Design for ppt on deforestation

TIAGO GARCIA CARNEIRO ANA PAULA AGUIAR GILBERTO CÂMARA ANTÔNIO MIGUEL MONTEIRO TerraME - A tool for spatial dynamic modelling LUCC Workshop Amsterdam,

knowledge to produce a model. If (... ? ) then... Desforestation? What is Computational Modelling? Design and implementation of computational enviroments for modelling  Requires a formal and stable description  Implementation allow experimentation Rôle of computer /parcel size; for small farms, rate of change in the first years is also influenced by installation credit received. Location of change: For small farms, deforestation has a concentrated pattern that spreads along roads. For large farmers,/


.  What is Literacy Design Collaborative? o LDC a method of embedding Common Core Literacy standards into content-area (Science, SS, and CTAE) lessons.

  What is Literacy Design Collaborative? o LDC a method of embedding Common Core Literacy standards into content-area (Science, SS, and CTAE) lessons. By /to find overlap in our standards  Looked through Science and Social Studies and found a common link associated with environmental issues…deforestation in Africa. Then, we were able to use writing standards for the final product. Common Core Standards ELA: ELA7R1 The student demonstrates comprehension and shows evidence of a warranted and responsible /


1 UNFCCC Workshop on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation in Developing Countries 30/08-01/9/2006, Rome, Italy Overview of scientific, socio- economic,

cover 121120 Deforestation ΔC= 80 Deforestation ΔC= 108 30% 10% Degradation Devegetation 5 Drivers of deforestation and degradation as reported in national communications to the UNFCCC 6 Steps involved in a C monitoring system for deforestation DeFries et/no recent national forest inventories  Research plots generally insufficient as not from population of interest and designed for other purposes 10 CountryBiomass EstimationYear Brazil Scientific studies with small, non-stratified plots. 1988-2004: Malaysia/


ECBI Pre-COP Workshop for LDC Africa Negotiators 27 November 2010 european capacity building initiative initiative européenne de renforcement des capacités.

forest and ensuring rights of indigenous people.  Gender considerations  Emissions global reduction goal for deforestation  Retaining forest carbon  Accountability mechanisms (Measuring, monitoring and verifying (MRV) systems) /for building confidence and provide an opportunity for actions  Identification of effective measures to reduce deforestation and forest degradation (policies and actions)  Identification of alternative sources of financing where funding approaches to REDD to be designed/


Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Participants Committee Meeting (FCPF PC 2) Gamboa, Panama,

(4) 7. Develop a reference scenario of deforestation and degradation: Present ToR or plan for how the reference scenario will be developed, including major data requirements, early ideas on which methods to use, and how a reference scenario would be presented for consultation 8. Design and implement a monitoring, reporting and verification system for REDD: ToR or plan for how the monitoring, reporting and verification system/


Network for Certification and Conservation of Forests.

entire global transportation sector  10,000 hectare of deforestation emits 5 million tons of Co 2 which it is more than the annual emission for 800 megawatt coal fired power plant. Global annual deforestation results in a loss of 13 million hectares of / timber from markets, improve the supplier of legal timber and increase the demand for wood products from legal sources. The main element of this action plan is EUTR.  EUTR is designed to combat the trade in and harvesting of illegal timber.  It came into/


Carbon Markets and Carbon Crediting For Forestry West and Central Africa Tropical Forest Investment Forum – August 28 th to 30 th 2007 Timothy Pearson.

animals Host country eligibility requirements:  Ratified Kyoto Protocol  Designate a DNA - Designated National Authority  Approves CDM projects  Confirms that project in/Deforestation and Degradation in Developing Countries  Responsible for approximately 20% of global emissions  In Brazil deforestation and degradation accounts for 70% of total emissions, in Indonesia 80%  Currently under consideration  Focus on national level emissions reductions  Voluntary target Challenges for Deforestation/


Forestry & Land Management. This lecture will help you understand: Ecological and economic contributions of forests History and scale of deforestation.

