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Overview of Art History

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Presentation on theme: "Overview of Art History"— Presentation transcript:

1 Overview of Art History
15,000 BC - Present

2 40,000 B.C. – 2300 B.C. Prehistoric Era Prehistoric art refers to artifacts from ancient civilizations such as Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece and Rome. Artists employed resources from their natural environments such as clay, rocks, minerals, animal hair, bones, wood, fat and blood to create images. Subject matter included animals and people and often told stories.

3 Mesopotamia 9,000 BCE – 300 BCE An ancient empire in what is known as modern day Iraq. Generally, art was made by carving stone relief used to decorate imperial monuments. The reliefs depict royal affairs, such as hunting and war. Animal forms, particularly horses and lions, were represented in great detail, while human figures were of less significance.

4 Egypt 5,500 – 500 BCE Egyptian art was expressed through painting, sculpture, and jewelry. The artwork embodies a unique style and makes use of an ancient form of symbolic writing. Much of the remaining art comes from tombs and monuments.

5 Greece 1000 BCE – 250 BCE Sculpture and architecture from Greek civilization have influenced other’s throughout history. Known for their architectural monuments as well as sculptural masterpieces, the Greek’s were also expert craftsman. They crafted and painted beautiful vessels used for everyday life. Human forms took on realistic proportions and detail.

6 Rome 509 BCE – 400 CE Greatly influenced by Greek culture, the Ancient Romans excelled in painting, sculpting, and architectural design. Mythological subject matter predominated art at this time.

7 200 – 1400 Middle Ages The Middle Ages marks a period in between Classical and Modern history (hence “middle”). It was at this time that Christianity was being spread throughout Europe, and so the art and architecture follows a religious tradition.

8 Medieval Medieval is a term used to describe the art created over a span of 1,000 years during the middle ages. Art was largely produced at this time with a variety of medium including illuminated manuscripts, paintings, sculptures, stained glass, metal works, mosaics and even textiles.

9 Byzantine 400 – 1450 CE (AD) With the spread of Christianity throughout Europe, art and architecture during the Byzantine era followed a religious theme. Paintings, mosaics, and sculpture were common forms of artistic expression. Also important at this time were illuminated bible manuscripts.

10 Romanesque 500 – 980 CE Following tradition at this time, the Romanesque period is marked by lavishly decorated architecture, manuscripts and embroidery.

11 Gothic 1200 – 1400 CE Developing in France out of the Romanesque period, Gothic art begin with the construction of monumental architecture. Very ornately designed cathedrals with luminous stained glass windows were commonly constructed at this time.

12 Renaissance Known as a period of “rebirth”, this was a time when artists looked back to ancient traditions while applying new scientific knowledge. The development of linear perspective and a greater understanding of human anatomy became two concepts that would forever change the way that artists render the natural world on a two dimensional surface.

13 Raphael Some of the most influential artists of this time include Michaelangelo, DaVinci, Raphael and Botticelli. Common forms of artistic expression during the Renaissance include painting, fresco, and sculpture. Centered around the church, art was commonly themed around religion, mythology and portraiture. However, the artists of the Renaissance were mainly interested in capturing the essence and beauty of nature. Michaelangelo Botticelli Davinci

14 Boroque The Boroque period can be characterized as art that conveys a religious theme, through movement and emotion. Dramatic biblical depictions are common in frescoes and paintings. Carlo Innocenzo Carlone

15 Boroque During the Boroque period, artists commissioned to paint portraits were interested in depicting the wealth and social status of the patrons. Artists use of symbolism and focus on the detailed rendering of clothing helps us to understand the importance of the figures being depicted. Ruebens

16 Mannerism Following in traditions developed by Renaissance and Boroque artists, Mannerism is a period in which artists created images of elongated and slightly disproportionate figures. Pontormo

17 Rococo Keeping in tradition with Boroque art, Rococo was a period of ornate interior design and decorative arts. From the beautiful frescoes to the lavish furniture, Rococo was a period of royal luxury. Thomas Gainsborough

18 Neoclassicism A reformation of art and architecture, Neoclassical art sought to bring back classical elements of the ancient Greeks and Romans. Art was now moving away from the decorative and ornate Boroque and Rococo styles. David

19 1700-1800 Romanticism & Realism
Romanticism marks a period in which artists sought to remove themselves from social and political influences. Artists were interested in creating images that engage strong emotion within the beauty of a natural environment. Turner

20 Realism In response to the emotion of Romanticism, artists instead began to create images that depicted objective reality. A focus on real-life scenes characterizes the realist style. Sargent

21 Impressionism Developing out of France, this period is characterized by vivid colors and loose, visible brushwork. Artists began to investigate the changing properties of light in everyday subject matter. Monet

22 Degas Renior Manet Morisot Cassatt

23 Post Impressionism Post Impressionist such as Vincent Van Gogh, continued to develop images with vivid colors, dynamic brushwork and real-life subject matter. The Post Impressionists took these ideologies further as they experimented with the expressive qualities of paint application and an emphasis of geometric forms.

