11 Some solutions Solution: a **limit** on the number of consecutive sideway moves E.g., 100 consecutive sideways movies in the 8-queens **problem** successful rate: raises from14% to/**continued**) [2,2] [-∞,2] [3,3] 27 Example: Map-Coloring Variables WA, NT, Q, NSW, V, SA, T Domains D i = {red, green, blue} Constraints: adjacent regions must have different colors e.g., WA ≠ NT, or (WA,NT) in {(red,green),(red,blue),(green,red), (green,blue),(blue,red),(blue,green)} 28 Example: Map-Coloring Solutions are complete **and**/

registry Default licensing = orphan Reasonable effort = keep looking –Incentive for © owner to register **Limited** remedies = currently not working Burden © owner Benefit preservation, access, & use Register searches /present OW situations See pp. 2 **and** 21 Conclusions The orphan works **problem** is real The **problem** is difficult to quantify or describe/**continuance** of the orphan works **problem** & the invitation to recommend a solution –Federal government knew that the 1976 CTEA would exacerbate the orphan works **problem**/

the exact masses of all reactants! One reactant will always be in excess, the other reactant will be called “**limiting**” **Limiting** & Excess Reactants Chemicals **continue** to react until one reactant is completely used up (the reaction then stops) The “excess reactant” is the/H 2 gas **and** 7 moles of S 8. Which reactant is in excess? Which reactant is **limiting**? How many moles of water will form? Calculations with **Limiting** & Excess Reactants 8 H 2 + S 8 8 H 2 S TWO WAYS to look at this **problem**: “Hydrogen /

CP Chemistry Agenda 24-28 Feb 2014 Monday:**Continue** to work on your Review Packet. L/D Summary Notes Molecular Bonding HW: Use EN values to determine polarity. Tuesday:R/R EN Value to determine polarity. L/D Octet Rule N – A = S Sigma **and** Pi Bonds TLS: Use N – A = S to draw molecules. Wednesday:TLS: Work N – A = S **problem** set HW: Read Molecular Model Actiivty Thursday:TLS: Molecular Model Activity HW: Complete Activity Friday:L/D Resonance **and** **Limits** to the Octet Rule. HW: **Limit** **Problem** Set.

of reacting substances are given Solve **problems** involving theoretical, experimental **and** percentage yield **Limiting** Reactants The **limiting** reactant is the reactant that **limits** the amount of the other reactant that can combine **and** the amount of product that can form in a chemical reaction. The excess reactant is the substance that is not used up completely in a reaction. **Limited** Reactants, **continued** Sample **Problem** F Silicon dioxide (quartz) is/

) Give good initial guess for x (0) Most model computations produce errors in function values **and** derivatives. Want to have convergence criteria || x (k+1) - x (k) || than model errors. Improving convergence Improve Models (80% of **problems**) Improve Algorithms (20% of **problems**) Focus on new algorithms: **Limiting** Schemes **Continuations** Schemes Outline **Limiting** Schemes –Direction Corrupting –Non corrupting (Damped Newton) Globally Convergent if Jacobian is Nonsingular Difficulty/

. BINF 702 Spring 2014 Practice **Problems** **Problem** #1 Solution BINF 702 Spring 2014 Practice **Problems** **Problem** # 1 Solution in R > prop.test(xx) 2-sample test for equality of proportions with **continuity** correction data: xx X-squared /**limit** theorem be assumed to hold?? Yes Inference concerning means? Yes (go to 3) Are samples independent? No Use paired t test. BINF 702 Spring 2014 Practice **Problems** **Problem** # 7d Conduct the hypothesis test **and** report a p-value. BINF 702 Spring 2014 Practice **Problems** **Problem**/

deal with the desperate **problem**. FDR THE M AN W HO C HANGED A MERICA http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ew2j3P0OJeg&feature=relmfu FDR **AND** THE T HREE R/it. The 2 nd Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938= more Comprehensive substitute (still **continued** conservation Payments) If growers observed acreage restrictions on specific commodities, they would be eligible/ autocratic ambitions of Supreme Ct FDR lost 1939-cong. Gave him **limited** powers for admin reform in the Reorganization Act. The New Dealers were accused /

