Ppt on conservation of wildlife and forests

EEP 101/econ 125:Market for Environmental services (ES) and poverty DAVID ZILBERMAN.

in annual pay How much they want in annual pay Features of the forest to be preserved Features of the forest to be preserved Trees Trees Location Location Wildlife Wildlife Soil erosion protection and water purification Soil erosion protection and water purification Management activities :Forest ES fund Ranking proposals Ranking proposals Likelihood of deforestation Likelihood of deforestation Value of contribution of forest Value of contribution of forest Are the tree rare Are the tree rare Soil erosion/

Chapter 17 Land Resources. Overview of Chapter 17 o Land Use World land use World land use US land use US land use o Wilderness Park and Wildlife Refuges.

o Mission To preserve lands and waters for the conservation of fishes, wildlife and plants of the US To preserve lands and waters for the conservation of fishes, wildlife and plants of the US o Recreation (including hunting and fishing) are permitted Cannot impede conservation efforts Cannot impede conservation efforts Forests o Role in Hydrologic Cycle (right) o Forest Management o Deforestation o Forest Trends in the US o Trends in Tropical Forests o Boreal Forests Succession o How has/

Paradigm for Public Lands Public lands are not historical accidents They represent the outcomes of decisions that we have collectively made to produce.

military bases that have been closed U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 93,628,302 acres of land 5,418 buildings Digest of Federal Resource Laws National Wildlife Refuge Legislation National Wildlife Refuges Fisheries and Habitat Conservation Endangered Species Program Duck Stamps U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Budget Laws and Regulations Ecological Services Program provides national leadership for the conservation of species and the habitats on which they depend, including species protected by/

Identifying potential wildlife impacts of biomass production for bioenergy: future landscape scenarios in a case study of planned biomass co-firing in.

in Wisconsin Evaluate habitat suitability for a suite of wildlife species of Greatest Conservation Need in Wisconsin – construct habitat suitability indices; produce habitat suitability maps for future scenarios & current land use/land cover – from paired maps generate difference maps to indicate changes in habitat suitability (+/- and neutral) between present & future landscapes for each focal species Present Landscape Future Scenario A Difference Maps Present landscape Future/

Chapter 18 Land Resources. Overview of Chapter 18 o Land Use World land use World land use US land use US land use o Wilderness Park and Wildlife Refuges.

preserve lands and waters for the conservation of fishes, wildlife and plants of the US To preserve lands and waters for the conservation of fishes, wildlife and plants of the US o Recreation (including hunting and fishing) are permitted Cannot impede conservation efforts Cannot impede conservation efforts Forests o Role in Hydrologic Cycle (right) o Forest Management o Deforestation o Forest Trends in the US o Trends in Tropical Forests o Boreal Forests Forest Management o Traditional Forest Management Low/

Conserving Wildlife &  Wildlife Habitat. Next Generation Science / Common Core Standards Addressed!  HS ‐ LS2 ‐ 7. Design, evaluate, and refine a.

set up to protect timber and water as part of the federal forest conservation policy of 1891.  It has been estimated that the national forests contain 60% of the nation’s wildlife.  Today the Forest Service manages 191 million acres of forest and grass land. Examples of Federal Action to Protect Wildlife What are some examples of wildlife conservation management?  Bird banding is used to provide information on migration routes and the numbers of birds that survive each year/


, biking, and wildlife in natural areas of the PA Highlands. 12 state parks, 20 land trust or land conservancy preserves, 10 county park systems, 2 natural heritage areas, 6 wild and scenic rivers, and hundreds of miles of trails 95 miles of Class A trout streams and 520 Fish & Boat commission streams There are 30,976 acres of State Game Lands, 90,890 acres in 2 state forests and 30,838 acres of state/

Sustaining Wild Species Chapter 16. Review: Explain the difference in genetic diversity, species richness, and ecosystem diversity.

