Ppt on hard gelatin capsule shell

Suppositories.

solvent extraction or by pressing. This type of fat products are referred to as "hard butter." Interesterification Interesterification of oils as coconut oil, palm kernel oil, and/or palm/ therapy, as in the treatment of vaginitis, or as a spermatocide. Soft gelatin capsules filled with liquid or solid drugs used for vaginal use. The suppositories are non-melting/dissolve in body fluids. Unusual Types of Suppositories Layered suppository has an outer shell with 37 to 38°C melting point and a core with 34 to 35/


Chapter 5 Dosage Forms, Abbreviations, and Routes of Administration Copyright © 2004 by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

to tabletsCapsule and caplet dosage forms are closely related to tablets Capsules can have either a hard or soft outer shellCapsules can have either a hard or soft outer shell Hard capsules are composed of sugar, gelatin, and waterHard capsules are composed of sugar, gelatin, and water Pulvule–type of capsule that is shaped differently for identification purposesPulvule–type of capsule that is shaped differently for identification purposes Copyright © 2004 by/


FLOCHART Principle of flowcharts composition. A flowchart is a type of diagram that represents an algorithm or process, showing the steps as boxes of.

dust control; Compression tablets and dust control; Packing. Packing. Stage of capsules production: 1. Preparing of gelatin solutions. 2. Preparing of gelatin shells. 3. Hard-gelatin capsule filling. 4. Packing and labeling. 1. Preparing of gelatin solutions. 2. Preparing and filling of soft-gelatin capsules. 3. Packing and labeling. Obtaining of gelatin solutions with stage of swelling 1. Swelling of gelatin in cold water (15 - 18 °C, 1.5 - 2 hours). 2/


Contents General principles of drug absorption

substance and appropriate pharmaceutical adjuncts as fillers are enclosed in either a hard or a soft “shell”, generally composed of a form of gelatin. Drug material are released from capsules faster than from tablets. Suspensions are preparations of finely divided drugs / are a useful means to administer large amounts of solid drugs that would be inconveniently taken in tablet or capsule form. Drugs administered in aqueous solution are absorbed much more rapidly than those administered in solid form, because/


Nutritional Implications

Science of using plant-derived substances to treat and prevent illness Botanicals: come as bulk herbs, tinctures, capsules and tablets; includes herbs and other plant materials Sometimes the active ingredient has been identified; sometimes not Have/, and water; more suitable for children Botanical Formulations Capsules: Herbal material enclosed in a hard shell made from gelatin or cellulose Tablets: herbal material is mixed with filler to form the hard tablet; may be coated or uncoated Lozenges (troches):/


1 Copyright © 2012, 2007, 2004 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 5 Dosage Forms, Abbreviations, Routes of Administration,

. CapsulesCapsules can have either a hard or soft outer shell.  Hard capsules are composed of sugar, gelatin, and water.  Pulvule: This is a type of capsule that is shaped differently for identification purposes. 19 Copyright © 2012, 2007, 2004 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Capsules (cont’d)  Spansules are capsules that can be pulled apart to sprinkle the medication onto food for children  Soft-gelatin capsules (gel/


Reference documentation. Industrial drugs technology according GMP. Lecture 1.

; Powdering of granules; Compression tablets and dust control; Packing. Stage of capsules production: 1. Preparing of gelatin solutions. 2. Preparing of gelatin shells. 3. Hard-gelatin capsule filling. 4. Packing and labeling. 1. Preparing of gelatin solutions. 2. Preparing and filling of soft-gelatin capsules. 3. Packing and labeling. Obtaining of gelatin solutions with stage of swelling 1. Swelling of gelatin in cold water (15 - 18 °C, 1.5 - 2 hours). 2/


COMPOUNDING CHAPTER 8. CHAPTER OUTLINE Compounding Regulations Stability & Beyond-Use Dates Compounding considerations Equipment Using a Balance Volumetric.

