Download ppt on transportation in plants

AP Lab 4: Plant Pigments and Photosynthesis Prelab Discussion!

Part B: Photosynthesis  We will focus on the NADPH production.  We know that NADPH is the final electron and H receptor in the light dependent reactions.  We will be substituting the compound DPIP (a blue dye to be the final electron acceptor.  /rate? –A low % absorbance? AP Lab 4: Plant Pigments and Photosynthesis AP Lab 4 Day 2: Take out your flowcharts and lab packets. Light Dependent Reactions: sunlight photolysis THYLAKOID COMPARTMENT second electron transport system H2OH2O NADP + NADPH e–e– ATP ATP/

20 pt 30 pt 40 pt 50pt 10 pt 20 pt 30 pt 40 pt 50 pt 10 pt 20 pt 30 pt 40 pt 50 pt 10 pt 20 pt 30pt 40 pt 50 pt 10 pt CLOTHESANIMALS TRANSPORT ATION ACTIONS.

ANIMALS This animal has a long body, four short legs, and lives in rivers and swamps. CROCODILE TRANSPORTATION It has wheels and you use your feet to move it. BICYCLE/BIKE TRANSPORTATION It takes students to school and it’s very big. SCHOOL BUS TRANSPORTATION It transports passengers and cars over the water. FERRY TRANSPORTATION It has NO wheels, runs on tracks, and is very fast/

Feb. 3rd, 2011 B4730/5730 Plant Physiological Ecology Respiration I.

–Maintenance –Growth –Transport All eukaryotes with mitochondria have cytochrome respiratory pathway –Inhibited by cyanide –Plants have cyanide resistant pathway that uses AOX –animal regulation before glycolysis, plants during Autotrophic Respiration/) instead of cytochrome electron transport chain –Generates heat –Various hypotheses about regulation and purpose Uncoupling proteins (UCP) connect to photosynthesis –Uncoupling proteins relieve excess pH gradient in mitochondria –Photorespiration inhibited by /

Unit 8- Plants. Soil Complex mixture of – Sand, Silt, Clay, Organic matter Types- – Sandy- – Clay- – Loamy-

plant – Ex. Celery stalks Sclerenchyma- – Cells have tough thick cell walls, strengthen, support the plant Example - hemp fibers for making rope Example - hard nut and seed shells Specialized Plant Tissues Vascular Tissue- – Transports materials xylem- transports water phloem- transports food Roots Anchor plant/ Dicot- usually has central column of xylem in central cylinder (stele) with radiating arms (p 589) Stems Hold leaves up for photosynthesis and transport materials to and from leaves – Monocot- /

EROSION CONTROL BY LAND MANAGMENT WHAT IS EROSION The detachment and transportation of soil particles from one place to other by running water, wind.

EROSION CONTROL BY LAND MANAGMENT WHAT IS EROSION The detachment and transportation of soil particles from one place to other by running water, wind and moving. WHY? METHODS  Spreading varieties  Strip /based terraces constructed on gently sloping land at a suitable spacing along the contour lines. STRIP CROPPING Crop planting in which wide rows of heavy-rooted plants are alternated with loose-rooted plants so as to lessen erosion, as on a hillside MULCHING: It is protective cover provided to soil by/

PLANTS L.E. Bio. Unit 7. Bryophytes  Simple roots, stems, and leaves  No vascular tissue (xylem and phloem).  Short plants.  Ex. mosses & liverworts.

Gymnosperms naked seed, conifers, evergreens, retain leaves Transpiration:  The evaporation of water through the stomates and lenticels of plants StomataLenticels Roots:  Drawing: LD S3: 27174 2. Epidermal Cells 3. Xylem 4. Root Hairs 5. Cortex 6/ new xylem and phloem  Cork cambium-makes new cork  Apical meristem  Causes increase in length  Found at stem and root tips. Functions of Stems:  Support  Transport  Storage  Some photosynthesis  Some Respiration Go to Lab 24 Part 4 Stems Lab 24/

7.4 – Cellular Transport. Remember from 7.2….. Selective Permeability – substances do NOT enter the cell indiscriminately. –Nonpolar molecules tend to.

