Ppt on aerobics exercise

Basic principles of general fitness. Objectives 1.To be able to define aerobic exercise 2.To list basic principles of general fitness 3.To know effect.

muscles, increased mitochondrial density and size, and an increased muscle fiber capillary supply.  Aerobic exercise contain combines of rhythmic aerobic exercise with stretching and strength training aiming to improve flexibility, muscular strength and cardio-vascular fitness./ of the energy stores. ■ Prevent myocardial ischemia, arrhythmias, or other cardiovascular complications. Benefits of aerobic exercise I.Nervous System: 1.Tunes it for more skillful body movement 2.Improves your reaction time 3/

Author name here for Edited books chapter 5 5 Designing Cardiorespiratory Exercise Programs chapter.

from type A modalities to types B and C as skill and fitness levels increase Include type D modalities in addition to regular program; great for adding variety Classification of Aerobic Exercise Modalities Alternative CR Modalities Options are available beyond traditional CR modalities. Varying levels of perceived exertion (RPE) exist for a given HR or %VO 2 max response. Cycling has high/

Dodgeball DO Week 1Week 2Week 3Week 4Week 5Week 6 Introduction Speed – Anaerobic Fitness Strength Endurance/Aerobic Agility Match Up! ReceptionUnderstand.

a prolonged period of time. Have children on the sideline score for the games. TP: What is the difference between anaerobic and aerobic exercise? Diff: Set up matched ability teams, exceeding children cannot use the ball as a shield. Marathon ball: Set up games / period of time. Have children on the sideline to score for the games. TP: What difference to your body does aerobic exercise make compared to anaerobic? Diff: Set up matched ability teams, exceeding children cannot use the ball as a shield and are/


. Casual Walk Daily. (NOT 6 X Weekly) 2 X 3 Weekly. Observe 48 Hr. Rule! Daily. … Whenever stressed, or you desire. Prior to Each Aerobic/Anaerobic Exercise Bout. Same as Aerobic Frequency Standards. Aerobic Exercise Anaerobic Exercise Flexibility Exercise Body Comp Exercise Scheduling Your Exercise … F.I.T.T. INTENSITY = How Hard Target HR Zone & Non-Target Zone RPE (Rate of Perceived Exertion) Strength: 60% of 1 Rep Max/

Cellular respiration and exercise. Cellular respiration Cellular respiration includes all the reactions in the cells of your body that convert the food.

to greater muscular activity, a point is reached at which not enough oxygen is supplied to meet the requirements of the muscle cells for aerobic respiration Limiting factors Limiting factors of sustained aerobic exerciseLimiting factors of sustained aerobic exercise HeartrateHeartrate Heart can only increase blood flow by a certain amountHeart can only increase blood flow by a certain amount Hemoglobin in red blood cellsHemoglobin/


You can use pulse rate throughout your training to determine whether your working: Aerobically/Anaerobically Work out TRAINING ZONE for aerobic exercise Work out TRAINING ZONE for aerobic exercise How to calculate your TRAINING ZONE. Training Zone. Training Zone. Pulse rate ________ with exercise? Pulse rate ________ with exercise? In order to calculate you training zone must firstly work out you max HR. 220-age = Max HR/

1 Exercise Is Medicine: Physiologic Benefits of Exercise Ajay N. Kiri, M.D. AAPNA Teleconference December 21, 2009.

metabolism more efficient, increase in enzymes for energy production  Increases insulin sensitivity –Improves type 2 diabetes  Combined with aggressive dietary changes can “cure” type 2 diabetes  Promotes weight loss 31 Aerobic Exercise & Energy Metabolism  Glucose is the preferred energy source –ATP (energy) generated via glycolysis & Kreb cycle  Comes from glycogen breakdown in liver and skeletal muscle; glycogenolysis  Fat stores are also mobilized/


the glycolytic system rapidly depletes muscle glycogen n Muscles can become chronically depleted of energy reserves V. AEROBIC TRAINING A.Goals of Aerobic Training B.Factors Influencing Aerobic Response C.Guidelines D.Training Methods E.Determining Intensity F.Exercise During Pregnancy A. Goals of Aerobic Training Goals of Aerobic Training Enhance Capacity Blood (VO2 Max) to Deliver Enhance Maximal Oxidative Capacity (QO2) Muscles B. Four Factors/

The Scientific Basis of Aerobic Fitness Chapter 3.

