVITY NETWORKING SMEs/Technology Infrastructure(high- potential/critical mass) High QUALITY CONFORMITY to standards and technical regulations RELIABILITY (production and delivery) COST-effectiveness CUSTOMER-focus (knowing markets/customers)…… INNOVATION and CREATIVITYINNOVATION and CREATIVITY The CHALLENGE The CHALLENGE To enter and stay in both the traditional and in the e- marketplace, enterprises need:

10 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 10 The CHALLENGE The CHALLENGE TO PRODUCE GOODS AND SERVICES Right CUSTOMER (s) Right PRODUCT (s) Right QUANTITY (ies) Right QUALITY (ies) Right TIME Right PRICE (s) Right CUSTOMER (s) Right PRODUCT (s) Right QUANTITY (ies) Right QUALITY (ies) Right TIME Right PRICE (s)

11 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 11 The new economy brings opportunities but also challenges to developing countries. Without investment, technology and innovation, they run the risk of becoming increasingly marginalized. The CHALLENGE

12 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 12 Emerging Business Environment Environment & Quality Enhanced requirements & int. standards conformity Market Globalization New economy Competition Customer demand Technology Technology divide Rapid advancement Shortened lifecycle Emerging Technology Strategy

13 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 13 Higher revenue Higher revenue Lower costs Better H&S technology Better H&S technology Better quality products & Services Less costs,waste & rework SALESPROFITSALESPROFIT More satisfied customers Emerging Management Strategy

14 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 14 Comparison of One Change of 100% (Reengineering/New Technology) to 100 Changes of 1% (Continuous Improvement) Improvement Continuous Improvement Reengineering/New Technology Number of Steps Relative Improvement 1 2

15 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 15 BASIC OPERATING INFRASTRUCTURE PRODUCT TECHNOLOGY PROCESS TECHNOLOGY SKILL & KNOWLEDGE BASE SYSTEMS & PRACTICES INFORMATION SUPPORT LOGISTICS & OPTIMISATION LEVEL ENGINEERING TRANSOFRMATION MANAGERIAL APPROCH

16 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 16 Emerging technology Strategy When What How How to finance it Who should help …….. New customer New Product New process Higher capacity Higher productivity Higher quality Market/regulatory pressure..

17 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 17 Access to Technology & Knowledge how to develop networks, institutions, and human capital to support the diffusion of innovation How to develop efficient ways to acquire foreign technology How to develop the local technical human capital to take advantage of innovations Emerging Technology Strategy

18 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 18 Access to Technology & Knowledge Imports of capital goods and components Design specifications and technical assistance from foreign buyers Foreign technology licensing Direct Foreign Investment and strategic alliances Education and training (abroad) Education and training (abroad) Local (R&D) efforts Technical Assistance ICT Emerging Technology Strategy

19 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 19

20 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 20 Supports the efforts of developing countries and economies in transition Bridging the technology divide; Technology upgrading of industrial sectors, clusters and value chains and capacity-building North-South and South-South knowledge/technology transfer and partnership Access hard and soft technologies Builds the capacity of the private sector to compete in global markets by adopting new technologies; improving management practices; Meeting international standards

21 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 21 Process and production Technology (PPT) Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Environmentally sound technology (EST) Cross-sectoralTechnologysolutions Technology Specialized sectoral Technology solutions solutions

22 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 22 help the private sector Development of services to help the private sector Mobilize knowledge, skills and technology for enhancing production capabilities and productivity growth Enabling environment at the policy, institutional and enterprise level providing the technological infrastructure for development.

23 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 23 Lack of knowledge of technology opportunities and skills Disconnected/scattered SMEs (value chains?) Gap in transferring innovation culture to the business community and in encouraging investment in new technologies Limited capacity to upgrade available technology/continuous improvement Underdeveloped science and technology infrastructure including quality infrastructure Lack of large private industries with their own R&D activities and poor R&D in SMEs Inadequate financing schemes Limited adaptation and customization capability ……………….. Constraints

24 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 24 Facilitate knowledge Transfer for new generic technologies – ICT, biotechnology, new materials and processing technologies; Bring the innovation results and the innovation culture to the business environment and encourage investment in new technology Facilitate transfer and absorption of technology to developing countries (North-South and South-South UNIMED); Advocacy for innovation policies/incentives Role of Business Associations

25 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 25 Monitor technological trends (foresight) including market needs, industrial applications, standards requirements; Provide training and support to SMEs in the areas of innovation, technology need assessment, technology acquisition, management of technological change and technology absorption. Network with industrial associations, R&D institutes, universities, professional and, government institutions etc. Foster use of technology in competitive manufacturing and marketing of products: including environmental considerations, quality-related aspects, the innovation process and the transfer of technology from developers to the users Role of Business Associations

