Alternative fuels ppt on automobiles

Ethanol Considerations and The Future of Aviation Fuels Ethanol Considerations and The Future of Aviation Fuels.

in the future will not be the same as the ones we used even last year. l Automobile gasoline formulation is changing greatly l 100LL will be a fuel of the past, just as leaded automotive gas is today WHAT ARE SOME OF THE REASONS FOR /auto gasolines. l There is significant pressure throughout the world to find alternatives to gasoline and jet fuels. l There is only one supplier of tetra ethyl lead left in the western world l Leaded automotive fuels are no longer used in, North America, Europe, Australia, New /


1. 2 Key Messages / Recommendations Growth: Inevitable, but adverse effects are not. Automobile:  safety/mobility,  impacts. Road Capacity: Need more.

Alternatives to the Automobile 7 The Process Revise the state’s planning process to improve - Regular “needs” assessments Performance measurements and benchmarks Cost reduction efforts Environmental streamlining Coordination across jurisdictions Public education and involvement 8 (Funding title shot) Funding Provide more resources for transportation Assure that those resources are provided and used... efficiently effectively equitably 9 Recommended Funding Maintain the motor vehicle fuel/


© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. AP Environmental Science Mr. Grant Lesson 95 Addressing Impacts of Fossil Fuel Use (Part 2) & Energy Efficiency and Conservation.

all Americans bought energy-efficient appliances, energy expenditures would be reduced by $200 billion  Automobiles provide the greatest fossil fuel conservation opportunity  Alternative technologies such as electric cars, hybrids, and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles are options © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. We already have the technology needed © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Automobile fuel efficiency is a key to conservation  In response to the OPEC embargo of 1973/


The Future of Automobiles: Rolling Out the Next Generation of Advanced Vehicles Thomas J. Gross Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.S. Department.

Trucks Automobiles Light Trucks Passenger Vehicles ActualProjected Commercial Vehicles 3 Closing the Oil Gap Increase the Supply of Oil AND Reduce the Demand for Oil Improve the Fuel Economy of Vehicles (& other Oil Using Equipment) Replace Oil with Alternative Fuels (&/ 760 Hatch  18 Federal Agencies Can Have A Role Number of vehicles in the Federal fleet – 578,000 Number of alternative fuel vehicles – 55,000 Estimated annual purchases – 55,000 uSedans ~ 17,500 uLight trucks, vans, SUVs ~ 22,500 /


3rd International Taxi Forum Analysis of alternative fuels and vehicles for taxi fleets Taxicab, Limousine & Paratransit Association (TLPA) Analysis of.

is the different operating styles in the industry   Where the taxicab driver owns the alternative fuel vehicle or the company restricts access to the alternative fuel vehicle to selected (usually the best) drivers - the results are far better than for / The new US national vehicle standards announced by US President Obama should lead automobile manufacturers to develop alternative fuel vehicles designed for commercial passenger fleets. As a result, it is expected that soon, the taxicab industry will/


H 2 Technology and Policy: Fuel Cells as an Alternative Energy Source John McLees 9/27/05 ChE 384 Dr. Edgar.

National Energy Policy Act of 1992 Replace up to 30% petroleum fuel by alternative energy sources by 2010 Replace up to 30% petroleum fuel by alternative energy sources by 2010 Mandates use of alternative energy sources by federal, state, and fuel provider fleets Mandates use of alternative energy sources by federal, state, and fuel provider fleets Alternative Fuels Initiative (1998) Alternative Fuels Initiative (1998) Field testing, demonstration, and assistance in revenue service/


AUTOMOBILE HISTORY First automobile developed in 1860’s in Europe.

for the vehicle while the engine is running. The battery provides power while the engine is not running Battery/alternator/voltage regulator Exhaust System Removes gases from engine Quiets vehicle Provides back pressure Exhaust manifold Crossover Tail pipe Muffler Resonator/ Controls To clean up the air pollution caused by the automobile. Capture any vapor which might escape the the fuel tank and engines crankcase. Clean up exhaust for any un burnt fuel, carbon monoxide, or oxides of nitrogen. Many types of/


Partnership for Cleaner Fuels & Vehicles Clear Air Initiative 18 th December 2002 Hong Kong The Indian Perspective Rajat Nandi Society of Indian Automobile.