cycle – Electron Transport Chain 2 minutes + 100% % Capacity of Energy System 10 sec30 sec2 min5 min + Energy Transfer Systems and Exercise Aerobic Energy System Anaerobic Glycolysis ATP - CP Exercise Energy Metabolism During Exercise At onset of exercise, three systems are used continuously, though contribution of the three systems change with time. Anaerobic Conditioning Phosphate Pool – All out bursts of 5-10 seconds will significantly deplete/

Copyright © 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Training the Anaerobic and Aerobic Energy Systems Chapter 13 Section 5: Exercise Training and Adaptations.

and lactate threshold level without any great change in muscle fiber type Copyright © 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Training and Carbohydrate Catabolism Increased carbohydrate catabolism during intense aerobic exercise serves two important functions –Provides for a considerably faster aerobic energy transfer than from fat breakdown –Liberates about 6% more energy than fat per quantity of oxygen consumed Copyright © 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Cardiovascular Adaptations/

CV Workout n All CV exercise sessions should include: n warm-up n aerobic conditioning, and n cool down phases.

that of those in a continuous jogging program. Aerobic Training Methods n Generally, continuous exercise at low to moderate intensities is safer, more comfortable, and better suited for individuals initiating an aerobic exercise program. Aerobic Training Methods n Potential forms of exercise include: n walking, jogging and cycling n aerobic dance n bench step aerobic n step ergometry n etc... Aerobic Training Methods n Discontinuous training involves a series/

Learning Objectives This chapter covers how the body responds to the demands of exercise at the cellular level and the physiological adaptations that occur.

individuals. Absolute VO2max is used to determine caloric expenditure during specific activities. Approximately 5 kcal of energy are burned for every liter of oxygen consumed. Oxygen Consumption During Aerobic Exercise As soon as aerobic exercise begins, the sympathetic nervous system stimulates an increase in cardiac output and the release of epinephrine and norepinephrine. It takes two to four minutes for the body to meet/

Exercise Physiology Year 11 Physical Education AS 1.2 Credits: 5 Miss Sandri.

decrease in work intensity or a build up of lactate to the point where exercise can no longer continue. Anaerobic Energy System- Key Points An – aerobic. Anti- oxygen Exercise performed without oxygen. Usually lasts for around 0-2 minutes. First 10 seconds include the ATP- CP system. Aerobic Exercise Aerobic exercise is defined as exercise performed at intensity when a persons cardiovascular system can supply enough oxygen to/

Physiological aging process &role of exercise Dr_R.heidari moghadam (MD&PhD) Exercise physiologist.

Weight loss and falls Weight loss and falls Absolute Inoperable Aortic Aneurysm Cerebral aneurysm Malignant ventricular arrhythmia Critical aortic stenosis End-stage CHF Terminal illness Behavioral problems Exercise Prescription Modes Modes General activities General activities Aerobic Aerobic Walking Walking Sports Sports Resistance Resistance Supervision/technique Supervision/technique Benefit with one set Benefit with one set Flexibility Flexibility Static stretch Static stretch Balance Balance/

Copyright © 2006 PE Resources Limited Training principles, methods of training and exercise physiology knowledge for application in physical activity.

, Distance or Time (duration). To ensure efficiency only one variable should be changed at a time. Copyright © 2006 PE Resources Limited Reversibility (detraining)  When exercise stops the physical gains can regress to pre-training levels (regression/reversibility). Aerobic endurance losses are quicker than strength (power) losses. Basically,  “If you don’t use it you lose it”. Copyright © 2006 PE Resources Limited Overtraining/

Exercise and Diet for Weight Control. Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults between 1985 and 2006 Source of the data: Source of the data: The data shown.

290:1323-1330. Percentage Change in Weight Based on Exercise Duration (N = 196) Long term participation in a regular aerobic exercise program enhances weight loss Long term participation in a regular aerobic exercise program enhances weight loss Greatest value of participation is /Total energy intake (food weigh-back), kcal/d kcal/d No differences from baseline High carbohydrate, ad libitum diet with or without aerobic exercise compared to “typical” American diet (40% kcal from fat) * # # p = 0.07 *p < 0.05/

Co-organised by: Sponsored by: Supported by: Exercise Prescription Certificate Course Session 4: Exercise Recommendations for Persons with Special Needs.

who have been sedentary or limited by pain Co-organised by: Sponsored by: Supported by: Recommendations for Prescribing Aerobic Exercise to Patients with Osteoarthritis Time: – Start engaging in short bouts of 5-10 min to accumulate 20-30 / Ex Prescription Presence of other comorbidities (e.g. dyslipidaemia, HT, DM, etc.) may increase risk stratification Aerobic exercise as major supplemented with resistance exercise (as minor) Prescription of higher PA targets (i.e. ≥ 300 mins per week of moderate-intensity/

Exercise as a Recreational Therapy Treatment for Depression Tim Passmore, Ed.D., CTRS West Virginia Therapeutic Association Annual Conference Oklahoma.

