to the voice of tradition. As one examines this **segment** of history one needs to be reminded that the further/ morning star --- 22:16. The Holy Spirit: **Seven** Spirits. **Seven** Lamps of Fire. **Seven** Eyes which are the **Seven** Spirits of God --- 1:4; 5:6. /happen in the Christian life that the soul retains earnestness, patience, **truth**, endurance, a hatred of evil, long after it has left its/ sinner suduces the people of the Lord. Hardened heart is **displayed** by the refusal to repent. This Jezebel called herself a /

set of combinational logic turns on or off each **segment** to create the digit **display** 3 **Seven** **Segment** **Display** 4 5 **Seven** **Segment** **Display** Driver 6 **Seven** **Segment** **Display** **Truth** Table for **Seven** **Segment** **Display** Driver 7 **Seven** **Segment** **Display** Logic **Seven** combinational logic circuits - one for each **segment** Look at the logic for **segment** e – when is it on? A B C/C D H L L LA B C D How to factor this sum in order to simplify? 8 Karnaugh Map for **Segment** e A B C D Put down all the 1’s for D, C, B, A = 0 through 9 Then/

E-3 output (W,X,Y,Z) Step 2 (Formulation) Obtain **Truth** table Ahmad Almulhem, KFUPM 2010 Example 2 (cont.) Step 3 (Optimization) Ahmad Almulhem, KFUPM 2010 src: Mano’s book src: online CD Ahmad Almulhem, KFUPM 2010 Example 3 Question (BCD-to-**Seven**-**Segment** Decoder) src: Mano’s book A **seven**-**segment** **display** is digital readout found in electronic devices like clocks, TVs, etc. Made/

more than one combination of inputs. 74LS47 ( BCDto**Seven****Segment** Decoder) Lamp Test (LT) When LT = Low, BI/RBO = HIGH then all of the 7 **segments** in **display** are turned zero, LT is used to verify that no **segments** are burned out Zero Suppression (BI, RBI, RBO)/ code,depending on which input is activated. General encoder diagram Logic circuit for octal-to binary encoder [8-line- 3-line ] **Truth** table for octal-to binary encoder [8-line- 3-line ] A low at any single input will produce the output binary code/

Gate Logic Switch Logic Multiplexers/Selecters and Decoders Tri-State Gates/Open Collector Gates ROM Combinational Logic Design Problems **Seven** **Segment** **Display** Decoder Process Line Controller Logical Function Unit Barrel Shifter Contemporary Logic Design Prog. & Steering Logic © R.H/© R.H. Katz Transparency No. 4-62 Combinational Logic Word Problems BCD to 7 **Segment** **Display** Controller Formulate the problem in terms of a **truth** table Choose implementation target: if ROM, we are done dont cares imply PAL/PLA may/

Half Subtractor. –Full Subtractor. –Borrow Ripple Subtractors. –Subtraction using adders. Half Adder X0011X0011 Y0101Y0101 S0110S0110 C-out 0 1 Half Adder **Truth** Table: Inputs Outputs S = X Y C-out = XY XYXY Sum S C-out Half Adder X Y S C-OUT/Decoder Example: 3 to 8 Binary Decoder Decoder Example: **Seven** **Segment** Decoder A **seven** **segment** decoder A **seven** **segment** decoder has 4-bit BCD input and has 4-bit BCD input and the **seven** **segment** **display** the **seven** **segment** **display** code as its output: code as its output: In /

-Gate Logic Switch Logic Multiplexers/Selecters and Decoders Tri-State Gates/Open Collector Gates ROM Combinational Logic Design Problems **Seven** **Segment** **Display** Decoder Process Line Controller Logical Function Unit Barrel Shifter No. 4-3 PALs and PLAs Pre-fabricated building block of/A, B 1 output: F No. 4-68 Combinational Logic Word Problems Logical Function Unit Formulate as a **truth** table Choose implementation technology 5-variable K-map espresso multiplexor implementation 4 TTL packages: 4 x 2-input NAND/

