Presentation on theme: "13.3 and 13.4 Education, Pop Culture, and the Harlem Renaissance How did culture and attitudes change in the 1920s?"— Presentation transcript:
13.3 and 13.4 Education, Pop Culture, and the Harlem Renaissance How did culture and attitudes change in the 1920s?
Famous Figures Charles Lindbergh: –First person to fly solo across the Atlantic in The Spirit of St. Louis, taking 33 hours and becoming an idol to the nation Ernest Hemingway: --Writer and member of the ‘Lost Generation’, who disliked American culture so much they lived abroad, usually in Paris --Hemingway introduced a tough, simple style of writing that changed American literature
Continued F. Scott Fitzgerald: –Novelist who coined the term “The Jazz Age” to describe the 1920s –Wrote This Side of Paradise and The Great Gatsby, both of which showed the negative side of the age
The Harlem Renaissance The Harlem Renaissance was a literary and artistic movement that celebrated African- American culture and was based in Harlem, NYC, where many African-Americans moved during the 1920s Racial tensions had increased in Northern cities during this time, and the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) worked to end the violence
New Figures and Viewpoints W.E.B. Du Bois led a peaceful protest against racial violence Marcus Garvey voiced a message of pride that appealed to many African Americans; he controversially thought they should build a separate society and return to Africa (or the “Back to Africa” movement) to set up an independent nation
Key Figures –Zora Neale Hurston was the most famous female writer in the Harlem Renaissance She collected the folklore of Southern blacks, and wrote novels, short stories, and poems --Louis Armstrong, a trumpet player and improviser, and Duke Ellington, a jazz pianist and composer, were some of the most famous musicians to play jazz, a blend of New Orleans ragtime and blues music that became popular during this time --Bessie Smith was one of the most outstanding singers during this era as well