forests were designated for timber production Valuable Products 3.4 billion cubic meters of wood per year – 53% of wood consumption for fuel Burned or made into charcoal – 31% for building material Housing, furniture, containers – 16% for paper / carbon sink – Dead trees that are necessary nesting sites for woodpeckers and spotted owls – Healthy soil profiles – Indicator species – A fungal ecosystem Demand for wood leads to deforestation Deforestation – the clearing and loss of forests – Changes landscapes /


Overview of MS LULUCF reporting under the KP Giacomo Grassi, Viorel Blujdea European Commission - Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and.

systems, databases, QA/QC and verification procedures) have been designed for the entire country scale (further breakdown of the country area would risk generating random uncertainty for smaller units). Nevertheless, several large countries report two (e./ area, disturbances) and deforestation is made by actual procedures implemented by NFIs (e.g. written procedure for field assessment, training of field staff to rightly distinguish between them). For deforestation field assessment procedure involve /


Experience of France for reporting under the Kyoto Protocol

and rivers Petit Saut dam: Hydroelectricity – reservoir about 30 000 ha, Dam filling in 1994 Limited deforestation concerning small parcels : a challenge for monitoring 13-14 November 2008 JRC - LULUCF 3.1.3. French Guiana and Kyoto protocol Specific constraints/ 2km Buffer → Strata R definition 13-14 November 2008 JRC - LULUCF Sample points distance 3.1.3. Sampling design Localization of the 3 strata Systematic/random grid Square grid - 932 m between points Random origin and inclination Sample definition/


Rainforest -Geo. Project- Designed by

the Tully river will destroy many squares kilometers of forests. Solve the deforestation We can raise money to buy large quantities of land and declare it off limits for loggers, farmers and ranchers. We can educate people about the value of/of how to present our project and technical of using the computer. Work List Chan Mei Shuen (1): Leader, information collector, designer, typist, scraper, make the decoration, read the books, find the websites Chau Tsz Ying (4): Information collector, make the decoration/


DEFORESTATION AND URBANIZATION. 1.Deforestation 2.Urbanization 3.Selective Cutting 4.Clear Cutting 5.Traditional farming 6.Sustainable farming 7.Fossil.

other life forms for food purposes Land must be cleared for agriculture  makes area less diverse Monoculture-Only one species is present Easier for farmers to maintain Less cost efficient AGRICULTURE Pesticides-Chemicals designed to protect crops from/ and cause water pollution AGRICULTURE DEFORESTATION Deforestation-Process where trees are removed and not replanted Done in order to clear area for construction Trees are also used for products such as paper, firewood DEFORESTATION As trees are removed the /


Deforestation and the Role of Humans in Islandification By Kristen Hammond

of islands by an unnatural force, mainly Human beings. Islandification occurs when humans destroy their natural resources by deforestation, for economical reasons. It is a major cause of extinction. Http://dgl.microsoft.com What Happens During Islandification? /our natural resources. The fewer resourcdes we use, the fewer tees and forestes we destroy. Bibilography “Clip Art.” Microsoft Design Gallery Live. Http://dgl.microsoft.com/, December 1,2002 Dudley, Nigel. Death of Trees. Sydney: Pluto Press limited ©/


LANDSCAPE FRAGMENTATION ANALYSIS IN TWO SETTLEMENT DESIGNS IN RONDÔNIA, BRAZILIAN AMAZON Mateus Batistella, Eduardo S. Brondizio, and Emilio F. Moran Indiana.

samples, may maximize the potential of certain indices for the study of ecological processes, such as deforestation and secondary succession. Edge contrast and nearest neighbor indices are potential options. The interpretation of these findings will contribute to the evaluation of different models of rural settlement in the Brazilian Amazon, assisting in the creation of colonization designs with less environmental impact. In this sense/


REDD+ FOR THE GUIANA SHIELD Technical Cooperation Project Working Groups Sabá Loftus and Sara Svensson, ONFI 11 th December 2013 2 nd Steering Committee,

First Regional Working Group took place in Guyana 5-6 December on REDD+ MRV IMPLEMENTATION AND DRIVERS OF DEFORESTATION Merge or keep separate? Suggested topics for Working Group meetings  How to monitor degradation?  Shifting cultivation: how to identify it and how to/WG participants’ approval. Article 5 – Expertise needed 5.1 The Working Group will be composed of representatives designated per each country. They should be selected based on their knowledge, understanding and expertise on the project /


Summarised presentation of deforestation By: Ming Chun, Shang Wen, Chloe and Amanda.