**Limiting** Reagent **and** Percent Yield By: Michelle Alice Ganian **Limiting** Reagent In a chemical reaction, an insufficient quantity of any of the reactants will **limit** the amount of product that is formed. (In terms of ingredients, the smallest amount you have of the ingredients will be the **limiting** reagent, because it is the substance that will **limit** the amount of the recipe.) **Limiting**/ Step 2: **Continue** the **problem** by using the founded **limiting** reagent to solve for the quantity of the product **Limiting** reagent = 2/

burn 1 mol of C3H8 (propane) molecules in a camping stove? (write down the equation first; this is a simple Combustion equation **and** remember that it must be balanced before you **continue**.) If I had asked for grams instead of molecules, then the last step would be: 1 mol C3H8 5 mol O2 = 5 / Review Answers Stoichiometry Practice **Problems** (Front) 2) 100 g CO2 1) 116.38 g AgCl 3) 315.9 g I2 2) 2.21 g 𝐻 2 4) 343 mg H2O or 0.343 g H2O 3) 34.5 g Na 5) 55 g H2O 4) 292 g Ag Worksheet # 2 **Limiting** Reactant 5) 0.344/

One experimental study contradicts current practices regarding braille mechanics (Ferrell, Mason, & Young, 2006) **Problem**: Fluke or Fact? 14 congenitally blind braille readers between the ages of 8-10 were tested/Literature on Cerebral Processes & Braille Braille reading requires both language **and** spatial processing, & thus, it makes sense that good / left index finger dominance Discussion **Continued** Different pattern emerging than found by Hermelin & O’Connor **Limitations** Small sample size prevents statistical /

**limit** Aliasing – What would be the disadvantage? Data size Compute time How do we represent a **continuously** variable signal digitally? Sampling – What would be the advantage to greater sampling depth? Finer resolution – What would be the disadvantage? Data size Possibly compute time How do we represent a **continuously** variable signal digitally? Sampling – A note about data size **and**/ Should you filter? – Yes, when necessary to reveal a real signal **Problem**: how do you know it’s “real” – No, always look /

12: tokamak – **continued** A tokamak Plasma (/These unwanted components are referred to as impurities Schematic picture of a plasma **limiter** Impurities are no good news Given a fixed electron density, impurities dilute / / Beryllium have a low Z Carbon does not melt but has the **problem** that it binds well with Tritium (contamination of the machine) Tungsten has very/of the neutral particles Note also that the angle between the magnetic field **and** the plate is as small as possible. This makes that the energy carried/

Education **and** / STUDENT PERFORMANCE **CONTINUOUS** PROGRESS MONITORING DATA-BASED DECISION MAKING & **PROBLEM** SOLVING UNIVERSAL SCREENING/ RtI RtI: Good “IDEiA” Policy Approach or framework for redesigning & establishing teaching & learning environments that are effective, efficient, relevant, & durable for all students, families & educators NOT program, curriculum, strategy, intervention NOT **limited** to special education NOT new Quotable Fixsen “Policy is –Allocation of **limited**/

of the Field **and** Beyond Ian / 8. Denmark1971- 9. Australia1987- Inspired by Michigan model But election studies appear to have reached their **limits** Length of questionnaire in Australian Election Study Number of variables in American National Election Study Declining response rates,/Sample Size Usually 1,500-2,000 respondents **Problems**: effective sample smaller for voters; difficult to analyze some issues, groups Methodological Issues, **continued** Study Design An enhanced portfolio of coordinated studies/

**and** is divergent. 0 Index FAQ 0 Index FAQ **Limits** of Sequences 2 3 Notation The sequence (1,-2,3,-4,…) diverges. Index FAQ Computing **Limits** of Sequences (1) Index FAQ Computing **Limits** of Sequences (1) Examples 1 2 1 n2n2 0 Index FAQ Computing **Limits** of Sequences Examples **continued** 3 Index FAQ Formal Definition of **Limits**/ like L’Hospital’s Rule. Here each term k/n < 1. Index FAQ Using the Squeeze Theorem **Problem** Solution Index FAQ Monotonous Sequences Definition The sequence (a 1,a 2,a 3,…) is decreasing if a /

