Ppt on slum areas in india

FINANCE CAPITAL & PRIMITIVE ACCUMULATION Smita Gupta Indian School of Womens Studies and Development, AIDWA, New Delhi, India.

land in urban areas, local authorities are more and more shifting unauthorized settlements and slums of the poor from within the city to its periphery. Furthermore, large sections of the urban poor and working class live as “encroachers” in slums, tenements, pavements, and the like and their occupational rights as squatters are always under threat from imminent eviction. The majority of urban residents in India today exist in/

Land Tenure, Services & Finance in Informal Settlements Case Study from Bhopal, India Arkaja Singh 24 March, 2014, Washington DC.

informality  Slums are a “special regime” –Not clearly defined or well understood –Contours of special regime differ even within the country –Better informed policy and programme design icfi.com | ghkint.com Case Study in Bhopal, India The City/, bore wells, public taps even in non-notified slums –Minimal waste removal services occasionally cover unserved areas icfi.com | ghkint.com Property tax registration for BMC services  Basis for BMC recognition (in administrative practice) –Property tax papers /

Slums The New Faces of the Developing World Cities

perceived protection from evictions ) Durability of housing ( permanent and adequate structure in non-hazardous location) Sufficient living area ( not more than two people sharing the same room) Global Statistics 970 million people live in slums in 2005 More than 70% of urban population in Africa live in slums 270 million urban residents in south and central Asia live in slums It is projected that if urban poverty rises at the same/

Government Initiatives and Programme for Affordable Housing

. However, all these policies were generic and applicable to both rural and urban areas. Taking into account emerging challenges of required shelter and growth of slums, the first ever urban areas specific National Urban Housing and Habitat Policy, 2007 was announced in December 2007. Urban Housing Scenario in India Urbanization Indian urban population in 2001 was 27.8% of the total population. Over 5 decades, annual growth/

Continuation - Building Partnerships for Cities without Slums in E. & S. Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Summary Continuation of Sida non-core funding for 2006-2008.

qualified human resources capacities;  Lower unemployment rates in the effected areas;  More accessible social and other basic services in the local settlements. Slum Upgrading Urban Expansion Strategy for Intermediate Cities in Ecuador Latin America and the Caribbean – Ecuador /policies, business plan outline, etc. Objectives The objectives of this proposal are the following: (1) Consolidation of CLIFF, India (2) Upscaling of CLIFF, Kenya (3) Setting up a CLIFF 3 (4) The conceptualisation, design and, if/

Mumbai is the financial capital of India. Be it the banking sector, or the stock exchange or it’s overwhelming presence in the foreign market, Mumbai.

foreign market, Mumbai can be rightly called as the Financial Hub of India. The city of opportunities is not completely wonderful as it looks on paper Due negligence in areas of concern such as Slum, Sanitation, Health & Healthcare and Infrastructure. Introduction Slum Rehabilitation Scheme. Limited success in eliminating this problem Abolishment of the slums is not the right solution as it may leave around an approximate of/

Sanjay Banga Distribution Reforms- Key to Turnaround of Power Sector TPDDL …A case in point.

sector. Distribution Sector … 4 Current per-Capita Consumption: 917 kWh World Average per-Capita Consumption : 2300 kWh Govt. of India target for 12 th 5-year plan:1200 kWh Electrification level within the country is 65-70%. Distribution Sector : Overview Few /enforcement and other efforts began, AT&C losses were reduced to 15% in FY 2009 in most areas. The second step - Loss levels were as high as 89% in slum areas.In the slums, people were stealing electricity primarily due to inability to pay, and /

Urban Landscape.