26 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 26 Technology Centres Active agents of innovation and technology transfer, with networking arrangements and strategic alliances. Technology Foresight and Monitoring Technology Policies and Strategies To guide the development of the technological infrastructure, support to innovation, incentives to enterprises and assistance to them in technology management and technology transfer, leading to the envisaged competitiveness and growth at the enterprise level; Advanced Technology Management

27 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 27 Identification of critical technology needs (link to foresight) Generation of and use of technology in competitive manufacturing and marketing of products, including environmental considerations, quality-related aspects, the innovation process and the transfer of technology from developers to the users. Advanced Technology Management

28 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 28 To involve and articulate various key players that should learn collectively, not only at the enterprise level but also at the level of academia, Industrial Associations, R&D institutions, technology centers, development financing, and other institutions which form and support the national innovation system; Investment and technology promotion strategies To involve a consistent international cooperation whereby developing countries can learn from those countries, industrialized or more advanced developing countries, that have upgraded their technological institutions and learned how to make them relevant to the private sector. To include extension services to enterprises, because enterprises of developing countries, and SMEs in particular, cannot alone manage the technology acquisition process and the innovation process, which they need to achieve and sustain their competitive position in the market place;

29 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 29 Technology needs assessment & Technology management Tools Technology Foresight Mise à Niveau BOT Manuals…. International Technology Centers and Investment/Technology Promotion Offices Trade and Technology/Knowledge Transfer EST Cleaner Production Energy/Kyoto Quality Infrastructure Capacity Building Service Providers International Business Incubation Systems IBIS

30 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 30 Trade and TK Transfer Regulation of international technology transactions: Main forms of international technology transaction Economic issues and legal problems associated with each form of transaction Regulatory mechanisms (approval and registration procedures, competition or antitrust laws…) Conformity assessment…. Licensing agreements, Direct foreign investment, Joint ventures, Franchising, Turn-key contracts, Consultancy agreements, etc.)

31 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 31 …… developed countries should help developing countries in specific areas (such as technology transfer under intellectual property protection) but actions needed are not defined……….. Trade and Technology/Knowledge Transfer Special and differential (S&D) provisions included in all the WTO agreements

32 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 32 Trade and Technology/Knowledge Transfer Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Doha declaration The Doha declaration includes a separate declaration, which unambiguously reaffirms the primacy of public health concerns over patent rights in the TRIPS agreement. Length and scope of pharmaceutical patenting in developing countries Transition periods for the Implementation of TRIPs in the agricultural sector in developing countries Mechanisms to make operational existing technology transfer provisions in the TRIPs agreement.

33 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 33 January 2002 European GPS ….exasperated European officials say U.S. pressure appears to have torpedoed a $3 billion project to build a European version of the U.S. global positioning system (GPS), which uses signals from orbiting satellites to track geographical position within 36 meters. Galileo The proposed system, dubbed Galileo, was intended to give Europeans more autonomy, both industrially and militarily. That's no small concern, since the United States can selectively block access to GPS, as it has during the military campaign in Afghanistan. …. European plans to develop a rapid-reaction military force will become much more credible with their own GPS in military operations. Source: ITD News Trade and Technology/Knowledge Transfer

34 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 34 INFRASTRUCTURE TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT INNOVATION CENTRE HIGH-TECH INCUBATOR SCIENCE PARK TECHNOPOLY BUSINESS PARK RESEARCH PARK BUSINESS CENTRE INDUSTRIAL INCUBATOR 0 MAX MAXMAX INDUSTRIAL ESTATE R&D CENTRE Technology Infrastructure

35 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 35 National Cleaners Production Centres NCPC Sub- Contracting Exchanges and Partnership Quality and Productivity Centres UNIDOs Exchange Investment and technology Promotion Offices UNIDO Mediterranean- Arab Network International Technology Centres Technology Infrastructure

36 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 36 Mostly operate in the field of new generic technologies – IT, biotechnology, new materials and processing technologies; Bring the innovation results and the innovation culture to the business environment and encourage investment in new technology Facilitate transfer and absorption of technology to developing countries (North-South and South-South); Technology Infrastructure: International Technology Centers They act as outreach technology arms for services and international frameworks for cooperation in technology areas with cross-sectoral and wide economic impact.

