Ppt on 4-stroke petrol engines

Engine Design Ben Rossiter. Introduction For this section we will be considering the engine as two parts; The lower part comprises of the cylinder block.

the inlet manifold, meaning the induction stroke itself consumes more power. The closer the throttle valve is to the inlet port, the more severe this effect becomes, which is the reason why modern petrol engines have seemingly complicated inlet manifolds with / and exhaust valves. Next > SOHC Layout examples DOHC Layout example 1.Idler pulley 2.Tensioning pulley 3.Drive belt 4.Inlet camshaft 5.Inlet valves 6.Exhaust camshaft 7.Exhaust valves Valve Timing diagrams Variable valve timing Variable Cam Timing /

1 HEAT ENGINE & Combustion of biodiesels part 7. Today’s objectives: To verify energy content of various fuels. To compare regular diesel to biodiesel.

apply its process to heat exchanges. To calculate the efficiency of various engines. To explain how a 4 stroke engine process work. 2 3 Part 1: Carnot Heat Engines 4 Heat engine: device that transforms heat partly into work (mechanical energy) by a working substance undergoing a cyclic process. 5 petrol engine: fuel + air 6 All heat engines absorb heat Q H from a source at a relatively high temperature/

Unit 61: Engineering Thermodynamics Lesson 12: Combustion Engines.

Engine Cycles. Reciprocating piston internal combustion engine working cycle The reciprocating piston engine works on the four-stroke or two-stroke cycle. In the spark ignition petrol engine the power is generated by the fuel / air mixture being drawn into the cylinder during a suction stroke/ charge which is complete at point 4. The Practical Four-stroke cycle Stage 3: (Power or expansion stroke). Both valves remain closed, the piston moves down the cylinder on the power stroke, work is done by the charge/

Seminar On Gasoline Direct Injection

GDI Engine Operation Major characteristics of the GDI engine Achievements in GDI Disadvantage Conclusion INTRODUCTION In internal combustion engines, gasoline direct injection is a variant of fuel injection employed in modern two- and four- stroke petrol engines. The petrol/gasoline is/ into a strong reverse tumble for optimal fuel injection 4. Fuel Spray Newly developed high-pressure swirl injectors provide the ideal spray pattern to match each engine operational modes. And at the same time by applying/

Global Phaseout of Leaded Petrol Elisa Dumitrescu United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), PCFV Clearing-House Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles.

- high blood pressure, increases in heart disease and damage to organs. Lead in Petrol: Health Effects EGYPT: Estimated Annual Health Effects: Heart Attacks - 6,500 to 11,600 Strokes - 800 to 1,400 Premature Deaths (Adults) - 6,300 to 11,100 /4. Low sulphur petrol enhances functioning of three-way catalysts (maximum efficiency at near-zero sulphur levels); 5. Extends life of the engine. Going from 10,000 to 5,000 ppm sulphur diesel, engine life is expected to increase by over 40% Sulphur Reduction Engine/

Dr. Owen Clarkin School of Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering Summary of Energy Topics Chapter 1: Thermodynamics / Energy Introduction Chapter 2: Systems.

4: Work Processes of Closed Systems Chapter 5: Thermodynamic Properties Chapter 6: Steam Tables Chapter 7: Ideal Gases Chapter 8: Conservation of Mass & Energy Chapter 9: 1 st Law of Thermodynamics Chapter 10: Steady Flow Energy Equation Chapter 11: Heat Engines/: Adiabatic compression A common example of adiabatic compression is the compression stroke in a petrol engine. Calculate the temperature of the compressed gas in the engine cylinder under the following conditions: that the uncompressed volume of the/

Internal Combustion Engines Faculty - Er. Ashis Saxena.

