Presentation on theme: "Governments Why do we need them? What do they do for us? – Make & enforce laws, regulate business & trade, provide help to people – Life would be chaos."— Presentation transcript:
Governments Why do we need them? What do they do for us? – Make & enforce laws, regulate business & trade, provide help to people – Life would be chaos without it How does the govt. affect you personally? Does everyone have the same type of government? What kind of governments are there?
Types of Government…that don’t really exist right now…. Direct Democracy – All citizens make decisions – All citizens vote for decisions – Example country: Ancient Greece Why don’t we have this? Ain’t nobody got time for that!!
Types of Government…that don’t really exist right now…. Anarchy – No clear ruler – Individuals can do whatever they want Why don’t we have this? It’s a bad idea!! People are scary.
Representative Governments Government system where the people are represented by elected officials who make decisions on their behalf Makes sense—people are busy! This way, people can still have a voice without spending all their time on politics.
Representative Governments (1)Republic / Representative Democracy – Head- President/Prime Minister – Representatives are elected by majority vote – Representatives are expected to reflect voter’s wants and needs Example countries: United States, South Korea, Germany, Canada, etc. (lots of places)
Representative Governments (2) Constitutional Monarchy – King or Queen is head of state, but NOT head of the government (just a fancy person ) – Head of government is usually a prime minister/president – King or Queen’s power is limited; a legislature voted for by people makes laws Ex: Great Britain (UK), Sweden, Norway Sweden United Kingdom
Authoritarian Governments Form of govt. where one ruler or a small group of people has all of the authority Dictatorship Absolute Monarchy Communism Authoritarian Governments Oligarchy Theocracy
Authoritarian Governments (1)Absolute Monarchy – Ruled by a King or Queen – Rule is hereditary (this can be true in const. monarchy too) – King or Queen claims divine right (right from God) – King or Queen has TOTAL control Ex: Saudi Arabia, Swaziland Saudi Arabian King Abdullah Mswati III- King of Swaziland
In Saudi Arabia, the king’s main palace is over one square mile in size.
Authoritarian Governments (2) Dictatorship – Rule by ONE – Dictator has absolute power; people have little rights – Usually backed by the military, usually took over by force – Dictator often tries to act like a god
Authoritarian Governments (3) Communism – The government plans and controls the economy, owns all property, and controls all aspects of government – A single party holds the power – Strives to make everyone equal by force Communism usually ends up being a dictatorship, with one leader or one family of leaders for a long time Example countries: Cuba, North Korea, Vietnam
North Korea is a very controlled “communist” dictatorship.
Authoritarian Governments (4) Theocracy – Rule by a few – Based on religion – Rulers are spiritual leaders – Laws are religious in nature (“fear of god”) Ex: Iran – they have an “elected” president, but they also have a religious supreme leader, an Ayatollah.
Authoritarian Governments (5) Oligarchy – State ruled by a small group of citizens who make decisions for everyone else – Ruled is based on wealth/class or military power No current examples, but some people say that many countries are becoming oligarchies because of the huge gap between the rich and poor.
Does anything on this map surprise you? Why? Does this map look familiar to another map we saw earlier this week?
Rough Estimate of Developed & Developing Countries Does anything on this map surprise you? Why? Does this map look familiar to another map we saw earlier this week?
Name That Government! BlackEyedPea Federation In the BlackEyedPea Federation, all citizens are treated equally under the law. There are no elections. There is a queen named Fergie who decides on all of the laws herself. She is queen for life, and when she passes away, her children will be become the rulers. WHAT TYPE OF GOVERNMENT IS THIS??
Name That Government! Mileyland In Mileyland, Miley overthrew the existing government and put herself in charge. She uses the military to enforce her laws. People have little/no rights and live in fear of violence. WHAT TYPE OF GOVERNMENT IS THIS??
Name That Government! OneRepublic In OneRepublic, the government, chosen by itself, makes all laws and controls all economic decisions. People have very limited rights, although they are told that through the government, they own all. WHAT TYPE OF GOVERNMENT IS THIS??
Name That Government! Swiftia In Swiftia, all citizens over the age of 16 can vote, and all citizens are treated equally under the law. Swiftia has a president who is elected every four years. The citizens of Swiftia also elect leaders to represent their interests in the government. WHAT TYPE OF GOVERNMENT IS THIS??