Three types: –Isotonic –Hypertonic –Hypotonic In plant cells, the cell wall makes sure only so much water is allowed to enter the cell. The wall maintains balance. Blood Cell Plant Cell Isotonic Solution Cellular Structure and Function  Water and dissolved substances diffuse into and out of the cell at the same rate. 11,397x 7.4 Cellular Transport Chapter 7 Blood Cell Hypotonic Solution/

Influence of Roadside Establishment Practices on Sediment and Nutrient Loss Kyle R. Briscoe G. Munshaw, J.J. Varco, B.R. Stewart Plant and Soil Sciences.

Stewart Plant and Soil Sciences Mississippi State University Research Motivation Mississippi Nonpoint Source Management Plan lists sediment as a potential surface water pollutant, nutrients are not mentioned (MDEQ, 2000) Mississippi Department of Transportation specifications/ disturbed soils – MDOT fertilizer specifications could potentially lead to nutrient loss No significant differences in vegetative coverage were observed between fertilizer sources or rates Phosphorous source may have an influence /

Plant Unit: Roots, Stems, and Leaves. What are Xylem and Phloem? ► Transport System ► Similar to our veins and arteries ► Xylem – moves water from roots.

roots are present at the same time. All branching from main plant. ► Grasses are an example of a fibrous root system. Root Tissues ► Roots are made of different tissues. ► Epidermis ► Cortex ► Vascular Tissues Cross Sections Of Roots Ranunculus root @ 40 X Ranunculus root @ 100 X Stems: ► Hold Leaves up in Sunlight ► Transport water and minerals between Leaves and Roots ► Stem Parts:  Epidermis  Cortex/

Residential Streets Overall Residential Street Image Residential Streets - Planting Strips Residential Streets - Sidewalk Width Next, participants assessed.

– cars parked over sidewalks, newer neighborhoods have boring planting strips and are too narrow, planting strips with no trees, mail boxes in planting strips, poorly maintained planting strips, sight obstruction concern Residential Street - Sidewalk Width / range of activities (baby strollers, children on bicycles, and wheelchair users). Sidewalks provide a place for transportation access, recreational opportunities, and community interaction. Slide 1Overall Rating: 2.07 Slide 2Overall Rating: 2.70/

Linear Programming Network Flow Problems Transportation Assignment Transshipment Production and Inventory.

3 Thomas 4 Washburn 75 50 60 40 Warehouses (Transshipment Nodes) Retail Outlets (Destinations Nodes) Transportation Cost per Unit Distribution Routes - arcsDemandSupply $1 $5 $8 $3 $4 Transportation Cost per Unit 1 Arnold 2 Super S. $5 $8 $7 $4 Plants (Origin Nodes) Flow In 150 Flow Out 150 Resembles Transportation Problem Linear Programming Define Variables - Transshipment Let: x ij = # of units shipped from node/

Coastal Upwelling Equatorward winds along a coastline lead to offshore Ekman transport Mass conservation requires these waters replaced by cold, denser.

transport Mass conservation requires these waters replaced by cold, denser waters Brings nutrients into surface waters creating blooms Creates dynamic height gradients - currents Coastal Upwelling April 2000 CalCoFI Cruise At smaller scales... Strong west winds Ocean Biogeochemistry in/ - SST CZCS Chlorophyll SST Chl Respiration & Remineralization remineralizers h CO 2 O2O2 PlantsNUTS Biological processes consume plants & O 2 to make CO 2 & nutrients Euphotic Zone Euphotic Zone – PP happens Aphotic Zone /

MT 2351 Chapter 5 Transportation, Assignment, and Transshipment.

WWestwood – 45 tons EEastwood – 10 tons BBC has two plants, each of which can produce 50 tons per week. BBC would like to minimize transportation costs. How should end of week shipments be made to fill the above orders/) Retail Outlets (Destinations Nodes) Transportation Cost per Unit Distribution Routes - arcsDemandSupply $1 $5 $8 $3 $4 Transportation Cost per Unit 1 Arnold 2 Super S. $5 $8 $7 $4 Plants (Origin Nodes) Flow In 150 Flow Out 150 Resembles Transportation Problem MT 23556 Define Variables -/

Unit 3B: Helping Plants Grow Well. Helping plants grow well.