Management Need to develop Emission Factors in India Quantify benefits of each intervention –Engine Technology –Fuel Quality –Alternative Fuels –Maintenance SIAM SIAM Initiatives In-use vehicle emission management Organized I&M Clinics –18 Nos./contd…) SIAM SIAM to organise International Seminar on Alternative Energy Driven Vehicles in March 2003 International Exposition on Inspection & Maintenance in March / April 2003 THANK YOU Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers Core – 4B, 5 th Floor, India/


Energy: Renewable and Nonrenewable. Energy Resources and Fossil Fuels A fossil fuel is a nonrenewable energy resource formed from the remains of organisms.

sources we already have and develop new sources of energy. Alternative energy describes energy that does not come from fossil fuels and that is still in development. Alternative Energy For an alternative energy source to become a viable option for the future, / year. This does not include the oil disposed of by service stations and automobile repair shops. Motor oil can be recycled by taking it to an automobile service station. Some cities have designated oil-collection receptors. These cities recycle the/


Group A2 Automobile manufacturing industry Competitors overview Crystal Friend Ernita Harjati Valerie Staffey.

returns on assets Suggestions for GM: Redesign their product line to keep leadership in the worldwide automobile business by interacting directly with the real world instead of focusing on just automobile shows or high-tech design (explore other electronic shows, car dealerships, etc). Plan to introduce an alternate fuel vehicle or hybrid to compete with other manufacturers and attract environmentally-conscience consumers, especially since/


Planes, trains and automobiles 27% of the total national energy budget goes into transportation Of this 27%, 35% is used by automobiles Autos are among.

of the total national energy budget goes into transportation Of this 27%, 35% is used by automobiles Autos are among the least energy efficient modes of transportation (Bicycles are number 1) Rely in / Any guesses? The first flex fuel vehicle was The Ford Model T!!!! Designed to run on petroleum, ethanol or kerosene Prohibition made ethanol unviable and decreasing costs of petroleum made it more attractive 1909-1927 Alternatives to the internal combustion engine Flywheels Electric batteries Hybrids Alcohol /


AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY By: Daniel, Deniz, Joseph, & Jeremy.

 Stylistic changes possibly leading to vertical integration  Debate as to validity, possible antitrust action Works Cited  Anderson, Soren T., W.H. Parry, Ian, Sallee, James M., Fischer, Carolyn. “Automobile Fuel Economy Standards: Impacts, Efficiency, and Alternatives.” Review of Environmental Economics and Policy: vol. 5 (2007), pp. 89-108.  Danielle, L.“Taxing Black Gold.” Penguin (2003).  Goldberg, Pinelopi Koujianou. “Product Differentiation and Oligopoly in/


Fuel Cells https://store.theartofservice.com/the-fuel-cells-toolkit.html.

theartofservice.com/the-fuel-cells-toolkit.html Hydrogen economy - Fuel cells as alternative to internal combustion 1 Some types of fuel cells work with hydrocarbon fuels, while all can be operated on pure hydrogen. In the event that fuel cells become price/S https://store.theartofservice.com/the-fuel-cells-toolkit.html UTC Power - Fuel cells for automobiles 1 UTC Power develops and manufactures PEM fuel cells for automobiles.http://fuelcellsworks.com/new s/2010/03/25/utc-power-fuel-cell-part-of- new-hybrid-/


Improving Measurements of Companies Environmental Performance Development of an evaluation framework for the automobile sector Sofia Poulikidou 1, Ulrika.

study and assumptions Automobile sector (companies producing passenger cars) Average European and US conditions – Mid size car weighting 1300 kg – Internal combustion engine - Gasoline and diesel as fuels – Emissions regulation / for relevant measurements IMPACTS/ CRITERIALIFE CYCLE STAGE MEASUREMENTS Produced vehicles: Fuel efficiency Produced vehicles: Alternative fuels Produced vehicles: Alternative technologies Produced vehicles: Weight Produced vehicles: Recyclability Manufacturing processes: Energy/


Hydrogen Fuel Cells as an Alternative Automobile Power Source By Kenneth Noyce Physics 3150 Energy and Sustainability.