37 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 37 Monitor technological trends (foresight) including market needs and industrial applications; Provide training and support to SMEs in the areas of innovation, technology acquisition, management of technological change and technology absorption. Network with R&D institutes, universities, professional and industrial associations, government institutions etc. Are fully financed from extra-budgetary contributions (from both developed and developing countries) Technology Infrastructure: International Technology Centers

38 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 38 International Centre for Science and High Technology (ICS, Trieste, Italy) International Centre for Advancement of Manufacturing Technology (ICAMT, Bangalore, India) International Centre for Small Hydro Power (ICSHP, Huanzhou, China) International Centre for Application of Solar Energy (CASE, Perth, Western Australia) International Materials Assessment and Application Centre (IMAAC, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) International Centre of Medicine Biotechnology (ICMB, Moscow, Russia) International Centre for Materials Evaluation Technology (ICMET, Taejon, Republic of Korea) UNIDO-Shanghai International IT Technology Promotion Centre (Shanghai, China) UNIDO-Shenzhen Environment Technology Promotion Centre (Shenzhen, China) Technology Infrastructure: International Technology Centers

39 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 39 International Centre for Materials Technology Promotion (ICM, Beijing, China) – pipeline project to be open in March 2002 International/National Cooperating with UNIDO Centres International Centre for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI, 18 member countries, Moscow, Russia International Technology Centre (InterTec, Vienna, Austria, technologies from Russia) National Technology Transfer Centre (Minsk, Belarus) Technology Transfer Centre (Kiev, Ukraine) Sectoral Technology Centres (Egypt) – under establishment UNIDO-Bulgaria Technology Promotion and Innovation Centre – to be established Technology Infrastructure: International Technology Centers

40 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 40 In 2001, the International Centre for Advancement of Manufacturing Technology (ICAMT, Bangalore, India) started to implement a project aiming at technology upgrading the foundry industries in the Agra City, India. The transfer of a new technology (at a cost of US$150,000) and its application at 100 foundries will secure 10,000 working places for local people, thus investing only US$15 to secure one job). The International Centre of Medicine Biotechnology (ICMB, Moscow, Russia), in cooperation with the Beijing Free Economic Zone and City Administration, promoted a modern medical diagnostic centre to be established in Beijing and mobilized the investment of US$35 million for this purpose. In addition, ICMB is finalizing a package of technology transfer agreements between Russia and India at a cost of US$7,0 million. The National Centre for Technology Transfer, established by UNIDO in the Republic of Belarus, facilitated the transfer of new technologies to the Shandong Province of China. 14 agreements were signed by partners towards creating new enterprises in China to commercialize R&D results from Belarus and more than 100 research projects selected for further consideration. Similar technology partnership programmes were initiated with two other Provinces of China. Technology Infrastructure: International Technology Centers

41 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 41 International Technology Centers and Investment/Technology Promotion Offices Competitive Production Sustainable Growth Investors Government Agencies Investment Funds Financial Institutions Investment Technology IPAs ITPOs Industrial Associations Venture Capital R&D Institutes Universities ITPOs Technology Centres Technology Management Innovation INVESTMENT AND TECHNOLOGY PROMOTION: DIFFERENCES AND COMPLEMENTARITIES

42 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 42 International Technology Centers and Investment/Technology Promotion Offices Investment and technology Promotion Offices

43 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 43 IPU EGYPT/GAFI IPU JORDAN/JIB IPU MOROCCO/ODI IPU TUNISIA/MCIE ITPO BAHRAIN ITPO GREECE ITPO FRANCE ITPO ITALY MEDITERRANEAN-ARAB NETWORK: MEMBERS Present members Potential future members ITPO Spain ITPO Turkey IPU Lebanon/IDAL

44 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 44 MEDITERRANEAN-ARAB NETWORK: MEMBERS Investment and Technology Promotion Offices Bilateral Credit Lines Mise à Niveau Upgrading Quality and Technology Infrastructure

45 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 45 International Technology Centers NCPC National Cleaners Production Centres NCPC 23 NCPC in countries around the world, with an investment of US$21 million (together with UNEP)

46 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 46 UNIDO Programme on TEST / MED Transfer of Environmentally Sound Technologies in the Mediterranean Region building capacity in industrial service institutions in four countries for the identification of EST and the least costly path to environmental compliance The TEST focal points: UNIDO/UNEP National Cleaner Production Centre, (Tunisia and Morocco), or a UNIDO-EU cleaner production centre (Lebanon) or USAID/DANIDA Pollution Prevention Centre (Egypt) REVIEW CP EMS EMA EST Under final negotiation for GEF Contact: rdepalma@unido.orgrdepalma@unido.org

47 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 IBIS International Business Incubation Systems Technology Infrastructure: Business Incubation Systems The technology acquisition and the innovation process are needed to achieve and sustain enterprises competitive position in the market place;

48 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 KNOWLEDGE PUSH Knowledge available locally MARKET PULL Global Market MARKET PULL Global Market Innovative Business Creation Process Technology Infrastructure: Business Incubation Systems

