Ppt on social contract theory and declaration

Government. SSCG2: The student will analyze the natural rights philosophy and the nature of government expressed in the Declaration of Independence a.

analyze the natural rights philosophy and the nature of government expressed in the Declaration of Independence a. Compare and contrast the Declaration of Independence and the Social Contract Theory John Locke believed that people were born with certain “natural rights,” which included life, liberty, and property. He also advocated Social Contract Theory, which states that there is an implied contract between government and citizens. Thomas Jefferson asserted in the Declaration of Independence that “all men/

GOVT.2c-f.  The Founding Fathers were heavily influenced by the philosophers (a person who studies ideas about knowledge, truth, the nature and meaning.

the consent of the governed) Remembered For… His work Leviathan (1651) State/government has the power in exchange for protecting and looking out for its people—social contract theory Stated that without government life would be “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.” Influenced the Declaration of Independence, VA Constitution, and the U.S. Constitution http://images.businessweek.com/ss/06/08/per sonalbest_timeline/image/thomas_hobbes.jpg Philosophy/


kings” was both treason and mortal sin. Origins of the State The Social Contract Theory- Theory developed by philosophers such as John Locke, James Harrington, and Thomas Hobbes in England and Jean Jacques Rousseau in France in the 17th and 18th centuries. Hobbes wrote/ Individual Freedoms Section 1-Due Process of Law- The Constitution includes two Due Process clauses. The 5th Amendment declares that the Federal Government cannot deprive any person of “life, liberty. Or property, without due process of law/

1 Ch. 1 - Principles of Government Section 1 - Government and the State What is Government? - The institution through which a society makes and enforces.

Social Contract Theory - People agreed to create a state to promote the safety and well- being of all - (enlightenment philosophy) 10 11 Origin of the State Force Theory - One person or group claimed control over an area and forced those within it to submit to their rule Evolutionary Theory/enemy Delegate from each colony formed the Continental Congress Revolutionary War began andDeclaration of Independence” was signed Declaration of Independence - - Intro - Statement of political philosophy - (/

The Declaration of Independence. Homework & My Questions Every presentation will have several “my questions” that are key to each unit and, in turn, are.

I provide. My Q’s What is the purpose of the list of grievances in the Declaration of Independence? What was the Enlightenment? What is the difference between natural rights and the social contract theory? Explain how one grievance in the DOI demonstrates the ideas of natural rights or social contract. Come up with your own question. Complete Vocab Pyramids. Founding Documents Although this course is American/

2 Utopias, Theories, and Ideologies

have a right to cast off a government that fails to protect the rights and privileges of its citizenry or abuses its power? The U.S. Declaration of Independence declares: “That whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it/–1778) political theory does not stress individualism to same degree as Hobbes or Locke. He did not believe that civilized society was an improvement on the state of nature. In his work On the Social Contract, Rousseau writes, “Man is born free, and everywhere he is/

Social Contract Theory

Social Contract Theory The ideas behind the Declaration of Independence and the American Revolution Journal Prompt What would your life be like without government? Consider services the government provides freedoms government limits your safety, health, happiness and property Would you like to live without government? Why or why not? Social Contract Theory is about 1. Why people theoretically choose to give up some of their power in order to form/


in peace. This grants the sovereign absolute power. JOHN LOCKE English philosopher who accepted and revised the social contract theory. A major influence to the Declaration of Independence and The Federalist. TWO TREATISES OF GOVERNMENT (1690) Attacks the theory of divine right of kings and the nature of the state by Hobbes. Sovereignty did not reside in the state but with the people. The state is supreme, but/

Company law The general theory Partnership company Joint stock company

contract. Hence, the term contract means at the same time the contract and the juristic person created by that contract. Elements of company contract The General theory Elements of company contract The nullity moral personality Dissolution Liquidation Kinds and forms of companies Kinds of companies Commercial and/and have a bearing on the object of the company. But a contribution in services cannot consist in simple social/ If the company – for any reason- was declared void, it is the court that appoints the /

1 Housing systems in Western Europe: theory and practice 7-4-2010 Housing systems in Western Europe: Theory and practice Moscow Peter Boelhouwer OTB Research.