Fuel Cells as an Alternative Automobile Power Source By Kenneth Noyce Physics 3150 Energy and Sustainability Questions to be answered What is a Fuel Cell? What is a Fuel Cell? How does a Fuel Cell work? How does a Fuel Cell work? How can a Fuel Cell be used in a car? How can a Fuel Cell be used in a car? What are the advantages of a Fuel/. How does a Fuel Cell work? How can a Fuel Cell power a car? Currently there are 2 types of automobile engines, Internal Combustion, and Electrical. A fuel cell can be used/


Alternative Energy in America Brian Heins CBE 562 September 28 th, 2006.

in a plant at about 60% efficiency  Electricity has an efficiency of 35%  Automotive hydrogen fuel cells are about 40-60% efficient  Automobile gasoline is only about 30% efficient Hydrogen Basics  Energy content: –120 MJ/kg for hydrogen / as well as detrimental effects on the quality of downstream water.” Solar Solar  Popularly thought of as one of those alternative energy sources…  Only accounts for 1% of total renewable energy consumed Solar Types  Concentration –Produce steam by concentration /


Disrupting the business of producing automobiles: alternative power train technologies. Clovis Zapata Research Associate BRASS Centre Cardiff University.

Disrupting the business of producing automobiles: alternative power train technologies. Clovis Zapata Research Associate BRASS Centre Cardiff University Presentation Structure 1.Innovation; 2. Regulatory innovation; 3. Alternative fuels and powertrain technologies: Incremental and radical innovation; 4. Case studies; 5. Conclusion. 1. Innovation Christensen’s effect How incumbents fail due to the introduction of innovation. (Disruptive innovations) – The innovator’/


Chapter 18© 2007 Rolling Hills Publishing www.AutoUpkeep.com 1 Auto Upkeep Basic Car Care, Maintenance, and Repair (2 nd Edition) Chapter 18 Alternative.

.com 5 Biodiesel Vehicles Biodiesel, an alternative to running 100% petroleum-based diesel (petrodiesel), is a renewable resource made from animal fats, vegetable oils, or recycled cooking grease through a refining process called transesterification. Chapter 18© 2007 Rolling Hills Publishing www.AutoUpkeep.com 6 Flex-fuel E85 Vehicles E85 vehicles are automobiles that can burn a blended fuel that contains 85% ethanol and 15/


Unit 9 Instrument Panel and Automobile Sensors Part A Instrument Panel Part B Automobile Sensors Part C Automobile Scope Part D Dialogue New Worlds Phrases.

Vehicle Speed Sensor Automobile Sensors Automobile Scope In this section, we will introduce how to operate the menu of an automobile scope. ABS SENSOR ALTERNATOR BATTERY CAM(CMP)/] vt. & vi. 使 … 旋转 humble [h ʌ mbl] adj. 低下的, 卑微的 vt. 使谦恭, 使卑下 Phrases and Expressions instrument panel 仪表板 metering guage 测量表 fuel gauge 燃油表 coolant temperature gauge 水温表 oil-pressure gauge 机油压力表 combination instrument 组合仪表 instrument cores 表芯 indicator light 指示灯 warning lamp 报警灯 sending unit 发送装置 variable resistor 可变电阻器 Phrases/


Fuel Injection System Market size and Key Trends in terms of volume and value 2015-2025: FMI

has increased. The ability of fuel injection system to adapt to alternate fuel Report Description requirements and increase mileage of the vehicle has driven the market for Global Fuel Injection System. On other side, the technology is expensive and need specialised maintenance. The other factors such as technological adaption and development of fuel injection systems is dependent on dynamics of automobile industry, which acts as both/


© 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Lecture Outlines Chapter 19 Fossil Fuels, Their Impacts, and Energy Conservation Withgott/Laposata Fifth Edition.

understand:  Our energy sources  Coal  Natural gas  Crude oil  Oil sands and other alternative fossil fuels  Environmental impacts of fossil fuels  Political, social, and economic aspects  Conserving energy and enhancing efficiency © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc./ solar, vegetation around it © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Automobile fuel efficiency is a key to conservation  Policy makers failed to raise the corporate average fuel efficiency (CAFE) standards, which set mpg standards  New vehicle/


