Ppt on air pollution for class 11

CE 3231 - Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science Readings for This Class: 5.5-5.6 O hio N orthern U niversity Introduction Chemistry, Microbiology.

for This Class: 5.5-5.6 O hio N orthern U niversity Introduction Chemistry, Microbiology & Material Balance Water & Air Pollution Env Risk Management Introduction to Air Quality Every breath we take is affected by air quality. This lecture serves to introduce students to topics within air pollution/September 2006 From September 21-30, 2006 the average area of the ozone hold was the largest ever observed. 11.4 million square miles (Area of USA: 3.5 million square miles) http://www.nasa.gov/vision/earth//


Chapter 3: Air pollution control laws and regulations, Air pollution control philosophies.

industrial world from 1863-1970 In U.S air pollution law two sections are "pure" emission standards New source performance standard "NSPS" NESHAP 3.3.11: Advantages and disadvantages of emissions standard The cost effectiveness of the emission standard philosophy is bad. i.e. if the same emission standard were applied for a specific class of emitters, for both remote location and in those in industrial/


Environmental Inquiry Tues., 1/25/11 Objectives: 1.Determine how the water cycle plays a role in balancing the environment. 2.Describe the process of the.

if there was no rain? Explain! 2.Go Over Sections 1 & 2 3.Class Marker Test 1 4.Video: Unit II - Atmosphere 5.Answer Questions 6.HW: Finish Questions Physics - Mon., 1/31/11 Objectives: 1.Explain how Newton’s 1st Law applies to objects at rest or/problems Agenda: 1.BW: How do humans contribute to air pollution? Name several. 2.Acid Rain Lab 3.Gather day 1 data 4.Write introduction and procedure for lab 5.HW: Finish Intro and Procedure Physics - Tues., 2/8/11 Objectives: 1.Explain how Newton’s 1st Law applies/


Columbia River Gorge Commission Meeting January 13, 2015 Vancouver WA Air Quality/Visibility Update on Columbia River Gorge Oregon Department of Environmental.

for sound - based on what is a “perceptible” change to the naked eye.  1 deciview is perceptible to most people.  0.5 deciview is “limit of perceptible change” 8 What is Regional Haze? Air pollution/National Park Visibility 101 20 dv = 35 miles What is Regional Haze? 11 BEST WORST West 35-90 miles East 15-30 miles Average Visibility in /closed 2009) Eastside Wishram site Current Gorge monitoring map Portland 40 Mt. Hood Class I Area site View from Wishram monitor site Looking southwest Looking southwest Mt./


1 Air Pollution – NOTES are in BOLD Thank God men cannot fly, and lay waste the sky as well as the earth. - Henry David Thoreau.

higher than normal mortality rates for 10 years afterwards. 10 Noon in Donora Air Pollution History The London Smog of 1952  London naturally has very calm air, and regularly experiences thick / to be around 12,000. 11 The London Smog of 1952 As a result of this disaster, London passed its own Clean Air Act. One of the specific changes/ The last page will be completed in class after notes Presentations will be Friday! Rubric for Broadcast Look on the back of your Air Quality Broadcast packet - you will see a/


US Environmental Protection Agency Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards (OAQPS) July 20, 2011 Major New Source Review (NSR) Rule Webinar Tribal.

for 3 pollutants: NO 2, PM, and SO 2 20 Application: Class I Area Impact Analysis  Evaluation of NAAQS, PSD increments and Air Quality Related Values (AQRVs) when a major source’s emissions may affect a Class I area  Class I Area – areas reserved for special air/ with a total storage capacity exceeding 300,000 barrels 10. Sulfuric acid plants24. Taconite ore processing plants 11. Nitric acid plants25. Glass fiber processing plants 12. Petroleum refineries26. Charcoal production plants 13. Lime plants27/


Government agencies share in dealing with air pollution Federal ◦Managed through Environment Canada (primarily) ◦1999: Canadian Environmental Protection.