Celery Xylem tubes (like tiny drainpipes) Coloured water Unit 3B: Summary: L.O. 10 Unit 3B: Summary Unhealthy plant Healthy plant Unit 3B: Water, water everywhere: L.O. 11, 12, 13 Unit 3B: Water, water everywhere Amount of water/3B: Plants and Temperature Plants and Temperature Fridge Room temperature Greenhouse Which room is warmest? Which plant do you think will grow the best? Would this be a fair test? Unit 3B: Summary temperature light too much damages plant transported through stem take in through /

Engineering Technology Division

Plant Design Feasibility Study - Screening •Objectives –Provide tribal investment opportunity (diversification) –Provide tribal employment opportunities –Enhance economics of other tribal operations (fishery, headquarters campus, future industrial/energy park) •Resources –Limited land –Poor wind, geothermal and solar potential –Strong logging and forest products industry in/to sales points, proximity to fuel source, transportation infrastructure, utility infrastructure, environmental considerations, land and/

Chapter 3: Plant and Animal Cells By Mr. A. Rogan Science First Year.

with a special function form a tissue. E.g. Muscle, blood, bone, skin. Chapter 3: Plant and Animal Cells  Human Tissues:  Nervous Tissue  Bone Tissue  Muscle Tissue  Skin Tissue  Blood Tissue Chapter 3: Plant and Animal Cells  Plant Tissues:  Photosynthetic Tissue  Storage Tissue  Growing Tissue  Transport Tissue Chapter 3: Plant and Animal Cells  Organs:  Several tissues grouped together form an organ.  Structure with a specific/

INTERNATIONAL Solutions for soil, plant & meteorology Plant Water Use and “Behaviour” INTERNATIONAL Michael Forster PhD (UNSW) Total Tree Water Use Case Study: Trees as “Biopumps” Antamina Mine Largest mine in Peru US$ 2.26bn investment Copper & Zinc Located 4,300m a.s.l. INTERNATIONAL Solutions for soil, plant & meteorology Copper & Zinc transported via gravity and water to sea port Filters separate solids from water What to do with all the water/

Plant Transport Systems Honors Biology Chapter 7 p. 185-191 Honors Biology Chapter 7 p. 185-191.

and the adhesion of water to charged groups on the surface of the tracheid and vessel cells, water will rise in the xylem through capillary action. Transpiration- Leaves lose water by evaporation through their leaves Transpiration cause an area of /move to all parts of the plant. Phloem- living cells that transport sugars and amino acids to different parts of the plant. These substance can move up or down the plant through the phloem. Holes called sieve tubes transport materials between phloem cells. Sugar /

PLANTS- Structure Roots and Stems. ROOTS-Function 1. Anchor the plant to the soil 2. Absorb water and minerals from the soil 3. May store food 4. Transport.

. Expose the leaves to sunlight 3. Sometimes photosynthesis (if they are green) and food storage occur in the stem 4. Transport materials 4. Transport- Xylem tissues transport water from the roots to the leaves Phloem tissue transport sugars, minerals, and hormones throughout the plant (food) Translocation is the term used to describe movement of sugars from the leaves through the phloem STEMS-Types 1. Herbaceous stems/

Fabulous Fossil Fuels. Formation: Plants and animals die and settle to the bottom of OCEANS Sand and clay bury the plants and animals After millions of.

widely used fossil fuel Easy to store and transport (liquid) Uses: TRANSPORTATION Plastics Chemicals (medicine, make-up, paint, plastic) Shoes, clothing Fertilizers Heating PETROLEUM (Oil) Formation: Peat is formed as dead plants build up in swamps Lignite is formed as layers of /much space. Uses: HEATING Gas Stove – cooking Drying clothes NATURAL GAS Formation: Peat is formed as dead plants build up in swamps Lignite is formed as layers of sand and mud cover peat After millions of years of heat and pressure/

Content Standard 10 Distinguish between monocots and dicots, angiosperms and gymnosperms, and vascular and nonvascular plants.

plants lack tubes to transport materials. 4.Nonvascular plants lack deep fibrous roots to obtain water. conesinsects4 fruitinsects3 coneswind2 fruitwind1 Location of Seeds Main Method of Pollination Plant Plant Characteristics 6. Study the table below. Which plant is an angiosperm? 1.Plant 1 2.Plant 2 3.Plant 3 4.Plant 4 2in a ringmultiples of 4 or 52 1scatteredmultiples of 31 Number of Embryo Parts Arrangement of Vascular Tissue in/

Plant Structure & Function. Plant Structure Root System Shoot System –Stem –Leaves –Flowers.