Based Research 1980’s Research 1980’s Research Compared counseling & aerobic exercise Compared counseling & aerobic exercise Aerobic exercise had greater effect on depression levels Aerobic exercise had greater effect on depression levels Later Studies Later Studies Compared exercise & exercise in combination with pharmacotherapy & pharmacotherapy alone Compared exercise & exercise in combination with pharmacotherapy & pharmacotherapy alone Exercise alone was found to be as effective as combination or/

Aerobic Capacity SHMD 349 7/08/2012 1. Aerobic Exercise: uses oxygen in the process of supplying energy to the body. These type of exercises are usually.

minute run test. Queens college step test. PWC cycle test. (Physical Work Capacity) 15 Revision Questions 1.Define: aerobic exercise (3), cardiovascular fitness (3), VO 2 max (3), interval training (2). 2.List 5 types of aerobic exercise.5 3. Discuss how the body adapts to aerobic endurance training.12 4.What are the benefits of interval training?5 5.What are the advantages and/

Copyright © 2006 PE Resources Limited Training principles, methods of training and exercise physiology knowledge for application in physical activity.

, Distance or Time (duration). To ensure efficiency only one variable should be changed at a time. Copyright © 2006 PE Resources Limited Reversibility (detraining)  When exercise stops the physical gains can regress to pre-training levels (regression/reversibility). Aerobic endurance losses are quicker than strength (power) losses. Basically,  “If you don’t use it you lose it”. Copyright © 2006 PE Resources Limited Overtraining/

Chapter 8 8 Aerobic Fitness: Stamina and Efficiency C H A P T E R.

, fat metabolism and body composition, and bones, ligaments, and tendons Understand the specificity of training and its importance for the design of effective programs Definitions Aerobic In the presence of oxygen Anaerobic In the absence oxygen Aerobic Exercise Oxygen used to convert fat and CHO to ATP Low to moderate intensity Higher energy yield Slower energy yield “Fat burn” zone (use caution) Anaerobic/

630 Cardio Respiratory Course November 21, 2014 Application Exercise Wayne Miller, Ph.D. Brian N. Griffith, Ph.D.

3.Read food labels and eat less processed foods 4.Achieve or maintain a healthy weight by consuming less calories, and perform 30 minutes a day of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise Fastest Responders (in seconds) SecondsParticipantSecondsParticipant Nutrition 101 400 Points Answer Which of the following would be considered a health claim if it were written on a food package? 20 1./

STEPSS (Stroke Trial for Exercise, Physical function and fitneSS): A Dose Response of Aerobic Exercise Post- Stroke Sandra A Billinger, PT, PhD, FAHA Director,

– 20-60 minutes Type Gaps in the Literature for Aerobic Exercise Exercise Prescription Exercise Dose – Minimum or maximum Lack of reporting exercise parameters – Recommendations are largely based on older adults Exercise Prescription Post-Stroke Aerobic Exercise (Billinger, 2014) Frequency – 3-5 days per / findings to dose response trial Proposed Study Aim 1: Examine the dose-response of an 8-week aerobic exercise on physical function in individuals 4-9 months post-stroke – We expect that the minimum dose (/

Phases of a CV Workout. CV Workout n Each exercise session should include: –warm-up –aerobic conditioning, and –cool down phases.

, –more comfortable, –and better suited for individuals initiating an aerobic exercise program. Aerobic Training Methods n Potential forms of exercise include: –walking, jogging and cycling –aerobic dance –bench step aerobic –step ergometry –etc... Aerobic Training Methods n Discontinuous training involves a series of low to high intensity exercise bouts interspersed with rest or relief periods. Aerobic Training Methods n The exercise intensity and total amount of work performed can be/

Aging and the Effects of Aerobic Exercise Rachel VanDykenDepartment of Movement Sciences Grand Valley State University Aerobic Exercises The existence.