Respect laws that try to protect the rainforest Factories-  Burn trees in designated areas (not illegal places)  Burn trees sustainably Animals-  To keep spreading around seeds for food purposes  To protect the forest from other threats Their responsibilities (cont.)/the money, Indonesia would have enough resources to combat deforestation. The money goes to making the farm land more productive and thus reduce the need for deforestation. Rate of deforestation in Southeast Asia As you can see, Malaysia /


Public policy implications of accuracy assessment for fire and deforestation monitoring: Don’t forget the error bars A story of sin and redemption Foster.

umbrella becomes a user’s decision. The danger of too many significant figures: World Bank estimate in 1988 for deforestation in Brazilian Amazonia (Mahar 1988) 598,921.7 km 2, 7 significant figures, implicit uncertainty of ±0/ in a similar fashion. Spreadsheets are designed with this structure in mind. How do we seek redemption? Develop sensitivity analysis for uncertainty propagation (Monte Carlo approach) Compare various sources of data for consistency/inconsistency. Example Aster, Modis, Landsat/


Summarised presentation of deforestation By: Ming Chun, Shang Wen, Chloe and Amanda.

Respect laws that try to protect the rainforest Factories-  Burn trees in designated areas (not illegal places)  Burn trees sustainably Animals-  To keep spreading around seeds for food purposes  To protect the forest from other threats Their responsibilities (cont.)/the money, Indonesia would have enough resources to combat deforestation. The money goes to making the farm land more productive and thus reduce the need for deforestation. Rate of deforestation in Southeast Asia As you can see, Malaysia /


Literacy Rate Deforestation Desertification Soil Degradation Over Grazing Afghanistan Iraq Israel Saudi Arabia.

: citrus, vegetables, cotton; beef, poultry, dairy products Industries: high-technology projects (including aviation, communications, computer-aided design and manufactures, medical electronics, fiber optics), wood and paper products, potash and phosphates, food, beverages, and tobacco, caustic/ pollution from dumping of chemicals and detergents; air pollution, particularly in urban areas; deforestation; concern for oil spills from increasing Bosporus ship traffic Population:71,158,647 (July 2007 est.)/


Developing Frameworks for Short and Long-Term Actions to Reduce Deforestation in Tropical Countries Ned Helme, President Center for Clean Air Policy ******

implementation strategies in key economic sectors l Developed initial design for IADB’s Sustainable Energy and Climate Change Initiative www.ccap.org CCAP Forest Sector Involvement l Reducing Emissions from Deforestation (RED) workgroup in Future Actions Dialogue »Aimed/ via domestic action and flexible mechanisms and » 2) a CO2 equivalent reduction from contributions to reduced deforestation in developing countries, »For example, Europe commits to -25% below 1990 levels from KP system and -5% through RED by/


MODULE 2. MODULE 2: NATURAL RESOURCES Natural resources are natural assets (raw materials) occurring in nature that can be used for economic production.

electronic Watches, street light, traffic signal, water pumps etc. Solar cooker: mainly used for the cooking food and boiling water. It is mainly of three design: heat-trap boxes, curved concentrators (parabolics) and panel cookers. Food cooks best in/area or due to excess exploitation of land to human pressure. The major anthropogenic activities responsible for desertification are as follows: Deforestation: The process of denuding and degradation of forested land initiates a desert producing cycles. If /


2111 2005. 2111 2005 Climate change mitigation related to Tanzanian forests Key factors for analysis and research prioritizing Ole Hofstad.