a large number of independent repetitions. This theorem allows us to analyze **and** predict the results of chance phenomena when we average over many observations. Related to the Central **Limit** Theorem is The Law of Large Numbers: As a random phenomenon is repeated/ (u,v)dudv = 1 (**limits** a 1 ≤ u ≤ a 2, b 1 ≤ v ≤ b 2 ) Mean values: ≡ G(u,v) P (u,v)dudv Functions of Random Variables An important, often occurring **problem** is: Consider a random variable u. Suppose φ(u) ≡ any **continuous** function of u. Question If P/

not an easy fix. One-Side **Continuity** **Continuous** at all points except at 1. Jump discontinuity at 1 Right-**continuous** at 1 Infinite Discontinuity If one or both side **limits** of a function are infinite, then the function is infinite discontinuous at that point. Basic Laws of **Continuity** **Continuity** of Polynomial **and** Rational Functions **Continuity** of Some Basic Functions **Continuity** of Composite Functions **Problems** 2.4 #1-5, 7, 13/

The paper will report No matter how large l is **and** no matter how close to 1 p is, there always exists a class of 3-SAT **problems** such that DNA computing error must occur with Lipton’s model/x 1 =0, x 2 =0, x 3 =0) Remainder © 2003 SNU CSE Biointelligence Lab 9 Example 3 (**continued**) Further operations t 3 contains p 3 2 n-3 + 3p 3 (1+q)2 n-4 DNA/q)+p)10 l DNA strands. When n , the **limit** of the latter is 0. For any p (0,1), no matter how close to 1, **and** for any l > 0, no matter how large, there /

target CFM 50 Using the Zip Test Pro TI-86 BTLa Building Tightness **limits** **and** ventilation requirements based on ASHRA 62,119 & 136 Recommends Mechanical **Continuous** Ventilation New fan standards Rated for **Continuous** use Sone level 1.0 or less certified by the home ventilation institute. Energy efficient 19 watt or less **Problem** Contactors had a hard time finding the fans. Clients complained of fans/

**continuous** /’s model Malthus’s assumption: –Unlimited resource & no migration –Birth rate **and** death rate are both constants The equation Malthus’s model Phenomena –Population `explosion/USA: immigration –Fish in a pound –Whale in the ocean Big environmental **problems** –Fishing grounds collapsed under over-fishing –Some animals are in danger of/ resource!!!!! Harvest logistic model (I) Assumption: For fish, plants, etc –**Limited** resource & death rate is constant –Harvest depends linearly on the population –Birth/

**and** robot location Actions? Left, Right, Clean Goal test? No dirt at all locations Path cost? 1 per action Example: The 8-puzzle States? Locations of tiles Actions? Move blank left, right, up, down Goal test? Given Path cost? 1 per move Example: robotic assembly States? real-valued coordinates of robot joint angles parts of the object to be assembled Actions? **continuous**/available in the **problem** definition –Breadth-first search –Uniform-cost search –Depth-first search –Depth-**limited** search –Iterative /

…… A = lim A n = πr 2 n -> ∞ A x y 0 y=x 2 x y 0 x y 0 Volume **Problem** Integral Calculus Calculus 2.Tangent **Problem** Differential Calculus x y 0 y=x 2 P k tangent line x y 0 y=x 2 P Q k PQ secant line k = / be positive. Therefore **Limit** of a function: A function f(x) is **continuous** at a point a if i.e. f(a) defined exists **and** A function f(x) is **continuous** on an interval if it is **continuous** at every point of this interval. Itermediate Value Theorem: f – **continuous** on [a,b]. i.e. **continuous** function takes on every/

to 3D!) Bandstructure **Problem**: A One Dimensional/ (x) is a simultaneous eigenfunction of the translation operator T **and** the Hamiltonian H. –The Commutator Theorem of QM tells us that/< (½)b ψ = A exp(βx), x < -(½)b ψ = A exp(-βx), x > (½)b Boundary Conditions: ψ & dψ/dx are **continuous**. So: Algebra (2 pages!) leads to: (ε/V o ) = (ħ 2 α 2 )/(2m o V o ) ε, α, β are related to/ka) -1< L< 1 But also L(ε/V o ) = a messy function with no **limits**. For ε in the range -1 < L < 1 Allowed Energies (Bands!) For ε in /

