Writer’s Effect The effect on the reader created by an author’s words. This effect could be to stimulate our sense of It could be to convey a scene, idea, or emotion.
A writer is trying to create… An emotion – to give you a feeling. A connection – to help you remember when you were in a similar situation or felt a similar way A new experience – to help you to understand a situation you are not familiar with
What emotion or MOOD is being created here? “It was a cold grey day in late November. The weather had changed overnight, when a backing wind brought a granite sky and a mizzling rain with it, and although it was now only a little after two o'clock in the afternoon the pallor of a winter evening seemed to have closed upon the hills, cloaking them in mist.” – Jamaica Inn by Daphne du Maurier
3 Things to Think About What effect the writer has created. (type) What impression has been made on your mind/senses. (senses) What caused this effect on you. (how)
What effect the writer has created. An experience has been described. – 1 st day at university An atmosphere has been created. – An exciting win at a football stadium An opinion/emotion has been conveyed. – Fear during an earthquake
What impression has been made on your mind/senses. You can see the scene that has been described. You can hear the sounds that have been described. You can almost smell or taste something that was described. You can almost physically or emotionally feel something described.
What caused this effect on you. The specific meaning of a word. – Vocabulary Denotation Connotation The connections created by a word. – Memories, common knowledge, allusions The rhythm and pace of words and sentence structures. – Alliteration, rhyme, syllables, etc. Figurative language – Similes, metaphors, personification, etc.
Writer’s choose specific words for specific reasons. – You need to think about why.
What is the difference between… House & cottage
What is the difference between… Upset & hysterical
Sample questions Read lines 33-38. What opinion does the writer have of the big game hunters? How do the comparisons he chooses tell you this?
Sample questions Pick our three words or phrases that the writer uses to show that the man was distressed about his car. How do they reveal his feelings?
Sample questions Pick out two phrases that express the strength of the wind. How do they emphasize its power?
Do’s & Don’ts DO quote from the passage. DON’T use more than one word or a short phrase. DON’T just name the term (alliteration, simile). DO say how that type of language creates an effect.
Figurative language examples In the large, crowded shopping mall, Susanna felt like a mouse. Simile The writer is suggesting by the simile comparing Susanna to a “mouse” that Susanna feels insignificant or overwhelmed by the huge mall. The writer could also be implying that Susanna is physically small and delicate – possibly that she may be hurt or trampled by the many shoppers in the stores just like a mouse may be hurt or hunted by people.
Figurative language examples The branches scratched angrily at the windows desperately trying to come inside to escape the pouring rain. Personification The writer is using personification, “scratched angrily”, to emphasize how aggressive and violent the storm is by suggesting that the tree is frightened and “desperate” and ‘thinks’ it will be safer inside the house.
Figurative language examples The buoy bobbed back and forth, back and forth. Alliteration & repetition The alliteration of the ‘b’ sound and the repetition of the “back and forth” mimics the rolling nature of waves in the ocean and adds rhythm to the sentence.
Possible phrases to use… I felt… ____________ makes me think that the writer… ____________ reminds me of… The word ____________ suggests… …makes me feel that… …the use of ____________ invokes a feeling of… The writer uses words like ____________ and ____________ to suggest/convey/imply…
For example… I can tell the man is angry when the writer uses the words “bellowed”, “red with rage”, and “trailed off in despair”. “Bellowed” is a very powerful word meaning a loud cry, which would suggest he is very angry. Red is a colour which I associate with danger. People go red when are furious. Finally when he trails off I imagine someone so upset they cannot speak anymore.
FUR (Vocab) Quote + type = effect Why use effect? How does effect relate to whole?