49 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Spin offs from large enterprises (Tunisie Telecom) Universities, Technical Institutes, Research Centres (INRST, CERT, ISETcom, INSAT, IRSIT, etc.) Targeted population groups (returning emigrants with high technical background, Cynex) SOURCES OF LOCAL AVAILABLE KNOWLEDGE (TUNISIA) Technology Infrastructure: Business Incubation Systems

50 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 50 IBIS - TUNISIA LEAD SPONSORS TUNIS PARC TELECOM INSTITUTE OF RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT (INRST) NABEUL ISET - API SFAX ENIS - API

51 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 51 Technology Foresight UNIDO Manual on Technology Transfer Negotiation and Training Kit Training Package on Technology Management Guidelines on Business Alliances Guide on Joint Ventures UNIDO BOT Guidelines Technology Needs Assessment Manual and reporting software system UNIDOs Subcontracting System Mise à Niveau……… Tools

52 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 52 Tools Technology Foresight (TF) A powerful instrument for on the future development strategies among policy-making bodies. A powerful instrument for establishing common views on the future development strategies among policy-making bodies. Involves of major actors, namely, the government, science, industry and NGO Involves wide participation of major actors, namely, the government, science, industry and NGO A way for systematic in development of science, technology, the economy and social needs A way for systematic forecasting of the long-term trends in development of science, technology, the economy and social needs It aims at with highest potential of contributing to economic and social benefits. It aims at identifying the emerging technologies with highest potential of contributing to economic and social benefits.

53 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 53 IT Enterprises Competitiveness GovernmentPolicy Technology Management and Innovation Technology Acquisition and Transfer Technology Foresight and Monitoring Institutional Framework Tools

54 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 54 A TOOL FOR TECHNOLOGY NEEDS ASSESSMENT CAPTECH CAP ITAL INVESTMENT PLANNING THROUGH TECH NOLOGY NEEDS IDENTIFICATION Tools

55 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 55 Tools

56 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 56 Tools AT THE ENTERPRISE LEVEL Overall strategic diagnosis Formulation of the upgrading plan and financing scheme Approval of the upgrading plan Implementation and follow-up of the upgrading plan AT THE ENVIRONMENT LEVEL Institutional & regulatory environment Infrastructure and services Banking and financial environment Investment incentives and promotion ExportThe local market THE UPGRADING PROCESS COMPETITIVENESS Modernisation of equipment Organisation and management systems Production systems Training & skills development Quality & certification Marketing & market Research Alliance & Partnership

57 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 57 Ouseph Padickakudi Industrial Development Officer Phone (+43-1)-26026-3693 Fax (+43-1) –21346-3693 e-mail: opadickakudi@unido.orgopadickakudi@unido.org Gerardo Patacconi E4PQ Manager Phone (+43-1)-26026-3605 Fax. (+43-1)-26026-6840 E-mail gpatacconi@unido.orggpatacconi@unido.org Vladimir Kozharnovich ITC Programme Manager Phone: (+43-1) 26026-3720/3702 Fax: (+43-1) 26026-6870 E-mail: vkozharnovich@unido.orgvkozharnovich@unido.org Fabrizio Condorelli IBIS Programme Manager Phone (+43-1)-26026- 5089 Fax. (+43-1)-26026- 6842 E-mail fcondorelli@unido.orgfcondorelli@unido.org http://www.unido.org/doc/391536.htmls Lucia Cartini ITPOs Advisor Phone (+43-1)-26026- Fax. (+43-1)-26026- E-mail lcartini@unido.orglcartini@unido.org Jose Manuel De Caldas Lima Senior Industrial Development Advisor Phone (+43-1)-26026-3729 Fax. (+43-1)-26026-6870 E-mail J.De-Caldas-Lima@unido.orgJ.De-Caldas-Lima@unido.org CONTRIBUTIONS BY

58 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 58 ANNEX

59 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 59 protecting and regulating the use of intangible assets comprising knowledge and information Intellectual property Intellectual property : Forms of intellectual property (patents, trade marks, copyright, and allied rights); Comparisons between intellectual property and other methods of promoting technological development (e.g. tax incentives, state funding for research and development, and government procurement policies). Legal and institutional frameworks of national and international intellectual property systems.

60 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO - UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION ONUDI ~ ORGANISATION DES NATIONS UNIES POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL UNIMED BN training seminar 22 February 2002 Page 60 Intellectual property Intellectual property : Areas covered by the TRIPS agreement Copyright and related rights Trademarks, including service marks Geographical indications Industrial designs Patents Layout-designs (topographies) of integrated circuits Undisclosed information, including trade secrets


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