What is age distribution? - Look at how many people fall into different age groups 0-1415-4445-6465+
WHY WOULD WE NEED TO LOOK AT THE AGE OF A POPULATION? WHO WOULD FIND THAT IMPORTANT?
look at future needs for things like: ◦ Food, ◦ Schools, ◦ Seniors homes, ◦ Health care ◦ Housing ◦ What else????
An easy way to analyse the population of an area or country is by a POPULATION PYRAMID
How is this information shown? This information can be shown using a Population Pyramid
Pyramid Breakdown divides people by gender and age Males on left and Females on right
What are the components of a Population Pyramid? -has labels -has a center axis, showing the age range -has a male side -has a female side -Axis showing the percentage of the population
What can we see from this Pyramids? -the pyramid narrows at the top. -this is because the death rate is higher among older people than among younger people
What can we see from this Pyramids? -In 1961 they pyramid had a wide base -These are the baby boomers, a group of people born between 1947 and 1966 when the economy was growing
What can we see from this Pyramids? -There are bulges and narrower parts in the middle of the pyramid -The people in their 20’s in 1961 were born during the Depression, a time of economic hardship in Canada when people were having fewer kids
What do we know about our future based on the 1961 pyramid?
Baby Boomers QuestionsAnswers 1. How old would the baby boomers be today? 1. Do you know anyone in this age group? 1. What are some needs this group of people will need today? 1. 50-68 years old 2. My parents were born in 1947, so are the first year of the baby boom. 3. Health care needs, housing
Male vs Feemale QuestionsAnswer 1. Looking at the top of the pyramid, are there more males or females over the age of 75? 1. What are 2 reasons why this might be the case. 1. Females 2. Men died in war, involved in more physical work- can take a toll on health
What do you see on this pyramid? What age group is the biggest?
WHAT GROUP OF PEOPLE DOES THIS “BULGE” REPRESENT? Baby Boomers
Looking at the pyramids above, what business would you start for each place? Population #1Population #2
What are some characteristics of these pyramids? Population #1Population #2 Few people over the age of 65 Very large population under the age of 20 Very large population between the ages of 20 -55 Very few people over the age of 90 Declining population under the age of 19
What are some examples of programs or new businesses that would benefit these countries? Population #1Population #2
What other information can you get out of a Population Pyramid? If there are a lot of young people, you will likely see a faster population growth If there are a lot of older people, you will likely see a slower population growth
Dependency Load Includes people age 15 and under and those 65 and over This is because these age groups do not usually form part of the labour force and depend on others for support Ex. Working people pay more taxes(i.e. income tax) to meet the health care needs of the elderly and schooling needs of the young