respect to spatial variation 2.Undertake inventories in selected study areas covering important vegetation types and inventory designs 3.Perform theoretical inventory simulations in order to select optimal inventory strategies under different conditions and requirements/ or watershed level  Namaalwa, J., P. L. Sankhayan & O. Hofstad 2007. A dynamic bio- economic model for analyzing deforestation and degradation: An application to woodlands in Uganda. Forest Policy and Economics, 9 (5):479-95.  Sankhayan, P/


Understanding Land Change in Amazonia: A Multidisciplinary Research Challenge Gilberto Câmara Director National Institute for Space Research Brazil IGERT.

Amazônia (INPE) What’s coming next? Deforestation... Source: Carlos Nobre (INPE) Environmental Modelling in Brasil GEOMA: “Rede Cooperativa de Modelagem Ambiental”  Cooperative Network for Environmental Modelling  Established by Ministry of Science / to produce a model. If (... ? ) then... Desforestation? What is Computational Modelling? Design and implementation of computational enviroments for modelling  Requires a formal and stable description  Implementation allow experimentation Rôle of computer /


REDD PLUS -- What is that?. 1. REDD PLUS – in brief Background: Deforestation has become a problem that the world cannot ignore.  Deforestation results.

is even greater than global transportation sector. 1. REDD PLUS – in brief Concept  REDD stands for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries; and other roles of Conservation, Sustainable Management of Forests and Enhancement of/  REDD will have to be measured and verified  Currently lack of consensus at the international level over the design of effective MRV systems 3 conditions of REDD+:  Leakage  Additionality  Permance 19 4. Implementation of REDD 5/


Forest Carbon Partnership Facility R-PP Preparation DRIVERS OF DEFORESTATION AND DEGRADATION August, 13 – 14, 2009.

, understanding & prioritizing Direct and Underlying causes:  Direct and their Underlying causes are the key elements for shaping a National REDD Strategy  Indentifying and assessing them is the cornerstone for designing interventions to reduce pressure on forests  Crucial for selecting REDD options, planning interventions and deploying resources to reduce deforestation & degradation UNDERLYING AND DIRECT CAUSES 3 UNDERLYING CAUSES Unsound Economic & Market Factors Landlessness & Unclear Allocation/


I G O L Integrated Global Observations of the Land John S.Latham FAO-SDRN GTOS IGOL Rome, 13 th -15 th September 2004 A new theme for the IGOS Partnership.

Led by Erika Lepers Department of Geography University of Louvain, Belgium Draft map Areas of rapid deforestation World Information framework for Global Monitoring of Forests, Land use and the Environment Objectives – To better link global, regional/ by different applications and providers – send a common message – To provide information that improves design and efficiency of sampling for national forest assessment linked to improved global observing strategies and disturbances – To increase use and sharing/


Presentation for Deforestation project By: Ming Chun, Shang Wen, Chloe and Amanda.

Get shot down by them Current measures How to stop deforestation? 1.Conservationists groups Have them to promote conservation Why not working?? Factories: Less land for plantations Less people with jobs Population decrease!! What is/help reduce deforestation (REDD Plus, aka Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation)  ASEAN – Set up the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution. The purpose is to address haze pollution, namely prevention, mitigation and monitoring.  Designated 27 national /


Summarised presentation of deforestation By: Ming Chun, Shang Wen, Chloe and Amanda.

Respect laws that try to protect the rainforest Factories-  Burn trees in designated areas (not illegal places)  Burn trees sustainably Animals-  To keep spreading around seeds for food purposes  To protect the forest from other threats Their responsibilities (cont.)/the money, Indonesia would have enough resources to combat deforestation. The money goes to making the farm land more productive and thus reduce the need for deforestation. Rate of deforestation in Southeast Asia As you can see, Malaysia /


EPA’s COMPONENTS OF A FORCED-AIR GASIFIER: 1)Combustion Unit: fuel chamber containing fuel and combustion; outer cylinder allows for air control 2)Air.

with cooking, a Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) multidisciplinary team in partnership with an Haitian NGO is designing, building, and testing more efficient, cleaner, and socially acceptable cook stoves. The improved stoves will significantly reduce the need for biomass and reduce the alarming rate of deforestation and the time and financial resources spent on fuel in Haiti. Background and Problem Definition More than/


Chapter Overview Questions  How do scientists account for the development of life on earth?  What is biological evolution by natural selection, and how.