11 million people BEIJING | Mon Oct 21, 2013 1:57am EDT (Reuters) - Choking smog all but shut down one of northeastern Chinas largest cities on Monday, forcing schools to suspended classes, snarling traffic and closing the airport, in the countrys first major air Pollution/◦The ozone layer is beginning to recover Challenges still face us ◦CFCs will remain in the stratosphere for a long time ◦Nations can ask for exemptions to the ban  United States to use methyl bromide to control pests on strawberries 14- /


Assumption Development Document: Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative Analysis Prepared by: ICF Consulting For: Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI)

determines the least cost means of complying with the specified air pollution regulations: –Multiple environmental compliance requirements are evaluated simultaneously - e.g., SO 2, NO X, CO 2, Hg. –Determines optimal compliance for the system from a comprehensive range of choices including: new/ state load, from NY RPS Order. The percentage applicable to the 6 obligated LSEs is higher. State Program2005201020152020 CT Class 11.50%7.00% NJ- Class 1 Main Tier0.74%4.30%6.59%8.88% NY- Main Tier * 4.05%6.43% MD /


Air Pollution G. Tyler Miller’s Living in the Environment 14 th Edition Chapter 20 G. Tyler Miller’s Living in the Environment 14 th Edition Chapter 20.

with amendments in 1977 and 1990. Establishing air pollution regulations enforced by the states. Original law very optimistic for clean air Clean Air Act Clean Air Act: National Ambient Air Standards (NAAQS) for 6 criteria pollutants Risk assessment for levels of outdoor pollutants EPA is lead federal authority (EPA created in 1970) Clean Air Act: National Ambient Air Standards (NAAQS) for 6 criteria pollutants Risk assessment for levels of outdoor pollutants EPA is lead federal authority (EPA/


Contamination & pollution This Project Prepared by :  Menna tallah khaled  Salwa Sameh Bakr  Nourhan Mustafa THE PRESENTATION PROJECT 1.

such as noise, heat or light. Pollutants : The components of pollution, can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants. Pollution is often classed as point source or nonpoint source pollution. 3 Health is a state of /potentially useful materials, reduce the consumption of fresh raw materials, reduce energy usage, reduce air pollution and water pollution by reducing the need for "conventional" waste disposal, and lower greenhouse gas emissions as compared to plastic production /


Apes Practice Exam 2 Directions: Each group of lettered answer choices refers to the numbered statements of questions that immediately follow. For each.

from scratch. By recycling soda cans, the energy used and air pollution is 95% less than that used for the production of cans from pure bauxite ore. Each aluminum/ the District of Columbia, and the erection of monuments to the memory of individuals; 11. Mineral land laws and claims and entries there under; 12. Mineral resources of public/ occur in the United States so far. 83. An AP Environmental Science class was investigating the estimation of population size through the Lincoln-Peterson capture-recapture /


Management of National Air Quality  Emission Standards  Air Quality Standards  Pollution Taxes  Cost - Benefit Analysis  Risk Standards.

provide “Emission Offsets”. National Emission Standards For Hazardous Pollutants (NESHAPS) 1.Beryllium 2.Mercury 3.Vinyl Chloride 4.Radio nuclides 5.Benzene 6.Asbestos 7.Others Proposed Clean Air Acts Amendments of 1990 The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 are divided into 11 sections: TITLE I- Attainment of National Ambient Air Quality Standards TITLE II - Mobile Sources TITLE III - Air Toxics TITLE IV - Acid Deposition TITLE/


1. Plan Definition Type aspects of pollution Causes Consequences How can we save the world 2.

Air pollution comes from both natural and human-made (anthropogenic) sources. However, globally human-made pollutants from combustion, construction, mining, agriculture and warfare are increasingly significant in the air pollution equation.[11] Motor vehicle emissions are one of the leading causes of air pollution/noise pollution the dominant source class is the motor vehicle, producing about ninety percent of all unwanted noise worldwide. 22 Consequenses 23 Poor quality?? Air in big cities problematic for /


AIR QUALITY REGULATIONS – Part 1. O BJECTIVES Air Quality Regulations in U.S. What are Air Quality Standards? What is a PSD program? Discuss various Clean.

Air Amendments, Air Pollution Laws were sometimes similar to Water Pollution Laws H ISTORY OF A IR Q UALITY R EGULATIONS 1955 : Research for scope and sources of air pollution 1963: Research for techniques to minimize air pollution /and enjoyment of property Private Nuisance:  Only the plaintiff or a small, well defined class of plaintiffs are affected  Plaintiff(s) could take action Public Nuisance  Many people /0 (6.0)-7.5 (5.6)-0.8 (0.6) 8 ≤ kW < 19 (11 ≤ hp < 25) Tier 120006.6 (4.9)-9.5 (7.1)-0.8 (0.6/


` Area IV: Pollution IVA1: Air Pollution. ` 20-2 Outdoor Air Pollution Outdoor air pollution comes mostly from natural sources and burning fossil fuels.

