Presentation on theme: "Properties of Water Objective: MC.1.B.3 Investigate the properties and importance of water and its significance for life: surface tension adhesion cohesion."— Presentation transcript:
1 Properties of WaterObjective: MC.1.B.3 Investigate the properties and importance of water and its significance for life:surface tensionadhesioncohesionpolaritypH
2 Vocabularycohesion –the attraction of same type molecules; in water it causes drops to form. adhesion- the attraction of different type of molecules; water sticks to certain other molecules. surface tension-a combination of adhesion and cohesion properties making it possible for objects or certain organisms to sit on top of water. pH- a 0 to 14 scale that shows how much H+ (hydrogen ion) or OH- (hydroxide ion) are present in a solution; polarity – a property of a molecule causing it to have + and – poles; water has polarity. capillary action- a property of water that is caused by adhesion and cohesion; it allows water to rise against gravity in narrow tubes such as up a plant.
3 Oceans cover 3/4th of the Earth’s surface Oceans cover 3/4th of the Earth’s surface. Water is the single most abundant compound in most living things.
4 Water can be found naturally in all three states.
7 Water floats because…As water freezes, it expands outward. This makes it less dense than liquid water.Most liquids contract. Water is different.As you know, from Physical Science, the more dense object always sinks!
8 How would life in this pond be different if frozen water sank instead of floated? Tie your answer to a concept we learned in Ecology.
10 The Water Molecule A water molecule (H2O) is neutral. Water is formed from the elements of Hydrogen and Oxygen.
11 Water StructureUnequal Sharing of electrons produces a polar molecule.Sad Reindeer MICKEY MOUSEStop at 2:10 minutes
12 Water’s polarity gives it some unusual characteristics! Hydrogen BondsCohesionAdhesionSurface TensionCapillary ActionSolventpHHigh specific heat
13 1. Hydrogen Bonding Hydrogen bonding happens in polar molecules. These are bonds between electronegative atoms such as Oxygen (O), Nitrogen (N) or Fluorine (F) and Hydrogen (H).Stronger than van der Waals but weaker than covalent and ionic bonds.A single water molecule can make as many as four hydrogen bonds!
14 2. CohesionDue to the Hydrogen bonds the water molecules stick together slightly, which is called cohesion.
15 3. AdhesionWhen water molecules stick to other molecules, we call it adhesion.Ex: the walls of tubes.Start: 2: Stop 2:31
16 4. Surface TensionWater’s hydrogen bonds also give it a strong surface tension.Surface tension is how difficult it is to break the surface of a liquid.Stop at 2:50
17 5. Capillary action Caused by adhesion and cohesion; It allows water to rise against gravity in narrow tubes such as up a plant.Trees and plants depend on this force to allow them to transport water from roots to their leaves.
18 6. It is a great solvent A solute is any substance that is dissolved. A solvent is the dissolving agent.Water makes a great solvent because of its polarity. It has the ability to attract both positive and negative ions.
20 7. pH Acids and Bases H20 -> H+ + O H- Water yields Hydrogen hydroxideThe Ph scale:Solutions above 7 are basic because they have more OH- ions.Solutions below 7 are acidic because they have more H+ ions.Buffers are solutions that are neutral or are barely acidic or basic
21 8. High specific heatWater absorbs a lot of heat before it changes temperature.This is how oceans, lakes and water vapor help regulate temperature on the Earth
22 What affect do oceans have on the earth’s temperature?