2 History of SpainIberians – first inhabitants; came from Africa (Libya)Phoenicians (attracted by mining) 1100 B.CCelts (Aryan people) 1000 B.C.Greeks 700 B.CRomans (presence for 700 years) 200 B.C.Latin, Roman law, Christianity
3 más historia Visigoths 6th century A.D. Moors (711-1492) Muslim invaders from Africa. Overran almost all of Spain.Contributions: science, medicine, mathematics; built mosques, hospitals and libraries
4 un poquito más Catholic Spain Marriage of Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon united Spain against the MoorsJanuary 2, 1492 Moors driven out of GranadaEnd of Moorish political presence in Spain
5 Population Spain- 40,000,000 and declining Central America, Caribbean, South America – 360,000,000
9 Monos de GibraltarThe only free-ranging monkeys in Europe inhabit high reaching dens on the rock. (pop = around 200)Government of Gibraltar has recently begun ordering the killing of the monkeys for vandalizing property and attacking children.Growing problem of tooth decay in monkey population due to swiping sweets from tourists
10 Sevilla Capital of Andalucía. There is a lot of “chorizo” (slang term for thieves)Has the 3rd largest cathedral in the world behind the ones in London and Rome.
11 Granada Last territory held by the Moors. 711-1492 La Alhambra “Weep son like a woman for what you would not fight for like a man.” (Legendary quote from the mother of the Moorish king to her son.)
36 más puntos sobre Galicia They speak “gallego” (a combination of Spanish and Portuguese.)There are certain pockets of poverty in Galicia and over time people have had to leave to find work.Because of this there is a sense of sadness within the “gallego” character.
45 puntos sobre el País Vasco They speak ‘euskara’Oldest language in Europe…unknown originTerrorist group ‘E.T.A’Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (Freedom for the Basque Homeland)PP made fatal mistake of blaming E.T.A. for 3/11/04 train bombing in Madrid
53 Barcelona They speak ‘catalán’…a combination of French and Spanish They feel a sense of separation from the rest of SpainThey are not violent like ETA.Architecture of Gaudí found all throughout city.
58 puntos sobre Marruecos A lot of illegal immigration from Morocco. There is a presence of Al-Qaeda in EspañaAl-Andalus: name given to Andalucía by the Arabs who controlled parts of Spain for over 700 years.