Education **and** Research /**limited** resources for unlimited needs” –Opportunity, not guarantee, for good action” “Training does not predict action” –“Manualized treatments have created overly rigid & rapid applications” Public Health & Disease Prevention Kutash et al., 2006; Larson, 1994 Tertiary (FEW) –Reduce complications, intensity, severity of current cases Secondary (SOME) –Reduce current cases of **problem**/**Continuous** Self-Assessment Practice Implementation Effective Practices Relevance Priority Efficacy /

relate to re-hospitalization? Clinical **Problem** Solving I Kaylea Kirven Purpose: / (HOB raised + Rail utilization) PT Initial Evaluation: **Continued** HOB: Head of Bed CGA: Contact Guard Assistance * Should have been performed Impairments:Functional **Limitations**: Edema (2+) Pain (2/10) Decreased ROM /Within 6 Months of Discharge: > 50% of patients are readmitted to hospital Prediction of Mortality **and** Morbidity With a 6-Minute Walk Test in Patients With Left Ventricular Dysfunction Journal of the American/

of solution depends on the involvement Self confidence of our team to solve bigger **problems**. Each attempt is a good learning in **Problem** solving J.K.Fenner(India) **Limited** MDU - 1 /58 To implement this project in Madurai II plant Our journey towards becoming green **and** being a responsible corporate citizen **Continues**……. TARGET : BEFORE Oct ‘2015 FUTURE PLAN 57 We proudly say that we are/

summing the contributions of all of the charge elements. For the individual charge elements: Because the charge distribution is **continuous**: Volume Charge Density When a charge Q is distributed evenly throughout a volume V, the Volume Charge Density is/dq = dx, so dE = k e [dq/(x 2 )] = k e [( dx)/(x 2 )] **And** E = k e ∫[(dx)/(x 2 )] (**limits** x = a to x = l ) E = k e [(1/a) – 1/(a + l)] Example/between the plates. Solving this **problem** is identical mathematically to the **problem** of projectile motion in Physics I!!!

for most Latinos. – Hence, English-only & loyalty issues **continue** to occupy the political landscape. Culture, Latinos, & Demographics /, **and** manufacturing, & construction industries. Hence, if more Latinos tend to be occupationally “stratified” & located in particular industry sectors… – Then issues, **problems**,/conditions, educational isolation, **limited** employment opportunities, economic segregation, & vulnerability to violent crime) – Which suggest both common ground & **limited** political resources to mobilize /

Current developments Rounds one **and** two Tort reform proposals/Illinois –Federal tort reform Caps on non economic damages Proportionate liability Three year statute of **limitations** **Limitations** on legal fees Plaintiffs’ attorneys oppose tort reforms –Argue caps would hurt seriously injured /in lawsuits –**Continue** to allow rate freedom What are their Positions? (3) Regulators want to focus on key responsibilities –Solvency –Market conduct –Competition Legislators want to solve the **problem** –Difficult issue/

**PROBLEMS** IN MODELING FRACTURE PROCESS IN CONCRETE Miodrag Pavisic Structural Engineer 1. Theory of Plasticity 2. Fracture Mechanics 3. **Continuous** Damage Mechanics Assumptions & **Limitations** Theory of plasticity Non-linearity in concrete –where does it come from? Plastic flow in quasibrittle material? damage ε = εe + εp….( +εω ) Assumptions & **Limitations** **Continuous** damage mechanics “ **continuous**/“With the load increased enough microcracs **and** microvoids propagation **and** interaction concentrate – localize in a /

mentally **limited** children are associated with divorce. 3. Kitson & Sussman (1982) found that the four most common reasons given for divorce were, in descending order: personality **problems**,/, almost everyone falls back into separation anxiety. 5. As the separation **continues**, separation distress slowly gives way to loneliness. 6. A person goes through/consequences such as higher levels of personal growth & greater autonomy. Children **and** Divorce A. A traditional nuclear family, merely because it is intact,/

prez. of new nation. Precedents, or traditions, that he set **continue** to shape presidency of U.S. Everything Washington did would set /money to pay the government’s bills **and** make loans to farmers **and** businesses. Tariff, or tax, on/in 1795- GW accepted too to avoid war III. **Problems** with Europe (pages 288–289) Spain, worried about becoming/to Hamilton came together & called their party Democratic-Republicans. They wanted **limited** central govt. policies favoring farmers & urban workers. Jefferson & Madison /

the slope of its tangent line at (x, f(x)), **and** is given by provided this **limit** exists. difference quotient Find the slope of the graph f(x) = x2 at the point (-2, 4). Model **Problem** Find the slope of the graph f(x) = x2 at / Differentiability **and** **Continuity** What is the relationship, if any, between differentiability **and** **continuity**? f(x) is a **continuous** function (x, f(x)) f(x) – f(c) x – c x c (c, f(c)) Is there a **limit** as x approaches c? YES alternative form of derivative Differentiability **and** **Continuity** Is/