Erlenmeyer flasks, spatulas, funnels, sieves, mortar and pestle Molding  hot plates, suppository molds, capsule shells, ointment slabs, tablet molds Packaging  prescription bottles, capsule vials, suppository boxes, ointment jars BALANCES Types  Class A torsion balance  Electronic balance Reasons to/ without express written permission from the publisher. CAPULES Hard gelatin capsules consist of a body and a cap which fits firmly over the body of the capsule. 8 sizes available for human use Sizes Volume /


Chapter 5 Dosage Forms, Abbreviations, Routes of Administration, Drug Abbreviations, and Medical Terminology.

or soft outer shell.  Hard capsules are composed of sugar, gelatin, and water.  Pulvule: This is a type of capsule that is shaped differently for _________________ purposes. Capsules (cont’d)  Spansules are capsules that can be pulled apart to sprinkle the medication onto ________ for children  Soft-gelatin capsules (gel-caps) ________ be pulled apart, and often hold medications in liquid form Types of Capsules Capsules Extended-release capsules Capsule Sizes  Capsules come in/


Incompatibility Nahla S Barakat, PhD Professor of Pharmaceutics

Prepare capsules. Supply 10 capsules. Rx Chloral hydrate 250 mg Prepare capsules. Supply 10 capsules. Label: Take the capsules at night time. Comment: Chloral hydrate is hygroscopic in nature. It will absorb moisture and soften the hard gelatin capsule shells and the shape of the capsule may /drug is exceeded . e.g.1 Rx Codeine phosphate 15 mg Ammonium chloride 500 mg Prepare capsules and supply 24 capsules. Label: Two capsules to be taken every hour for cough. Comment: The U.S.P. recommends that the /


Route of administration how drug gets in the body enteral=mouth/rectum parenteral=GI bypass PO---by mouth NG---nasogastric SL--sublingual buccal----cheek.

to facilitate administration; examples: Alka Seltzer, Klorvess effervescent tablets, etc. Capsule -- in prescription usually abbreviated as cap or caps, comes basically in two varieties 1. Soft gelatin shell manufactured in one piece with drug usually in liquid form inside the shell, e.g., fat-soluble vitamins A and E, Procardia (nifidepine), etc. 2. Hard shell manufactured in two pieces that fit together and hold the drug/


Dosage Formulations and Routes of Administration 6.

gums and the cheek. Vaginal tablets are dissolved and absorbed through the mucous lining of vagina. Dosage Formulations Solid dosage forms  Capsules have drug contained in a shell Soft gelatin shells are soft and elastic, flexible during administration, and cant be broken apart. Hard gelatin shells have two oblong halves joined together, which can be separated if necessary. Dosage Formulations Solid dosage forms  Lozenges (also called pastilles/


Non-sterile Pharmaceutical Compounding

, circular lozenges that contain active medication. Created by Jennifer Majeske, Mineral Area College Capsules A solid dosage form consisting of a gelatin shell that encloses the medicinal preparation, which may be a powder, granule, or liquid. Hard-shell capsules standard sizes are 5,4,3,2,1,0,00,000 (smallest to largest). Hard-shell capsules are meant to be swallowed whole; some can be opened and sprinkled on/


7. Tablets. Contents 1.Types of tablets 2.Compressed tablets 3.Chewable tablets 4.Molded tablets 5.Tablet coating 6.Impact of manufacturing changes on.

pharmaceutical excipients. Tablets may vary in size, shape, weight, hardness, thickness, disintegration, and dissolution characteristics and in other aspects, depending/Gelatin-coated tablets A recent innovation is the gelatin- coated tablet. The innovator product, the gelcap, is a capsule-shaped compressed tablet that allows the coated product to be about one-third smaller than a capsule/multiple compressed tablets having an inner core and an outer shell of drug material, core tablets may be sugarcoated by /


Preparation in Pharmacy of Hospital Dr. Basavaraj K. Nanjwade M. Pharm., Ph. D Department of Pharmaceutics Faculty of Pharmacy Omer Al-Mukhtar University.

divided powders. 2014/06/2112 Faculty of Pharmacy, Omer Al-Mukhtar University, Tobrukl, Libya. Capsules Definition: Capsules are solid dosage forms in which the drugs is enclosed within a hard or soft soluble container or shell made form suitable gelatin. Hard gelatin capsules may be manually filled for extemporaneous compounding. Preparation of hard and soft capsules 1.As with the bulk powders, all ingredients are triturated and blended, using geometric/


1. 2 WHAT IS BIOPHARMACEUTICS? Biopharmaceutics can be defined as the study of how the physicochemical properties of drugs, dosage forms and routes of.