The Control Group: It mainly consisted of a stretching group or strength training. Effects on Cognitive Functions Aerobic exercises have been associated with significantly better performance in certain cognitive tasks (Meta-analysis by Colcombe & Kramer,/ Factors Prakash et al., 2011: Activation areas that showed a positive correlation with aerobic exercise during the Stroop task. Increases in aerobic exercise allow for greater recruitment in the prefrontal cortex. Enables the prefrontal cortices to respond/

Energy systems Energy for muscular contraction during exercise comes from the splitting of a high energy compound (ATP). 3 systems – adenosine triphospate.

(1/3) as preferred fuel because they do not generate by products which cause fatigue. During exercise – both anaerobic and aerobic systems contribute energy for ATP resynthesis during exercise. Several factors determine which system is the major contributor of energy – duration and intensity as well as/oxygen is present. 3 energy systems At rest demands for energy are low and can be met aerobically. Exercise increases the demand for ATP because we can not increase our oxygen intake and transport to the /

NSCA Georgia State Clinic

different processes!! Zatzyorski Approach Subcritical Critical Supracritical Reduced speed with a low energy expenditure O2 demand below the athlete’s aerobic power O2 meets the physiological demands Athlete functions at a steady-state Critical Intensity increases and the O2 demand equals supply Exercise is in the “anaerobic threshold” zone Speed is directly proportional to respiratory potential Supracritical Intensity is greater than the/

Energy Transfer During Exercise

during maximal physical effort. Intensity and duration determine the blend. Nutrient-related Fatigue: severe depletion glycogen. Oxygen Uptake during Recovery Light aerobic exercise rapidly attains steady-rate with small oxygen deficit. Moderate to heavy aerobic takes longer to reach steady-rate and oxygen deficit considerably larger. Maximal exercise (aerobic-anaerobic) VO2 plateaus without matching energy requirement. Oxygen Uptake during Recovery Four reasons why excess post/

Aerobic Conditioning u Muscle Adaptations. Key Points u 1. Muscle adapts to become a more effective energy provider. u An improved capacity for oxygen.

Points u 3. Muscle adaptations enhances performance in competitive sport. u Adaptations developed in non-athletic populations by routine activity are important in promoting healthier living. Aerobic Conditioning u The ability to sustain an exercise task such as running or cycling requires that the energy utilization within the active muscle (i.e., the rate of ATP breakdown) is fully matched by energy/

Short and long term effects of exercise

blood such as carbon dioxide. If the muscles cannot get sufficient oxygen the muscles will cramp and lactic acid will form causing muscles to ache. Aerobic and anaerobic training and exercise Exercise for cardiovascular fitness can be both aerobic and anaerobic or a combination of both Effects that will take place will include Heart will pump more blood per beat (stroke volume) Heart will/

Exercise Prescription Aerobic Fitness Principles of Training Overload – Harder work than the body is accustomed to.  Training Variables (FIT Principle)

Frequency  ACSM recommends 3 – 5 days per week.  If intensity is low, greater than 3 days/week may be necessary to achieve weight loss goals. Aerobic Fitness Metabolic Calculations Metabolic calculations are used to:  Determine predicted maximal exercise aerobic capacity (VO 2max )  Determine exercise intensities based on test data (THRR, %VO 2 R/METs, RPE)  Establish treadmill, cycle, and stepper settings to achieve target/

Exercise physiology.

energy release in dependence on intensity VO2max Anaerobic threshold NOTE: Ideal model Aerobic threshold REST aerobic anaerobic exercise intensity % VO2max Sources of energy by increasing exercise intensity energy expenditure kJ/min RQ carbohydrates = 1 RQ = CO2 /-90 % VO2max AT 50-60 % VO2max 3,5 exercise intensity (speed, load, etc.) AnT (anaerobic threshold) - exercise intensity, when anaerobic covering exceed aerobic. - exercise intensity, when dynamic balance between production and breakdown of lactate/

Exercise Physiology.