24 Lautrect Seraut Gaugin Cezanne Van Gogh

25 Abstract Expressionism
Modern Art Movements Expressionism Fauvism Cubism Futurism Dada Surrealism Abstract Expressionism Action Painting Color Field Pop Art Minimalism Op Art

26 1900-1910 German Expressionism
Munch Beginning as a cultural reform of art and poetry in Germany, this period in art history is coined as “avant-garde”, or experimental and innovative. Artists became interested in depicting an emotional experience rather than reality based imagery. Kandinsky

27 Fauvism French for the wild beasts, Fauvism became a period where artists kept in tradition with Impressionist style, while exploring color and painterly qualities within their work. Matisse

28 Cubism Picasso Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque are the creators of this unique artistic style. Characterized by broken, reassembled and abstracted forms, cubism transformed art into a unique modern style.

29 Futurism Originating in Italy, this style of art sought to transform how we see old forms in new innovative ways. The Futurists explored every medium of art, including interior design and theatre. Boccioni

30 Dada A cultural movement rooted in Switzerland, Dada was a response to the seriousness of war. Rejecting traditional standards of art, Dada artists found art and humor in the meaningless objects of everyday life. Dada art is characterized as Anti-war and Anti-art. Dada was a foundation for future art movements such as surrealism and pop art. Duchamp

31 Surrealism Characterized by it’s dreamlike qualities, Surrealism became a way for artists to create a unique world of an imagined reality. Artists such as Salvadore Dali experimented with reality and psychological elements. Dali

32 Abstract Expressionism
Diebenkorn A post-WW2 movement, Abstract Expressionism is known for it’s spontaneous and subconscious style. Instead of working with representational forms, the Abstract Expressionists’ work interprets emotional intensity. O’Keeffe

33 1950- Action Painting Also known as “Gestural Abstraction”, this unique style of painting explores the application and expression of medium. Jackson Pollock is known as the quintessential Action painter. Drips, drizzles and splatters are characteristics of his unique style of painting. Pollock

34 1950- Color Field Painting Originating in NY city, this abstract form of painting is known by it’s application of flat fields of color. A focus on a refined and consistent application of paint is characteristic of this style. Rothko Frankenthaler

35 1950- POP Art Lichtenstein Warhol Emerging in Britain in the 1950’s, Pop art explored the influences of Popular culture such as advertising, comic books and cultural objects. Pop art was innovative in that it was a the first style of art to emerge that used mass-produced imagery in a fine arts context.

36 1960- Minimalism A post-WW2 movement, Minimalism became an expression of the basic and simplified form. Minimalism is known as a reaction against the Abstract Expressionists. Mondrian

37 1964- OP Art The art of optical illusion.
Riley 1964- OP Art The art of optical illusion. Artists such as Vasarely and Riley sought to explore the illusion of space while experimenting with line, shape, pattern and color . The result is an impression of movement, vibration, swelling, warping and hidden imagery. Vasarely

38 1970 - Present Post Modern Art
Stella Today art continues to transform. Artists work in a variety of medium including drawing, painting, sculpture, mixed-media, collage, printmaking, photography, ceramics and installation art to name a few.

39 Today’s artists are free to express themselves in any way imaginable.
Sometimes Big…. And sometimes small… Calder Koons

40 Some artists create works that reflect a human message.
Haring Some artists create works that reflect a human message. Britto

41 While others explore form and function.
Calder Wright

42 Many artists look at our environment for inspiration….
Chihuly While others continue to look within… Escher

43 Art as we know it will continue to change, as artists seek to invent new ways to create fascinating images to capture a world-wide audience. These contemporary artists are reinventing old materials in new and interesting ways! Can you figure out what they’ve used? Kalish Gee’s Bend Quilters

44 Online Resources The following websites were used as resources for this presentation: (images) (images)

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