than if the drug had been administered in other types of oral dosage forms, such as aqueous suspension, hard gelatin capsule or tablet. 114  A well formulated suspension is second to a solution (nonprecipitating) in terms of superior/ages there is potential for increased particle size with an accompanying decrease in dissolution rate. 116 Provided:  the hard gelatin shell dissolves rapidly in the GI fluids  encapsulated mass disperses rapidly and efficiently,  a relatively large effective surface /


Focus on PHARMACOLOGY ESSENTIALS FOR HEALTH PROFESSIONALS CHAPTER Terminology, Abbreviations, and Dispensing Prescriptions 3.

Health Professionals, Second Edition Jahangir Moini Solid Drugs Capsules: external shell usually made of gelatin contains drug in powder, granule, liquid, or combination form Enteric-coating: prevents capsule or tablet from being dissolved in stomach where it/Powders: dried and finely ground drugs Granules: tiny pills usually in gelatin capsules; usually intended for gradual release Troches or lozenges: flattened disks that may be hard or semisolid (e.g., cough suppressants) Focus on Pharmacology: /


Basic information on pharmaceutical dosage forms and drug delivery systems Martin Sterba, PharmD., PhD. Associate Professor Department of Pharmacology.

+ excipients - enclosed in the hard/soft water soluble container made of gelatine. –Cannot be be divided –Can be compounded individually –Consist of cap and body – filled with powders, pellets, granules (paste, oil) –In the GIT gelatine shell softens, swells and dissolve – particles are dispersed  disintegration  API dissolution  absorption –Hygroscopic –Enteric coating available CR (SR) tablets and capsules Reservoir type (not to be divided) Reservoir type/


PHARMACEUTICAL EXCIPIENTS Course : Pharmaceutical Microbiology Course ID: MIC 306 Fahareen-Binta-Mosharraf MNS.

formulation types, e.g. lactose; widely used as: – a diluent, filler or bulking agent in tablets and capsules Introduction Overview of excipients commonly used (particularly in oral dosage forms) – Tablet Excipients Diluents (fillers, bulking agents), / desired vehicle. (Suspension) A capsule is a medication in a gelatin container. - The two main types of capsules are: 1- hard-shelled capsules, which are normally used for dry, powdered ingredients, 2- soft-shelled capsules, primarily used for oils and/


By: Bryan Gonzalez. Key Concepts 33.1- Sponges are sessile and have a porous body and choanocytes. 33.2- Cnidarians have radial symmetry, a gastrovascular.

squids, and octopuses) have a soft body that in many species is protected by hard shell. Annelida (16,500 species) Annelids also known as segmented worms, are distinguished from /’d) The body of a sponge consists of two cell layers separated by a gelatinous region, the mesohyl. Wandering though the mesohyl are amoebocytes. They take up food/ prey, or stick to or entangle the target. Cnidae called nematocysts are stinging capsules. Muscles and nerves exist in their simplest forms in cnidarians. Cells of the/


PHARMACEUTICAL INGREDIENTS

Encapsulating agent Definition:Used to form thin shells to enclose a drug for ease of administration Examples:Gelatin Flavorant Definition:Used to impart a pleasant/; Sterile water for irrigation Stiffening agent Definition:Used to increase thickness or hardness of a preparation, usually an ointment Examples: Cetyl alcohol Cetyl esters wax/ Sodium starch glycolate Starch Tablet glidant Definition:Used in tablet and capsule formulations to improve flow properties of the powder mixture. Examples: Colloidal/


Tabletting Technology Granulation: A process of size-enlargement whereby small particles are gathered together into large aggregates To render the solid.

for tablet : Organoleptic (appearance, odor,color)/Hardness/ Disintegration/ Friability/ Thickness/ Moisture content/Content /gelatin to form complex-coacervate. Polymer-polymer incompatibility-Occurs because two chemically different polymers dissolved in a common solvent and do not mix in solution, so they repel each other and form two distinct liquid phases. Fig: Multinuclear Microcapsule Fig: Continuous core/shell microcapsule Processes of encapsulation Interfacial polymerization (IFP)- Capsule shell/


Mirik Healthfoods Products The products of “Mirik Healthfoods” are reputed for their unique quality. It manufactures more than 150 traditional formulations.