% are animals. Hawaii leads this list (298+). Each year about 85 species are added to the list Requires all commercial shipments of wildlife and wildlife products enter or leave the country through one of nine designated ports. Wild Bird Conservation Act Imposed a moratorium on importing rare bird species Magnuson Fisheries Management and Conservation Act Gives the federal government authority to manage fisheries in the zone between 3/

Chapter 18 Land Resources. Overview of Chapter 18 o Land Use World land use World land use US land use US land use o Wilderness Park and Wildlife Refuges.

preserve lands and waters for the conservation of fishes, wildlife and plants of the US To preserve lands and waters for the conservation of fishes, wildlife and plants of the US o Recreation (including hunting and fishing) are permitted Cannot impede conservation efforts Cannot impede conservation efforts Forests o Role in Hydrologic Cycle (right) o Forest Management o Deforestation o Forest Trends in the US o Trends in Tropical Forests o Boreal Forests MANAGING AND SUSTAINING FORESTS o Forests provide a/

Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) Dean Krehbiel Resource Conservationist Enhancements.

the Plant Diversity and Structure of Non- Cropped Areas for Wildlife Food and Habitat ANM 09 Grazing Management to Improve Wildlife Habitat ANM 10 Harvest Hay to Allow Wildlife Escape ANM 11 Patch Burning to Enhance Wildlife Habitat ANM 12 Shallow Water Habitat ANM 13 Non-Forested Riparian Zone Enhancement for Fish and Wildlife ANM 14 Riparian Forest Buffer, Terrestrial, and Aquatic Wildlife Habitat ANM 15 Forest Stand Improvement for Habitat and Soil Quality Animals/

Beyond the countryside lie the lands largely uninhabited or undisturbed by man. These remote mountains, forests, and deserts include the remnants of primeval.

Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) to sustain the widest possible range of native wildlife in their natural habitats. This system includes more than five million acres of land established as WMAs and Wildlife and Environmental Areas (WEAs).” http://www.myfwc.com/RECREATION/WMASites_WhatAreWMAs.htm Public Lands Common theme of Refuges & WMA’s? Refuge problems –Funding –Hunting & fishing –People (ecotourism) –Wildlife leaving refuge –Conflicting mandates (U.S Fish & Wildlife Service) Public Lands Forests/

Business and Environment Introduction It is a well known fact that business is a great force for wealth creation and is the basis of economy. It is also.

the environment and safeguard forests and wildlife in the country and protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, wildlife and have compassion for living creatures’ 1980Forest Conservation ActControl diversion of forest land for non-forestry use. 1981The Forest Survey of IndiaTo assess forest cover for planning and monitoring purposes. 1985Ministry of Environment Nodal agency for planning, coordination and imple- and Forestsmentation of environmental and forestry programmes/

BIODIVERSITY Endangered Species Policy Reform. Introduction Canada is one of the largest countries in the world, and is one of the few places left in.

. It is important to identify these to ensure the protection and conservation of Canada’s wildlife species. And furthermore, to find solutions to improve upon past legislation, to ensure that Canada’s wildlife is protected indefinitely. The government of Canada has made efforts towards protecting and conserving endangered species in Canada. It acknowledges the need for legislation to protect and conserve its wildlife. However species extinction is still an imminent problem facing/

AFRICA BIODIVERSITY COLLABORATIVE GROUP (ABCG): Working Together to Help Conserve Africas Biodiversity.