: large in diameter light in color (low myoglobin) surrounded by few capillaries relatively few mitochondria high glycogen content (they have a ready supply of glucose for glycolysis) o2 Types of Exercise Aerobic exercise (long-distance running, swimming)- prolonged but at lower intensity (slow-twitch mucle fibers) fuels stored in muscle, adipose tissue and liver - the major fuels used vary with the intensity and/

Writing Committee Sandra A. Billinger, PT, PhD, FAHA, Chair

40% of stroke survivors was the most debilitating symptom. Fatigue may be triggered by the following: physical deconditioning Self-perpetuating fatigue cycle Avoidance of exercise Decreased aerobic reserves ©2014 American Heart Association, Inc. Rationale for Structured Exercise Regular aerobic exercise: Increases aerobic capacity Improves gait efficiency Reduces fall risk Enhances functional independence Reduces recurrent cardiovascular events ©2014 American Heart Association, Inc. Rationale for Structured/

John Saxton Professor of Clinical Exercise Physiology University of East Anglia.

all cause mortality for every 1 min improvement in treadmill walking time (roughly equivalent to 1 MET increase in aerobic exercise capacity) among men attending medical check-ups at the Cooper Clinic in Dallas USA (Blair et al. 1995; JAMA/ to lifestyle intervention or usual care control group Intervention – 6 months 3 supervised exercise sessions per week comprising 30 min of moderate intensity aerobic exercise (treadmill walking, stepping, cycling) Individualised healthy eating plan with the aim of /

Exercise Physiology, Anatomy Cardiovascular system.

of even decrease.  Why do we want these changes? Body’s way of trying to deliver more oxygen to the exercising muscles. Get ATP to mitochondria! Cardiovascular response to Exercise  Changes in Cardiac Output  In Response to aerobic training: increased aerobic capacity (Vo2)  Increased aerobic capacity causes:  1. decrease RHR (ventricles hold more blood)  2. SV increases  3. Q is maintained at lower HR  4/

Exercise Metabolism. The use of oxygen by cells is called oxygen uptake (VO 2 ). Oxygen uptake rises rapidly during the first minute of exercise. Between.

use a combination of the ATP-PC system, glycolysis, and the aerobic system to produce ATP for muscular contraction. Metabolic Responses to Exercise: Influence of Duration and Intensity Metabolic Responses to Prolonged Exercise Prolonged exercise (>10 minutes) – ATP production primarily from aerobic metabolism – Steady-state oxygen uptake can generally be maintained during submaximal exercise Prolonged exercise in a hot/humid environment or at high intensity – Upward drift/

Rehabilitation Medicine Aerobic Training and Exercise in Prevention of Injuries and Enhancement of Performance in Athletes (and a Review of Extralegal.

less critical  Consume appropriate liquids –Avoid overhydration – can use thirst as a guide –Hyponatremia is the highest risk – can lead to mortality  Maintain Electroytes  Use of appropriate protective equipment 13 Aerobic Exercise Capacity  For endurance only training –Work at or lightly above Anaerobic threshold –Use as base intensity, build up training sessions – Perform daily  For power combined with endurance –Goal is to/

Exercise Prescription for Cardiovascular diseases Dr. Leung Tat Chi, Godwin Specialist in Cardiology 27 April 2008.

7% Leon AS, Sanchez O. Meta-analysis of the effects of aerobic exercise training on blood lipids. Circulation. 2001;104(suppl II):II-414-415. Abstract. Response of Blood Pressure to Exercise Training 44 randomized controlled trials include 2674 patients Average change in blood/ activity, in bouts of at least 10 min each; 2-3 d/wk (resistance training an adjunct to aerobic activity) 8-10 exercises involving the major muscle groups 1 set of 8- 15 repetitions (more than 1 set acceptable for selected adults/


for the overall health of the individual with LBP as well as reducing the incidence of low back injury (can be started 2 wks after onset of LBP) LBP Continued Exercise Guidelines (continued) low impact aerobic exercise (e.g. walking) can provide very low levels of supporting tissue load while activating supporting back musculature low back muscle endurance and strengthening/

Rehabilitation Medicine Cardiopulmonary Exercise in the Aging Adult Matthew N. Bartels, MD, MPH Professor and Chairman of Rehabilitation Medicine Albert.

are not inevitable parts of aging –Fitness isn’t all that hard to achieve The Bad News About Aerobic Exercise with Aging  Bad News 1: Muscle function changes with age –Strength decreases due to loss of muscle/which can cause dizziness/vasovagal syncope  Helps maintain increased muscle and connective tissue temperature, increasing flexibility Conclusion  Moderate aerobic exercise is very beneficial and safe in most individuals  Even (especially) individuals with cardiac, pulmonary, or peripheral vascular /

Exercise, or the lack of it, has been mentioned several times in connection with diet since body weight is a balance between the input of food and the.