shows the **truth** table of Logical – OR and Logical – AND. **Truth** table for Logical – OR operator: Operand1Operand3Operand1 || Operand3 TTT TFT FTT FFF T – True F - False **Truth** table for/array reference. 91 The second statement of the **segment** below creates an array object that can store **seven** values of type double and assigns the address of/"); 23. Student9 s3 = new Student9 (333,"Sonoo"); 24. 25. s1.**display**(); 26. s2.**display**(); 27. s3.**display**(); 28. } 29.} Output:111 Karan BBDIT 222 Aryan BBDIT 333 Sonoo BBDIT/

combination of logic gates 8 Decoding 3-Bit Binary-to-Octal Decoder **Truth** Tables 3-Bit Binary-to-Octal Decoder **Truth** Tables 9 Decoding Complete Octal Decoder (active LOW outputs) Complete Octal /**Seven** **Segment** Converters BCD-to-**Seven** **Segment** Converters 4-bit BCD into a 7-bit code to drive **display** **segments** 4-bit BCD into a 7-bit code to drive **display** **segments** Useful in calculators and any application that requires a 7 **segment** **display**. Useful in calculators and any application that requires a 7 **segment** **display**/

the correct code for the **seven**-**segment** **display**. 58 Specification Input: A 4-bit binary value that is a BCD coded input. Outputs: 7 bits, a through g for each of the **segments** of the **display**. Operation: Decode the input to activate the correct **segments**. 59 BCD to 7-**Segment** e.g to **display** 2 a, b, g, e and d Formulation Construct a **truth** table 61 Optimization Create/

combination of logic gates 8 Decoding 3-Bit Binary-to-Octal Decoder **Truth** Tables 3-Bit Binary-to-Octal Decoder **Truth** Tables 9 Decoding Complete Octal Decoder (active LOW outputs) Complete Octal /**Seven** **Segment** Converters BCD-to-**Seven** **Segment** Converters 4-bit BCD into a 7-bit code to drive **display** **segments** 4-bit BCD into a 7-bit code to drive **display** **segments** Useful in calculators and any application that requires a 7 **segment** **display**. Useful in calculators and any application that requires a 7 **segment** **display**/

can be used individually or in multiple-**segment** devices such as the **seven**-**segment** **display** shown here LED **seven**-**segment** **displays** Storey: Electrical & Electronic Systems © Pearson Education Limited 2004 OHT 1.71 Liquid crystal **displays** –consist of 2 sheets of polarised glass/is determined solely by the current inputs are termed combinational logic circuits Logic functions can be described by **truth** tables or using Boolean algebraic notation Binary digits may be combined to form digital words Digital /

the correct code for the **seven**-**segment** **display**. 44 Specification Input: A 4-bit binary value that is a BCD coded input. Outputs: 7 bits, a through g for each of the **segments** of the **display**. Operation: Decode the input to activate the correct **segments**. 45 BCD to 7-**Segment** e.g to **display** 2 a, b, g, e and d Formulation Construct a **truth** table 47 Optimization Create/

9 ) can be formed by turning on different LEDs Counting 1 – 2 – 3 Common Cathode means the negative end for the **seven** LEDs are connected together Counting 1 – 2 – 3 Part name: Common Cathode 7 -**segment** **Display** g – 1 f – 2 GND – 3 e – 4 d – 5 10 – a 9 – b 8 – GND/NAND Gate IC The NAND logic gate is one of the main building blocks for all digital circuits ABY 001 011 101 110 Operation (**Truth**) Table Part number: 74HC00 In digital circuits 0= GND and 1=+5 V Symbol InputsOutput NAND Gate IC The 74HC00 IC has four/

only data Single source of **truth** Recommendations and insights delivered to all channels Internal and external data Broad **segmentation** model AI systems / semantic engines/customers on social media through content generation and interactivity Wells Fargo currently operates **seven** blogs, three YouTube channels, a number of Facebook pages, Twitter accounts/ in order to maximise the experience Best in class organisations **display** the following characteristics: Defined experience for customers across the lifecycle/

d e f g **Seven**-**segment** **display** normally uses light-emitting diodes(LEDs) or liquid-crystal **display**(LCD) elements. A **seven**-**segment** decoder has 4-bit BCD as its input code and the “**seven**-**segment** code” 5 4 a BI b c A d B e C f D g 74X49 1 2 6 9 13 8 11 10 12 3 **Truth** table for a 74x49 **seven**-**segment** decoder(See P374/