? Chapter Overview Questions  What problems do parks face, and how should we manage them?  How should we establish, design, protect, and manage terrestrial nature reserves?  What is wilderness, and why is it important?  What is ecological restoration/ live in tropical rain forests.  Large areas of tropical forest are burned to make way for cattle ranches and crops. Figure 10-17 Causes of Tropical Deforestation  Subsidies  Population growth  Poverty  Crop and timber exports  Fires  Logging /


Biodiversity Finz 2012. A World Rich in Biodiversity Biodiversity, short for biological diversity, is the variety of organisms in a given area, the genetic.

is usually practiced on smaller areas owned by individuals. Harvesting Trees Deforestation Deforestation is the process of clearing forests. Most countries become severely deforested as populations expand and the demand for forest products increases. Forests are cleared to convert the land / cultivated and that is not inhabited by humans. So far, 474 regions covering 32 million acres have been designated as wilderness in the United States. These areas are open to hiking, fishing, and camping. Building roads /


EPA’s COMPONENTS OF A FORCED-AIR GASIFIER: Combustion Unit: fuel chamber containing fuel and combustion; outer cylinder allows for air control Air Induction:

with cooking, a Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) multidisciplinary team in partnership with a Haitian NGO is designing, building, and testing more efficient, cleaner, and socially acceptable cook stoves. The improved stoves will significantly reduce the need for biomass and reduce the alarming rate of deforestation and the time and financial resources spent on fuel in Haiti. Background and Problem Definition More than/


Session 10: Linking CBR+ with National REDD+ Programme in Cambodia Training of Trainer on REDD+ Concept for UNDP GEF SGP/CBR+ Grantees 7 October 2015.

under UNFCCC – Strong link to national REDD+ policy processes – Entry points for CBR+ projects to influence and promote policy changes 2.Technical expertise on REDD+// human resources to support forest sector - Insufficient data and evidence to design effective forest crime prevention measures Linking CBR+ and NRS CBR+ (summarized)/ Outcome 3: Communities supported in REDD+ approaches to address drivers of deforestation and forest degradation Outcome 4: Best practices documented to influence decision- /


Entire Year Environmental Review. SUSTAINABLE To use resources in such a way as to meet needs now and provide for needs in the future. Without depleting.

and increasing Loss of biodiversity Cultural extinction Unsustainable agriculture and ranching Clearing for cash crop plantations Commercial logging fuelwood Reducing Tropical Deforestation Identification of critical ecosystems Reducing poverty and population growth Sustainable tropical agriculture Encourage protection of large tracts Debt-for-nature swaps Less destructive harvesting methods Establishing, Designing, and Managing Nature Reserves Include some moderate disturbance Sustain natural ecological/


ESA Vision 1 Informing Decisions with Ecological Knowledge Bernadette Rabel Jennifer Prell Lindsey Dymond Tom Tonkin Prepared for BIO 344 - Ecology at.

comprehendible to nonscientists. Action 1: Establish an international network of Centers for the Ecological Implementation of Solutions (CEIS) Ecologists should cultivate relationships with /could be designed specifically to place promising early career ecologists on congressional staffs and in federal agencies. Fellowships and internships could be designed specifically to/ fuel combustion, and changes in land use, such as deforestation largely the result of emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases /


EEP 101/econ 125:Market for Environmental services (ES) and poverty DAVID ZILBERMAN.

and likelihood of deforestation Forest vary by quality and likelihood of deforestation The government wants to slow deforestation The government wants to slow deforestation It established a purchasing fund to pay forest communities for preservation It established a purchasing fund to pay forest communities for preservation One program/ 1 93.333 5 7.5 7 144.29 7 6 8 86.75 3 2.5 3 Third parties Designers of ES programs need to be aware that taking lands out of production may result in increase ag prices taking/