with Spirulina with multi Vitamins & Minerals CapsulesPregnancy & Lactation Convalescence, Restricted Diet, Stress, Chronic Alcoholism, Debility Composition: Each Hard gelatin Capsules contains:B-Carotene 5 mg., Spirulina 250 mg., Vitamin A 5000 I.U., Vitamin E 30 I.U., Vitamin /mg., Blumea Lacera 20 mg., Alum 20 mg., Syzygium Chumini 100 mg., Boerhaavia Diffusa 50 mg., Ovitesta Shell 30 mg. Dosage: 1 Capsule twice a day or as directed by the physician. MIRIK HEALTHFOODS (P) LTD. Address: 1110, Suryakiran /


1 lipid-based delivery systems for oral administration Lipid-based delivery systems range from simple oil solutions to complex mixtures of oils, surfactants,

Capsule compatibility Low molecular weight polar molecules present in capsule formulations are able to penetrate and plasticize gelatin capsule shells, which restricts the concentration of propylene glycol and related cosolvents that can be used in capsule fills. Surfactants can also destabilise capsule shells/powder may then be used for development of solid dosage forms — tablets or direct filling into hard shell capsules. 47 Spray cooling The main parameters for spray cooling are: –the melting point of the/


Dosage Form Design: Pharmaceutical and Formulation Considerations Asso. Prof. Ma. Cristina C. Doria Faculty of Pharmacy.

& packaged in containers to make product stable *labeled to promote correct use & stored under conditions to maximize shell life The Need for Dosage Forms To protect the drug substance from the destructive influences of atmospheric oxygen or / Sealed in soft gelatin capsule Developed into a solid ester or salt form suitable for tablets or drug capsules Mixed with a solid or melted semisolid material - melted mixtrue is poured into hard gelatin capsules to harden & capsules sealed Preformulation Studies 1/


OSMOTIC DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEM

process continues at a constant rate till the entire solid drug inside the tablet is eliminated leaving only solution filled shell. This residual dissolved drug is delivered at a slower rate to attain equilibrium between external and internal drug solution/ delivery of liquid drug formulation and improve bioavailability of drugs. Another type of L-OROS system consists of a hard gelatin capsule containing a liquid drug layer, a barrier layer and a push layer surrounded by a semipermeable membrane. The L/


Solid Dosage Forms SALMAN BIN ABDULAZIZ UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF PHARMACY Dr. Mohammad Khalid Anwer -

before compression. These drugs are more appropriate in capsule form.  Some drugs with: Poor wetting. Poor/tablets in which the outer layer or shell rapidly disintegrates in the stomach. The/ Cellulose derivatives (e.g., methylcellulose, carboxymethylcellulose, microcrystalline cellulose);  Gelatins; and povidone. (3) Disintegrants Disintegrants are added to tablet formulations/hardness is unacceptable. If the volume of material or the distance between punches varies, hardness is unacceptable. Hardness/


DIFFERENT METHODS OF ENCAPSULATION OF FLAVOURS AND ITS APPLICATION IN THE FOOD INDUSTRY PRESENTED TO: Dr. VIKAS NANDA PRESENTED BY: KANINIKA PAUL(PG/FET/116203)

called active or core material. coating material is called shell, wall material, carrier or encapsulant. Benefits of encapsulation:/in physical stability to the emulsion during processing and storage. -whey protein -gelatin -sodium caseinate Continued…….. ENCAPSULATION TECHNOLOGIES Chemical : (a) coacervation (b) / then to retain the dense structure of the hard-candy matrix while reducing the particle size to within/ for encapsulation Physical factors of the capsule Controlled Flavour Release by diffusion by /


2004.11.02 Dr. Pogány - WHO, Geneva 1/34 IMPROVING ACCESS TO APPROPRIATE PAEDIATRIC ART FORMULATIONS János Pogány, pharmacist, Ph.D., UNICEF/MSF/WHO, Geneva,

/34 Videx EC 125mg, 200mg, 250mg and 400mg Gastro-resistant Capsules Each gastro-resistant capsule, hard contains 125 mg, 200 mg, 250 mg or 400 mg of didanosine. Sodium carmellose, diethyl phthalate, 30% methacrylic acid copolymer dispersion (EUDRAGIT L30D-55), sodium starch glycolate and talc. Capsule shell - gelatin, sodium laurilsulfate, colloidal anhydrous silica and titanium dioxide (E171). Capsule shell imprints (edible ink) shellac, ammonium hydroxide, propylene glycol, simethicone/


Anti Ageing Anti Diabetes Anti Asthmatic Anti Stress Anti Arthritis Shilajit for Increases Immunity Shilajit for Sexual Dysfunction Shilajit for Improve.