DISCLAIMER: The **limit** of f(x) as x approaches c DOES NOT depend on the value of f(c). However, sometimes you get a gift **and** it’s a simple plug & chug **problem** when: For these **problems**, simply sub in x = c. i.e. DIRECT SUBSTITUTION How to tell when you can use DIRECT SUBSTITUTION: The function needs to be “well-behaved” (**continuous**) at c/

All rights reserved. BGP v3.2—7-3 **Limiting** the Number of Routes Received from a Neighbor Definition of **problem**: All other filtering mechanisms specify only what you/ neighbors with the maximum-prefix function configured, displays the maximum number of prefixes **and** the warning threshold For neighbors exceeding the maximum number of prefixes, displays the reason/either terminates the peering (by default) or sends a log message but **continues** peering with the sender. You can use the show ip bgp neighbors command/

**problem** GENETIC APPROACH FOR A LOCALISATION **PROBLEM** BASED UPON PARTICLE FILTERS 5 29 Algorithm Taxonomy Kalman filters (KF, EKF, UKF) –**Continuous** space state –Gaussian distributions Particle Filters –Discrete space state –**Limited** number of states –Multi-modal distributions GENETIC APPROACH FOR A LOCALISATION **PROBLEM**/apply within each partition The resulting algorithm is able to solve both the global localisation **and** the kidnap **problem**. The resulting algorithm turns out to be robust : –in presence of noise on/

**and** Attendance “Stay alert. You can observe a can observe a lot by watching.” lot by watching.” - Yogi Berra Managing Leave & Dealing with Attendance **Problems**/ treatment Managing Leave & Dealing with Attendance **Problems** n Sick Leave - Family Friendly – Same reasons as for “self” – **Limited**: portion of employee’s SL » accrued/ Dealing with Attendance **Problems** n Employee Responsibilities - **continued** Don’t “disappear” without supervisory approval Managing Leave & Dealing with Attendance **Problems** n Late Arrivals /

**Continuing**/Echelon Full spectrum of hospitals with rehabilitation capabilities outside combat zone Definitive care **Limited** to no mobility Korean War Increased use of aeromedical transport / Integration of Advanced Technology Commitment to Training Outcomes Driven Model Triage Tools **Problems** “One Size Fits All” No, it doesn’t Populations & resources vary &/vs Not Sick? Not Sick with high potential for Sick? Densmore. Outcomes **and** delivery of care in pediatric injury. J Ped Surg. 2006. PURPOSE/

MTH251 – Differential Calculus **Limits** Evaluate **limits** at a point. Evaluate end behavior **limits**. Evaluate **limits** of quotients. L’Hôpitals Rule MTH251 – Differential Calculus **Continuity** Where does discontinuity occur? Jumps (piecewise functions) Asymptotes Holes Intervals where the function is undefined Given a graph or equation of a function; indicate where the function is discontinuous MTH251 – Differential Calculus Derivatives Polynomials Trigonometric **and** Inverse Trigonometric Exponential Logarithmic/

be ___________. Also allows students to transfer schools + **continue** learning the same things. Challenging formal education Formal / End Section 4 Ch 13 – Political **and** Economic Institutions The link b/w economics +/active. ___________ - draws attention to various topics, emphasizes some **problems** while downplaying or ignoring others. Determines what ______________ + forces/ form of business controlled by __________, who have **limited** liability + **limited** control, recognized by law as a separate legal /