Basic Considerations  outlines the process by which the Government of Kenya will develop its national strategy for participating in an evolving international.

participating actively in international REDD+ negotiations.  Even if an international mechanism to provide carbon finance for emissions management activities in forests do not reach the magnitude many are hoping, the Government of Kenya aims to design policies and measures to protect its remaining forest resources from deforestation and degradation and to enhance forest carbon stocks in ways that help improve local livelihoods and/


The Concept of Desertification

are contradictory while most of them ambiguous. The point is that each user of the concept should probably design a definition for his/her own use, depending on the goal, among other things. The term desertification has been /human actions magnified by droughts. Such actions include overgrazing, repeated burning, intensive farming, and stripping of vegetation for firewood. See also deforestation. (Business Dictionary) Desertification is the degradation of land in drylands. Caused by a variety of factors, /


Leadership in the Struggle for Environmental Sustainability and Conservation Brussels December 1, 2006 Joseph E. Stiglitz.

total forestation –Modern technology enables this to be done Rainforest coalition Countries make overall commitment to reduce carbon emissions But eligible to receive credit for avoided deforestation Incentives—to maintain forests Resources—to protect forests and grow With appropriate design, benefits could reach down to small holders –Costa Rica success –Huge increases in forestation Certified Lumber Would help by curtailing illegal logging –Giving/


Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Chapter 6 Conservation: Forests, Grasslands, Parks, and Nature.

can live out a natural life cycle. Some of the world’s most biologically diverse regions are undergoing rapid deforestation, including Southeast Asia and Central America. Forests are a huge carbon sink, storing some 422 billion metric tons/, we may need a spectrum of preserves with decreasing levels of interference and management, including: 1.Recreation areas, designed primarily for human entertainment, aesthetics, and enjoyment. 2.Historic areas, intended to preserve a landscape as we imagine it looked in/


GLOBAL WARMING Just the facts.. Making Connections  We are discussing global warming for 2 reasons: 1. There is evidence that increasing [CO 2 ] is a.

the atmosphere - leaving no net benefit -reforesting land that is not suitable for agriculture could absorb 1-2Gt C/year for several decades -*combined with deforestation this could surely stabilize atmospheric CO2 while we work on fossil fuel emissions /energy features as possible: -Lighting during daylight hours can be largely met with natural light, -Buildings can be designed such that most of the ventilation requirements can take advantage of winds and natural temp differences that drive ventilation flow/


Historical dimensions of climate and climate change Hans von Storch Institute for Coastal Research GKSS Research Center Geesthacht, Germany and CliSAP.

his steps! Klimaschankungen seit 1700. E.D. Hölzel,Wien, 1890 In 1836 Rivière advocated the theory of deforestation for parts of southern France at the Academy in Paris; frost damage followed by the clearing of olive tree plantations has /1954 From Jim Fleming Supersonic transport In the 1960s and 70s aircraft industries in the USA, Europe and Soviet Union designed supersonic civil air planes. These plans provoked substantial criticism. Scientist argued that the exhaust from such planes would damage the/


A historical dimension of climate and climate change Hans von Storch Institute for Coastal Research GKSS Research Center Germany Stockholm, 16 October.

his steps! Klimaschankungen seit 1700. E.D. Hölzel,Wien, 1890 In 1836 Rivière advocated the theory of deforestation for parts of southern France at the Academy in Paris; frost damage followed by the clearing of olive tree plantations has /1954 From Jim Fleming Supersonic transport In the 1960s and 70s aircraft industries in the USA, Europe and Soviet Union designed supersonic civil air planes. These plans provoked substantial criticism. Scientist argued that the exhaust from such planes would damage the/


Module 1.2 Framework for building national forest-monitoring systems for REDD+ REDD+ training materials by GOFC-GOLD, Wageningen University, World Bank.