, India are pure and natural. We believe in good quality and we are using 100 % vegetarian capsules made from plant cellulose and not from hard gelatin which are low in cost and are made from chemicals. We are filling 500 mg standardized herbal extracts in our vegetarian capsule shells while many other manufacturers are filling 250 mg herbal extracts or raw herb powder. Q1: Can/


Jell-O Dominique Washington. Humble Origins Peter Cooper, inventor of the Tom Thumb steam locomotive and founder of Cooper Union College, took out the.

and gummy candies. Its also used as an emulsifier, stabilizer, or thickener in foods such as ice cream, sour cream, meat aspics, and cake frostings. In the pharmaceutical industry, gelatin is used to make the outer shells for hard and soft capsules; Gelatin is also used in preparing the silver halide emulsions in the production of photographic paper and film. Interesting Facts About Jell-O/


Insulin Polypeptide hormone produced by pancreatic beta cells that regulates carbohydrate homeostasis. Converted by proteolysis from the single chain proinsulin,

cleavage of the ester group. Altace (ramipril) is supplied as hard shell capsules for oral administration containing 1.25 mg, 2.5 mg, 5 mg, and 10 mg of ramipril. The inactive ingredients present are pregelatinized starch NF, gelatin, and titanium dioxide. The 1.25 mg capsule shell contains yellow iron oxide, the 2.5 mg capsule shell contains D&C yellow #10 and FD&C red #40/


 Powdered solids are heterogeneous because they are composed of individual particles of widely differing sizes, shape and air spaces.  So it is virtually.

The effects of these forces are particularly important in the manufacture of tablets and granules, in the filling of hard shell gelatin capsules, in the powder handling.  The physics of compaction may be stated as “the compression and consolidation of /Slow rates produce a more prefect crystal structure with consequent higher strength. ex: mixing of dry powder, filling of capsule shells. Vander wall forces exert a significant effect at distances up to 100nm, so these forces prevent the breakdown of /


Zooplankton Planktos: “drifts” in greek Their distribution depends on currents and gyres Certain zooplankton can swim.

Foraminifera (calcareous – all latitudes) Radiolaria: spherical, amoeboid cells with silica capsule; 50 µm to several mm; contribute to silica ooze sediments, feed/; naked forms more abundant but hard to study (delicate!); tintinnids: sub-group of ciliates with vase-like external shell made of protein; herbivores Protists:/ mackerel, salmon, tuna) and whales (Antarctica) Amphipoda Amphipoda (parasites of gelatinous plankton) http://www.imagequest3d.com/catalogue/deepsea/images/l038_jpg.jpg Euphasids (krill)/


Plankton Summary Plankton can’t control their location and are moved about by wind, waves, currents and tides. Plankton are usually grouped by size, ranging.

Foraminifera (calcareous – all latitudes) Radiolaria: spherical, amoeboid cells with silica capsule; 50 µm to several mm; contribute to silica ooze sediments, feed/; naked forms more abundant but hard to study (delicate!); tintinnids: sub-group of ciliates with vase-like external shell made of protein; herbivores Protists:/ mackerel, salmon, tuna) and whales (Antarctica) Amphipoda Amphipoda (parasites of gelatinous plankton) http://www.imagequest3d.com/catalogue/deepsea/images/l038_jpg.jpg Euphasids (krill)/


Dr. Sanjay Kumar Jha Department of Zoology P.G.G.C.G. – 42, Chandigarh.

single layered epithelium. It contains unicellular mucus-secreting glands on the foot and shell- secreting glands on the mantle. The dermis consists of connective-cum-muscular tissue/pedal ganglion of its side. Each statocyst is a spherical capsule surrounded by a hard, leathery, protective covering of single layer epidermal connective tissue cells. These/cells (having slender supporting cells and broad visual cells) with a hyaline, gelatinous lens present in its optic cavity. The optic vesicle is covered over /