Housing systems in Western Europe: theory and practice 7-4-2010 Policy for social renting (1) EnglandFlandersFrance Principal purpose of social renting Safety net for low- income households To build and provide social rental dwellings and to revalue the housing stock (right to decent housing) To provide affordable housing to households on low incomes Allocation systemAccording to need Rent regulation for new contracts According to policy prescription Rents/

Objective 11; Examine the natural rights philosophy and the nature of government expressed in the Declaration of Independence, comparing it to the Social.

nature of government expressed in the Declaration of Independence, comparing it to the Social Contract theory, and evaluating it as a persuasive argument.  Congress appointed 5 people to write a document declaring independence.  Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Roger Sherman, Robert Livingston, and Thomas Jefferson.  Jefferson, the youngest, did most of the writing.  He was greatly influenced by John Locke’s philosophy.  The Social Contract Theory argues that the state arose/

The Scientific Revolution, the Enlightenment, and Revolution

view objects in space, such as the moon, Jupiter, and the Milky Way. He supported Copernicus and the heliocentric theory. For this, he was called before the Inquisition and forced to recant. He spent the rest of his life / and fight for independence. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence. In it, he draws upon the Enlightenment ideas from John Locke (the natural rights of life, liberty, and property); and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (the social contract /

Chapter Copyright© 2007 Thomson Learning All rights reserved 4 Managing Ethical and Social Responsibility Challenges in Multinational Companies.

Social contract Copyright© 2007 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved National Differences in Business Ethics and Social Responsibility National culture and social institutions affect ethical behavior and social responsibility Copyright© 2007 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved Exhibit 4.2: A Model of Institutional and Cultural Effects on Business Ethics Issues and Management Copyright© 2007 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved Messner and Rosenfeld Anomie Theory/

Global Social Work Practice: Reflective Practice for Justice and Peace Collaborative Course: Loyola University of Chicago School of Social Work and Vytautas.

End in Itself” 800] and political theories (Locke, “society arises through the voluntary contract of individuals trying to maximise their own self- interests” 800}, heritage of US constitution and UN Declaration of Human Rights –Is post-modern Western “glorification” of the individual “a threat to civilisation and society” (804)? People lack and need the fulfillment of a purpose beyond themselves and a sense of social connectedness Research question: Can/

Chapter Copyright© 2004 Thomson Learning All rights reserved 15 Managing Ethical and Social Responsibility Challenges in Multinational Companies.

rights reserved Deontological Ethical Theory Actions have a good or bad morality regardless of the outcomes they produce Copyright© 2005 South-Western/Thomson Learning All rights reserved Moral Languages Basic ways that people use to make ethical decisions and to explain their ethical choices Six basic ethical languages Virtue and vice Self-control Maximizing human welfare Avoiding harm Rights/duties Social contract Basic ways that/

Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment Lesson objectives Teachers notes 1) Understand the scientific method advanced by Bacon and Descartes, the influence.

of Modern Experimental Science.” Using the newly-invented telescope, he found evidence to prove the Copernican theory. In 1632, he published his book, Dialogue on Two World Systems. His scientific discoveries contradicted /and superstition, emotion and passion. Pull Who Most were political philosophers 1. John Locke 1689 England Two Treatises of Government. Natural Rights, The Social Contract. 2. Montesquieu 1748 France The Spirit of the Laws. Rights of the minority. 3. Thomas Jefferson 1776 U.S. Declaration/

SSWH9 The student will analyze change and continuity in the Renaissance and Reformation. a. Explain the social, economic, and political changes that contributed.

the people it can be overthrown. Which of these offers the BEST example of Social Contract Theory in practice in America? A. The Mayflower Compact C. The Albany Plan of Union B. The Articles of Confederation D. The Declaration of Independence A. greater rights for common people. D. The Declaration of Independence 8. Identify causes and results of revolutions in England (1689), United States, France, Haiti/

Political Theories 5th lecture. The postmodern theories and the 21st century.