Figure 4–31 Figure 4–32 Figure 4–33 Figure 4–34 Figure 4–35 Example of mapping directly from a **truth** table to a Karnaugh map. Figure 4–36 Example of the use of “don’t care” conditions to simplify / 4–47 **Seven**-**segment** **display** format showing arrangement of **segments**. Figure 4–48 **Display** of decimal digits with a 7-**segment** device. Figure 4–49 Arrangements of 7-**segment** LED **displays**. Figure 4–50 Block diagram of 7-**segment** logic and **display**. Figure 4–51 Karnaugh map minimization of the **segment**-a logic expression/

ns Do the simulation output combinations match the original specification **truth** table? BCD to 7-**Segment** Decoder for LED 1. Specification Transforms a BCD input code for the decimal digits (0 to 9) to 7 outputs (one for each of the **seven** LED **segments**) used to drive the **display** Each output indicates whether the corresponding **segment** is ON (1) or OFF (0) for the input BCD/

1: Represent each of the inputs and outputs in variable. 2: Formalize the design specification either in the form of **truth** table or of algebraic expressions. 3: Simplify the description (algebraic expressions) in terms of gates. 4: Implement the /AD ’ 9=AD 4.Draw the logic circuit.( 略 ) 3.**Display** Decoder (see P261) Digital watches and other electronic equipment often **display** BCD-encoded decimal digits on **seven**-**segment** **displays**. ( 七段数码显示管） Decimal DCB code **Display** **Segment** digit WXYZ a b c d e f g 0 0 0/

input the code for a decimal digit, and produces as its output the signals to drive a **seven**- **segment** **display**, such as those on most digital watches and numeric **displays**. 5. 5.A system with nine inputs, representing two 4-bit binary numbers and a carry / input the code for a decimal digit, and produces as its output the signals to drive a **seven**-**segment** **display** ES 244: Digital Logic Design Chapter 2 Developing **Truth** Tables Example **Truth** table for a 1-bit full subtractor with a borrow input, b in, and inputs x,/

the Binary Coded Decimal (BCD) to 7-**Segment** **Display** Decoder. 7- **segment** LED (Light Emitting Diode) or LCD (Liquid Crystal **Display**) type **displays**, provide a very convenient way of **displaying** information or digital data in the form of numbers, letters or even alpha-numerical characters. Typically 7-**segment** **displays** consist of **seven** individual coloured LED’s (called the **segments**), within one single **display** package. In order to produce the required numbers/

if one is not already available Determine and name inputs Determine and name outputs 2. Formulation (**Truth** table) Derive a **truth** table or initial Boolean equations that define the required relationships between the inputs and outputs, if not/BCD-to-**Seven**-**Segment** Decoder A BCD-to-**seven**-**segment**-decoder is a combinational circuit that accepts a decimal digit in BCD and generates the appropriate output for the selection of **segments** that **display** the decimal digit. Each digit is formed from 7 **segments**, each /

if one is not already available. Determine and name inputs. Determine and name outputs. Formulation (**Truth** table) Derive a **truth** table or initial Boolean equations that define the required relationships between the inputs and outputs, if not in/to-**Seven**-**Segment** Decoder. A BCD-to-**seven**-**segment**-decoder is a combinational circuit that accepts a decimal digit in BCD and generates the appropriate output for the selection of **segments** that **display** the decimal digit. Each digit is formed from 7 **segments**, /

100 111 0 = Off 1 = On XYZ battery light switch 1switch 2 X Y Z Series Circuit XYZ 000 010 100 111 0 = Off 1 = On battery Z XY **Truth** Table for X AND Y XYZ 000 010 100 111 Z = X AND Y OutputInput XY “Parallel” Plumbing Faucet 1Faucet 2Water? off on off on “Parallel” Plumbing Faucet 1Faucet/G10 G11 G12 G13 G14 G15 b a c d f g e b c a d f e g B C D **Seven**-**Segment** **Display** Converter **Seven**-Light **Display** Number (0-9) ABCD a b c d e f g **Seven**-Light **Display** Number (0-9) ABCD a b c d e f g b c a d f e g Number (3) ABCD/