Jellyfish, Hydroids, Corals, & Sea Anemones

the gastrodermis. Mesoglea- between the epidermis and gastrodermis and it’s a gelatinous material where jellies get their names from. Stinging organelle-> called cnida and /of the spearing type called nematocycts= which is hidden away in a tiny capsule inside the cell and when activated it shoots out like a harpoon. When/organs is enclosed by the dorsal shell which rests on the central foot. Some retract back into their shells by closing the opening or aperture with a hard covering called the operculum. Some/


2. Cnidarians.

Each contain fluid filled capsule containing thread that is/gelatinous domed bell Types of Cnidaria Cnidaria come in all shapes and sizes. Sea fan Cnidaria come in all shapes and sizes. Hydrozoans- feathery hydroids Scyphozoans- large jellyfish Anthozoan-sea anemones and coral Most of the animals found within Cnidaria are all carnivores. Cnidarian Types Hydrozoans (class Hydrozoa) Feathery or bushy colonies of tiny polyps attached to pilings, shells/) Black Corals secrete hard, black protein skeleton /


0 OUR OCEAN PLANET SECTION 5 – TROPICAL SEAS. 1 REVISION HISTORY DateVersionRevised ByDescription Aug 25, 20100.0VLOriginal.

endoderm (or gastroderm), which are held together by a gelatinous mesoglea containing only scattered cells. STINGING CELLS (“NEMATOCYSTS”)/ photosynthesis. Corals have two main consistencies – hard/stony or soft. Hard Corals A hard coral polyp secretes a calcium carbonate (limestone/provoked but otherwise relatively harmless Large eggs in horny capsules Length to 4.3 m (14 ft) but/ are hunted by humans for meat, eggs, skin and shells to produce face cream, cosmetics and souvenirs. Habitat destruction has/


FPP Stability Lynda Paleshnuik Training workshop: Assessment of Interchangeable Multisource Medicines, Kenya, August 2009.

(Proposed formulation compared to BE: reduction of starch, binder change from PVP to gelatin) Result: Some studies reviewed were irrelevant or could be used as “supporting data only/, Kenya, August 2009 32 | FPP Stability Evaluation Case 1: FPP is hard capsule or tablet containing a single stable (as per S2) API: A two / pilot size). Photostability testing may be required.* #32: change in tablet coat weight/capsule shell weight; #33: change in headspace/surface-volume ratio of container; requires 3 months /


Hirotaka Ishibashi Jennifer Jolivet Sean Patrick Kelly

Natural reservoir is soil Does not depend on an animal reservoir making it hard to eradicate Cannot be regularly cultivated from soils where there is an absence /Virulence depends on 2 factors Capsule 3 toxins http://www.kvarkadabra.net/index.html?/biologija/teksti/biolosko_orozje.htm Capsule Glycocalyx Sticky, gelatinous polymer external to cell wall/ with anthrax (bombs, Scuds, Al Hussayn warheads, 122 mm rockets, artillery shells, spray tanks for fighters and remotely piloted aircraft) 1 Iraq was able to/


CRCT QOTD 7 th Grade ELA and Reading. Question 1 No sooner had Fearensides dog caught sight of him, however, than it began to bristle and growl savagely,

C) a young catfish – D) fish bought at a market Question 77 Shell-fish are, comparatively, slow of movement, without guile, pitifully trusting, and/much different than the average vitamin capsule, the work it does inside the body, is truly amazing. – /3. A small cylindrical or spherical gelatinous envelope in which nauseous or acrid doses are inclosed to be swallowed/the most common complaint about rechargeable batteries? – A) Rechargeable batteries are hard to find. – B) Rechargeable batteries are too expensive. – C/


Drug classification Drug Nomenclature A nomenclature : is a classified system of names. The same drug has at least 3 different names: 1.a chemical name:

and Drug Administration Dose forms deals with the absorption. Tablet Is a granulated drug that has been compressed into a solid hard disc. Single dose units may be second to facilitated division into halves or quarters. Some tablets are coated with a /aspirin) or for drugs destroyed by the acid in the stomach. Capsule A capsule is a dose form in which a powdered or liquid drug is contained in a gelatin shell. The gelatin shell dissolves in the stomach and release its contents. Inhalant Inhalants are used/


English 10 Literature Lesson #24 Mr. Rinka The Pearl Pt. 3 John Steinbeck.