CI- Hotspots & Tropical Wilderness Areas IUCN- USA Multilateral Office WCS- Living Landscapes and Research WRI- Environmental Accountability WWF- Ecoregions AWF Heartlands Heartlands are large African landscapes of exceptional wildlife and natural value extending across state, private and community lands. AWF joins with landholders, governments and others in the Heartlands to conserve wild species, communities and natural processes. AWF Heartlands Samburu Samburu Maasai Steppe Maasai Steppe Kilimanjaro/

Conservation Programs Responding to the Expectations and Challenges of Joint Venture Implementation Science & Technology Swainson’s Warbler Prothonotary.

the Biological Efficiency and Effectiveness of Conservation Actions: PROTECTION National Wildlife Refuge State Wildlife Mgt Area Wetland Reserve Program Ducks Unlimited Easement “Forest Protection” Decision Support Model Protect Remaining Core? Protect Forest Buffer? Protect Extant Forest in Close Proximity to Core? Assessing Conservation Status - Management ? Forest Inventory Analysis (FIA) Forest Management Tracking System Conservation Programs Realizing the Expectations and Challenges of Joint Venture/


NORTHEAST REGION HABITAT VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT Hector Galbraith National Wildlife Federation NORTHEASTERN REGIONAL VA – SCALE AND OBJECTIVES  13 states and DC  260,000 miles 2  map variation in habitat vulnerabilities across region  provide states with regional context for conservation decisions  Identify adaptation options  Build capacities within state agencies NEAFWA REGIONAL VA - PROCESS 1. Convene expert panel of state, federal, NGO personnel 2. Develop predictive habitat vulnerability model/

Chirag Tamboli. National Institutes of Health (NIH)  The NIH is part of the US Health and Human Services  It is made up of 27 institutes and centers.

burdens of illness and disability Land and Water Conservation Act 1965  This was legislation designed to regulate access to land for the use of American citizens for the betterment of their health  The purpose is to assist in preserving, developing and allowing accessibility to outdoor recreation resources  It was established to prevent too much private ownership of land  This act emphases the recreation and the protection of parks and protected forest and wildlife areas/

Chapter 11 Ecosystems as Resources. Ecosystems perform natural services Normally functioning ecosystems provide _____ natural goods and services Normally.

Consumers can choose wood products that have been ________ harvested Consumers can choose wood products that have been ________ harvested National Forest Management Principle Multiple Use: 1950s and 1960s, extracting resources, _______, protection of wildlife and rivers. Multiple Use: 1950s and 1960s, extracting resources, _______, protection of wildlife and rivers. Was supposed to be balanced, but _________ was emphasized Was supposed to be balanced, but _________ was emphasized Government/

PEOPLE’S COMMITTEE OF DIEN BIEN PROVINCE E – LESON PLAN COMPETITION Basic English 10: Unit 10: CONSERVATION January 20 th, 2015 Dien Bien boarding school,

unpleasant thing to see a great forest fire. A forest fire destroys valuable wood, wildlife and good soil. English 10 Unit 10: Conservation - Listening A campfire near a heap of leaves may easily cause a forest fire. In late summer, fire is the greatest danger to forests, and sometimes people are not allowed to go into them All of us must care for our great forests and save them from fire. It/

Sustaining Wild Species Chapter 16. Review: Explain the difference in genetic diversity, species richness, and ecosystem diversity.

– Zoos, aquariums, botanical gardens, seed banks Reintroducing endangered species to nature 2. Species Approach Identify endangered species and give them legal protection Preserve and manage crucial habitats Ex situ conservation – Zoos, aquariums, botanical gardens, seed banks Reintroducing endangered species to nature Three Techniques of Conservation Biology 3. Wildlife Management Approach Manages game species by: – Using laws to regulate hunting – Establishing harvest quotas – Developing population/

INTRODUCTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES The word environment is derived from the French word “Environ” meaning Surroundings. Every organisms is surrounded.

.kms. Exist within reserves For tourism without affecting environment Protect, propagate and develop the wildlife Grazing is strictly prohibited Private rights and forestry activities are also prohibited WILDLIFE SANCTUARIES: Area reserved for conservation of animals only.there are 492 in our country It protects animals only Allows timber extraction and collection of forest products Private ownership rights and forestry operations which will affect animals adversely are allowed Killing, hunting, shooting/

An Overview of Rayonier - Southeast Forest Resources’ Sustainable Forestry ® Initiative (SFI) Program Dan Roach Land Services Manager 2003 BELL Conference.