Difference between Diesel Engine & Petrol Engine Diesel Cycle Why Otto cycle is Constant Volume cycle and Diesel cycle is Constant Pressure cycle? Diesel Engine Difference between 2 stroke and 4 stroke engines Difference between SI & CI engines Difference between SI & CI engines contd... Why Diesel engines are more fuel efficient? Stirling Cycle Stirling Engine Displacer-type Stirling Engine Stirling Engine Displacer-type Stirling Engine Two-piston Stirling Engine Why Arent Stirling Engines More Common/


, OIL CONSUMPTION MACK T-7 : OIL THICKENING DUE TO SOOT PERFORMANCE ATTRIBUTES API CG-4 1994 DIESEL ENGINE SERVICE TYPICAL OF HIGH SPEED 4 STROKE ENGINES. APPLICABLE FOR BOTH ON HIGHWAY AND OFF HIGHWAY HEAVY DUTY TRUCKS (BOTH FOR 0.5/engine oil which provides outstanding performance in all petrol engine passenger cars SPECIFICATIONS API SG/CD, MIL-L-46152D & E-PL3/E-DL2 of 13656-1993 APPLICATION AREAS Engine oil for all passenger cars PERFORMANCE BENEFITS Outstanding engine cleanliness & enhanced engine/

This multimedia product will help you to understand the basic Automotive Engine Parts, The engine, The gearbox, The clutch, The pistons, The crankshaft,

on different types of fuel. E.g. diesel, or petrol. But there are different powered engines like hybrids or electrical. These engines are more efficient than fuel powered ones, because they emit less CO2 gasses. Also different kinds of internal engines. Diesel engines are one form and gas turbine are another. Also rotary engines and two-stroke engines. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages THE TURBO. The/

COMBUSTION IN C.I. ENGINE. Review of Combustion In S.I. Engine In the S.I. Engine a Homogeneous Carburetted mixture of petrol vapour and air, in nearly.

ENGINE Review of Combustion In S.I. Engine In the S.I. Engine a Homogeneous Carburetted mixture of petrol vapour and air, in nearly chemically correct ratio, is compressed in the compression stroke through a small compression ratio (6to 10) and the mixture is ignited at one place before the end of compression stroke/ratio reduce the ignition delay, as it raises both temp.& pressure. Variables Affecting Delay Period 4.Intake Temp.: Increasing the intake temp. would result in increase in compressed air temp., /

Internal Combustion Engines

4 stroke engines Four-stroke cycle engines: In a four stroke cycle engine, the scavenging is very effective as the piston during the exhaust stroke pushes out the burnt gases from the engine cylinder. It may be noted that a small quantity of burnt gases remain in the engine cylinder in the clearance space. Two-stroke cycle engine: In a two-stroke cycle engine/the temperature of prechamber. The variation in the optimum injection timing for petrol and diesel operations is only 2° for this chamber compared to 8/

Brainware group of Institutions Barasat IC Engines & Gas Turbine ME 601 (Module 11) Dr. Shyamal Goswami Jan – july 2016.

represented by ABCD. Pressure line CD represents a mean effective pressure for varying pressure 3-4 and line AB for 1-2. Both can be represented by a mean value P/done, i.e. multiply work by number of power strokes in one second. IP = IMEP. L. A. n Engine testing Engine Indicators : indicating device consists of : Pressure sensing /swinging field d.c. dynamometer etc. Absorption dynamometers are ideally suited for testing petrol engines for mopeds etc. Their main advantage lies in the fact that they are self/

Different layouts of various piston engine

4 – 3 – 6 – 5 – 7 – 2 Piston Engine Types - Layouts Piston Engine Types – 2 Stroke Cycle Piston at TDC Stroke 1 Port A – Crankcase Inlet Port C - Exhaust Port B – Cylinder Inlet Piston rising pulls fuel/air mixture into crankcase; compression causes combustion Piston at BDC Stroke 2 Piston pushed down forces fuel/air mixture into cylinder Piston Engine Types – 2 Stroke Cycle Mechanical Arrangement – Petrol Diesel Direct Injection Engine/


gas) has turned out to be an alternative for petrol and diesel but natural gas itself is a fossil fuel which will get exhausted. Automobiles and other machines can become very economical. Probability for the engine to blow due to any reason can be reduced /the model the camshaft modifications are done in order to eliminate the compression cycle, thus making the 4-stroke engine to a 2- Stroke engine.The basic idea of eliminating this cycle is that the compression cycle would try to compress the air that has /

Diesel Engines Brian Maddox. History Invented by Rudolf Diesel Filled for a patent in 1894 First successful run in 1897 Engine proved that fuel could.

ignited without a spark. Early Uses: pipelines, electric and water plants, automobiles Rudolf Diesel Diesel Engines Internal Combustion Engine Operates Using Diesel Cycle Manufactured in two stroke and four stroke versions Idealized Diesel Cycle How It Works 4 Stroke Model The Diesel Difference Diesel Engine vs. Petrol Engine – Diesel Fuel vs. Petrol Pros Fuel Efficiency Engine Life Span Cons Slower Acceleration Higher Initial Cost Modern Day Advances Better Technology Biodiesel Questions?