Then from his bag he took a little bottle of white powder and a capsule of gelatine. He filled the capsule with the powder and closed it, and then around the first capsule he fitted a second capsule and closed it. Then he worked very deftly. He took the baby and /: "Who do you fear?” Kino searched for a true answer, and at last he said: "Everyone." And he could feel a shell of hardness drawing over him. After a while they lay down together on the sleeping mat, and Juana did not put the baby in his box/


 Introduction  What is polymer?  Classification on the basis of various types  Natural polymer  Biodegradable polymer  Characteristics of ideal.

of blood from healthy donor. Used as carriers in nanocapsules & microspheres. - Gelatin : A natural water soluble polymer. Used in capsule shells and also as coating material in microencapsulation. 2.Synthetic biodegradable polymer Synthetic Biodegradable / in suspension and ophthalmic preparations Example: methyl cellulose.  To form bases in ointments.  In hard and soft capsule gelatin is used.  Gelatin also used as suppository base, as an emulsifying agent and suspending agent. Tablets : - As binders/


Drug Forms and Routes of Administration. Before FDA approval Rx company must clearly state in what form or forms the drug will be manufactured Rx company.

and flavorings never swallow dissolve slowly in mouth Capsule Comes in two varieties generally easier to swallow Soft gelatin- Capsule Manufactured in one piece in which the drug is in a liquid form inside the soft shell Hard shell- Capsule Manufactured in two pieces that fit together /of an active drug in a water base Powder Finely ground form of an active drug can be contained in a capsule glass vials- sterile water packaged- water Liquids Comes in one of 2 forms- Solution or suspension Solution never need/


Cell biology & histology. Study of cells: –Microscopes to study cells –Various “stains” to see organelles etc. –Various ways to look at proteins, signal.

Glands –Composed of several lobes surrounded by a capsule –Blood vessels, neural connections run through the /hard jelly”: cartilage * “mineralized jelly”: bone * Fibers + ground substance = matrix –Fibrous connective tissues –Connect and bind organs together (loose or areolar connective tissue dense connective tissue, tendon, ligament, adipose tissue) –Variable amount of gelatinous/–Matrix surrounds the chrondroblast until it forms a complete “shell” (shell = lacunae) –Cell inside lacunae = “chondrocyte” –/


1 Week 1: Seminar Overview, Basic Concepts. Welcome to Pharmacology! Jenny Hayes, PA-C Rosalind Franklin School of Health Sciences, North Chicago, Il.

Capsules Medication released over period of time Tiny beads designed for release or disintegration at different times Swallow whole Also called time-release or delayed-action Never open— overdose may occur due to altered absorption rates Gelcaps Soft gelatin shells made/ in one piece Hold a liquid form of medication Do not chew!—medicine often tastes unpleasant Can squeeze into oral cavity, following physician’s advice May stick to inside of mouth if mouth is dry Troche or Lozenge Hard /


ADMINISTRATION OF MEDICATIONS. Alteration in health related to acute or chronic conditions lead clients to seek relief of symptoms through various treatments.

body can also be a criteria for its classification; e.g. sedatives, antianxiety drugs etc. Forms of Drugs S olids Capsule- powder, liquid or oil form of medication enclosed in a gelatine shell. Tablet-a powdered form of medication compressed into a hard small disk or cylinder. May be a variety of colours or sizes. Enteric coated tablets are covered with a substance that/


Plankton Summary Plankton can’t control their location and are moved about by wind, waves, currents and tides. Plankton are usually grouped by size, ranging.

Foraminifera (calcareous – all latitudes) Radiolaria: spherical, amoeboid cells with silica capsule; 50 µm to several mm; contribute to silica ooze sediments, feed/; naked forms more abundant but hard to study (delicate!); tintinnids: sub-group of ciliates with vase-like external shell made of protein; herbivores Protists:/ mackerel, salmon, tuna) and whales (Antarctica) Amphipoda Amphipoda (parasites of gelatinous plankton) http://www.imagequest3d.com/catalogue/deepsea/images/l038_jpg.jpg Euphasids (krill)/


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