Population of Settlement Considered to be “Urban” Sweden 200 Papua New Guinea 500 Canada 1000 United States 2500 India 5000 Switzerland 10000 Japan 50000 Non-agricultural activities Urbanization is based on the assumption that a town may be/poor. The poor building their own squatters on empty land and shanty towns formed which grow in any available space. Housing problems in developing countries Slum areas have few public services (water and electricity supply, sewage facilities and proper drainage) Houses /


Construction of low-income housing Planning, designing and delivering basic water and sanitation infrastructure in slums and other low-income areas in partnership with local government; Facilitating access to energy for the poor including electrification of /(police, municipal officials) Sources: Chen & Raveendran 2014, Raveendran 2015, and Chen 2014 STREET VENDORS & THE LAW IN INDIA Location & Licensing = policy debates revolve around these 2 key issues Common Policy Stance: role of city government is to/

Regional Project on Pro Poor Housing Finance in Asia and the Pacific A Compendium of Select Countries of the Region 1.

marketable titles has proved to be a major barrier for the poor in accessing housing finance from the financial institutions in the formal sector. In Pakistan, like in India the same issues in titling of properties, and same cumbrances in the recording and registration of titles, particularly in downtown areas of big cities, and their adjacent semi-urban areas, exist. 20 L ACK OF LONG - TERM SOURCES OF FUNDING Thailand/


population 2025 = 20.9 million Current population = 15.6 million CALCUTTA, INDIA Current population = 15.6 million Estimated population 2025 = 20.1 million POSITIVES/ natural resources inadequate infrastructure (roads) public transportation air pollution lack of recreation areas health risks/diseases DID WE MISS ANY? WHAT ABOUT: land shortages economic/and megacities. 9. http://www.citymayors.com/society/megacities_mumbai.html Discusses slums in the megacities – Lots of links to other articles on the /

Community Led Total Sanitation Potentials and Challenges for application in Urban areas What have we learnt about local empowerment and collective behaviour.

village More yellow powder in places where there is more shit- Sierra Leone CLTS involves the entire community in collective action to end open defecation- Kudappa district in AP, India Rural community in Mardan, NWFP, in Pakistan mapping defecation areas of village Worried faces after/H Repair platform of all 69 hand tube wells Clean up garbage and Repair Road Clean up drain In 5 months ten slums covering more than 800 H/Hs have stopped OD by constructing toilets mobilizing more money than what KUSP /

Strengthening Urban Management India 2004 City Development Strategy As a Strategic Tool for City Development: Hyderabad Experience Prof. V. Srinivas Chary.

College of India Bella Vista Hyderabad Why CDS?  Cities need to plan ahead in order to make more informed choices about the future and they need to act now  A city development strategy supports cities in this critical /vision statement etc 2Decentralization-Ward level consultative committees 3High level task force for metropolitan area 4Security of tenure-notifying non-notified slums 5Strengthening community structures Projects Not Requiring External Resources 6Communication strategy- to inform the /

Urban Poverty in Asia Are the Poor the Future of a More Inclusive Cities in Asia? International Policy Workshop on Urban Poverty and Inclusive Cities 24-25.

live in slums  more slum poor than urban poor Slums particularly in BAN, IND, PRC, PAK, VIE PRC: additional 48.9 million slum people since 1990 Migrant workers come to the slums first 9 2. Beyond Income/Consumption Poverty - sanitation is a major problem in some countries Sanitation of the poor is different than sanitation of the rich 14% of India’s and Indonesia’s poor defect in open areas  Focus/

Trade4Life and the KangaWrap project. The mortality rate of children under five in Asha slums is 30 per 1000 live births. The under-five mortality.

children are healthy for their age. In India as a whole, only 41% of under-5s are healthy. ** Every mother in Asha areas receives proper maternal care, whereas only 74% of mothers in India receives antenatal care ** 100% of new mothers in Asha areas start breastfeeding within 6 hours, as opposed to only 37% in India countrywide. ** There have been no maternal deaths in Asha slums since 2000. The number of patients/

Urban Development and WATSAN services in Low and Middle Income Countries Dinesh Mehta, CEPT University, INDIA.

