When we analyze stories, we are breaking down the following elements in order to better understand the meaning of the story. Many stories have these elements, from Hemingway’s 6 word micro story to 1,000 page novels.
Protagonist Main character “Hero” of the story
Antagonist Force which works against the main character
Setting The time and place where the action occurs
Plot The action or series of events that make up a story
Exposition The part of the story, usually near the beginning, where the characters are introduced, the background is explained, and the setting described.
Rising Action The central part of the story during which various problems (or obstacles) arise.
Conflict(s) A problem or struggle between two opposing forces External Character vs. character, society, nature, technology, or supernatural force Internal Character vs. himself
Climax The high point or turning point of a story (Not always the MOST action-packed moment)
Falling Action The action and/or dialogue following the climax that leads the reader to the story’s end.
Resolution The parts of the story in which the problems are solved and the action comes to a satisfying end (conclusion)
Point of View The voice or person through whose eyes a story is told First person: The narrator (“I”) is a character in the story who reveals the situations or events through his own P.O.V. Third person: The narrator is an outsider who can only enter the mind of one or all of the characters and can reveal character thoughts, feelings, or actions.
Tone/Mood Tone = the author’s attitude towards subject Mood = The feeling a story has. The author uses the setting, object, details, images or words to create a certain feeling in the story
Foreshadowing The hinting of something to come later in the story
Flashback Events in the present are interrupted to tell about something that has already happened
Symbolism When a concrete object, person, place or action represents something abstract, such as a belief/idea/feeling/emotion.
For homework for Friday… Complete the story elements chart for “The Veldt” Try to use PENCIL (in case you need to make changes when we review it)