Agencies Universities (e.g., Clemson, Yale, NC State, Duke) SFI Program Supporters American Forests American Tree Farm System ® American Legislative Exchange Council The Conservation Fund Council of State Governments Ducks Unlimited Longleaf Alliance Nat’l Asc. of Professional Forestry Schools & Colleges National Association of State Foresters National Fish and Wildlife Foundation *one environmental/conservation position on the SFB has not yet been filled SFI Program Supporters (cont’d) National/

Environmental Sciences. Water and Soil Understanding and Conservation.

 Class VIII land is best suited for wildlife and recreation Soil Mapping  Soils have future been classified by the identification and naming of similar soils throughout the U.S.  This has been accomplished by the Natural Resources Conservation Service.  Areas that have been mapped have free copies of the maps available.  Sampson County does have a county map. Soil conservation and enhancement  The biggest threat to our land/

BET India Module 1 Understanding the Links between Ecosystem Services and Business Main Presentation December 2012.

Act, 1927, Amendment 1984  Enacted to consolidate the law related to forest, the transit of forest produce, and the duty leviable on timber and other forest produce.  Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980, amended 1988  Was adopted to protect and conserve forests. The Act restricts the power of the state in respect of de-reservation of forests and use of forest land for non-forest purposes.  Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 and Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act 1991  Provides protection to listed flora/

Land Use, Forests, and Wilderness. History of Land Use Native Americans –Practiced sustainable forms of hunting, gathering, and use of wild resources.

Managed by the US Forest Service –www.fs.fed.uswww.fs.fed.us May be used for multiple things –Timber, grazing, recreation, wildlife conservation managed using –Principle of sustainable yield –Principle of multiple use Principle of Sustainable Yield Potentially renewable resources shouldn’t be harvested or used faster than they are replenished Moderately Restricted-Use Lands Consists of wildlife refuges Managed by the US Fish and Wildlife Service 25% is/

Delhi State Legal Services Authority Summer Internship 2016 Emphasis on Environmental Laws (Soil & Wildlife) Group VI.

provides a powerful legal framework for:  Prohibition of hunting  Protection and management of wildlife habitats  Establishment of protected areas  Regulation and control of trade in parts and products derived from wildlife The Government of India has introduced various types of legislation in response to the growing destruction of wildlife and forests. These are - Offences under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 Offences of hunting, picking, uprooting, etc. of specified plants) Sections – 9, 17A, 2/

Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings PowerPoint ® Slides prepared by Jay Withgott and Heidi Marcum Copyright © 2008.

to the forest, a vital source of seeds for native plants. Without lions and other large predators, there could be an explosion in mid- size predators in the park, causing populations of native songbirds to nose- dive. Where the $40 million to buy the habitat corridor came from: State Department of Parks and Recreation $4.7 million, California Transportation Commission Transportation Enhancement Act $15 million, Wildlife Conservation Board/

Entire Year Environmental Review. SUSTAINABLE To use resources in such a way as to meet needs now and provide for needs in the future. Without depleting.

to engineering operations, methods of cultivation, growing of vegetation and other land uses as preventative measures. Subsequent amendments set goals of decreasing soil erosion and maintaining the navigability of rivers. Amendments authorized the Secretary of Agriculture to develop 10-year agreements with farmers for changes in cropping patterns and land use to conserve soil, water, forest, wildlife and recreational resources, and stipulated related procedures. Ecology Study of how organisms interact with/

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Conserving the Nature of America Selecting Species as Drivers of Landscape-scale Conservation.