Urban Development and WATSAN services in Low and Middle Income Countries Dinesh Mehta, CEPT University, INDIA Urban Development – 4 Ps People Places ProsperityPoverty PEOPLE GLOBAL POPULATION URBAN/RURAL 1970 RURAL /LAC and MENA have between 14 to 20% of their urban population residing in slums  Role of small service providers and affordability assume significance in this context The poor are more vulnerable Critical areas of services in LAMIC: Service levels Mehta M and D Mehta (2012), Preparation of /

WASTE MANAGEMENT IN SLUMS Almitra H Patel Member, Supreme Court Committee for Solid Waste Management in Class 1 Cities in India

in Class 1 Cities in India almitrapatel@rediffmail.com 2 WASTE COLLECTION IS EASIEST IN SLUMS Slum dwellers are always the most neglected sector for waste collection. They desire and understand the need for a clean environment and the costs of ill health. They are the most willing to cooperate in improved waste management efforts. 3 SLUM/BINS - 3 140 such bio-bins are in use at Kochi on Rupee-A-Day scheme, in good demand for cleanliness in middle-income areas. Residents groups pay for installation of bio-/

IRMA Webinar **MBA Test Prep**. Session objectives: The session is designed to optimize students performance in IRMA entrance exam through GK section.

movements in India. –Activities in rural areas. –Social problems. –International issues related to agriculture and other rural sectors. –Rural industries. –Other areas which are primarily concerned with the rural areas. GK trend in IRMA: A part from the areas that are important in this exam, there are many visible trends in the/of the following is correct regarding Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojana? a) It is only for slum dwellers, who are below poverty line. b) It is only for rural poor, who are below poverty line. c)/

India ItalySweden Philippines DReAMS Project - Guntur Realizing DReAMS Second Partners Meet Guntur Municipal Corporation Cambodia Bhutan Bangladesh.

target Environment / Green city (% of green area / plantation) Surface of green area (m 2 per 1000 inhabitants) 2010123 125 130 Green areas are instrumental for better quality of life PlantationNumber2010 14000 – saplings with 45% survival 25000 – saplings with 50% survival 50000 saplings with increasing in the 75% of survival Ponds / ParksNumber20108 10 12 Health (slum development) Slums Number of slums developed (in terms of physical / environmental and social/

Nov 13 th Hand in interview summary and discuss Response Paper #5 Lecture 8: Global Inequality & population: The Growth of Slums Homework:  Read Planet.

than 1 billion people live in slums today  Sub-Saharan Africa is hardest hit: 72-100% urban dwellers in slums What make a slum?  Lack of durable housing  Insufficient living area  Lack of access to clean water  Inadequate sanitation  Insecure tenure Where are the Slums? 30 biggest Mega-Slums The circles size and color indicate the number of inhabitants in millions Slum in Mumbai, India Living in the Slums Slum dwellers make up 1/3/

People and the Planet- topic 3: 3.1 What are the ingredients of good living spaces? 3.1b) People in different parts of the world are attracted to live.

building own make shift homes out of any materials they can find they tend to cluster together in areas uninhabited by urban dwellers as they are unsafe. These clusters of self built housing are known as SLUMS/ SQUATTER SETTLEMENTS. AKA SHANTY TOWNS in Africa, BUSTEES in India AND FAVELAS in Latin America. Services become stretched health, transport pushed to limit There is increased congestion on roads leading/

Thinking globally for acting locally Factoring-in the macro social determinants of maternal health National consultation on Community-based interventions.

, brick-kilns etc; or to urban areas Sex trafficking and migrant sex work Dharavi in Mumbai, India Impact on women’s lives & livelihoods Opening of Special Economic Zones in peri-urban and urban settings. More employment for women with marketization, but low wages and insecure; first to lose jobs when economic crisis. Jobs in urban informal sector and residence in slum areas; vulnerable or hazardous jobs; insecure housing/

Expert Group Meeting on Strategies for Creating Urban Youth Employment: Solutions for Urban Youth in Africa Gora Mboup Global Urban Observatory (GUO) UN-HABITAT.