Introduction to EC and IC engines Hydro Thermal Nuclear Power plants and their layouts Related numerical s 1/20/2016ME 1001 Unit-3 Lecture -11.

= W net /(V max -V min ) 1/20/2016ME 1001 Unit-3 Lecture -119 Four stroke Petrol engine 1/20/2016ME 1001 Unit-3 Lecture -120 Four stroke Diesel engine 1/20/2016ME 1001 Unit-3 Lecture -121 Cycle of Four stroke engine 1. Suction stroke 2. Compression stroke 3. Expansion/power stroke 4. Exhaust stroke 1/20/2016ME 1001 Unit-3 Lecture -122 1/20/2016ME 1001 Unit-3 Lecture -123/


to Diagnose Faults and Failures Special Knowledge of Mechanical and Electrical Systems Needed to Diagnose and Rectify Faults Limitations of Petrol Injection (Continued) Injection Equipment Complicated, Delicate to Handle and Impossible to Service by Roadside Service Units Contain More/ Start of Fuel Delivery For Each Cylinder Occurs at the Same Angular Point in Engine Cycle – Could be 60 or 90 Deg. ATDC of Induction Stroke of Each Cyl. Non-timed Injection All Injectors Programmed to Discharge Fuel at Same/

Unit IV Testing of IC Engines & Supercharging.

(71-38) 20.69 23.5 To exhaust gases (given) 33.6 38.2 Unaccounted Heat 11.79 13.4 Total Q5. A 4 cylinder 4 stroke SI engine has a bore of 5.7cm and stroke 9cm. Its rated speed is 2800 RPM and it is tested at this speed against a brake which has a /torque arm of 356mm. The net brake load is 155N and fuel consumption is 6.74 lit/hr. Sp gravity of petrol is /

Four stroke engine Prepared by : Pavan Narkhede Enrollment No : 130120119111 Division : I & I1 (ME)

and causes the connecting rod to oscillate. Spark Plug Spark plug is used in petrol engine only which is help to ignite the air- fuel mixture for combustion. Working principle of four Stroke Engine Following are the four strokes 1 – Intake/Suction stroke 2 – Compression stroke 3 – Expansion stroke 4 – Exhaust stroke 1 – Intake stroke In suction stroke piston starts at Top Dead Center (TDC) of the cylinder and moves to the/

Name of Students Roll No.Name of Student 1 Ansari Yunus 2 Babriya Ajay 3 Baldaniya Kamlesh 4 Bharad Ghanshyam 5 Bhut Darshan 6 Bhuva Krishna 7 Bodar.

as I.C. engine I.C. engine classification:- 1)Four stroke engine. 2)Two stroke engin e. TWO STROKE I.C. ENGINE:- The working cycle complete in two stroke is known as two stroke I.C. engine TWO STROKE classification:- 1)Petrol engine. 2)Diesel engine. TWO STROKE I.C. ENGINE Working of Two Stroke engine:- The working of two stroke engine includes following types of strokes. ! Suction stroke. ! Compression stroke. ! Power/ Expansion stroke. ! Exhaust stroke. Working of Two stroke engine. 1) Suction Stroke:- In/

Principles of the Compression Engine

oil fraction after gasoline (petrol) C9H20 – C12H26 nonane – dodecane Exact composition governed by various standards The Chemistry Diesel is burnt: CnH2n+2 + O2 H2O + CO2 +HEAT Inefficient combustion CO, carbon monoxide C, soot, diesel particulates PCAs, benzene etc. 4-stroke operating cycle Crank shaft 90o 180o BC TC 0o 270o q Spark plug for SI engine Fuel injector for CI engine Top Center (TC) Bottom/

Energy Saving and Conversion (MSJ0200) 2011. Autumn semester 3. and 4. lectures Transportation.

parameters should be constructed so that the engine will operate close to its fuel optimum region. 4. Advanced drive trains: Advanced drive trains /stroke, and area B should be made as small as possible by increasing the pressure in the induction stroke and decreasing it in the exhaust stroke. The torque of an engine depends on engine size [engine/most petrol/gasoline and diesel engines. EGR works by recirculating a portion of an engines exhaust gas back to the engine cylinders. In a gasoline engine, /

Four Stroke Cycle In 1892 Rudolph Diesel invented the compression ignition engine named after him. The first engine was built at Augsburg Maschinenfabrik.

