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Unit 4: Achieving Wellness

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1 Unit 4: Achieving Wellness

2 Wellness Wellness: A philosophy that encourages people to take responsibility for their own physical, emotional, and mental health. Topics for this unit Changing perceptions of beauty Recognizing unhealthy eating patterns Achieving a healthy body weight Reducing fat in your diet Strategies for achieving well being

3 Changing Perceptions of Beauty
Chapter 17 Changing Perceptions of Beauty

4 What is Body Image? Body Image: A persons mental picture, thoughts, and feelings about his or her body. Influences on Body Image Changes in the body, specifically puberty Cultural definition of beauty Parental, peer, and media influences Self-confidence, and self-esteem

5 Body Image and Self Concept
Self-Concept: The way you feel about yourself. Including your characteristics and your abilities Self-Esteem: Part of your self concept that deals with how you judge yourself, and your self-worth . Self-concept is often mistakenly based on weight and shape but it is much more Self concept and body image are ever changing, and evolve as you grow How you perceive your body changes influences how you feel about yourself

6 Positive and Negative Body Image
Positive Body Image: When you feel comfortable and satisfied with your body. You have positive thoughts and feel confident about your body Negative Body Image: you dislike your body, weight, hair, skin colour, or any particular part of your body. The factors that affect body image are the subject of this chapter

7 Basic Body Types The three basic body types are determined mainly by genetics. The basic types are: Ectomorph Lean Usually thin, tall Little muscle or fat Long arms and legs, few curves Can eat a lot and not gain weight Endomorph Large frame Wide hips High percent of body fat Trouble maintaining body weight Mesomorph Muscular body Broad shoulders Large bones lead to higher bodyweight

8 Factors That Shape Body Image
Adolescence, Puberty, and Body Image Males grow wider chest and shoulders Females round out at hips and develop breasts These new changes can shape how an adolescent sees themselves Many feel uncomfortable about their bodies However as the grow and mature most people work through these insecurities. Other influences Parents, culture, peers.

9 What is Beautiful? The idea of beauty is subjective.
Different people find different things beautiful However one main influence on what people perceive as beautiful is society/culture A culture’s idea of what is beautiful changes over time. People judge beauty in different areas Face Body Personality Interests Social comparisons

10 Factors that Shape Body Image
Parents: The first people a person interacts with Parents might influence a child's body image through Direct Comments about eating, body, or weight. Indirect influence: a child may be influenced by a parent who is always working out to try to lose weight. Parents also influence children through their eating habits

11 Factors that Shape Body Image
Peers: Can be direct or indirect Can be both positive, and negative Fat Talk: Discussions that center around body weight and image. Mass Media: Pictures, flyers, posters, billboards, music videos, and other ads bombard people with images of what they “should” look like. These images can influence body image 75% of females on t.v are categorized as underwieght 5% are overweight. 20% are average body weight.

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