, types of air pollutants ` 20-2 Outdoor Air Pollution l air pollution, cont.  cities generally have higher pollution levels than rural areas; winds can carry pollutants to other areas  can infiltrate indoor air  high-risk human health problem  most people exposed to poor air live in developing countries  six conventional air pollutants have maximum standards of allowable concentrations set by governments of developed countries ` Table 20-1 Major classes of air pollutants Class Carbon oxides Sulfur/


Urban Air Quality and its Management in China, P.R. LI Xinmin State Environmental Protection Administration 27 September 2006.

in these areas. The acid deposition is much higher than the environmental capacity in these areas. Air quality challenges from the power sector in the 11 th Five-Year Plan period  In 2005, the national power generation capacity was 512 million /2005) NAAQS Class II NO 2 limit = 80µg/m 3 Air Quality Management Policies (1) The Environmental Protection Law (EPL) of PRC adopted in 1989 is the country ’ s primary law that provides the legal framework for the prevention and control of pollution The Environmental/


SIP 101 Introduction to Air Quality Planning Module 1: Understanding Regulatory Requirements and Processes Version August 1, 2015 Developed by the University.

strategies – Understand the source/fate/transport/background of air pollution within the jurisdiction in the context of Federal air pollution laws – Inventory emissions sources and control technologies within the S/L/T jurisdiction – Issue and enforce permits to polluters – Center of communication for stakeholder processes SIP 101 - Introduction to Air Quality Planning: Module 1 11 The Clean Air Act (CAA) Reference(s): Air Pollution Training Institute (APTI), General SIP Requirements, Pt/


Geog. 309: Urban Environmental Pollution Lecture 1- The Urban Ecosystem “Cities are nodes of man’s greatest impact on nature, the places where he has most.

and maintain a stead state. Example: Population-air pollution-discomfort and disease- mortality Urban environment is divided into two classes: 1.cultural (formed by man; it comprises/The Metabolism of Greater London Amount per year Industrial and demolition wastes 11,400,000 Household, civic, and commercial wastes3,900,000 Wet, digested//content/investigations/es0103/es0103page02.cfm Table 3. Population, Land Area, and Density for the 20 Largest Cities: 1990 RankCity Population (thousands) Land area (sq. /


Soil / Groundwater Pollution & Remediation 1 Soil Environmental Chemistry Chapter 15 & 16* Why soil environmental chemistry is important? –The place where.

pollution is related to air pollution and water quality (Section 15.19, 15.20 ) ***Skip Sections 15.3 -15.5, 15.10 - 15.17 & Sections 16.9-16.11 Soil / Groundwater Pollution/Fe, Ca, Na, K, Mg Soil / Groundwater Pollution & Remediation 10 Bioavailable Elements Except for geological time, the “insoluble fraction” of total elements / usually containing Al, are one of the most significant classes of secondary minerals Soil / Groundwater Pollution & Remediation 14 Soil Minerals (Inorganic Fractions) ClaysA group/


DZERZINSK, RUSSIA Potentially affected people: 300,000 Type of pollutants: Chemicals and toxic byproducts from Cold War-era chemical weapons.

class V or worse. Furthermore, in 2004, the Huai River suffered a considerably large pollution incident with severe flooding in the upper stream. The pollution/diesel vehicles in order to cut back air pollutants. Mexico City has achieved air quality regulation standards for four of the six main pollutants: lead, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide//2003155120_hanford27m.html Lisa Stiffler and Charles Pope. “Hanford cleanup cost soars to $11.3 billion…if Congress will pay.” Seattle Post Intelligence. May 1, 2006./


Seasons. Air Pollution Review Name the bottom two layers of the atmosphere –Troposphere, stratosphere 75-80% of atmosphere’s mass is in the __ –Troposphere.