20 horse power at 172 rpm. The engine operated at 26.2% efficiency, a significant improvement upon 20% efficiency of best petrol engine of its time. The four stroke cycle is so called because it takes four stroke of the piston to complete the processes needed/ and forces the crankshaft to rotate. It is during this stroke that work energy is being given to the engine, in the other three strokes of the piston, the engine has to do the work. 4. Exhaust As the piston approaches the bottom of the cylinder /

Engine Parameters.

bmep . Ve / 2 . K Where: Pe = Engine power (kW) Ne = Engine speed (rpm) Te = Engine torque (N m) bemp = brake mean effective pressure (Pa) Ve = engine capacity (m3) k = 2, for 4-stroke engines 1, for 2-stroke engines Engine Torque Te (Cont.) - There is a direct relationship between/ mechanical energy is termed its thermal efficiency. The petrol engine is particularly inefficient and at its best may reach 25% efficiency. The thermal efficiency of a diesel engine can reach 35% due to its higher compression /

THE CARS. THE EARLY AUTOMOBILE German engineer Karl Benz, the inventor of numerous car-related technologies, is generally regarded as the inventor of.

automobile, and received a German patent in 1886. The American George B. Selden filed for a patent on May 8, 1879. His application included not only the engine but its use in a 4-wheeled car. The four-stroke petrol (gasoline) internal combustion engine that constitutes the most prevalent form of modern automotive propulsion is a creation of German inventor Nikolaus Otto. The similar four/

Essential reading: SPINČIĆ, A., PRITCHARD, B., An English Textbook For Marine Engineers 2., Pomorski fakultet, Rijeka 2009. LUZER, J., SPINČIĆ, A., Gramatička.

cycle? 3. 3.Why is reversing performed more easily on two-stroke than on four-stroke engines? 4. 4.Why is the preparation for the reverse running in four-stroke engines more complex than that in two- stroke engines? 5. 5.Explain the meaning of the term “retiming” and/Air inlet valve- Exhaust valve Ahead running- Fixed-blade propeller - Unidirectional engine - TDC- Exhaust port- Pressure pipe - Petrol engine- Power craft- Exercise 3 – Give terms opposite in meaning: The _______________ is used to reduce the medium-/

Seminar on Analysis of the Effect of Dirt on the Performance of Engine Cooling System Presented by Gaurav Shukla.

. The study will looks at the way forward to minimize overheating. Materials Engine. Engine. Radiator. Radiator. Thermometer. Thermometer. Covering material. Covering material. Engine specifications four-cylinder four stroke engine. four-cylinder four stroke engine. water cooled engine with a tank capacity of 5.5 liters. water cooled engine with a tank capacity of 5.5 liters. petrol engine. petrol engine. compression ratio of 9.8 to 1 compression ratio of 9.8 to/

Diesel Engine Power Plant Prepared By: Nimesh Gajjar.

Engine (2) Engine air intake system (3) Engine fuel system (4) Engine exhausts system (5) Engine cooling system (6) Engine lubrication system (7) Engine starting system. Engine Related Terms TDC (top dead center) BDC (bottom dead center) Stroke Bore Revolution Compression Ratio Displacement Cycle Diesel Engine/ oil is added with petrol in the petrol tank. The petrol evaporates when the engine is working. The lubricating oil is left behind in the form of mist. The parts of the engine such as piston cylinder /

Basic Mechanical Engineering, First Edition by Dr Pravin Kumar Copyright © 2013 Dorling Kindersley (India) Pvt. Ltd. Chapter 2 Fuels and Combustion.