ZAMBIA ZIMBABWE INDONESIA INDIA PHILIPPINES JORDAN /in slum area who have family responsibilities * Percentage women living in slum area who have family responsibilities Percentage of women living in non-slum area who have family responsibilities * Percentage of women living in non-slum area who have family responsibilities Percentage of men living in slum area who have family responsibilities * Percentage men living in slum area who have family responsibilities Percentage of men living in non-slum area/

A focus on the most vulnerable Amir Ullah Khan India Development Foundation WDR, 17 December 2005 Youth and Employment.

in rural areas) Disparity of quality education Disparity of incomes and opportunities One of only two states with a budget surplus Low growth states, but with opportunities for faster growth Low capacity and inexperience in public administration Characteristics of Maharashtra Employment High inbound migration with many at risk migrant workers High unemployment among slum/educated for job The unemployment figures for India do not accurately reflect the true situation in India Youth Ages 15-24 School Drop-outs/

Housing finance in India

available, it would be very difficult to maintain bottomline. Housing shortage and resource requirement India is a vast country with a population of over 1 billion people. More than 50 million people are living in slums. India has a current housing shortage of 22 million units (both in rural and urban areas). It will increase to 42 million by the end of 9th five-year plan/

Important observations raised in Audit Reports of different states.

facility, –health care etc. through creation of sustainable support system in slum areas. through creation of sustainable support system in slum areas. The following irregularities were noticed:The following irregularities were noticed: National Slum Development Programme Next Training Module on Audit Of ULBs Session 13 112 Out of Rs. 108.71 crore allocated by Government of India during 1996-97 to 2003-04,Out of Rs. 108.71/


07.12.2012 NAREDCO NEW DELHI 342,000 sq km Largest State in India Population 68.62 million (2011) RAJASTHAN FACTFILE Area 342,000 sq km Largest State in India Population 68.62 million (2011) State Capital Jaipur Districts 33 Urban 23/To promote integrated townships in private sector Slum Development Policy 2012 - PPP Model for Redevelopment of Slums Mass Housing Project in about 50 cities / Towns Policy for Transferable Development Rights-2012 (TDR)– To facilitate land acquisition in lieu of FAR Master/

Managing the Urban world. How should I revise? Split the units in different sections Understand and know how to define the key terms Have detail in your.

/11/un-india- and-china-massively-improving-slums-5625.html Poor sanitation in Dhaka Bangladesh http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TY3p0SZhPFA&featur e=relmfuhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TY3p0SZhPFA&featur e=relmfu http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=skgZD_Bs5r4&feature =pyv&ad=8423691477&kw=slumshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=skgZD_Bs5r4&feature =pyv&ad=8423691477&kw=slums Natural hazards in urban areas Los Angeles/

Encarnação Alliance Bringing Christ’s Love to the World’s Slum-dwellers Bringing Christ’s Love to the World’s Slum-dwellers.

trade, abolition of slavery, abolition of child labour, establishment of orphanages, reform of the penal code – in all these areas the followers of Jesus spearheaded the drive for righteousness. The darkness was alleviated. And this, I submit/in China and India alone - 2006 There are 560 million destitute poor in China and India alone - 2006 In 2001 there were 924 million slum dwellers in the world. In 2001 there were 924 million slum dwellers in the world. 31.6% of the world’s urban population live in slums/

GANGTOK Slum Free City Plan of Action.  The capital city of the state of Sikkim  Largest city with a total population of 100,086 in 2011  Accounts.