Plant Structure Root System Shoot System –Stem –Leaves –Flowers Root System Function Anchors Absorption Transportation Storage Structure Xylem Water & minerals from roots to leaves Phloem Sugars from leaves to roots Root Types Taproots Fibrous Roots Adventitious Shoot System - Stems Function Supports leaves Grows toward light Transports substances between roots and leaves Structure Herbaceous Soft and green Do not survive winter Woody Increases in size/

Plant Transport System By: Kareem Ahmed. Plant Transport System The plant transport system uses many different thin tubes inside it that carry liquids.

can only be used on very small organisms like plants because other bodies are too large to simply diffuse materials in an out. Diffusion can only be used on very small organisms like plants because other bodies are too large to simply diffuse materials in an out. Human Transport System There is also a human transport system that transfers the same things with the human body/

Chapter 10: The Structure & Function of Plants. Chapter 10, Section 1 & 2: The Plant Kingdom What is a plant? Nearly all plants produce their own food.

, nutrients & sunlight Roots Leaves – Retain water Cuticle – waxy, waterproof coating that covers the leaves of most plants; reduces water loss – Transport materials in their bodies Vascular tissue – Support their bodies Stems & leaves – Reproduce Eggs & sperm Classification of Plants NONVASCULAR PLANTSPlants that lack a well- developed system of tubes for transporting water and other materials – Low growing – No roots – Thin cell walls – Obtain water/nutrients directly from/

Structuring a DC Network Ken Homa. Manufacturing Plants Distribution Centers Intermediaries End Users Customers.

Distribution Networks Building Blocks C, Q, F, S Plant DC CCCCC Transportation Distribution Networks Cost Components Plant DC CCCCC Handling (out) Transportation Distribution Networks Cost Components Handling (in) Plant DC CCCCC Handling (out) Handling (in) Transportation Storage Distribution Networks Cost Components Optimize “landed cost” systemwide Plant DC Increasing Distance Single plant, co-located DC Transportation Costs In general, transportation costs increase with distance for comparable “types” of/

Vascular Plants John Dennis. Vascular Plants  Vascular plants are plants that contain lignified tissues.  This helps conduct water, minerals, and photosynthetic.

this feature allows them to grow a larger size than non-vascular plants which lack these tissues.  The principle generation phase in vascular plants is sporophyte, which is usually diploid meaning that it contains two chromosomes per cell. Characteristics Cont.  Water transport either happens in either xylem or phloem. The xylem carries water and inorganic solutes up towards the leaves from the roots, while phloem/

Plant Group Review. Conifers Plant Groups 1 Non-vascular 2 Vascular without seeds 3 Vascular with seeds no flowers 4 Vascular with seeds and flowers.

These plants have seeds that develop in a cone or fleshy structures attached to branches Plant Groups 1 Non-vascular 2 Vascular without seeds 3 Vascular with seeds no flowers 4 Vascular with seeds and flowers These plants must obtain water osmosis Plant Groups / seeds and flowers These plants do not contain xylem or phloem to transport water and food Plant Groups 1 Non-vascular 2 Vascular without seeds 3 Vascular with seeds no flowers 4 Vascular with seeds and flowers Monocots Plant Groups 1 Non-vascular /

Parts of a Plant Flower: Where pollination and reproduction takes place. Leaf: Where photosynthesis (food making) takes place. Stem: Holds.

: Where pollination and reproduction takes place. Leaf: Where photosynthesis (food making) takes place. Stem: Holds up the plant. Transports water , minerals, and nutrients to rest the plant. Roots: Anchors plant by keeping it firmly in place. Absorbs water and minerals. Roots Stem Leaf Flower Photosynthesis Pollination Plant Responses ROOTS Root hairs: absorbs water and minerals Grass is a fibrous root. Carrots are taproots where starch is/

Environmental Requirements for Plant Growth Unit 4 Introductory Horticulture.