, Liberty, or Possessions". [21] Most scholars trace the phrase, "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness," in the American Declaration of Independence to Lockes theory of rights, [22] though other origins have been suggested. [23] Lockes political theory was founded on social contract theory. Unlike Thomas Hobbes, Locke believed that human nature is characterised by reason and tolerance. Like Hobbes, Locke believed that human nature allowed men to/

Feeling the Stone When Crossing the River: China ’ s Efforts and Achievements in Promoting the Rule of Law Zhang Fan.

declared in 1949: Stanley Lubman uses the same term - instrumentalism - in describing the course of legal reform in China since the new PRC regime was declared/by the NPC Standing Committee. 1981 The Contract Law is adopted, with a strong /and removal of thousands of judges. Deng Xiaoping dies, and the CPC adopts "Deng Xiaoping Theory" as part of the CPCs official ideology (along with Marixism- Leninism and "Mao Zedong Thought"). In addition, China signs the International Covenant on Economic, Social and/

Enlightenment and the American Revolution. Definitions PhilosophePhilosophe Member of a group of Enlightenment thinkers who tried to apply the methods.

broke the social contract and could be overthrown. Rulers who violated these “natural” rights broke the social contract and could be overthrown. Jefferson used Locke’s ideas in the Declaration of /theories and protect the peoples’ rights His ideas are incorporated in the U.S. Constitution’s Bill of RightsHis ideas are incorporated in the U.S. Constitution’s Bill of Rights Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) French philosophe; wrote the “Social Contract.” French philosophe; wrote the “Social Contract/

No strong central authority. Emperor elected and could not accumulate power to hand down to next generation (had to bargain away gains in order to get.

tabula rasa (clean slate) - all knowledge from experience, nothing innate Second Treatise of Government Social contract theory. Government based on mutual consent between people and authority. Govt formed by people to protect natural rights. Natural rights: Life, liberty, property/4 Decrees verify what the peasants did in attacking manors--feudalism is ended. Aug. 27 - The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen - legal equality Oct. 10 - Womens march brings king from Versailles to Tuilleries in Paris /

Foundations of Contemporary Political Theory Political Science I.

with permission. Social Contract Theory (continued) John Locke (1632–1704) An English philosopher who expanded on the Social Contract Theory in the Second Treatise on Civil Government Emphatically rejected Hobbes’ notion of the divine right of Kings Believed in unalienable rights ( Life, Liberty and Property) These ideals were crucial in shaping Thomas Jefferson’s articulation of the role government and the rights of people in the Declaration of Independence/

Causes of War The greed for territory produced by mercantilism also meant that nations ended up fighting over land and resources. As British colonists.

formally adopted on July 4, 1776 that made the colonies’ break with Great Britain official is known as what? What are “natural rights” andsocial contract theory” according to John Locke? What role did Thomas Jefferson play in the Declaration of Independence and in what ways did the Enlightenment influence him? New National Symbols Battles of the American Revolution Assignment Group 1: Battle of Bunker Hill/

RIGHTS, DUTIES, PRIVILIGES. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen is one of the fundamental documents of the French Revolution, defining.

and liberty, freedom of thought and expression, and equality before the law.” The United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UNDHR) states, "All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and/ principle of sovereignty and the preponderance of would-be offender nations, these rights have been hard to enact in legally binding documents. Social Contract The first modern philosopher to articulate a detailed contract theory was Thomas Hobbes /

Ralph Waldo Emerson, Self-Reliance (1841) Main Points I. Independence of thought AND ACTION REGARDLESS OF SOCIETY’S REACTION. II. Existence of an inner.

clashes. Harriet Beecher Stowe published Uncle Tom’s Cabin and the Wisconsin Supreme Court declared the fugitive Slave Act of 1850 unconstitutional. The Potato Famine/social classes and if that makes a difference in the way they should treat one another. Thorstein Veblen, Theory of the Leisure Class (1899)  Veblen was the son of Norwegian immigrants, and/neither by her express contracts nor by those implied contracts which it is the policy of the law to create between attorney and client.” She reapplied, /

Lesson 5: What Basic Ideas about Rights and Constitutional Government Did Colonial Americans Hold?