Govt. of India website  DIALOGUE WITH BENEFICIARIES FOR AWARENESS & CONSENSUS BUILDING Card Issued to Households after Conducting Household level socio-economic Survey GANGTOK: Slum Free City Plan of Action Slum Situation: Assessment 58 Total Number of Slums 12 Notified Slums 46 Non- notified Slums 78% slum population in notified slums 23580 Total Slum Population 6085 Total Slum Households 6 Slums with no. of HHs <5 1.15 sq. km Area Under Slums 205 p/

NATIONAL POPULATION POLICY-2000. FRAMEWORK  Defining a policy and Population Policy  Need for population policy in India  Milestones in evolution of.

IN INDIA? NEED FOR POPULATION POLICY IN INDIA  On 11 th May, 2000, India had 1 billion (100 crores) people, i.e., 16 percent of the world’s population on 2.4 percent of the globe’s land area.  If current trends continue, India / Mortality Significantly 3. To improve comprehensive health of family. 4. To provide special services to tribal area, small size villages ; and urban slum areas GOALS DECIDED FOR VARIOUS INDICATORS INDICATORPRESENT STATUS (1998, SRS) GOALS TO ACHIEVE 20042010 Crude birth rate22./

ENVIRONMENTAL LAW FOR URBAN MANAGEMENT Almitra H Patel, Member, Supreme Court Committee for SWM in Class 1 Cities 50 Kothnur, Bagalur Rd, Bangalore 560077.

roads and fly-ash use in bricks, embankments and highways. START by CLEANING SLUMS A City is only as clean as its Dirtiest Areas. Slums are the easiest to clean and the most cooperative. Mumbai uses ‘take-away bins’ in Slum Adoption Schemes. B’lore has/before it can come up, supported by the unplanned-builder lobby. Proceed aggressively to compost all city wastes and thus meet India’s annual shortfall of 6 million tons of organic manures to * drought-proof our dry-land agriculture, * reclaim our degraded /

INDIA CASE STUDIES. YOUTHFUL POPULATION the median age of Indias population as a whole is 28, significantly lower than that of regional peers China.

were offered. Four special family planning projects were implemented under the Seventh Five-Year Plan (FY 1985-89). the All-India Hospitals Post-partum Programme at district- and subdistrict-level hospitals. Another program involved the reorganization of primary health care facilities in urban slum areas, while another project reserved a specified number of hospital beds for tubal ligature operations. Women continue to marry young/

5.2 - The consequences of the ‘development gap’

of opportunity is often most acute in rural areas* However, developing world megacities contain growing concentrations of urban poverty Some 1 billion people live in urban slums, likely to grow to 2 billion by 2030 Slums often have: Poorly built, shack /Adidas and other TNCs admitting their factories are ‘grim’ ! Exploitation and child labour major issues Rights of rural people in India swept aside Environmental concerns World’s 5th largest carbon emissions (per capita less than 25% of world average) Per/

Metropolitan Governance In India Dalbir Singh Metropolitan Governance In India Dalbir Singh 1.

functions Safeguarding the interests of weaker sections of society, including the handicapped. Slum improvement and up gradation Urban poverty alleviation Provision of urban amenities and facilities /in the country constituted in 2001. 41 Contiguous Urban Local bodies (3 Municipal Corporations & 38 Municipalities) & 100 Rural bodies. Also designated as the nodal agency for implementation of the Government of India sponsored Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JN-NURM). 7 Items Metropolitan area/

Public-Private a Mix: a Public Health Fix? Strategies for Health Sector Reform in South and Southeast Asia 20 th – 22 nd June 2007 Naresuan University,

Practitioners. Health System Reform and Ethics: Private Practitioners in Poor Urban Neighborhoods in India, Indonesia and Thailand POLICY RESEARCHPROGRAMME ITERATIVE LOOP Research, Policy, Programme Health System Reform and Ethics: Private Practitioners in Poor Urban Neighborhoods in India, Indonesia and Thailand Among very few studies in India which provide such intensive data on the role of private health care providers in slum areas Certain very important findings have been documented during fieldwork/

Pastoral Care for Slum workers Revealing the heart of a servant.