Day-length or Photoperiod: time in light  Long day: summer annuals (marigolds)  Short day: short photoperiods (poinsettia)  Color: red spectrum -> blue spectrum plants need both, sun has both Temperature  Varies from plant to plant  Sun lovers can take high /for 13 of 16 nutrient uptake  Growth and Maintenance  Photosynthesis  Sap – transport nutrients  Transpiration – cooling  Turgor – plant shape due to cell shape, opposite of turgor is wilt Water (continued)  Methods and Frequency  Infrequent,/

Mosses, Ferns and Lycopods

Plants Vascular Tissue Support  taller Branches  more sporangia and spores Transportation Water Minerals Sugars Vascular Plant /plants Two types of spores Megaspores Microspores Photo Credits: Doyle Cross, El Yunque, Puerto Rico, 2007 Megaspores Grow into female gametophytes Photo Credit: Dr. David Byres, Florida Community College at Jacksonville Microspores Grow into male gametophytes Photo Credit: Dr. David Byres, Florida Community College at Jacksonville The End Unless otherwise specified, all images in/

What characteristics do all plants share? All are autotrophs. All are many-celled eukaryotes. All plant cells have cell walls.

from the ground. (rootlike, stemlike,leaflike )  Pass materials from cell to cell. Thin cell walls.  Live in damp, shady places.  Liverworts Hornworts leafy thalloid  Vascular plants --  Plants with true vascular systems – tubes for transport.  True roots, stems and leaves  Better for dry areas.  Quick and efficient material transport.  Vascular tissue provides strength, stability, support.  What are the largest and oldest living things on the planet/

A view of the eukaryotic cell: Elaborately compartmentalized systems *Generalized animal cell *Generalized plant cell.

plant cell A view of the eukaryotic cell: ribosomes *free *membrane-bound endoplasmic reticulum free bound endomembrane system *vesicles A view of the eukaryotic cell: endoplasmic reticulum cisternae cisternal space smooth ER rough ER Protein Synthesis on the Rough ER A view of the eukaryotic cell: Golgi apparatus *transport vesicle transport/Receptor-mediated endocytosis *Endocytosis Transport of large molecules Types of endocytosis found in animal cells: Protein Sorting and Vesicle Transport A view of the /


INTRODUCTION A power plant can be defined as a set of number of components working together simultaneously to convert any of the natural form of energy into electrical energy. Initially, energy is converted into mechanical form and finally it is converted in electrical power. Electrical Energy is the only form of energy which is easy to produce, easy to transport for long distance/

What is a plant? Unit 7 Chapter 20. Plant characteristics Eukaryotic Multicellular Autotroph: food made through photosynthesis Cell walls made of cellulose.

and waxy coats Protection for gametes (sperm and egg) Leaves Plant organ that photosynthesizes May occur in other plant parts with chlorophyll (ex: stems of cactus) Roots Absorbs water and minerals from soil Helps to anchor plants to ground May store sugar reserves (taproot) Stem Transports water and minerals from roots to branches and leaves Transports sugar from leaves to storage organs May store sugars and/

21.1 Plant Cells and Tissues TEKS 5B, 10B, 10C The student is expected to: 4B investigate and explain cellular processes, including homeostasis, energy.

: 4B investigate and explain cellular processes, including homeostasis, energy conversions, transport of molecules, and synthesis of new molecules; 5B examine specialized cells, including roots, stems, and leaves of plants...; 10B describe the interactions that occur among systems that perform the functions of transport, reproduction, and response in plants; 10C analyze the levels of organization in biological systems and relate the levels to each other and to/

THE PLANT KINGDOM Woodstown High School Biology. CARL LINNAEUS  BOTANIST (person who studies plants)  Designed the system used for CLASSIFYING plants.

stem and leaves  PHLOEM ---carries food (sugar)from leaves to roots NON-VASCULAR  Plants that DO NOT have tube-like cells to transport food and water throughout the plant.  Plants that DO NOT have leaves, stems or roots. They get water through a root- like structure called RHIZOIDS  Plants that grow in damp, shady areas on sides of trees and rocks (MOSS) FERNS  Ferns are a/

Plant Morphology Meristem Tissue- embryonic tissue located at the tips of roots and stem apices (herbaceous & woody plants) and cambium layers (woody plants).

