Presentation on theme: "Ch:8 Launching a New Nation 8:3 Troubles at Home and Abroad Essential Question How did the actions of Britain and France affect the United States?"— Presentation transcript:
Ch:8 Launching a New Nation 8:3 Troubles at Home and Abroad Essential Question How did the actions of Britain and France affect the United States?
Discuss the conflicts with Native Americans in the Northwest Territory. Describe how Americans reacted to the French Revolution. Identify the main points of Washington’s Farewell Address. Summarize Washington’s accomplishments as President. Objectives
Terms and People Anthony Wayne – Revolutionary War hero who led American troops to victory against Native Americans neutral – not favoring either side in a dispute impressment – forcing people into public service or use John Jay – government representative who negotiated the Jay Treaty with Britain in 1795
How did the actions of Britain and France affect the United States? Britain was supporting Native American attacks on American settlers. Britain and France were seizing American ships to gain their support. Washington secured the Northwest Territory and encouraged Americans to stay neutral in European affairs.
The Treaty of Paris gave America a vast area called the Northwest Territory. Ohio River Mississipp i River Northwest Territory
British troops remained in the Northwest Territory. They aided Native Americans in resisting American settlement. Americans wanted British troops to withdraw. Northwest Territory British troops
America faced conflict with Native Americans in the Northwest Territory. Native Americans wanted to keep their lands. American leaders wanted to settle the West. They attacked many American settlements. They tried to force Native Americans to sell their lands.
Washington sent troops to end the Native American attacks on settlers. Native Americans defeated American troops in 1790 and 1791. In 1794, Americans led by General Anthony Wayne won a major victory at the Battle of Fallen Timbers. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bsqnYa5ocy4
In the 1795 Treaty of Greenville, Native American leaders gave up most of their lands. Native Americans received $20,000 worth of goods. This land makes up present day Ohio.
The French Revolution began in 1789. At first, most Americans supported the revolution. During the Reign of Terror, revolutionaries executed more than 17,000 people. After this, the revolution became controversial in America.
By 1793, France and Britain were at war. Washington wanted America to remain neutral. United States Both countries wanted the U.S. to choose a side. They began stopping and seizing American ships. Britain France
The British made matters worse by the impressment of sailors on American ships. They forced American sailors to serve in the British navy.
Hamilton urged Washington to stay friendly with Britain. Britain purchased 75 percent of American exports. Americ a Britain They supplied 90 percent of American imports.
Washington sent John Jay to Britain. In 1795, Jay returned with the Jay Treaty. America agreed to: pay debts owed to British merchants Britain agreed to: pay for seized ships leave the Northwest territory stop aiding Native Americans end impressment
Since Federalists controlled the Senate, the Jay Treaty passed. Republicans opposed the treaty. They believed it gave too much to Britain and too little to America. Federalists were in favor of the treaty because it kept peace with Britain. The Jay Treaty was controversial.
In 1796, Washington published his Farewell Address to fellow Americans. Washington made two main points: 2.He believed that the United States should not become involved in European affairs. Washington also warned against too much debt. 1.He feared that political divisions would tear the nation apart. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KzXZ4pb6TEE
Washington took pride in his accomplishments. America had a functioning federal government. The economy was improving. He had avoided war. The Northwest Territory was free from British troops and safe to settle.
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