stroke. The fuel is injected at about 2,000 psi to ensure good mixing. Diesels are expensively used in truck transport, rail trains, and marine engines. Fuels for diesels vary from kerosene to medium residual oils. Basic Mechanical Engineering/C 3 H 6 ), normal and iso-butane (C 4 H 10 ) and butylene (C 4 H 8 ). LPG may be defined as those /at –0.5°C. The volatility of petrol is determined by the Reid Vapour Pressure (RVP) test. Basic Mechanical Engineering, First Edition by Dr Pravin Kumar Copyright /

COXSWAIN ENGINEERING. Marine Engines -Basic Operation 4 Stroke & 2 Stroke.

sucks more air/fuel mixture from carburetor Power (incl Exhaust) Power (incl Induction) Compression 4 Stroke2 Stroke (Fires once every 2 revolutions of crankshaft, or once every 4 th piston stroke) (Fires once every revolution of crankshaft, or once every 2 nd piston stroke) DIRECT INJECTION INDIRECT INJECTION Petrol, Diesel & Outboard Engines OUTBOARD AND INBOARD PROPULSION UNITS Outboard OUTBOARD AND INBOARD PROPULSION UNITS Shaft Drive OUTBOARD AND/

Internal Combustion Engines Submitted by: Enrollment no: Divyesh Patel 130680102021 Bhavik prajapati 130680102039 Parth vagashiya 130680102052 Guided by:

. air-fuel mixture explodes driving the piston down 3. power a. piston moves up b. exhaust valve opens c. exhaust leaves the cylinder 4. exhaust Internal Combustion Engines – four stroke - Advantages: dedicated lubrication system makes to engine more wear resistant better efficiency that 2-stroke engine no oil in the fuel – less pollution Drawbacks: complicated constriction should work in horizontal position due to lubrication Internal Combustion/

Engine Technology Diesel Engine Diesel Fuel Diesel fuel comes from the middle distillate group, which has properties and characteristics different from.

cycle. 4. Provides /Engine Technology Diesel Engine Engine Technology Diesel Engine Engine Technology Diesel Engine Engine Technology Diesel Engine Function of delivery valve is to provide 1.Residual pipeline pressure, so that each successive pumping stroke/engines. These include glow plugs, fuel heaters, and engine block heaters. Engine Technology Diesel Engine Differences between Diesel Engine and Petrol Engine The main differences between the gasoline engine and the diesel engine are: S.I EngineC.I Engine/



Fuel-Air Modeling of Combustion in I.C. Engines P M V Subbarao Professor Mechanical Engineering Department Another Step towards Phenomenological Modeling.….

Constant volume combustion Constant pressure combustion Engineering Strategy to Utilize A Resource Engineering constraint: Both combustion and expansion have to be finished in a single stroke. Rapid combustion : Constant Volume combustion/-- Petrol and Diesel BS-IV Petrol and Diesel are cleaner fuels as they have low sulphur content vis-à-vis BS-III fuels. While the BS-III Petrol and/ 3Sample 3 Ethanol 13.40%12.10% 10.20% 2-methyl-pentane 10.20%4.50% 4.50% Hexane Hexane 0%2.10% 0% Benzene Benzene 0% 0% 7% /



I.C. ENGINES LECTURE NO: 11 (21 Apr 2014).

ENGINES LECTURE NO: 11 (21 Apr 2014) Air Required to Burn Fuel 1 kg of H requires 8 kg O 1 kg of C requires 2.66kg O 1 kg of S requires 1kg O 1 kg of O is contained in 4.35kg air Problem No 1 A certain petrol /brake power and the indicated power. Indicated Power [I.P]: It is the power developed inside the IC engine cylinder Where, n = No. of working cycles/ min. n = N/2, for 4 stroke engine = N, for 2 stroke engine L = Stroke length (m), D = Bore diameter (m) Pm = Indicated mean effective pressure (N/m2) A /


-air mixture. Ignition systems are well known in the field of internal combustion engines such as those used in petrol (gasoline) engines used to power the majority of motor vehicles. Functions of ignition system Provides a method of turning a spark/going through the 4 Stroke Cycle i.e. just at the end of the compression stroke. The ignition system also has to change the time at which the spark occurs (the ignition timing) depending on engine operating conditions e.g. how fast the engine is turning. /