lay foundation for Massachusetts gov’t  Early example of social contract theory The Unique American Experience Higher wages and more land available Colonists ignore many English land customs (/and to identify the basic principles of a legitimate government The Declaration’s Main Arguments & Ideas The Declaration renounces the monarchy and appeals to natural rights common to all Asserts ideal of popular sovereignty Natural Rights  Constitutions & governments cannot violate them  Social Contract/

CHAPTER 1 Government and the State How is government defined? What are the basic powers that every government holds? What are the four defining characteristics.

derived from the consent of the governed. The citizens could challenge a government that does not preserve their natural rights. CHAPTER 1 PRINCIPLES AND IDEAS UNDERLYING THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE AND U.S. CONSTITUTION Including, but not limited to:  Thomas Hobbes –enlightenment thinker; Social Contract theory. It is the responsibility of the majority to protect the rights of the minority.  John Locke –natural rights; life, liberty/

Weeks 1 and 2 Topics and Key Points  Scarcity  Social Contract  Government  Thomas Hobbes  John Locke  Social Contract  Mayflower Compact  European.

Weeks 1 and 2 Topics and Key Points  Scarcity  Social Contract  Government  Thomas Hobbes  John Locke  Social Contract  Mayflower Compact  European Influences on American Colonies and U.S. Government  Declaration of Independence  Articles of Confederation  U.S. Constitution  American Bill of Rights  Federalism  Separation of Powers – Baron de Montesquieu  Checks and Balances  Theories of Democratic Government – Lanahan Readings Foundations of Government Scarcity: Limited Resources  Problem /

Standard 10.2.1 The Enlightenment and Democratic Revolution Compare the major ideas of philosophers and their effects on the democratic revolutions in.

an to social contract theory. His ideas had enormous influence on the development of epistemology and political philosophy, and he is widely regarded as one of the most influential Enlightenment thinkers and contributors to liberal theory. His writings influenced Voltaire and Rousseau, many Scottish Enlightenment thinkers, as well as the American revolutionaries. This influence is reflected in the AAAA mmmm eeee rrrr iiii cccc aaaa nnnn Declaration of Independence/

The Scientific Revolution 1550-1789. What do I need to know… Theories in science and their conflicts with religion Theories in science and their conflicts.

and order AKA: the social contract (an agreement between the people and the government) AKA: the social contract (an agreement between the people and the government) Best government= Absolute Monarchy Best government= Absolute Monarchy John Locke Key Beliefs: people can learn from experiences and/Movement updated China’s education and military systems updated China’s education and military systems built few factories built few factories USA feared China would be colonized so it declared the Open Door Policy /

Declarations in Dialogue Susan Jarratt Comparative Literature Susan Jarratt Comparative Literature.

 Confirming heliocentrism  Deism: a distant god designs along rationalist and universalist principles  Natural law and rationality applied to other realms The birth of science  Isaac Newton/Declaration)  Suffering peasantry in France -  Saint-Domingue (Haiti), valuable French colony - plantations worked by African slaves (Toussaint L’Ouverture, 1743-1803, leader of slave revolt in Haiti) Enlightenment IDEAS: John Locke, English philosopher (1632-1704) Two Treatises of Government Social contract theory/

Recovery and Rebirth: The Age of the Renaissance.

champion of the Scientific Revolution. He perfected the heliocentric theory, opposing the Ptolemaic System and the geocentric theory. His work, “On the Revolutions”, was not published/abandoned studied music and classics moved to France Discourse on the Origins of Inequality of Mankind civilization corrupted man gov’t necessary evil The Social Contract (1762) / of Paris staged a march on Versailles and forced Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette to return to Paris. Declaration of Rights of Women in 1791 voiced /

Theories of Government Evolution Theory Force Theory Divine Right Theory Social Contract Theory.