more strategic conservation of open pine habitats. Guide decisions – where, when, how, and why to undertake conservation actions. Comprehensive landscape analysis; application of conservation biology principles (patch size, fire, viability, juxtaposition). Maximize conservation benefits for birds and other wildlife. Use of Surrogate Species East Gulf Coastal Plain U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Conserving the Nature of America Use of Surrogate Species Lower Mississippi Valley Forest Breeding Bird Decision/

Madison Valley Conservation Assessment. Madison Valley Study Area.

through improved design through travel corridors. So What? Madison County Planning Board (decision support tool, conservation overlay) Forest Service Management Plans Madison Valley Futuring Committee Individual Landowners Fine-scale analysis Area Growth 1905 - 2005 1905 - 2005 Maps and Animation Compliments of the Sonoran Institute Predicted Loss of Wildlife Habitat Predicted loss of grizzly bear habitat using growth projections for 2025 Major supporters M.J. Murdock Charitable Trust/

Land Section #3: Land Management & Conservation. Farmlands land used to grow crops or fruit 100 million hectares in the U.S. threatened by development.

& Wildlife Can Coexist Benefits of Protected Areas many more species would already be extinct without the protection of the national & private parks and preserves around the world for some, these are the only remains of unspoiled forests, /conservation efforts to protect these lands & the growing & increasingly mobile populations as more people visit these parks & wilderness areas each year, they leave their mark on the land litter, pollution, & traffic jams that once were a city woe now plague many of/

Brian Gratwicke USFWS Biological Planning An Overview of the Context and Processes Northeast Region Biologist’s Conference Baltimore, Maryland 15 February.

scientific credibility, transparency, and accountability Why Do We Need Population Objectives? National Wildlife Refuges National Forests State Wildlife Mgt Areas Wetland Reserve Program Public Lands Reforested Hydrology Restoration – Public Hydrology Restoration – Private Conservation Reserve Program 739,518 61,199 1,147,285 318,845 66,887 161,078 210,328 203,146 Conservation Estate TOTAL -2,908,286 Target: Landscapes capable of sustaining populations of Trust species range/

Biodiversity 4 unit.

approaches of biodiversity conservation In situ conservation Ex situ conservation In Situ conservation This is achieved by protection of wild flora and fauna in nature itself.eg Biosphere reserves, National parks, Sancturies, Reserve forests etc The Biosphere reserves conserve some representative ecosystems as a whole for long term in situ conservation. Gulf of mannar, Nilgiri, Sunderbans, Nanda devi are few biosphere reserves A National park is an area dedicated for the conservation of wildlife/

Maintaining Wildlife Habitat in Southeastern Alaska: Implications of New Knowledge for Forest Management and Research Thomas A. Hanley, Winston P. Smith,

strategies for old-growth forests Finding timber-harvest alternatives to clearcutting Finding timber-harvest alternatives to clearcutting Managing habitat for “subsistence” harvest of black-tailed deer Managing habitat for “subsistence” harvest of black-tailed deer Minimizing effects of tourism on sensitive species of wildlife Minimizing effects of tourism on sensitive species of wildlife Future research, development, and application 1997 TLMP conservation strategy focused on MIS and old-growth reserves/

The North American Bird Conservation Initiative and Integrated Bird Conservation Northeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies.

Survey The Nature Conservancy Waterbird Conservation for the Americas USDA Forest Service Partners in Flight Association of Joint Venture Management Boards American Bird Conservancy Migratory Shore and Upland Game Bird Working Group Wildlife Management Institute What is Integrated Bird Conservation? A process to integrate across…  Taxonomic groups: Integrate biological needs of all birds of concern through landscape conservation design. Incorporate conservation needs of other wildlife with similar habitat/

“The conservation objective in the Mississippi Alluvial Valley is to provide forested habitat capable of supporting sustainable populations of all forest.