Name:yuganter rawat Submitted to:Mr. A.K Singh. INDEX What is Quasiturbine? Objective of Qusiturbine engine Construction Working Advantages of Quasiturbine.

motion. The exhaust will be given out ADVANTAGES The Quasiturbine engine is able to burn fuel more efficiently than any other type of engine. However unlike a 4-stroke engine, as soon as one combustion stroke is ending the next is ready to fire. Lesser wear/ MAJOR PROBLEMS The detonation is still an unsolved problem It has more moving parts than a wankel engine, a rotary engine It uses petrol as fuel and this produces carbon emissions CONCLUSION The Quasiturbine is a relatively simple technology which could /

Combustion engines main principles and definitions

both temperature and pressure within the cylinder. This slows combustion and finally quenches the flame somewhere late in the power stroke. This leaves some fuel particles unreacted. High exhaust residual causes poor combustion and a greater likelihood of expansion quenching/floor DOC (2.0 dm3) and catalyzed DPF (4.5 dm3) Catalyzed SiC DPF ~4.5 dm³ DOC ~2.0 dm³ Diesel NOx catalysts The conventional three-way catalyst technology used on petrol engines needs a richer environment with less oxygen in the exhaust/

Power Plant Engineering Introduction Power plant engineering deals with the study of energy, its sources and utilization of energy for power generation.

fuel such as kerosene, paraffin, benzene and powdered coal (cheaper than petrol and diesel) can be used. Gas turbine plants can be used in/engine This is the main component of a diesel power plant. The engines are classified as two stroke engine and four stroke engines. Engines are generally directly coupled to the generator for developing power. In diesel engines/environment as a whole. 3.Maintenance cost of the plant is high. 4.Not suitable for varying load conditions 5.Well trained persons are required to /

SEMINAR on An Experimental Study of HCCI Engine. Contents Importance Working principle Starting of HCCI engines Control methods of HCCI Dual mode transitions.

no need for PM filter. 4. HCCI provides up to a 15-percent fuel savings, while meeting current emissions standards. 5. HCCI engines can operate on gasoline, diesel fuel, and most alternative fuels. 6. In regards to CI engines, the omission of throttle losses /about 150 grams per kilometre, improving on the 37mpg and 180g/km produced by the current 2.2-litre petrol engine. The new engine operates in HCCI mode at low speeds or when cruising, switching to conventional spark- ignition when the throttle is/

IC Engine Emissions P M V Subbarao Professor Mechanical Engineering Department A Sad Story of Artificial Animal in Natural Environment…..

Strategy Principal Engine Emissions SI Engines : CO, HC and NOx CI Engines : CO, HC, NOx and PM 6 Emission norms for passenger cars ( Petrol) NormsCO( g/km)HC+ NOx)(g/km) 1991Norms14.3-27.12.0(Only HC) 1996 Norms8.68-12.403.00-4.36 1998Norms4./ of CO to CO 2 is governed by reaction Dissociated CO may freeze during the expansion stroke. The highest CO emission occurs during engine start up (warm up) when the engine is run fuel rich to compensate for poor fuel evaporation. Formation of Carbon Monoxide C 8/

CCAS 3381 AUTOMOTIVE SKILL I ENGINE SUBSYSTEMS. OBJECTIVES To understand the operational principles and basic mechanisms of engine sub-systems Lecture.

mixed with engine oil LUBRICATION SYSTEM (4) SAE 10W-30, SAE 20W-50 (mineral) SAE 0W-30 (synthetic) FUEL & EXHAUST SYSTEM (1) Pumps petrol from the tank and mixes it with air so that the proper air/fuel (A/F) mixture flows into the cylinders by either: –carburetion, –port fuel injection –direct fuel injection 10 mg of gasoline per combustion stroke is needed during/

I.C. ENGINES LECTURE NO: 06 (10 Mar, 2014).

so C balance: 3 = b → b= 3 H balance: 8 = 2c → c= 4 O balance: 2a = 2b + c → a= 5 Thus the stoichiometric reaction is: Combustion /petrol). Higher this number, the less susceptible is the gas to knocking (explosion caused by its premature burning in the combustion chamber) when burnt in a standard (spark-ignition internal combustion) engine/ pressure that exists in the combustion chamber because of the downward intake stroke of the piston causes atmospheric pressure to create an airflow through the/

@ Perkins 100 Series Markets and Competition - revised by C Marrannino January 2001. Proprietary Information of Perkins Engines Limited © 2001 - All Rights.