Theory Force Theory Divine Right Theory Social Contract Theory The state developed out of a family in which one person was the head. Over the years the original family unit became a network of families, or a clan. Eventually, 20 or more clans grouped together created a tribe. Once these nomadic tribes began to settle and develop agricultural techniques, the state was born. Evolutionary Theory Definition: Evolutionary Theory Force Theory/ of Rights John Locke Declaration of Independence Charles de Montesquieu/

1 Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic Department of Computer Science and Electronics Mälardalen University 20 August 2008 ETHICS, PROFESSIONALISM AND CRITICISM OF.

declared in court as contradicting human rights. 118 The Limitations of Rights Concept Contradicting rights: Athos and Women An official response to the declaration /and wealth (youth) 182 Management Theory and the Environment  Anthropocentric Theories –Ethics –Economic –Corporate Social Responsibility Stakeholder Normative Social Contract  Green Management Theories –Ecocentricism –Adjusted Stakeholder –Sustainablity –Resource Based Theory 183 Global Environmental Ethics 184 Environmental Ethics and/

Class Starter #1 Directions: Copy and answer the following questions. 1. Who is an US citizen? 2. How do you become a US citizen?

. Provide services for people, such as promoting public health and safety. Protect people from attack by other states and from internal threats such as terrorism. Pass laws that shape and control the nation’s economy. 2 Theories about Government. 1.Divine Right Theory: The rulers were chosen by god to govern and ruled as absolute monarchs. 2.Social Contract Theory: The people gave the government its power to rule/


England expressed in the Declaration of Independence (1776). Jacques Rousseau= French philosopher who wrote The Social Contract in 1762. Believed the right to rule should come from the people and not a king. The Social Contract Theory expressed the idea that there should be an agreement between the people and the government that limits the rights and duties of each. Thomas Jefferson agreed with this theory, and it became one of/

Right-based Ethics. In this lecture…  Rights and duties  Ethics and law  Rights and morals  Choice vs. interest  Natural rights  Human rights.

actual social contract, Locke’s social contract theory offers not only an insightful account of legitimate political authority but also a compelling justification for placing limits on government power. Human rights  Human rights are basic rights and /and protect humans right and fundamental freedoms of individuals and groups. Human rights  In 1948 the General Assembly of the United Nations proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.  Almost all nations accept the Universal Declaration in theory/

The Enlightenment and the Founding of America. The Enlightenment was an intellectual movement in Europe during the 18th century in which people began.

social contract in establishing a government. People get civil rights in return for having a government rule them. Leviathan. www.cdhi.mala.bc.ca/jengine/theory.htmwww.cdhi.mala.bc.ca/jengine/theory.htm John Locke 1632–1704 English philosopher New ideas about rights of people and/, so social contract evolved out of self-interest. John Hobbs Social Contract Jean-Jacques Rousseau American Revolution Declaration of Independence Constitution Social Contract Separation Of Power Checks And Balances Montesquieu/

1 Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic School of Innovation, Design and Engineering Mälardalen University 25 August 2010 ETHICS, PROFESSIONALISM AND CRITICISM OF THE.

declared in court as contradicting human rights. 119 The Limitations of Rights Concept Contradicting rights: Athos and Women An official response to the declaration /and wealth (youth) 183 Management Theory and the Environment  Anthropocentric Theories –Ethics –Economic –Corporate Social Responsibility Stakeholder Normative Social Contract  Green Management Theories –Ecocentricism –Adjusted Stakeholder –Sustainablity –Resource Based Theory 184 Global Environmental Ethics 185 Environmental Ethics and/

Period 5: 1750 – 1900 Industrialization and Global Integration.

right to overthrow government Enlightenment John Locke -Two Treatises on Government -Natural rights – life, liberty and property -social contract -inspired words of Declaration of Independence Enlightenment Thought Enlightenment thinkers developed new political ideas about the individuals, natural rights and the social contract Republic is best form of government with a constitution and elected representatives -personal liberties (freedom of speech, press, etc) Intellectuals critiqued the role that religion/

EOC Review. SS.7.C.1.1 Recognize how Enlightenment ideas including Montesquieu’s view of separation of power and John Locke’s theories related to natural.

the writing of he Declaration of Independence. SS.7.C.1.4 Analyze the ideas and complaints in the DOI SS.7.C.1.5 Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation SS.7.C.1.1 Recognize how Enlightenment ideas including Montesquieu’s view of separation of power and John Locke’s theories related to natural law and how Locke’s social contract influenced the Founding Fathers/