Www.kostic.niu.edu World Energy and Future: Importance of Energy Conservation and Renewable and Alternative Energy Resources Prof. M. Kostic Mechanical.

is in the OPEC countries www.kostic.niu.edu Source: OTT Analytic Team World automobile population is expected to grow substantially www.kostic.niu.edu World Energy Use World Fuel Mix 2001 oil gas coal nucl renew EIA Intl Energy Outlook 2004 85% fossil /efficiency www.kostic.niu.edu 2.8 % 46% of 6% =2.8 % www.kostic.niu.edu Energy Challenges: Supply find alternate sources nuclear renewable EIA: http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/FTPROOT/ presentations/long_term_supply/index.htm 1900 1950 20002050 2100 bbl/yr 10 20 30/


Energy Everywhere Explained:

Energy Outlook 2002, DOE/EIA-0383(2002), Dec 2001 Automobiles Light Trucks Heavy Trucks Air Domestic Production Projected Actual Million / Oil: 30-50 yrs? gas: beyond oil? coal: > 200 yrs? find alternate sources nuclear renewable Distinguish between “Estimated” (above) and “Proven” reserves (next slide/ (7) Nano energy-storage (adv. batteries & hydrogen) (8) Nano bio-materials (synthetic fuels, pharmaceuticals, …) Some examples: Armchair Wire Project: electrical conductivity of copper at 1/6 the weight/


Www.kostic.niu.edu World Energy and Future: PLENARY LECTURE Importance of Energy Conservation and Renewable and Alternative Energy Resources Prof. M. Kostic.

is in the OPEC countries www.kostic.niu.edu Source: OTT Analytic Team World automobile population is expected to grow substantially www.kostic.niu.edu World Energy Use World Fuel Mix 2001 oil gas coal nucl renew EIA Intl Energy Outlook 2004 85% fossil /efficiency www.kostic.niu.edu 2.8 % 46% of 6% =2.8 % www.kostic.niu.edu Energy Challenges: Supply find alternate sources nuclear renewable EIA: http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/FTPROOT/ presentations/long_term_supply/index.htm 1900 1950 20002050 2100 bbl/yr 10 20 30/


Canada’s Passenger Automobile and Light Truck Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulations for Model Years 2011-2016 Briefing for WP.29 Steve McCauley Environment.

for companies that overcomply with the standards in a given model year –Allowances for vehicles capable of operating on alternative fuels, such as E-85 –Allowances for companies that improve the efficiency or reduce leakage rates of air conditioning systems/one of the largest sources of GHGs in Canada, accounting for 22% of total emissions in 2005 Passenger automobiles and light trucks account for almost half of transportation emissions in Canada The Regulations will ensure significant improvements in/


1 2000 RESOLUTIONS (REGINA) RESOLUTION NO. 1 Alternative Fuel Identification  WHEREAS Emergency workers are often required to respond to incidents involving.

fueled with alternative fuels other than gasoline or diesel fuel,  THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the Saskatchewan Association of Fire Chiefs petition Saskatchewan Government Insurance to supply an alternative fuel supply sticker for the license plates of any vehicle using an alternative fuel/ Chiefs lobby the Government of Saskatchewan to amend the Automobile Insurance Act to include all rescue and fire services as part of basic automobile insurance coverage, such coverage to include vehicle extrication, /


05/27/2010 v.29 DRAFT – DO NOT CITE OR QUOTE For NPC Study Discussion Only 1 National Petroleum Council Future Transportation Fuels Study Proposed Coordinating.

for recovering waste heat in automobiles using shape memory alloys to increase fuel economy General MotorsAlan Browne 05/27/2010 v.29 Future Transportation Fuels Study Action Items Refer to attached “Action Items Listing – Dated May 24, 2010” 05/27/2010 v.29 Future Transportation Fuels Study Core Committee Structure Study Committee Leadership ChairClarence Cazalot (Marathon) Government CochairDan Poneman (DOE) Alternate Gov CochairKristina Johnson (DOE/


Alcohol Fuel Cells as an Alternative Solution to Foreign Oil Dependence Agnes B. Rooke.

government through farm provisions Alcohol Based Fuel Cells – Agnes B. Rooke 31 Chicago CTA Busses Operating onboard reformed Ethanol Alcohol Based Fuel Cells – Agnes B. Rooke 32 Ethanol is an alcohol-based alternative fuel produced by fermenting and distilling starch /; 3) no dirty exhaust; and 4) more interior room Fuel Cell Automobile Alcohol Based Fuel Cells – Agnes B. Rooke 37 Device can obtain 40-50% efficiency in conversion of a fuel into useable power (as opposed to approximately 18% efficiency for /


Diff’rent Strokes Alternative Power for Automobiles Matt Merritt.

