1.ABSTRACT: An earthquake (also known as a tremor or temblor) is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth's crust that creates seismic waves. Earthquakes are recorded with a seismometer, also known as a seismograph. The moment magnitude of an earthquake is conventionally reported, or the related and mostly obsolete Richter magnitude, with magnitude 3 or lower earthquakes being mostly imperceptible and magnitude 7 causing serious damage over large areas. Intensity of shaking is measured on the modified Mercalli scale. Here we are presenting Microcontroller based An Earthquake early Detection using Sensing Element to reduce its destructive losses.
2.OBJECTIVES: Since the main intension of this projects is to design Earthquake Early Warning System Using Arm and GPS to Locate the Exact Position where the earth quake can happen so that people can take precautions to fulfill this application there are few steps that has been performed..
4. METHODOLOGY: This section gives the overview of the monitoring scheme of induction machine. A general block diagram of the proposed scheme is given in block diagram.A General Block Diagram of Monitoring Scheme. The whole system is divided into two parts- transmitter and receiver. In the transmitter part a network of sensor and used to monitor the risky parameters such as phase, Neutral, Earth, reversal of the induction machine present at the plant location.The monitoring data is simultaneously fed to the ARM.
This data is transmitted efficiently and smoothly to receiver end through wireless Zigbee Communication Protocol (IEEE802.15.4 Standards). The micro-controller at the transmitter end is so programmed that if the monitoring parameters of induction machine come out of the desired or safety limit, a signal will be generated by the ARM which will energize the relay circuit and the contractor cuts the mains supply to the data received at the receiver end is transferred to ARM. Thus a continuous monitoring of the parameters of induction machine can be done from a remote location far away from the actual working location.
5. ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES: ADVANTAGES: 1.Our system has the potential to add vital seconds to earthquake warnings, giving Extra time for action to be taken. 2.Early warning systems can play an important role in reducing the negative impact of these catastrophic events on densely populated areas and in mitigating the damage to strategic structures and lifelines. 3.Provides information to support decision making for the rapid response of emergency management services. 4. It can activate the control system to protect crucial structures. 5. It requires less power supply. 6. Portable circuit easy to handle.
DISADVANTAGES: 1.Under the mine the personal safety of staff problem. 2. Personnel positioning problem.
6.APPLICATIONS: 1.This project can be implementing in gas Industries. 2.It is used in mining of coal & other materials. 3.It is used in municipal gas distribution. 4.This project can be use in Military applications. 5.It is used in nuclear power station.
7.CONCLUSION: We have presented a novel technique to solve the automatic detection and classification problem of earth tremor in a single step by using microcontroller based earthquake detection. In our system the majority of cases offers real practical benefits in the event of an earthquake to safeguard lives and resources.