Chapters 21-22: Absolutism and Revolutions Louis XIVIsaac Newton.

gov’t –Locke’s theory is basis of modern democracy and influenced struggles for liberty in Europe and the Americas Gives power to God Who give power to… People Who protects ppl Gov’t Enlightenment View (Social Contract) Gives power to… God/ “…We, therefore, the Representatives of the United States of America, … solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States…” XIII. Americans Win Independence –British not about to let their colonies go/

American Constitutional Government AP U.S. Government and Politics Unit 1.

protect the people, the people can replace the government “Social ContractTheory government arose out of a voluntary act of a free people the people (not brute force, not gender or familial roles, not God) are the source of power – the true sovereigns SC theory was the basis of the Declaration of Independence and the American Revolution Declaration of Independence (1776) We hold these truths to be/


their heads….. Ultimate goal: To generate support for American cause Propaganda Audiences: Loyalists and other Americans who didn’t care. British people King George and Parliament Other European countries The Declaration of Independence King George would view the DOI as an illegal document… Jefferson introduces a new theory of government: Social Contract theory Power of govt. comes from the people Govt. must protect certain rights People can/


contracts are agreements, but all agreements are not necessarily contracts ESSENTIALS OF A VALID CONTRACT: Offer and Acceptance Intention to create legal relationship Lawful consideration Capacity of parties-Competency Free and genuine consent Lawful object Agreement not declared void Certainty and possibility of performance Legal formalities ESSENTIALS OF A VALID CONTRACT: 1.Offer and/or abstract theory i.e., the mere discovery of a scientific principle or the formulation of an abstract theory, or discovery/

What is it? The Social Contract.

why he must remain in prison and accept the death penalty. The term social contract describes a broad class of republican theories whose subjects are implied agreements by which people form nations and maintain a social order. Such social contract implies that the people give up some rights to a government and/or other authority in order to receive or jointly preserve social order. Social contract theory provides the rationale behind the historically/

Substantive Due Process: The Rise and Demise of Liberty of Contract

contract.” “The 14th Amendment does not enact Mr. Herbert Spencers Social Statics.” “Some of these laws embody convictions or prejudices which judges are likely to share. Some may not. But a Constitution is not intended to embody a particular economic theory, whether of paternalism and/ provision of the Constitution that explicitly guarantees a right of privacy. The Court struck down the law and declared that the Constitution did indeed protect privacy rights, but the justices did not agree on which section /

© 1999 Singh & Huhns1 Principles of Agents and Multiagent Systems Munindar P. Singh Michael N. Huhns

specification—the complete specification of the task © 1999 Singh & Huhns39 Applicability of Contract Net The Contract Net is a high-level communication protocol a way of distributing tasks a means/Social: organizational theory and open systems—Hewitt, Gasser, Castelfranchi Ethical: Legal: Communication: Coordination: Collaboration: Formal Methods—Singh, Wooldridge, Jennings, Georgeff © 1999 Singh & Huhns104 Interaction-Oriented Software Development Active modules, representing real-world objects Declarative/

The Evolution of “Western” Law Dr. Brian Levin-Stankevich Chancellor and Professor of History University of Wisconsin – Eau Claire.

“Two Kingdoms” for “Two Swords” Further split secular from religious thinking Renaissance and Reformation Theories on the “state” Macchiavelli Humanism Social Contract (Thomas Hobbes, John Locke) Scientific Revolution Enlightenment (Rousseau) Natural Law separated from/all Catholics Estates Clergy Nobility of the Sword Nobility of the Robe 3 rd Estate : Bourgeoisie Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen Principles – – Equality and freedom for all “men” – – Redefinition of Rights – – Separation of Powers – /


should trust the government John Locke "Father of Classical Liberalism". contributions to classical republicanism and liberal theory are reflected in the United States Declaration of Independence Jean-Jacques Rousseau political philosophy influenced the French Revolution His Discourse on the Origin of Inequality and On the Social Contract are cornerstones in modern political and social thought. Believed no matter the cost people should govern. William Wilberforce Member of Parliament/

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