Diff’rent Strokes Alternative Power for Automobiles Matt Merritt Background: Internal Combustion An engine, such as an automotive gasoline or diesel piston engine, in which fuel is burned within the engine rather than in an external furnace, as in a steam engine. First design drawn by Christian Huygens in 1680 and used gun powder as fuel. Established primary use in automobiles by Carl Benz and Gottlieb/


The Ethanol-Gas Flex Fuel car: What is the option value of choosing your own Fuel? IAG – PUC-Rio 2008 Carlos Bastian-Pinto Luiz Eduardo T. Brandão Mariana.

its oil needs at the time. 1975: Government sponsors an Ethanol production program (Proálcool) to develop this alternative renewable fuel 1979: Second oil crisis. Ethanol powered vehicles begin to be produced and sold in Brazil and by 1987 represent/ The flexibility to choose the cheapest fuel each time the car is fueled…...the uncertainty in the future prices of ethanol and gasoline Generate an option value for the flex fuel automobile When the first flex fuel cars where launched the manufacturers did not/


Port Fuel Injection VS. Direct Fuel Injection The Basics of DFI The main focus of DFI is to effectively and precisely control the fuel-to-air ratio. To.

principles of direct fuel injection can also be applied to alternative fuels, meaning that DFI will be relevant even when gasoline fuel becomes obsolete. A DFI system can be incorporated into an existing engine, saving companies time and money when compared to designing an entirely new engine. With a wide range of applications, DFI can improve not only the efficiency of automobiles, but also the/


Fuels and Combustion 1. Sub Topics Fuels –Introduction, definition, classification, calorific value, Gross and Net, theoretical calculation. Solid fuel-

process. The cracked gasoline gives better engine performance i.e., they are suitable for spark -ignition engines of automobiles. In cracking process, higher saturated hydrocarbon molecules are converted into simpler molecules such as paraffinic and olefinic hydrocarbons,/ the Indian capital city of New Delhi. Properties l. CNG is; the cheapest, cleanest and least environmentally impacting alternative fuel. 2. Vehicles powered by CNG produce less carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon (HC) emission. 3. It is less /


1. Ford has been the leading global company in automobile industry. Discuss the innovations that contributed to its success Manufactures and distributes.

leading global company in automobile industry. Discuss the innovations that contributed to its success Opportunities of Ford - Production of the fuel efficient & efficient cars and commercial vehicles. - Run on renewable energies like solar power and bio fuels. Production of Hybrid /. Production model may not be sustainable in the long term, as Hyundai is a late-comer in the alternative market, even though it is competitive worldwide in rapidly expanding emerging markets in the medium term. 4. Discuss/


Mobile Sources. Mobile sources Gasoline car: 4-strokes Diesel car Automobile : 4-strokes, 2-strokes.

by intake air accelerated through a Venturi tube to draw the fuel into the airstream. To more easily comply with emissions regulations, automobile manufacturers began installing fuel injection systems in more gasoline engines during the late 1970s. /MTBE is highly soluble and travels faster and farther in water than other gasoline components. Summary Table of Alternative Fuel Advantages and Disadvantages Diesel Engines Diesel PM consists of three primary constituents: unburned carbon particles, which make up/


Shinichi Goto, Ph.D Research Center for New Fuels and Vehicle Technology (NFV), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science.

important from the viewpoint of energy security and alternative fuels. JatrophaCoconut 7 The low-quality biodiesel fuel (BDF) raises serious concerns regarding the effect on engine performance caused by fuel impurities and the oxidation. It is anticipated that/ information in order to formulate BDF standards Focus on Japanese standards (BDF5%) as a typical example Japan Automobile Manufactures Association and Petroleum Association of Japan agree to cooperate on this activity Working Group To agree common /