- embryonic tissue located at the tips of roots and stem apices (herbaceous & woody plants) and cambium layers (woody plants). Parenchyma - unspecialized cells occurring throughout the plant. Sclerenchyma- hollow, non-living cells with thick walls; structural support Transport System Xylem Tissue- transports water and minerals from the roots to the leaves; Phloem Tissue- transports organic nutrients from the leaves to the roots Herbaceous and Woody Stems Herbaceous/

200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 Functions Life Cycle Plant needsTermsFacts.

300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 Functions Life Cycle Plant needsTermsFacts The function of the roots What is anchor and absorb? The function of the stem What is support and transport? The function of the leaves What is photosynthesis and transpiration? The / light? The parts of a plant are called… What are structures? The jobs of a structure is called…. What is a function? A baby plant within a seed What is the embryo? Gives the plant its green color and is used in photosynthesis What is the chlorophyll?/

SCIENCE Plant Test Review Plant Test Review Good Luck! Good Luck! (Mrs. Yantosh)

in and out of the plant. xylem stomata phloem cell wall #2 What do we call the loss of water from a plant? Transpiration Photosynthesis Evaporation Respiration ` #3 The part of the plant cell that contains chlorophyll mitochondria chloroplast #4 Plants/ is the chemical reaction for _____? erosion photosynthesis cellular respiration transpiration #9 _____ transports the water and minerals throughout the plant and _____ transports food. xylem; phloem phloem; xylem arteries, veins carbon dioxide, oxygen #10 /

2/14: More Transportation Planning & Production Scheduling Roll call Return homework Go over homework Transportation planning w/ transshipments Revisiting.

3: 500 Store 4: 400 2 3 4 1 3 6 2 3 1 4 22 5 3 Network #1 Network #2 Transportation Planning with Transshipments Model in Excel: two transportation models that are linked: see example.example Plant 1: 600 Plant 2: 700 Plant 3: 300 Ware 1 Ware 2 Store 1: 400 Store 2: 300 Store 3: 500 Store 4: 400 2 3 4/

Flowers the reproductive structures of plants Can you remember the Seven Processes of Life? MRSNERGMRSNERG.

almost any size. –Are divided into gymnosperms and angiosperms How are Plants Classified? Gymnosperms -- “naked seed” non- flowering plants Angiosperms -- flowering plants Vascular Plants Have a xylem and phloem –Xylem Hard wall cells that transport water and minerals Flows Upward –From roots Die every year Rings in a tree trunk Vascular Plants Phloem –Soft-walled cells that transport organic nutrients –Travels downward Phloes downward! –This tissue is living/

1 Classification of Life Biology. 2 Aristotle 384 BC Classified organisms as either plants or animals.

Eukaryotic Cell wall –Pseudopeptidoglycan or protein only Live in extreme environments 9 Kingdom Protista Single celled Eukaryotic Ingest or produce food No tissues or organs Animal like— consumers Plant like—producers Fungus like-- decomposers 10 Kingdom Fungi/Cell wall –Cellulose Produce food –Photosynthesis Angiosperms: flowering plants Conifers: cone bearing 12 Kingdom Plantae Vascular Grow tall They have distinctive body forms Tube like cells Can transport water to the leaves Large roots Ex: flowers, /

Structure of Plants Leaves Blade Veins –midrib Petiole.

gametes and provide a structure for fertilization Pollen is a carrier of sperm Pollination - the process of transporting pollen from the male to female flower parts Seeds Reproductive structure consisting of a plant embryo and its stored food. Plants have various ways of dispersing, or spreading, their seeds. In flowering plants, the seed develops in a structure called a fruit. Kingdom Plantae nonvascularvascular seedlessseed gymnospermsangiosperms monocotsdicots

PLANT TRANSPORT LECTURE Plants need a way to transport materials through their bodies, too. Vascular tissue – cells used by plant to transport nutrients.