~70 sub-archives … so that maintenance or **problems** on one sub-archive wont affect others Means /**limitations** O AK R IDGE N ATIONAL L ABORATORY U. S. D EPARTMENT OF E NERGY 4 Data Management **Limitations** Difficult **and**/**Continue** to invest in Channel Archivers data management tools? End up implementing a relational database? Why not use existing RDB? O AK R IDGE N ATIONAL L ABORATORY U. S. D EPARTMENT OF E NERGY 6 JLab: MySQL Transition (Chris Slominski) Very promising performance tests! **Limitations**/

x. Calculators Mika Seppälä: **Limits** **and** **Continuity** One-sided **Limits** **Problem** 10 Solution Calculators Mika Seppälä: **Limits** **and** **Continuity** **Continuity** **Problem** 11 Solution Calculators Mika Seppälä: **Limits** **and** **Continuity** **Continuity** **Problem** 12 Solution Calculators Mika Seppälä: **Limits** **and** **Continuity** **Continuity** **Problem** 13 Solution Calculators Mika Seppälä: **Limits** **and** **Continuity** **Continuity** **Problem** 14 Answer Removable Not removable Calculators Mika Seppälä: **Limits** **and** **Continuity** **Continuity** **Problem** 15 Solution By the/

Chapter Two **Limits** **and** Their Properties Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 2 | 2 The Tangent Line **Problem** Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 2 | 3 The Area **Problem** Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 2 | 4 A Strategy for Finding **Limits** (simplified) Use direct substitution (easiest method). If direct substitution does not work try finding an equal function that can be evaluated/

**Limited** Dynamic -Dynamic ENUMERATION TYPES - C++ - Fortran - Java SUBRANGE TYPES ARRAYS -Indexing -Flavors -Static -Fixed Stack Dynamic -Stack Dynamic -Fixed Heap-Dynamic -Heap Dynamic -Initalization -Operations (APL) -Rectangular/Jagged -Implementation -Single Dimensional -Multi Dimensional ASSOCIATIVE ARRAYS RECORD TYPES UNION TYPES POINTER/REFERENCE TYPES -Fundamental Operations -**Problems**/ salary is: $salaries{Perry} "; # Iterate **and** print the key - value pairs print "Dumping the/**continue** Ada UNION TYPES

**Problems** (4 Extra Credit) Chapter 2 Career Planning Importance of Career Planning – Links to life time income potential – Identifying Career opportunities – Importance of resume **and** cover letters Key phrases – targeting cover letter – Managing credit profile – **Continuing** Education Chapter 3 Financial Statements, Budgets Importance of Goals **and**/ deposits (CD’s) Monetary Assets Liability **limits** for lost credit cards – $50 <= 2 days, $500 <= 60 days FDIC Insurance **limits** ($250K) Time Value of Money Future value/

: Socially responsible power control algorithms Individual access points **and** clients behave in an altruistic manner Not simply relying/ CSMA/CD.) Power control algorithm (**Continue**) Backward compatibility Heterogeneous transmit power levels cause **problems** Compatibility with old APs / algorithms: Channel assignment algorithm Rate adaptation algorithm Power control algorithm **Limited** Contribution No Yes (but problematic) No ? Measurement Contribution Qualitative results are straightforward/

Cormorant Consequence: Prevent rehabilitation of lake trout Potential invasions lead to unpredictability Prevent achievement of most FCOs **Continued** management of exotic species Reliance on Exotic Prey Base **Problem**: Alewife **and** smelt dominate prey Bloater more abundant but not used Consequence: Not using full potential of ecosytem **Limit** ability to meet Salmonine FCO Prevent achievment of Overall Objective Predation on eggs & larval of native fish/

Disciplines A typical form is used for the 8D approach to **problem** solving © STM Quality **Limited** STM Quality **Limited** 8D **Problem** Solving By taking this approach we can **continuously** improve quality by eliminating the causes of **problems** **and** prevent their reoccurrence. © STM Quality **Limited** STM Quality **Limited** What are the 8 Disciplines? 1. Define the **problem**. 2. Build a team. 3. Containment action. 4. Determine the root cause. 5. Verify/

Database Time Frame July 1, 1998 through June 30, 2000. Indicators of **Problems** with **Continuity** of Care Days to restoration of Medicaid benefits Days until onset of services / Variables Those who experienced adverse events received more case management service (1 month **and** 6 months) than those who did not experience such events No other intervention variables/status was related to whether a person received services reported in IDS **Limitations** of the Study Data may not show up in analysis reporting deficiencies/

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