Air Act Requires EPA to set National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for six ``criteria’’ air pollutants Ozone Sulfur dioxide Lead Carbon monoxide Nitrogen dioxide Particulate matter Primary Pollutants Secondary Pollutants/ metals, paper manufacture Class: sulfur oxides EPA /air pollution Often: a GREATER threat to health than outdoor air pollution EPA studies: –11 common pollutants often 2-5x higher indoors –May be higher in cars in urban areas –People spend more time indoors Indoor air pollution/


Apes Practice Exam 2 Directions: Each group of lettered answer choices refers to the numbered statements of questions that immediately follow. For each.

from scratch. By recycling soda cans, the energy used and air pollution is 95% less than that used for the production of cans from pure bauxite ore. Each aluminum/ the District of Columbia, and the erection of monuments to the memory of individuals; 11. Mineral land laws and claims and entries there under; 12. Mineral resources of public/ occur in the United States so far. 83. An AP Environmental Science class was investigating the estimation of population size through the Lincoln-Peterson capture-recapture /


Air, Atmosphere, & Air Pollution Chapter 12. Ozone O3O3 O3O3 O3O3 O3O3 O3O3 O3O3 O3O3 O3O3 Atmosphere.

1% Water, CO 2, Argon, trace elements B. Stratosphere 1. Rises from 11 to 30 miles above sea level 2. Contains much less water and much more ozone II. Outdoor Air Pollutants A. Classes of Major Air Pollutants 1.Particulate Matter (≤ PM-10) 2.Nitrogen Oxides (NO x ) 3.Sulfur /10 Db b) Loud rock band = 100Db V. Indoor Air Pollution A. Fun Facts… there are 4 of them so don’t write too big 1. Concentrations may be many times higher than outdoors for many pollutants 2. We spend most of our time indoors, so dose /


Chapter 19 Air Pollution. Chapter Overview Questions  What layers are found in the atmosphere?  What are the major outdoor air pollutants, and where.

Smoke Carbon Monoxide Asbestos Nitrogen Oxides 1, 1, 1- Trichloroethane Particulates FormaldehydeTetrachloroethylene Para-dichlorobenzene Fig. 19-11, p. 453 INDOOR AIR POLLUTION  Household dust mites that feed on human skin and dust, live in materials such as bedding and/to install the most advanced air pollution controls. How Would You Vote? To conduct an instant in-class survey using a classroom response system, access “JoinIn Clicker Content” from the PowerLecture main menu for Living in the Environment./


ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION AIR POLLUTION. Air PollutionAir –Necessary for Existence –Colorless, odorless mixture of gases –Quality of air varies in different.

3 –That is, micrograms of particulate matter per cubic meter of air –Remember, one cubic meter air = 1000 liters air Indoor Air Quality  Clean Air Act focuses on outdoor pollution.  Much of our time spent indoors  Quality of inside air depends on how well inside air is exchanged for outside airPollutant concentrations typically larger inside than outside Indoor Air Quality Indoor Air PollutantsPollutant –Carbon Monoxide –Ozone –Formaldehyde –Nitrogen Oxides  Source –Faulty furnace, cigarette/


Transportation and “Local” Air Pollution Class 2 ECI 163 – 9/27/16.

 Motor Vehicle Pollution Control Board created First req’t for emission control technology (positive crank case ventilation)  1961 1967  California Air Resources Board created Low-Emission Vehicle Program enacted (LEV I plus ZEV)  1990 1998  Low-Emission Vehicle Program revised (LEV II) Off-road diesel emission regulations  2007 2008  On-road diesel truck retrofit req’ts LEV III plus ZEV  2012 11 US AQ/


Sponge #11 K-W-L Chart: Air pollution, acid rain, and nuclear disaster

11 K-W-L Chart: Air pollution, acid rain, and nuclear disaster Create a K-W-L chart, and under your k-column, write down anything you already know about air pollution/ Reduce Air Pollution in the UK???? The Uk has been working hard to reduce air pollution since the Great London Smog occurred. The government has: tightened emissions standards for vehicles,/down in your flipbook on the back cover (additional notes). Whole-Class CRCT Reading As a class, we will read pgs. 114-117 in CRCT workbook. Any information/


TOOLKIT FOR Hazardous Materials Transportation Education

Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code may be used, as long as HMR §171.12 and §176.11 are also followed. 49 CFR §176 is divided into Subparts A through O: A-D: general /pollutants Handling and stowage of break bulk hazmat Stowage of transport vehicles, containers, and portable tanks Hazmat transported on ferry vessels Extensive requirements for handling and stowage of explosives Requirements pertaining to hazard classes/divisions 2 through 8. Source: PHMSA, USDOT, July 2012. Carrier Requirements - Air/


Flexible Permitting Workshop

µg/m3 24 hour concentration if the source is within 10 km of a Class I area FINAL PRESENTATION 1-24-05 Determining PSD Applicability Review and define the entire/ level Streamlined “registration” and public notice for all new major units Requirement to operate and monitor air pollution control systems relied on for BACT Requirement to comply with NAAQS and /on a monthly basis Monthly emissions (tons) are summed with the preceding 11 months worth of monthly data to demonstrate PAL compliance on t rolling 12/


Strengthening the air quality management community in Asia www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia Urban Air Quality Management Capability of Selected Asian Cities.