January 2001. Proprietary Information of Perkins Engines Limited © 2001 - All Rights Reserved Yanmar versus Perkins ModelYanmar 4TNE88 Power (kW)36.5 @ 3000 Capacity (cc)2190 Cylinders4 CoolingLiquid AspirationNatural InjectionDI Bore & Stroke (mm)88 x 90 Envelope (lwh/ different engine models over a very narrow hp band 4 main groups 1. Air-cooled petrol engines from 2 - 9 kW 2. Liquid-cooled petrol engines from 10 - 25 kW 3. Air-cooled diesel engines from 4 - 82 kW 4. Liquid-cooled diesel engines from 4 - /

ENGINES, REFRIGERATORS, AND HEAT PUMPS This lecture highlights aspects in Chapters 9,10,11 of Cengel and Boles. Every thermodynamic device has moving parts.

Machines Combustion engine burns to move Otto (gasoline) engine Diesel engine Gas turbine Jet propulsion Steam engine Stirling engine Ericsson engine PISTON COMBUSTION CHAMBER WATER STEAM BOILER 6 US Navy Training Manual, Basic Machines Reciprocating engine also known as piston engine, converts linear motion to rotation PISTON CONNECTING ROD CRANKSHAFT CYLINDER 7 US Navy Training Manual, Basic Machines 1 cycle 4 strokes 2 revolutions INTAKE STROKECOMPRESSION STROKE POWER STROKEEXHAUST STROKE fuel-air/

ENGINES, REFRIGERATORS, AND HEAT PUMPS This lecture highlights aspects in Chapters 9,10,11 of Cengel and Boles. Every thermodynamic device has moving parts.

Machines Combustion engine burns to move Otto (gasoline) engine Diesel engine Gas turbine Jet propulsion Steam engine Stirling engine Ericsson engine PISTON COMBUSTION CHAMBER WATER STEAM BOILER 6 US Navy Training Manual, Basic Machines Reciprocating engine also known as piston engine, converts linear motion to rotation PISTON CONNECTING ROD CRANKSHAFT CYLINDER 7 US Navy Training Manual, Basic Machines 1 cycle 4 strokes 2 revolutions INTAKE STROKECOMPRESSION STROKE POWER STROKEEXHAUST STROKE fuel-air/

1 Alternative Energy Sources Delivered to: Bill Pyke Hilbre Consulting Limited October 2012 Alternative Transport Fuels Hydrogen, Engine Developments &

Prove distribution & infrastructure at next level 27 Automotive Trends 28 The Future? The Tata Nano Relies on a 33 hp two-stroke petrol engine Sales Price £1,300 Per Capita income rising rapidly in developing Asia Indian market 1 billion people 29 Improvements in Automotive /the worlds transport fuel in 2008 Global ethanol market totals 46.5 Billion Litres Fuel Ethanol is 30.6 Billion Litres (4.8 million barrels), 67% of total ethanol production Bioethanol consumption is 2.6% of gasoline fuel market 60 The /


engine. Compressed air is stored in carbon or glass fiber tanks at a pressure of 4,351 pounds per square inch (psi). This air is fed through an air injector to the engine/engine is a small combustion chamber. A piston in a compression cylinder outside this chamber forces air through a valve; getting compressed and thus heating a mixture of air and petrol/ stroke that provides the engines power. The design of the engine allows the fuel to burn over a period up to four times longer than in a four-stroke engine./

ECUreader 3.80 Autodiagnostic 2/4 year 2006. ATA – TECNOTEST T & M Autodiagnostic 3.80 - 30.07.06Summary Welcome Database Tecnotest Amounts of databases.

3.Vehicle with oil level, A/C and ABS sensors 4.Vehicle without oil level and A/C sensors 5.Vehicle without/TECNOTEST T & M Autodiagnostic 3.80 - 30.07.06. Engine management / Gear - SMART 800 Petrol Clutch Engaging & disengage / gear fitting / clutch fitting This /procedure is needed in case of replacement or dismantling of components related to gear, in order to setup ECU with new mechanical data (positions, status, end of stroke/

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