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Bell Work! 1. Why are vacuoles important to PLANTS?

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Presentation on theme: "Bell Work! 1. Why are vacuoles important to PLANTS?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Bell Work! 1. Why are vacuoles important to PLANTS?

2 Passive and Active Transport

3 Passive Transport Cells always move particles in or out of a cell. Cells can use passive transport to move molecules across a cell membrane WITHOUT using energy. Osmosis and diffusion are two types of passive transport.

4 Diffusion Diffusion is the movement of molecules in a fluid or gas from an area of high concentration (lots of molecules) to an area of lower concentration (less molecules). Ex: Small lipids, oxygen, and carbon dioxide diffuse across a membrane.

5 Osmosis Occurs when water moves from a higher concentration to an area with a lower concentration of water.

6 Osmosis Animation

7 Isotonic, Hypertonic and Hypotonic Isotonic: A solution (external to the cell) is isotonic to a cell if it has the same concentration of particles as the cell. Hypertonic: A hypertonic solution has a higher concentration of particles compared to the inside of a cell. Hypotonic: A hypotonic solution has a lower concentration of dissolved particles compared to the inside of a cell.



10 Facilitated Diffusion Some molecules can’t diffuse easily across a cell membrane. Facilitated diffusion is the diffusion of molecules across a membrane (down the concentration gradient) using transport proteins (proteins make it easier to move stuff).

11 What is Active Transport? It drives molecules across a membrane from a region of low concentration to a region of high concentration. Active transport USES ENERGY called ATP

12 Active Transport Continued It uses transport proteins to move substances against the concentration gradient

13 Transportation of Materials in a Cell Endocytosis: process of taking large molecules into a cell by engulfing them in a membrane. Exocytosis: release of substances out of a cell by using vesicles that attach to the membrane to release contents.

14 Phagocytosis Phagocytosis: means “cell eating”. Help to fight infection by eating bacteria and destroying them.

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