Asia Source: Urban Air Pollution in Asian Cities (2006) - for publication AQ Monitoring Capacity in Asia Air Quality Monitoring Stations CityManualContinuous Bangkok21 Beijing24 Busan14 Colombo1 Delhi102 Dhaka1 Hanoi7 Ho Chi Minh9 Hong Kong14 Jakarta15 Kathmandu6 CityManualContinuous Kolkata125 Manila125 Mumbai22 Osaka14 Seoul27 Shanghai2321 Singapore16 Surabaya5 Taipei19 Tokyo82 Yogyakarta6 Strengthening the air quality management community in Asia www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia 11 cities undertake prediction/


Once released, pollutants are free to wander

in Air Pollution Episodes, pp. 31-46. http://www.marama.org/reports/Guide-MidAtlantic_RegAQ_Final.pdf UCAR Supporting Military Emergency Response During Hazardous Releases. http://www.meted.ucar.edu/dispersion/afwa http://www.meted.ucar.edu/dispersion/basics Reflection: Transport Question: Can we do anything about air pollution transported to our city? Action: As a class, discuss the ramifications of “living downwind” Time: 5 minutes Thanks for/


PENCEMARAN AIR DAN PENGELOLAANNYA

Nataro and James B. Kaper Clin. Microbiol. Rev. January 1998 vol. 11 no. 1 142-201 Escherichia coli is the predominant nonpathogenic facultative flora of /metals from solution. Both abiotic and biological systems include those that are classed as bactiveQ (i.e., require continuous inputs of resources to sustain/ PRINSIP-PRINSIP PENCEMARAN AIR TANAH Pollution in groundwater differs from surface water pollution in several ways Groundwater lacks oxygen but may provide environment for anaerobic bacteria Channels/


Chapter 12: Air Pollution A brief history of air pollution A brief history of air pollution Types and sources of air pollutants Types and sources of air.

directly into the atmosphere. directly into the atmosphere. Fig. 12-11, p. 338 Factors affecting air pollution dilution dilution turbulence turbulence mixing mixing “Dilution is the solution to pollution” - in the 1950s this motto led to the construction of tall smokestacks for large factories. Pollution was released higher in the atmosphere where winds were stronger. Air quality improved locally but suffered downwind.“Dilution is the solution to/


Catalyst 4/11/13  Review your water treatment plant design. Make sure you can clearly explain why you chose to include a certain structure and its purpose.

pollution? Agenda 4/11/13  Catalyst  Announcements:  HW: Read and outline pages 435 – 443. (Notebook check on Friday.)  Chapter 14 Packet DUE next Tuesday, April 16th.  Water Pollution Discussion  Chapter 14 Review Assessment Class Points P5: 12 pts (neat room) Your class can earn class points if: everyone in class:  Comes to class/ the following question for one minute. Keep notes of your discussion on Notability or Pages. What are the different types of water pollution? Water Pollution Video  http/


14 Atmospheric Science and Air Pollution © 2010 Pearson Education Canada PowerPoint ® Slides prepared by Stephen Turnbull Copyright © 2013 Pearson Canada.

know, the class e-mail messages/Air for breathing, weather -Temperature declines with altitude -Tropopause = limits mixing between troposphere and the layer above it Stratosphere = 11/for long periods of time Poisonous even in low concentrations Accumulate in body tissues Carried long distances from source Mercury and lead 14-37 © 2010 Pearson Education Canada Copyright © 2013 Pearson Canada Inc. CEPA identifies harmful airborne substances (cont’d) Toxic air pollutants = broad category of “other” pollutants/


VOLUNTARY TRAINING PROGRAM 2011 Air Pollution: Sources and impacts Air Pollution Sources and Impacts.

engine must: – be pre-certified (manufacturer – Class) – Technical File – Installation as approved – Initial Inspection – Annual inspections VOLUNTARY TRAINING PROGRAM 2011 Air Pollution: Sources and impacts Nitrogen oxides (ΝΟx) Emissions reduction methods Fuels treatment Fuel Quality Engine Technologies VOLUNTARY TRAINING PROGRAM 2011 Air Pollution: Sources and impacts Firefighting systems Ηalon 1211 Halon 1301 Halon 2402 Air conditioning – Cooling systems CFC-11 CFC-12 CFC – 113 CFC – 114, CFC/