***** 5. BCD to Binary Conversion (4) 32 6. **Seven**-**Segment** Decoder (1) A10. A 7-**segment** LED **display** decoder. Input x[3:0], output a,b,c,d,e,f,g. The LED **segment** turns on if the control signal equal to 1. 33 6. **Seven**-**Segment** Decoder (2) 1.Case description is equivalent to write down the **truth** table 2.There is no need to attempt to/

each customer’s needs and preferences during “moments of **truth**.” Structures, systems, and processes designed with one / economics Developing greater customer understanding through customer **segmentation** based on behavioural economic concepts ProductMarketing Distribution /a time log analyses physical performance against goals **displays** progress/regress against goals syncs with opt-in/service offers Customer-Centric Model The following table summarizes **seven** frameworks from different sources (page one of two/

x y Manipulating Logic Expressions Oct. 2014Computer Architecture, Background and MotivationSlide 13 Proving the Equivalence of Logic Expressions Example 1.1 **Truth**-table method: Exhaustive verification Arithmetic substitution x y = x + y xy x y = x + y /**Seven**-**Segment** **Display** of Decimal Digits Figure 1.7 **Seven**-**segment** **display** of decimal digits. The three open **segments** may be optionally used. The digit 1 can be **displayed** in two ways, with the more common right- side version shown. Optional **segment**/

animals, others of grain; some required, others voluntary) and **seven** feasts (national times of celebration and remembrance) which God established / false prophets, priests, and princes. Sin has infiltrated every **segment** of society, so God gives Judah her day in court with/name it, and the Corinthians were struggling with it. Paul **displays** a firm, but loving, apostolic hand as he provides answers/ by the error of wicked teachers. The basis for **truth** is the Scriptures which have their origin in God, not/

-to-**seven**-**segment**-decoder is a combinational circuit that accepts a decimal digit in BCD and generates the appropriate output for the selection of **segments** that **display** the decimal digit. Each digit is formed from 7 **segments**, each consisting of 1 LED that can be illuminated by digital signals. Henry Hexmoor27 b c d e f g 2. Formulation (**Truth** table) : 2. Formulation (**Truth** table) To **display** the/

, Background and MotivationSlide 13 Proving the Equivalence of Logic Expressions Example 1.1 **Truth**-table method: Exhaustive verification Arithmetic substitution x y = x + y /**Seven**-**Segment** **Display** of Decimal Digits Figure 1.7 **Seven**-**segment** **display** of decimal digits. The three open **segments** may be optionally used. The digit 1 can be **displayed** in two ways, with the more common right- side version shown. Optional **segment** Jan. 2007Computer Architecture, Background and MotivationSlide 16 BCD-to-**Seven**-**Segment**/

described in the appropriate **truth** table. To Decoder 1234567812345678 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 470 ohm 6V A D B C f g e d c b a MC 14543B BCD TO GROUND 6V From Counter To 7-**segment** **Display** The Decoder will be, in a sense, “told” from the decade counter which sections of the **seven**-**segment** **display** to light up. For/

Mini - narratives Mininarratives do not contain any universal **truths** but together they form a body of knowledge more adept/weapons (instruments) for “fighting” to destroy two of the **seven** evil exes. Made a loss. Why? No narrative plot /Episode 21. To decide who would write each of the **segments**, all of the writers chose their top three favourite characters /television is most clearly exhibited. Copy and learn ! The Simpsons **displays** a multitude of the most prominent formal features that are commonly associated/

right hand side of each rule is needed. The word in the sentence **segment** of a new review that matches $feature is extracted. We need to deal/ with **seven** positive and **seven** negative words MIAS - June 14, 2007149 Turney /by Polanyi & Zaenen (2004): Contextual Valence Shifters Example:little threat little **truth** Others capture dependency relationships between words Example: wonderfully horrid pos mod / easy going and let me try all the models on **display**. MIAS - June 14, 2007246 Yi & Niblack 2005/

changes 1’s to 0’s and 0’s to 1’s. Dr. Ihab Talkhan 13 -Symbol: -**Truth** Table -Symbol -**Truth** Table -Symbol -**Truth** Table ZYX 00010001 01010101 00110011 ZYX 01110111 01010101 00110011 ZX 1010 0101 Dr. Ihab Talkhan 14 Important Notes /Ihab Talkhan 195 BCD to **Seven**-**Segment** Decoder Digital read-out found in electronic caculators and digital watches use **display** devices such as light emitting diodes LED or liquid crystal **display** LCD, each digit of the **display** is formed from **seven** **segments**. Each consists of one /

