Presentation on theme: "Content Objectives: Explain the outcomes of the Paris Peace Conference and the Treaty of Versailles."— Presentation transcript:
Content Objectives: Explain the outcomes of the Paris Peace Conference and the Treaty of Versailles.
“Fourteen Points” 1. According to Wilson, why did the U.S. enter the war? 2. According to Wilson, what will be the role of the U.S. after the war?
11 a.m., November 11, 1918 The Great War is Over...
World War I Casualties Name 6 problems a country that loses 9 million people in 3 years will face?
Fight Club ► Imagine a fight between your group of friends and a group of your enemies. It gets totally out of hand. People die on both sides. Your best friend is killed in front of you. Your side wins, but it could have easily gone the other way. ► The enemy, including the guy who killed your friend, is completely in your power. You can do anything to them and the police are staying out of it as long as no one else dies or is physically injured. ► Your enemies are not rich, but they have some money and things like good cars and jewelry, bank accounts and vacation homes, etc. ► What do you do?
Key Terms ► A Treaty is a written agreement between countries in which they agree to do or not do particular things ► Reparations are amounts of money paid by one country to another for damages caused during the war. ► Disarmament is reducing the number of weapons and soldiers that a country has.
Make Peace! ► In your group- Consider your country. You need to make the best possible deal for your country at these negotiations. ► Now discuss the Peace Treaty Handout and fill it out as you think is best for your country and the world.
Paris Peace Conference, 1919 Prime Minister Lloyd George of England Prime Minister Vittorio Orlando of Italy President Georges Clemenceau of France President Woodrow Wilson of the USA The Big Four
What Kind of a Peace Was It? ► A Peace of Justice President Wilson’s 14 Points supported self determination and called for a Peace Without Victory. Over Wilson's protests, they ignored the Fourteen Points one by one. Germany was to admit guilt for the war and pay unlimited reparations.
What Kind of a Peace Was It? ► Peace of Vengeance Italy and Britain wanted more territory France wanted to punish Germany.
The Peace Treaty of Versailles- The Allies (except the US) and Germany (signed June 28, 1919) ► loses all her colonies. ► loses the Saar Valley where all her best mines are for 15 years. ► loses the Alsace and Lorraine regions to France. ► citizens lose their property abroad. ► must disband all its armed forces. No army, navy or air force and no merchant marine. ► is charged $32 billion in war reparations which they must pay to the Allies. ► is blamed for the WHOLE war. They sign a Guilt Clause that claims they were responsible for all the deaths and losses and pain and suffering of the war. Germany…
Treaty of Versailles: The War Guilt Clause ► ARTICLE 231. ► The Allied and Associated Governments affirm and Germany accepts the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage to which the Allied and Associated Governments and their nationals have been subjected as a consequence of the war imposed upon them by the aggression of Germany and her allies.
Have you ever been blamed for something you didn’t do? What happened? How did you feel?
more Treaties… League of Nations Protocol- Established the League of Nations (1920) Washington Treaty in Relation to the Use of Submarines and Noxious Gases in Warfare (February 6, 1922) Geneva Protocol for the Prohibition of Poisonous Gases and Bacteriological Methods of Warfare (June 17, 1925) Treaty Providing for the Renunciation of War as an Instrument of National Policy - Signed by nearly every country in the war. (Kellogg-Briand Pact) (August 27, 1928)