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Welcome to New England! Click Map to Enter ©The Learning Zoo 2011
1. The French and Indian War Continues 2. The War Ends 3. The Native Americans Speak Out 4. The Proclamation of 1763 5. Americans Continue to Explore Explore activities 1-5 to answer your worksheet questions! ©The Learning Zoo 2011
The French and Indian War Continues At first the French and Indian War was only a North American Conflict. But, after 2 years of fighting it became a world war, known as the Seven Years War. Battles were fought in Europe, Asia, and North America. William Pitt was Britain’s new leader of Parliament during this time of the war. He decided to focus the war efforts on winning North America. In 1758 the British captured three French forts located in North America: Fort Duquesne, Louisbourg, and Frontenac. The British continued taking over North American forts and in 1759 captured the forts at Crown Point, Niagara, and Ticonderoga. Back to Activities Click the map to find all of the forts the British Captured! ©The Learning Zoo 2011
Can you find these forts? Fort Duquesne, Louisbourg, and Frontenac, Crown Point, Niagara, and Ticonderoga. Back to Activities Back to “The French and Indian War Continues” ©The Learning Zoo 2011
The War Ends In 1763 the French and Indian War finally ended in North America. The British and the French signed a contract with each other at the end of the war. This contract was called The Treaty of Paris. The terms of the treaty stated that France would give most of their land in present-day Canada to Britain. The document also said that Britain would have claim to most of the land between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River. Back to Activities Click on the map and identify what land belonged to the British after the Treaty of Paris was signed. ©The Learning Zoo 2011
Back to Activities Back to “The War Ends” ©The Learning Zoo 2011
The Native Americans Speak Out After the Treaty of Paris was signed, many American Colonists began to settle between their newly claimed land between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River. In this region lived many Native Americans who were not happy with the new settlers. These lands were important to the Native Americans because it is where they hunted for food. Back to Activities Who was Chief Pontiac? Click here to find out! Click on the map to identify the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River. ©The Learning Zoo 2011
Back to Activities Back to “The Native Americans Speak Out” ©The Learning Zoo 2011
Chief Pontiac Chief Pontiac was the leader of the Ottowa tribe during this time. He was not happy that the colonists were invading their hunting grounds and their homeland. Pontiac, along with other Indian leaders, united the tribes of the Great Lakes and Ohio Valley region to fight against the settlers. Back to “The Native Americans Speak Out” Back to Activities Click here to find out about Pontiac’s Rebellion! ©The Learning Zoo 2011
Pontiac’s Rebellion In May of 1763 Pontiac and all of the tribes started their attacks on the British forts. They did this to get guns and supplies. As winter neared many tribes began signing peace treaties with the British and returned to their homes. Back to “Chief Pontiac” Back to Activities ©The Learning Zoo 2011
The Proclamation of 1763 The British leaders were not happy that the colonists caused Pontiac and the Native American’s to rebel. They told the settlers that they had no right to claim the Indians land as their own. To prevent further conflicts the British king, George the 3 rd, issued the Proclamation of 1763. Back to Activities King George iii What did the proclamation say? Click here to find out! What was the Indian’s reaction? Click here to find out! ©The Learning Zoo 2011
What Did The Proclamation Say? The Proclamation of 1763 stated that the British Colonists could not buy land west of the Appalachian Mountains from the Indians. It also said they could not hunt on this land or even explore it. The settlers who were already living their were supposed to leave right away. The proclamation said that the land west of the Appalachians were only for the Native Americans to use. Click on the map and identify the land that the colonists could not longer settle. Back to Activities Back to “The Proclamation of 1763” ©The Learning Zoo 2011
Back to Activities Back to “What Did The Proclamation Say?” Find the Proclamation line of 1763. Everything west of this line was reserved for the Indians. That meant that no American Colonists could pass over this line to settle land, explore, or hunt. ©The Learning Zoo 2011
The Indians Reaction Indian leaders were happy that the British king was helping them by issuing the Proclamation of 1763. They knew that if the colonists would stay within guidelines of the proclamation that they would regain their land and be able to live as they did before the settlers came. Back to “The Proclemation of 1763”” Back to Activities What was the colonists reaction? Click here to find out! ©The Learning Zoo 2011
The Colonists Reaction When the colonists heard the terms of the Proclamation of 1763 they were furious. They thought that it took away their rights as British citizens to travel where they wanted. Those rights were listed in the English Bill of Rights and applied to the colonists because they were all considered British citizens. Back to “The Indians Reaction” Back to Activities The colonists got even madder when the king ordered the British soldiers to remain in North America to watch over the colonists. The colonists did not expect this at all. They wanted to govern themselves and take control, but at this point they had to obey the strict laws being made overseas in London. ©The Learning Zoo 2011
Americans Continue to Explore The Proclamation of 1763 did not stop colonist pioneers from continuing to push westward into the frontier. Daniel Boone was one of the early explorers who continued to seek new land even after the colonists were instructed not to by the king. John Finley was a friend of Daniel who also continued to explore west of the Appalachian Mountains. Back to Activities Daniel Boone ©The Learning Zoo 2011
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