Electrical/Fuel Systems

Lesson 5: Electrical/Fuel Systems Electrical/Fuel Systems Outline How the fuel system works Selecting a fuel for your vehicle Refueling tips Emissions systems “Check Engine” light Alternate Fuels 1. Electrical Systems Batteries Purpose/Operation Maintenance// not only powers our homes, but also energizes our phones, watches, computers, music players and, of course, our automobiles. It is difficult to imagine how people lived without the luxury of electricity just a few generations ago. Electricity is/


Biofuels The Future By: Matt Waldman. Vocabulary Biofuel Global Warming Food vs. Fuel Flex Fuel Vehicle(FFV) Ponscum.

hustles to subsidize the petroleum market. Maintains its rep as an "alternative" fuel. 1980, 50 millions gallons of ethanol are produced. 1985, Ford Motor Co. manufactures the first flex-fuel vehicles capable of running on gas, ethanol, or methanol. Historical timeline/plants will be started. By 2015, CT will be able to supply the state with biodiesel for automobiles. Mandate #2 Creating fuel centers to distribute biofuel. By 2018 there must be 10-15 distribution centers spread throughout the state. /


Geologic Resources Autumn Million Jen DePaoli. Fossil Fuels There are three major fossil fuels: coal, oil, and natural gas There are three major fossil.

40% of our total energy demands Supplies more than 40% of our total energy demands Supplies 99% of our automobile fuel Supplies 99% of our automobile fuel Along with natural gas, supplies more than 60% of energy consumed in the US Along with natural gas, /in the ground Two-thirds of oil discovered in the US remains in the ground Oil Alternative fuels such as ethanol and methane which are cleaner burning Alternative fuels such as ethanol and methane which are cleaner burning OPEC controls much of world’s oil/


The Case for Nationwide Standards Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulation for Motor Vehicles 1.

Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulation for Motor Vehicles 1 Participants Shane Karr Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers Cody Lusk American International Automobile Dealers Association Mike Stanton Association of Internation Automobile Manufacturers David Regan National Automobile / CO 2 from transport sector Infrastructure 12 million alternative fuel capable vehicles on the road today H.R. 6 incentivizes additional production of alt-fuel capable vehicles Need to grow E85 outlets -- less/


Korea opinion for “Fire resistance test” Sep. 15, 2015 Korea Transportation Safety Authority (TS) Korea Automobile Testing & Research Institute (KATRI)

the other above-stated purposes; and 1.1.7. To ensure that, where alternative levels of stringency are needed to facilitate the regulatory activities of certain countries, / Review of test purpose 17/22 In case of vehicle fire, the ignition part of automobile is mainly electric wiring(25%), engine(24%), brake(8%), battery(6%). The causes of/Fire Data System, Ministry of Public Safety and Security The fire accident due to fuel leaking from fuel tank and line is 15 cases and can be accounted for about only 0.7/


MOLIT Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport KATRI Korea Automobile Testing & Research Institute 1p Proposal on Substances To Be Measured Hyunwoo.

of Land, Infrastructure and Transport KATRI Korea Automobile Testing & Research Institute 12p  Acrolein CAS Number: 107-02-8 Use(s): Biocide: aquatic herbicide, fumigant, microbiocide, molluscide (considered an alternative to methyl bromide); preparation of biological / dyes, adhesives, pharmaceuticals, detergents, and rubber; production of polymer fiber (mylar and dacron); component of gasoline and fuel oils; component of tobacco smoke (m-,p-) Acute REL (μg/m3): 22,000 Species: Human Toxicologic Endpoint: /


ALTERNATIVE FUELS. World today is facing the pinch of rising energy consumption. Green house gas emissions and global warming is also in the forefront.

demands. Conventional fuels include: fossil fuels (petroleum,coal), and nuclear materials such as uranium. Alternative fuels, also known as non-conventional fuels, are any materials or substances that can be used as fuels, other than conventional fuels. Some well known alternative fuels…… There are /their vehicles and a 22 to 26 % ethanol-petrol blend in the rest of their vehicles.  CO emission from automobiles decreased from 50g/km in 1980 to 5.8g/km in 1995  The USA and Australia use a 10% ethanol/