, Background and MotivationSlide 12 Proving the Equivalence of Logic Expressions Example 1.1 **Truth**-table method: Exhaustive verification Arithmetic substitution x y = x + y /**Seven**-**Segment** **Display** of Decimal Digits Figure 1.7 **Seven**-**segment** **display** of decimal digits. The three open **segments** may be optionally used. The digit 1 can be **displayed** in two ways, with the more common right- side version shown. Optional **segment** Computer Architecture, Background and MotivationSlide 15 BCD-to-**Seven**-**Segment**/

**segment** LED **display**; (b) **segment** patterns for all possible input codes. 9-3 Liquid-Crystal **Displays** FIGURE 9-9 Liquid-crystal **display**: (a) basic arrangement; (b) applying a voltage between the **segment** and the backplane turns ON the **segment**. Zero voltage turns the **segment** OFF. FIGURE 9-10 (a) Method for driving an LCD **segment**; (b) driving a 7- **segment** **display**/ **Seven**-step control sequencer. 9-7 Multiplexer Applications cont. FIGURE 9-27 Multiplexer used to implement a logic function described by the **truth** /

changes 1’s to 0’s and 0’s to 1’s. Dr. Ihab Talkhan 12 -Symbol: -**Truth** Table -Symbol -**Truth** Table -Symbol -**Truth** Table ZYX 00010001 01010101 00110011 ZYX 01110111 01010101 00110011 ZX 1010 0101 Dr. Ihab Talkhan 13 Important Notes /Ihab Talkhan 187 BCD to **Seven**-**Segment** Decoder Digital read-out found in electronic caculators and digital watches use **display** devices such as light emitting diodes LED or liquid crystal **display** LCD, each digit of the **display** is formed from **seven** **segments**. Each consists of one /

x” and “z” Operators module modulo; reg [2:0] **Seven**; initial begin #1 **Seven** = 7; #1 $**display**("Before=", **Seven**); #1 **Seven** = **Seven** + 1; #1 $**display**("After =", **Seven**); end endmodule Before=7 After =0 39 Operators (cont’d/Initial and always blocks split into multiple functions, one per **segment** of code between a delay, a wait, or event control/ gates User-defined primitives Gates and sequential elements defined with **truth** tables Continuous assignment Modeling combinational logic with expressions Initial /

binary inputs (A and B) and two binary outputs (Carry out and Sum). Half-Adder The inputs and outputs can be summarized on a **truth** table. A B C out The logic symbol and equivalent circuit are: A B C out © 2009 Pearson Education, Upper/ReservedFloyd, Digital Fundamentals, 10 th ed BCD Decoder/Driver Another useful decoder is the 74LS47. This is a BCD-to- **seven** **segment** **display** with active LOW outputs. The a-g outputs are designed for much higher current than most devices (hence the word driver in the/

binary inputs (A and B) and two binary outputs (Carry out and Sum). Half-Adder The inputs and outputs can be summarized on a **truth** table. A B C out The logic symbol and equivalent circuit are: A B C out © 2009 Pearson Education, Upper/ReservedFloyd, Digital Fundamentals, 10 th ed BCD Decoder/Driver Another useful decoder is the 74LS47. This is a BCD-to- **seven** **segment** **display** with active LOW outputs. The a-g outputs are designed for much higher current than most devices (hence the word driver in the/

and Baptists Holy Writings of Christianity Bible Two **segments**: Old Testament and the New Testament The Old/ 31 Oct 1517 Luther used these theses to **display** his displeasure with the Churchs sale of indulgences/ Protestants Non-Christian religions Have some value for the **truth** that they contain. However, some rituals can inhibit salvation/ present during the very holy and sacred time of Communion. There are **seven** sacraments: Baptism, Reconciliation, Communion, Confirmation, Marriage, Ordination, Last Rites /