plant to transport nutrients and water. Types of Vascular Tissue XYLEM – Dead cells that form “pipes” to carry water from roots through leaves. PHLOEM – Tubes made from living cells to transport food; phloem = food Types of Vascular Tissue XYLEM – Only carries UP PHLOEM – Carries food in/ DICOTS Leaf pattern – veins are branched. DICOTS Flower pattern – parts are in multiples of 4’s or 5’s. MATERIALS TRANSPORTED XYLEM – WATER DISSOLVED MINERALS HORMONES PHLOEM – FOOD/SUGAR OXYGEN HORMONES GIRDLING Definition/

Seed Plants Outnumber seedless plants 10 to 1 They are food—rice, peas, squash They make materials like clothes, furniture and oxygen.

leaves Reproduce with pollen and seeds Vascular Tissue Transports materials throughout the plant and helps support the plant. 2 types: 1. phloem—transports food 2. xylem- transports water and minerals Pollen and seeds Seed plants produce pollen that contain cells that will later / have a structure that aids in dispersal such as barblike structures, velcro or even wings like a maple tree seed or dandelion. Water can disperse seeds—seed simply floats to another area. Some plants have an ejection system like a/

Kingdom Plantae. General Characteristics Eukaryotic, multicellular organisms that carry out photosynthesis Cell walls contain cellulose Plants develop.

transport materials throughout the plant. Bryophytes: mosses, liverworts and hornworts Vascular Plants Tracheophytes Conducting tissues Xylem and Phloem, allows plants to grow much taller. Spore producing vascular plants. Seed producing vascular plants. Spore-Producing Vascular Plants / cones Angiosperms Flowering plants Reproduce sexually by means of flowers and pollination Seeds are contained in a protective wall which develops into a fruit Angiosperm Life Cycle Most successful plants on Earth Using /

Reproduction of Seed Plants. Alternation of Generation All plants life cycle alternates Diploid Sporophyte  Haploid Gametophyte Sporophyte = Entire.

life cycle alternates Diploid Sporophyte  Haploid Gametophyte Sporophyte = Entire Plant Gametophyte = hidden in plant –Gymnosperm gametophyte = inside cones –Angiosperm gametophyte = inside flower Gymnosperm vs Angiosperm Produce Cones / Animals: eat fruits and poop out seeds Wind: light-weight seeds can be carried Water: seeds can float allowing water transport Dormancy & Germination Dormancy = embryo is alive, but doesn’t grow –Caused by environment not being good enough –Temperature and moisture needs to/

Egypt, Kush, and Canaan Environmental Factors in Human Settlement.

Egypt, Kush, and Canaan Environmental Factors in Human Settlement Egypt--The Gift of the Nile  Egypt was the “bread-basket” of the ancient world / River valley  Flat land for farming  Fertilization of soil/water for growing crops  Transportation  Mediterranean  Transportation  Connection to the greater ancient world Egypt and Kush- Vegetation  The Nile River Valley  Water for vegetation  Crops for food and plants for medicine, baskets, tools, paper, rope  Yearly Flooding=rich silt for farming  /

PLANT PROPAGATION IAFNR Plant and Soil Sciences Module.

PLANT PROPAGATION IAFNR Plant and Soil Sciences Module PLANT REPRODUCTION  Sexual Reproduction in Plants  Requires that  Flowers form (complete flowers)  Pollination and Fertilization occurs  Seeds develop  Seeds grow into new plants  Flower Induction  Flower functions to attract pollinators  Produces gametes (sex cells)  Sepals and petals appear large and colorful Image retrieved from: Which of the /

Matthew Arlinghaus, PE Transportation Engineering Branch Manager – District 6.

 Small asphalt patching project in late October 2011  4 crashes – November 2011 to March 2012 KY 1039 Interchange with US 42 Nearby steel plants and industrial sites Repetitive roll over accidents on ramps  Successful exchanges of information KY 1039/US 42 Steel Coil Accidents  Gallatin County  10 crashes – 2012  Correspondence with KMTA (KY Motor Transport Association)  Communication with steel plants – Nucor, NAS  Coordination with/

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