of supporting sustainable populations of all forest dependant wildlife species.” Purpose of Report of the FRCWG To define desired forest conditions that result from management of bottomland hardwood forests where the primary objective is the conservation of wildlife To provide technical recommendations for the restoration of bottomland hardwood forest on areas that have been converted to non-forested land uses (e.g., agriculture) that reflect the cumulative knowledge and experiences of land managers and/


related to learning and teaching about wildlife. Utilitarian values are characteristics of wildlife that make them useful to humans Commercial values are qualities of wildlife that make them economically valuable. Wildlife and Nature Tourism Sabah’s main tourist attractions are its natural habitats, wildlife and conservation products, with a unique mix of marine, lowland forest, and mountainous environments (‘from top to bottom’). Tourism revenue generated by wildlife and other nature attractions/

SAWEN Update BHUTAN Sonam Wangchuk, Chief Wildlife Conservation Division, Bhutan Second Meeting of South Asia Expert Group on Illegal Wildlife Trade –

Wildlife Conservation Division, Bhutan Second Meeting of South Asia Expert Group on Illegal Wildlife Trade – Paro, Location of Bhutan BHUTAN Tibet India Tibet plateau (100 to 300 mm) Nepal Bangladesh 90 o E 98 o E 30 o N 20 o N Southern foot hills (5000 mm) Bhutan straddles two biogeographic realms - Indomalayan (Oriental) region consisting of the lowland subtropical forests of South and Southeast Asia - Palearctic realms consisting of/

Appendix VI Example of SES Concept Map for H-W Conflicts in Bhutan This approach to SES concept mapping is based on the conceptual modeling of coupled.

Bridge – Cornell University Key: IndividualsEnergy NutrientsMaterials CapitalInfrastructure Biophysical Resources: PPAs: Wildlife & Landscapes Agricultural Lands Socio-economic Resources: Rural Areas Urban Areas Cultural Resources Conservation Bridge – Cornell University Appendix VI-E LINKAGES CONNECTING CRITICAL RESOURCES & SOCIAL SYSTEM Social Institutions Ministry of Bhutan Trust Agric. & Forests Fund Parliamentary Bhutan Democracy Constitution Gross NationalBhutan Power Happiness Corporation K-12/


Mexico Public Sector U.S. Department of Agriculture: Forest Service, Coronado National Forest Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station Natural Resources Conservation Service, Arizona and New Mexico Hidalgo Soil and Water Conservation District Whitewater Draw Natural Resource Conservation District U.S. Department of Interior: Bureau of Land Management, Las Cruces and Gila Districts Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Department of Homeland Security: Border Patrol/Customs Arizona State/

Environmental History of the United States

needed resources. Preservationists (Muir)- wanted wilderness areas on public lands to be left untouched. What Happened Between 1930 and 1960? Franklin D. Roosevelt Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)- planted trees, developed and maintained parks and recreation areas, flood control, protect wildlife Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)- replant forests Soil Conservation Act of 1935- established to fix erosion problems from the dust bowl The Environmental Era (1960-2002) 1962- Rachel Carson/


utility or required to overcome limitations due to gravity NON-LINEAR EXCEPTIONS Only allows alterations to buffers of wetlands, aquatic areas and wildlife habitat conservation areas; not to the critical area itself Exception for category II, III or IV wetland for / for activities that are repeated Seasonal clearing limits Soil retention requirements Class IV-G Forest Practices – Creates a special category of Class IV-G forest practice that is not a conversion to a non-forestry use Expand clearing limits /

National, State and Local Funding Sources for Conservation Easements Montana Association of Land Trusts Montana Conservation Easement Conference for Financial,

in 1965 Uses revenues from offshore oil and gas leasing and reinvests them in onshore conservation Federal Funding Sources Forest Legacy Voluntary program of US Forest Service Provides grants to states for the purchase of easements and fee acquisition of environmentally-sensitive or threatened forest lands. Federal Funding Sources N. American Wetland Conservation Act (NAWCA) Goal is to protect habitat for wetlands-associated migratory birds and other wildlife. Mitigation Funding Sources Montana Aquatic/

Land Resources.