1 Pre-Assessment for Quarter 3 Reading Informational Text Teacher Directions Grade.

(i.e., key words, sidebars, hyperlinks) from a text read and discussed in class. Define (understand and use) Standard Academic Language: key words, sidebars, hyperlinks, relevant/important fight. Air pollution, water pollution from marine liter, fishing nets and ships all cause damage. These are things humans can all take responsibility for. Grade Equivalence/identifying reasons or evidence to demonstrate understanding of the value of source support. 11 Rev. Control: 08/01/2013 HSD – OSP and Susan Richmond 27/


G. Tyler Miller’s Living in the Environment 14 th Edition Chapter 20 Air Pollution.

mi. Stratosphere 31 mi. Ozone “layer” Heating from the earth Troposphere 11 mi. Temperature Pressure Mesopause Stratopause Tropopause O 3 -The Good, the Bad/ Classes of Air Pollutants Class Carbon oxides Sulfur oxides Nitrogen oxides Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) Suspended particulate matter (SPM) Photochemical oxidants Radioactive substances Hazardous air pollutants / cheap test for indoor pollutants such as particulates, radon, and formaldehyde What Can You Do? Indoor Air Pollution Test for radon and /


Air Quality Modeling Dr. Wesam Al Madhoun 8/30/20151.

which is constant and independent of time, location, & elevation. 11 … Assumptions 5.The concentration of pollutant in the air entering the city is constant and is equal to b (for background concentration). 6.The air pollutant emission rate of the city is Q (g/s). The /29 Plume Rise This equation is only correct for the dimensions shown. Correction is needed for stability classes other than C: → For A and B classes: multiply the result by 1.1 or1.2 → For D, E, and F classes: multiply the result by 0.8 or 0/


1 Module 1 Air Pollution Overview Material Balances.

HW problem 1.21 Review material and quiz In-class problems –Conversions –Material balances 3 MCEN 4131/5131 Modulel 11/23/06 Educational Objectives Name the NAAQS criteria pollutants and the standard values for PM2.5, CO, O3 Define Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) Describe and apply the New Source Performance Standards (NSPSs) Describe the major air pollutants of concern, their major sources and why they/


AIR QUALITY AND EQUITY Dr. Gordon Mitchell The School of Geography and Institute for Transport Studies, The University of Leeds

AIR QUALITY IN BRITAIN 8 / 38 Air Quality and Equity  Prior UK studies:  Stevenson 1998 (NO2, wards, London, income)  McLeod 2000 (3 pollutants, LA districts, social class; ethnicity)  NETCEN 2000 (2 pollutants, 5 UK cities, IMD)  NETCEN 2001 (2 pollutants, 4 UK cities, IMD)  Pennycook 2001 (2 pollutants/et al., (Eds.) Sustainable development: the assessment methods, E F Spon. Thank you for listening…..for more information contact: Dr Gordon Mitchell School of Geography The University of Leeds, UK, LS2/


UN-HABITAT United Nations Human Settlements Programme Regional Office for Africa and the Arab States Rapid Urban Sector Profiling for Sustainability (RUSPS)

for the year 2005 was 45,229 male students and 34,875 female students, with a density of 44 pupils per class. There are 1,108 classes in Menouf for/Storages Dept. Councils & Committees Affairs Dept. Administr- ation Dept. Employment Affairs Dept. 11 GOVERNAN CE N° 1 Project proposalpage 23 Developing leadership skills in the local council GOVERNA / and produce air pollution and noise. The proposed project is a civilised vision for the city. OBJECTIVES: o To minimise air and noise pollution in Menouf /


Pollution From 11 Filimonova Katya. Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change. Pollution can.

in an average year is about 5.5 million. Tons ( 39 % of total emissions in Ukraine ). In large cities, air pollution sometimes reaches 70-90 % overall pollution. In addition, more than 20 % of vehicles operated in excess of established standards for content of harmful substances in exhaust gases. Alternative electric cars Municipal wastewater More urgent environmental problem cities in Ukraine, especially large and spa/


Announcements – Nov 13 Nov. 15 (Wednesday) - Exam 3 Nov. 17 (Friday) - no class.