MRI scans and their ability in memory tests following a year of either aerobic exercise or light exercise, including non-aerobic toning exercises and yoga. The aerobic exercise group showed small increases in hippocampal volume compared with the control group, which/However, these size differences did not translate into differences in memory faculties between the groups. Although the aerobic exercise group’s memories did improve over this time, the improvements were not significantly different from that of /

88/9/171دکتر باقری مقدم. Exercise Prescription for Osteoarthritis دکتر احمد باقری مقدم متخصص پزشکی ورزشی.

as easily injured as tight muscles. Tightness of muscles connected to the knee can also pull the knee out of alignment. When doing stretching knee exercises, be careful to go slowly and not to overstretch. Aerobic Exercise Aerobic exercise benefits those with knee problems by toning the muscles of the leg that support the knee joint to absorb shock before it reaches the knee joint/

Exercise Interventions For Successful Aging Miriam C. Morey VA and Duke Medical Centers Durham, NC.

telephone follow-up with telephone follow-up Intervention (3 days per week) Axial/Aerobic group Axial/Aerobic group 20 minutes axial mobility exercises 20 minutes axial mobility exercises 20 minutes aerobic exercise 20 minutes aerobic exercise Aerobic group Aerobic group 40 minutes aerobic exercise 40 minutes aerobic exercise Change in Aerobic Capacity Findings: Significant overall improvement, both groups, p=0.0001 0-3 mos. group*time interaction, p=0.0014 (dose response) 0-9 mos/

L.E.A.P. For your health. L.E.A.P. to your Health Learn about your health Exercise for your health Act for a healthy life Plan ahead for your health.

help you become healthy and stay healthy. There are two kinds of exercise Aerobic exercise Anaerobic exercise How does aerobic exercise make us healthy? Aerobic exercise burns fat. Aerobic exercise makes a healthy heart. Aerobic exercise makes healthy lungs. How do you feel when you do this type of exercise? Aerobic exercise makes you breathe faster. Aerobic exercise makes your heart beat faster and harder. You should be able to sing a song or talk to your/

Impaired aerobic capacity/endurance Min H. Huang, PT, PhD, NCS.

Oxygen consumption (V·O2) Heart rate response to an aerobic exercise bout and adaptation following aerobic exercise training Stroke volume response to an aerobic exercise bout and adaptation following aerobic exercise training Cardiac output response to an aerobic exercise bout and adaptation following aerobic exercise training Arteriovenous oxygen difference (a-vO2diff) response to an aerobic exercise bout and adaptation following aerobic exercise training. Warning signs during PT SBP > 180 mmHg and/

Exercise Prescription For Special Populations David Arnall, Ph.D., PT.

All diabetics have special needs :All diabetics have special needs : l good hydration l adequate blood glucose before exercise l aerobic exercise of moderate intensity l do not excessively fatigue Type I Diabetes Mellitus l They cannot get adequate glucose clearance from/is active & progressive, then no-load light workouts are advised.Class 2 & 3 patients may perform most types of aerobic exercise as long as their disease process is not in an active phase. If the disease process is active & progressive, then/

Contents Respiration Waste products Aerobic respiration Anaerobic respiration What is respiration? An energy-making process Summary quiz.

produce will drop if the level of oxygen drops. Glucose + OxygenCarbon Dioxide + Water + Energy Equation for aerobic respiration Exercise: before - during - after So, now we know that there is a form of respiration which is /oxygen availability. But we don’t want the lactic acid waste product Striking the right balance time oxygen levels rest exercise exercise stops aerobic anaerobic Anaerobic respiration keeps our bodies going until we can breathe in more oxygen again. Whilst we are performing anaerobic/

1 Exercising and Health William P. Wattles, Ph.D. Psychology 314.

from 2000, 26.2% of U.S. adults engaged in recommended levels of physical activity during recreational pursuits. 39 Aerobic Exercise Jogging, walking, cross-country skiing, swimming and cycling. Key issues are intensity and duration Needs to be regular, /while maintaining 60- 80% of your maximum heart rate. Aerobic means with air or oxygen. You should be able to carry on a short conversation while doing aerobic exercise. 49 Aerobic Fitness Cardiovascular fitness is an ongoing process and requires consistent /



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