Overview Land Use Wilderness Park and Wildlife Refuges Forests World land use US land use Wilderness Park and Wildlife Refuges National Parks Wildlife Refuge Forests Forest management Deforestation Rangeland and Agricultural Land Wetlands and Coastal Areas Conservation of Land Resources Land Use- Worldwide Land Use- United States Military lands and research facilities not included Land Use- United States 55% of US land is privately owned by citizens corporations and non-profit organizations 3% owned/

WLFW Gopher Tortoise Update Galon Hall NRCS Working Lands for Wildlife Coordinator 202-690-1588

$35,927 Herbaceous Weed Control315ac.1787,277$885,734$173,346 Conservation Cover327ac.9111$19,856$0 Prescribed Burning338ac.737121,079$2,193,192/Wildlife Habitat- Restore and Management643ac.22422,343$707,841$14,825 Wildlife Upland Habitat Management645ac.39189,864$13,055$0 Wildlife Habitat, Early Successional647ac.463,427$204,785$8,740 Forest Harvest Trails&Landings655ac.18713$18,141$0 Forest Stand Improvement666ac.16922,519$1,352,971$172,206 Evaluation of Initiatives: Internal Review assess the status and/


infrastructure that inhibits local investments Vast underutilized resources with scanty information Conflict zone – livestock/wildlife/agriculture Potential for high value non-wood forest products (NWFP) Unsustainable forest resource exploitation associated with high levels of poverty and low input agriculture. A case for Osylis lanceoratus (saddle wood) Source of data: International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Dryland forestry potential 1. A. senegal for gum arabic Dryland forestry potential/

History of Wildlife Management

Designed first migratory bird hunting stamp President National Wildlife Federation Past Leaders of Wildlife Conservation Gifford Pinchot Promoted forest stewardship Head of U.S. Forest Service Aldo Leopold Contributions to wildlife ecology Wrote: Game Management Types of Legislation to Protect Wildlife Habitat Game Fish Wildlife commerce Threatened and Endangered species Animal Damage Policies and Legislation for Conservation of Wildlife Resources in the United States 1872: Land set aside for Yellowstone/

Careers for Graduates of OSU ’ s Natural Resource Ecology and Management Department.

The Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation employs many OSU graduates. Positions are available as wildlife or fisheries biologists, area managers, and game wardens. The Information and Education Division and the Division of Natural Resources also employs OSU graduates. Federal Government Employers National Park Service U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service U.S. Forest Service Bureau of Land Management Bureau of Indian Affairs USDA Agriculture/

DANGER TO WILDLIFE AND SOME POSSIBLE REMEDIES. Bio Diversity of Pakistan Wildlife of Pakistan is a mix of species of diverse origins. Pakistan is home.

tourism.  Growth in vehicle pollution  Wildlife road fatalities  Damage of the natural habitat of birds and animals.  Increase in wildfires INDIAN BISONS KILLED Govt role in conservation of wildlifeWildlife protection act 1972  Project tiger 1972-73  Forest protection act 1980-88  Anti poaching agencies State wildlife dept State forest dept Ministry of environment and forest Army (IF APPLICABLE) Police Border security force Coast guards  Wildlife conservation society PROJECT TIGER  Project Tiger/

The importance of nontimber values [of forests] is dramatized in the provocative assertion that modern civilization could get along without wood, but not.

Wildlife Can wildlife and the production of forest products coexist? Do we need forestry? The case of the Tropics –Are Protected Areas enough? Forests & Wildlife Incentive Programs Federal/Farm Bill –USDA Forest Service Community Forest & Open Space Program (CFOSP) Healthy Forest Reserve Program (HFRP) Cooperative Forest Innovation Partnership Grants (CFIPG) Cooperative Conservation Partnership Initiative (CCPI) Other “farm” programs Forests & Wildlife Incentive Programs Federal –USDA Forest Service Forest/

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