and have been able to apply Biblical truth to every area of your life. The score 115-125 is excellent. You have a holistic worldview and have / experience of service, both in the group and in their ministry activity in the slum. Ensuring that each trainee has a meaningful experience of service, both in the group and in their ministry activity in the slum. Pastoral Care as prophetic /Indonesia. Rabindranath Tagore, Gitanjali, Better Yourself Books, India. Rabindranath Tagore, Gitanjali, Better Yourself Books/

J.N. Manokaran, TOPIC National Urban Transformation Training Urban Trends Rev. Dr. J.N. Manokaran, Managing Director TOPIC-India.

per cent of people of Tamil Nadu were living in urban areas. J.N. Manokaran, TOPIC National Urban Transformation Training/in cities live in slums.  Poor - 200000 ragpickers clean up 20 per cent of the 10000 tonnes of garbage in Delhi –  1 lakh pavement dwellers in Mumbai –  Two third of the population lives in slums. J.N. Manokaran, TOPIC National Urban Transformation Training- Urban Trends Response  Slums/ also found to be diabetic. (35 million diabetic in India)  50 per cent of Delhi adults are obese/

Encarnacao Alliance Bringing Christ’s Love to the World’s Slum-dwellers Bringing Christ’s Love to the World’s Slum-dwellers.

pastors and urban workers into the slums from surrounding areas through a one week incarnational training approach, e.g. a trainer living in the slum for a week and inviting others to join him in the slum. Bryan is doing this at present/in China and India alone - 2006 There are 560 million destitute poor in China and India alone - 2006 In 2001 there were 924 million slum dwellers in the world. In 2001 there were 924 million slum dwellers in the world. 31.6% of the world’s urban population live in slums/


third of the slums in the city are located in environmentally sensitive areas, where water stagnation cause mosquitoes to breed and apart from other health hazards. In many cases the community depends directly and/or indirectly on the natural systems, tanks, drains/nullah, etc., associated with their habitats. Nearly 90% of all dwellings in these settlements are of a temporary / semi-permanent nature. INDIA URBAN LAB BUILDING/

Prevalence of Tobacco Use Among Adolescents in India PRESENTER: HEMANT GOLHAR MODERATOR: DR. D. G. DAMBHARE Jayakumary Muttappallymyalil, Binoo Divakaran,

not mentioned whether the study was conducted in rural or urban area. It is not mentioned how the sample size was calculated. Outcome exposure variable are not clearly mentioned. Limitations of the study are not mentioned. Similar study : ArticleAuthorConclusion Prevalence and correlates of tobacco use among urban adult men in India: A comparison of slum dwellers vs non- slum dwellers Rooban T, Elizabeth Joshua, Umadevi K/

Renewable Energy Context, Scope, Application and Green Business in Bangladesh Professor Dr. Kazi Abdur Rouf Noble International University Senior Research.

gas connections including slums. Compressed natural gas CNG) has drastically changed people`s transportation system Nearly 40% of the population of Dhaka Megacity is the slum-dwellers Entire Slum households’ settlements/India has a target of achieving 20 GW of PV generated power DescriptionAchievement Area coverage/PBS2000 sq. Kms No. Of PBS67 Number of villages energized41,125 Number of 33/11 KV sub-station constructed 328 Length of power distribution lines1,73, 125 Km Number of population in programme area/

Housing in Mumbai, India

no longer support them. This woman from Rajasthan is part of a group heading for sugar cane plantations in Maharashtra, India. She may end up in Mumbai. New arrivals arrive by train each day … along with millions of daily commuters from the suburbs/). The Society for the Promotion of Area Resource Centres (SPARC), An N.G.O. An aerial view of Dharavi – Asia’s biggest slum? 1 million people. Thousands of businesses flourish in Dharavi Thousands of businesses flourish in Dharavi. Selling earthern lamps is one /

Urban Poverty in India: Whittling or Withstanding Presentation by CityMakers Collective, IGSSS.