and Store CO 2. –Trees and farmland –Inject into underground strata or deep ocean. Conventional Pollutants US Clean Air Act designated seven major pollutants for which maximum ambient air levels are mandated. –Sulfur Dioxide –Carbon Monoxide –Particulates –Hydrocarbons –Nitrogen Oxides –Photochemical Oxidants –Lead Indoor Air Pollution EPA found indoor concentrations of toxic air pollutants are often higher than outdoor. –People generally spend more time indoors. –Smoking is the most/


Air Resources Mancheski 10-11. STRUCTURE AND SCIENCE OF THE ATMOSPHERE The atmosphere consists of several layers with different temperatures, pressures,

in your text book – your group will be assigned one of the following and will need to present it to class: – Warm front and cold front – High pressure and low pressure – El Nino and La Nina – Tornado and/Oxides 1, 1, 1- Trichloroethane Particulates FormaldehydeTetrachloroethylene Para-dichlorobenzene Fig. 19-11, p. 453 Air Pollution is a Big Killer Each year, air pollution prematurely kills about 3 million people, mostly from indoor air pollution in developing countries. – In the U.S., the EPA estimates that/


Clean Air Practice Environmental Law Institute Summer School Patrick D. Traylor, Partner June 9, 2011 Environmental / U.S.

www.hoganlovells.com 11 Achieving NAAQS through Air Quality Planning: Section110 Enforceable emission limitations or other control measures, and schedules for compliance Collect air quality data Enforcement /air quality impact analysis (Class I, Class II, visibility) Offsets Expert Tip: RACT/BACT/LAER Clearinghouse http://cfpub.epa.gov/RBLC www.hoganlovells.com 22 MACT Program Section 112 added in 1990 Amendments Separate from air quality planning New and existing major sources for hazardous air pollutants/


Regional Air Pollution Study Alissa Dickerson, M.S. Environmental Specialist Enviroscientists, Inc. Alissa Dickerson, M.S. Environmental Specialist Enviroscientists,

Air Pollution Study Alissa Dickerson, M.S. Environmental Specialist Enviroscientists, Inc. Alissa Dickerson, M.S. Environmental Specialist Enviroscientists, Inc. 2 Goal of Study  Western Regional Air Partnership (WRAP) http://wrapair.org  Causes of Haze Assessment (COHA)  Goal: provide assessment of Class I areas through integrated approach  www.coha.dri.edu  Western Regional Air/ km 11 Research/for a region?  What is a method to test validity?  How can expected average concentrations be determined for/


Chapter 12: Air Pollution A brief history of air pollution A brief history of air pollution Types and sources of air pollutants Types and sources of air.

, transportation, and vegetation Volatile organic compounds (VOCs): represent a class of organic compounds that are mainly hydrocarbons – individual organic compounds /11, p. 338 Results based on AQI in 2003 Q16: Why is air in California not as good as rest of the U.S.? A: higher anthropogenic emission; dust; weather pattern; topography Factors affecting air pollution “Dilution is the solution to pollution” - in the 1950s this motto led to the construction of tall smokestacks for large factories. Pollution/


Introduction Principles that govern the Reactions, Transport, Effects and Fate of chemical Species in air, water, soil, and Living Environment. Atmospheric.

, which leaves airborne particles and ground-level ozone. This noxious mixture of air pollutants can include the following: Aldehydes Nitrogen oxides, such as nitrogen dioxide Peroxyacyl /even starvation. Water pollution Many chemicals undergo reactive decay chemically change especially over long periods of time in groundwater reservoirs. A noteworthy class of such chemicals is/ from concentrations of 400 Bq/m³ (11 pCi/L) for old houses and 200 Bq/m³ (5 pCi/L) for new ones. After publication of the North/


Air Pollution (continued) Chapter 18 Ahrens Monday, 30 November Class #37 1Monday, November 30.

Class #37 1Monday, November 30 Review sheet for test #5 Ahrens – Chapter 2, pages 34-41 – Chapter 3, pages 66-70 and 78-82 – Chapter 4, pages 103-105 – Chapter 18, pages 502-525 Monday, November 302 Primary and secondary pollutants Primary air pollutants enter the atmosphere directly from their sources – Examples are carbon monoxide and sulfur dioxide Secondary air pollutants/30 Fig. 18-11, p. 514 12Monday, November 30 Fig. 18-12, p. 514 13Monday, November 30 A secondary pollutant: smog/photochemical /


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