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Do we need any government? What would happen without an organized government of any kind?
What were the colonists most afraid of in forming a new government?
REPUBLIC – a government in which the people chose representatives to govern them
In 1776 the Continental Congress passed a plan for a national government – THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
The national government would be run by a Continental Congress
All the states approved the Articles of Confederation in 1781 and it became the official government
The national government could wage war, make peace, sign treaties, and issue money
The Articles of Confederation left most of the power to the states
The Articles did negotiate a peace with England after the war and set up a plan to organize the Northwestern Territory
The Articles created a very weak national government and had many weaknesses
1) Lacked power to enforce laws
2) Lacked the power to levy taxes
3) Could not regulate trade between the states
4) All 13 states had to vote yes to change the Articles
Other weaknesses included no military, no President, no national court system, no national control over trade with other countries
The Articles of Confederation become a temporary solution
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Chapter 8.1 Forming a Union June 12, 1776 ◦A Committee in Second Continental Congress agreed to create a national government if America does declare independence.
According to the passage, why were slaves needed on Southern plantations? (8.12.A) A. Southern colonists exported vast amounts of labor-intensive cash.
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