Alternative Fuel Using Chemistry By: Simon Gnagy and Madeline Roberts.

dioxide and other greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere from 280ppm to 390ppm. And sadly, the main contributor is the automobile. Fortunately, following contemporary fashions as far as “green” movements, is the research for alternative fuel and energy sources.” Alternative Fuels Biofuels Electric Options Hydro Power Bio Fuels Turn sugars from plants into ethanol Solar Power We use the suns energy by directly absorbing photons through photovoltaic/


Energy Oil-Tar Sands-Natural Gas. AP ? Of the Day Some automobiles in the US are fueled by natural gas. What is the primary environmental advantage of.

at most gas stations. AP ? Of the Day Some automobiles in the US are fueled by natural gas. What is the primary environmental advantage of natural gas relative to gasoline as a transportation fuel? A. The US has 60% of the world’s /coal Easily processed and inexpensive to transport Can be used in fuel cells (a cell producing an electric current directly from a chemical reaction) Viewed as “transitionary fossil fuel” as world switches to alternative energy resources. Disadvantages of Natural Gas H 2 S (/


Chapter 9 Automobile Emissions Controls Stationary Emissions Control Cost of Emissions Controls Thermal Pollution from Energy Generation Ecological Effects.

yet rescheduled Automobile Emissions Controls Emissions can be controlled in several ways Change the fuel used by the car Change the way that the engine burns the fuel Decrease the use of cars by subsidizing mass transit Changing the Fuel What are other names for methanol, ethanol and compressed gas? How are they made? Other drawbacks of these fuels? The Newest Fuel: Nitrogen Newest alternative fuel (reported this/


ITEC 2080 Thermal and Fluid Systems Research Presentation Battery, Hybrid, and Electric Engines (Automobile and other Vehicles), Biomass, Bioenergy, and.

combination of series and parallel characteristics. (1) Battery, Hybrid, and Electric Engines (Automobile and other Vehicles) A hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is a type of hybrid / or blended with petrodiesel. Biodiesel can also be used as a low carbon alternative to heating oil. Biodiesel can be used in pure form (B100) or / biofuels in order to end up replacing conventional gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel. Within their company they have job listings for: Chemical Process Technician Electrical/Electronic/


Public Transportation as an Alternative to Driving By: Derrick Alba.

Alternative to Driving By: Derrick Alba Americans have an insatiable thirst for gasoline, and with sport-utility vehicles (SUVs) continually growing in popularity we are only getting thirstier. Americans have an insatiable thirst for gasoline, and with sport-utility vehicles (SUVs) continually growing in popularity we are only getting thirstier. Americans drive more than 2.6 trillion miles per year in automobiles/ percent of the carbon dioxide pollution from fossil-fuel burning – by far the largest share of /


Chapter 9. Fossil Fuels  Fossil fuels include oil, natural gas, and coal.  They formed from the buried remains of plants and animals  Fossil fuels.

available.  For example, tides can be used to generate electricity in coastal regions only  It may be possible to use hydrogen as a fuel for automobiles and other vehicles.  Although some alternative energy sources produce less pollution than fossil fuels do and are renewable, their use often is limited to the regions where the energy source is available.  For example, tides can be used/


Fuel Cell Overview Project lead the way Ohio Hocking College

, heat and light homes and businesses) We need alternative energy sources for homeland security and fuel cells are one of these sources Air pollution and the environment Intro to Fuel Cell More Reasons Why Air pollution and the environment Burned/ batteries have died Laptop computers that run all day without power cords Efficient automobiles that emit virtually no nitrogen oxide or hydrocarbon pollutants Fuel cell applications Tiny self-powered gas sensors built on integrated circuits Home electrical /


Japanese Technical Standard for Hydrogen Containers

to Reference Regulation H2 KHK Reiji-kijun Betten No.9 Interpretation of technology regulation for Compressed natural gas container for automobile applications Regulation of High Pressure Hydrogen Containers Kind of filling gas : Hydrogen Molecular weight / size : Small Example /JARI S 001 Items ISO DIS15869.3 JARI S 001 Fuel types Hydrogen and CNG blends more than 2% hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen Scope Container, (Include the system as Alternative type tests) Storage system (Container,PRD, Shut off /


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