world, of which over 750 million live in urban areas without adequate shelter Urban India Reality Currently, 286 million Indians live in urban areas which constitute 28% population. As per the latest National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) survey reports there are over 80 million poor people living in cities and towns of India who are mainly migrants. The Slum population has also been increasing and as per TCPO/

By the 19 th century, Europe was Self sufficient in oil production Developing its oil reserves Dependent on foreign oil Exporting oil to other nations.

governmental purposes The increasing congestion of urban areas An increasing number of slums that reduced urban property values Improved railway systems connectiong city to suburbs The clearing of slums The Eiffel Tower was built in 1889 As the major entrance to / the Civil War. C.European factory owners turned to Egypt and India as new sources of cotton. D.European governments intervened militarily to force the resumption of the trade in cotton What were the three factors of production required to drive the/

Living For The City. Learning Objective: To understand what life in a favela is like. Learning Objective: To understand what life in a favela is like.

? Can tourism be the answer? AQA Examiners tip With reference to a specific area of slum or shanty housing be able to describe the living conditions. Dharavi is the largest ‘slumin Asia Location: Mumbai, India How would they describe Dharavi to a tourist? L.O: To understand life in Dharavi and be able to describe it. Some can analyze why Dharavi is described as a/

Nationalism in Asia & Africa (1945-1993) ** This is a work in progress. Check for updates daily** Map from networks.

in India Gandhi: Religious, Indian & traditional Nehru: secular, Western, & modern Jinnah: create a separate Muslim state, Pakistan S & SE Asia (pp 386-390-new material) The Partition of India (~400M) Results: Hindus  India Muslims  W/E Pakistan Problems associated with Hindus & Muslims moving to new areas/e. Ethiopia in 1980s 1985: Artists unite! 20 M records sold $ 50 M +   – rapid pop growth (2.3%/yr.) -SLUMS=poverty & pollution Impact HIV/AIDS had on Africa – Africa hardest hit 22+ M in sub-Saharan /

Inclusion and Exclusion in Cities: A Real Estate Markets and Shelter Perspective Workshop on Inclusive Cities in India Delhi June 8, 2011 Patricia Clarke.

in India 20-30% of GDP—without counting the 250M popn due to be added in the next 20 years 8 Government Provided Housing Limited: Mumbai Gov housing --7% of total 9 Ahmedabad 10 Are TDRs the answer? It will take a generation to house the population in Mumbai’s slums/ number of slum dwellers ◦ Coercive tactics for obtaining consent of 70% of slum dwellers through ◦ Squeezing slum dwellers into a small area and offering poor quality and unsuitable housing Detract attention and interest from in situ upgrading /

Encarnação Alliance partners Master of Arts in Transformational Urban Leadership (MATUL) Transform your City for the Kingdom of God A Global Learning Network.

Hindustan Bible Institute in Chennai, India begin June 2007 Azusa Pacific University in Los Angeles expected to begin June 2008 A web-based process for field-based teams will be available in late 2008 An African and Latin partner in 2009, 2010 www.encarnacao.org Corrie de Boer and students in Welfareville MATUL Leadership Encarnação Alliance Coordinator, Dr. Viv Grigg, lived in the slums of Manila, Calcutta/

1 Strengthening Urban Management India: Unlocking the Potential of Indian Cities 2004 Trends in Urbanization and Need for Good Urban Governance Dr A..

of Urbanisation India has the second largest urban system in the world after China 285 million people reside in urban areas contributing 60 percent to the national income. There are about 35 metropolitan cities in the country and/eviction Exposure to social violence Diseases and epidemics Marginalisation and social exclusion 24 Slum Population (2001) 47Faridabad 44Meerut 23Ludhiyana 35Nagpur 33Kolkata 49Mumbai Slum Population (%)City 25 Policy Issues Addressing Poverty Extending land tenurial rights and/

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