1.2 Framework for building national forest-monitoring systems for REDD+ REDD+ training materials by GOFC-GOLD, Wageningen University, World Bank FCPF 29 Objectives and design phase of NFMS Objectives and design:  Should result/ Wageningen University, World Bank FCPF 37 Utility of optical sensors at multiple resolutions for deforestation monitoring Sensor and resolution Examples of current sensors Minimum mapping unit (change) CostUtility for monitoring Coarse (250–1000 m) SPOT-VGT (1998– ) Terra-MODIS (/


Reducing Emissions from Deforestation in Developing Countries Bridging Sustainable Development and Climate Change UN Commission on Sustainable Development.

countries. Multi-Staged Expansion of Annexes: KP Designed for integrative Flexibility: Should we consider staged expansion of Annexes, considering economic, governmental and social conditions?  Balance mandatory ‘reductions’ against new ‘supply’ -- possible to integrate by sector and/or country. ‘ Black & White’ → ‘Full Color ’ UNFCCC Developing Quasi- Industrial Medium Least Developed Industrial COP-11 Agenda #6: Summary Deforestation: Real Threat to Climate Stability Emissions: Resulting/


ELEMENTS FOR BRAZIL´S NATIONAL REDD+ STRATEGY Leticia Guimarães, REDD+ Focal Point Climate Change and Environmental Quality Secretariat Ministry of Environment.

a initiative that demonstrates the viability of a large scale mechanism for incentives to reduce deforestation emissions through the payments for results It does NOT result in offsets for donors! Amazon Fund First the results obtained in the Amazon/ 36 Potential for collaboration with DRC Possibility of developing regional project through COMIFAC Potential for bilateral cooperation based on the MoU signed: Lessons learned in Brazil about the role of technical knowledge on policy design and implementation /


CIFOR and REDD+ in Indonesia – Research approaches and early findings

(based on official partnerships with GoI) Projects for voluntary carbon market Project proponents are usually governmental agencies, local governments, communities or corporations Most projects are designed more like ICDPs than PES. PES is difficult/Stibniati Atmadja; Source: MoF Statistik Kehutanan 2004 and 2007 Drivers of deforestation Area Drivers of deforestation Underlying causes of deforestation Current REDD project modelsf Productivity for Rice and Oil Palmb % National Labour Force 2006c % National /


1) The Water2)The Deforestation 3) Save The Animals 4)The Rubbish.

solutes are acceptable and even desirable for taste enhancement and to provide needed electrolytes.bacteriaVibriosoluteselectrolytes The single largest (by volume) freshwater resource suitable for drinking is Lake Baikal in Siberia.Lake Baikal The deforestation (voluntary or unintentional) is / of waste is the first thing to do, both personally and politically. The European and national legislation designates it as the first of the objectives to be achieved: despite what has been done very little (as/


Environmental problems:  Air pollution  Water problems  Deforestation  Desertification  Loss of biodiversity  Acoustic pollution  Light pollution.

Deforestation  Desertification  Loss of biodiversity  Acoustic pollution  Light pollution Solutions INDEX ENVIROMENTAL PROBLEMS AIR POLLUTION: -Carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, is the main pollutant that is warming Earth. It’s associated with cars, planes, power plants, and other human. One possible solution for/which means disgust or discomfort. Important Data This Tunnel, in Melbourne, Australia, is designed to Reduce Noise Pollution without harming Aesthetics. What can We do to reduce Noise Pollution/


Inter-organizational Design Session Global STS Network Annual Meeting September 2014 Montréal.

problem that’s worth designing for Usually this requires some annoyance, anger or frustration – Literature: critical juncture, a punctuated equilibrium, disruptive events, exogenous shocks, jolts Inter-Organization STS Design Session3619-9-2014 Inter-Organization STS Design Session37 19-9-2014Inter-Organization STS Design Session38 Primary design purpose: Getting attention for the issue of deforestation Primary design purpose: Getting attention for the issue of deforestation Primary type of task uncertainty/


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