22 23 24 25 DeMorgan’s Theorem Figure 4--15 Gate equivalencies and the corresponding **truth** tables that illustrate DeMorgan’s theorems. Notice the equality of the two output columns /**Seven**-**segment** **display** format showing arrangement of **segments**. Digital System Application 77 Figure 4--52 **Display** of decimal digits with a 7-**segment** device. 78 Figure 4--53 Arrangements of 7-**segment** LED **displays**. 79 Figure 4--55 Block diagram of 7-**segment** logic and **display**. 80 Figure 4--56 Karnaugh map minimization of the **segment**/

important to us. It is best to clarify when the person has finished a **segment** of the story and not to interrupt repeatedly 5.7 D. D. Verbal /understanding, courteous, honest, direct and professional. 5. Maintain an impartial manner and do not **display** horror, shock, or disapproval. 5.7 E. E. General Tips for Interviewing Adults: -/ Ascertaining the **Truthfulness** of a Child’s Statement A. Experience of many child abuse protection teams and victim advocates note that children under age **seven** rarely are able/

the right direction. ” --Stephen R. Covey, The **Seven** Habits of Highly Effective People Examples: 1. Identify /pig –zebra –eraser –napkin ELAKR2-c. Blends and **segments** syllables in spoken words. 88 ELAKR2. The student demonstrates/ of honesty, patriotism, loyalty, courtesy, respect, **truth**, pride, self-control, moderation, and accomplishment. Not/ Performance Levels Demonstrates increasing task persistence: Performance Levels **Displays** motivation/enthusiasm for learning: Performance Levels Works Independently: /

followed by an Inverter So commonly used construction – are available monolithic implementations Characteristics In Class Review Combination Logic and **Truth** Tables Problem 10-2 on page 293 Problem 10-5 on page 293 Simple Troubleshooting Problem 10-3 on /output binary that resets after 9 The 7 **segment** **display** with decimal point has eight inputs that cause numbers 0-9 to **display** The 7447 is a **seven** **segment** **display** driver that translates binary counts into a **seven** **segment** inputs See pages 291 and 292 In Class/

range of 0 through 9, A through F to drive a **seven**-**segment** **display**. The hexadecimal numerals are as follows: Design a minimized implementation in PLA form. That is, look for common terms among/the year. Identify the inputs and outputs and their bit widths. Use any formal specification method you wish (e.g., **truth** tables, ROM contents, equations, hardware description language, etc.) to describe the function of this block lm4m3m2m1m0d8d7d6d5d4d3d2d1d0 x00001000000000 x00010000011111 000011000111011 /

important to us. It is best to clarify when the person has finished a **segment** of the story and not to interrupt repeatedly 5.7 D. D. Verbal techniques/ courteous, honest, direct and professional. impartial 5. Maintain an impartial manner and do not **display** horror, shock, or disapproval. 5.7 E. E. General Tips for Interviewing Adults: -/ Ascertaining the **Truthfulness** of a Child’s Statement A. Experience of many child abuse protection teams and victim advocates note that children under age **seven** rarely are able/

1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 (c) **Truth** table (a) Code converter w 0 a w 1 b c d w 2 w 3 e f g a g bf d (b) 7-**segment** **display** Figure 6.47. Code that represents a BCD-to-7-**segment** decoder. ECE 3450 M. A. Jupina, VU, 2016/. A. Jupina, VU, 2013 Header Pin Assignments ECE 3450 M. A. Jupina, VU, 2013 Header Pin Assignments ECE 3450 M. A. Jupina, VU, 2013 **Seven** **Segment** **Displays** ECE 3450 M. A. Jupina, VU, 2016 Lab Measurement Details 1)Measure the values of the capacitors that you are using for testing on a capacitance meter. 2/

important to us. It is best to clarify when the person has finished a **segment** of the story and not to interrupt repeatedly 5.7 D. D. Verbal /understanding, courteous, honest, direct and professional. 5. Maintain an impartial manner and do not **display** horror, shock, or disapproval. 5.7 E. E. General Tips for Interviewing Adults: -/ Ascertaining the **Truthfulness** of a Child’s Statement A. Experience of many child abuse protection teams and victim advocates note that children under age **seven** rarely are able/

important to us. It is best to clarify when the person has finished a **segment** of the story and not to interrupt repeatedly 5.7 D. D. Verbal techniques/ courteous, honest, direct and professional. impartial 5. Maintain an impartial manner and do not **display** horror, shock, or disapproval. 5.7 E. E. General Tips for Interviewing Adults: -/ Ascertaining the **Truthfulness** of a Child’s Statement A. Experience of many child abuse protection teams and victim advocates note that children under age **seven** rarely are able/

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