Presentation on theme: "The System of Power in the USA.. How does the political system work? * Who is the head of the executive branch in the USA? * Which officials in the USA."— Presentation transcript:
How does the political system work? * Who is the head of the executive branch in the USA? * Which officials in the USA are elected and which are appointed? * Is the head of the state elected directly by the people in the USA? * Can the people exercise their power through their representatives? * What activities are two branches of power involved in?
HOW MUCH POWER DOES THE USA PRESIDENT HAVE? The United States of America is a federal (or presidential) republic. The head of state is the President.
Which institutions represent the legislative and executive branches of power? CONGRESS The HOUSE of REPRESENTATIVES 435 members The SENATE 100 members The ADMINISTRATION The PRESIDENT The VICE PRESIDENT The CABINET Secretaries as heads of the most Important Departments in The Administration THE PEOPLE All men and women over 18
The Executive Branch of the Federal Government. The PRESIDENT The PRESIDENT - is the head of state. - is elected directly by the people. - is not a member of the American Parliament, Congress. - appoints the Secretaries the Administration - includes the Secretaries who are heads of the executive departments.
The Legislative Branch of Power. CONGRESS SENATE SENATE Consist of 100 senators, two for each state Consist of 100 senators, two for each state The HOUSE of REPRESENTATIVES Has 435 members (depends on the population of each state) - Makes all laws - Each House of Congress can introduce new project - Each House can vote against the project passed by the others. If both houses agree the project becomes law.
The System of Checks and Balances. How does it work? There are three branches of power in the USA. They are involved in the system of checks and balances. Executive branch PRESIDENT Legislative branch CONGRESS Judicial branch The SUPREME COURT
How does the president deal with Congress and Supreme Court? - The President can veto laws passed by Congress. - The President appoints federal judges.
How does the Supreme Court check the other branches of power? - The Court can declare laws passed by Congress unconstitutional. - The Court can declare presidential acts unconstitutional.
How does Congress balance the powers of other two branches? - Congress can pass laws over the President’s veto by two-thirds majority. - The Senate must approve the President’s judicial appointments.
Americans say, “ The President proposes, but Congress disposes”. According to the US Constitution Congress and the Supreme Court control the president’s power. According to the US Constitution Congress and the Supreme Court control the president’s power.
Questions about political systems of Britain and the USA? 1. Who is the Head of State in Britain? 2. Who is the Head of State in the USA? 3. What are the Houses of the British Parliament? 4. What are two parts of the Congress of the USA? 5. Who does the British elect? 6. Who does the Americans elect? 7. Which institutions represent the legislative and executive branches of power in the UK? What are they functions? 8. Which institutions represent the legislative and executive branches of power in the USA? What are they functions? 9. Which political system is more democratic?