2 CUBA Eliminate Yellow Fever in Cuba 1898—Teller Amendment US will promises to not annex Cuba1901—Cuba drafts new ConstitutionMust accept the Platt AmendmentUS maintains right to intervene in Cuban affairs!Guantanamo BayProtect American business interests in CubaCuba becomes a Protectorate
3 Puerto Rico Puerto Rico becomes a U.S. territory Foraker Act U.S. controls the legislative affairs of PR1917—Puerto Ricans become U.S. citizens
5 U A W L Z J Z P L G E I V A S QI come in different colors and shapes. Some parts of me are curvy, some are straight. You can put me anywhere you like, but there is only one right place for me. What am I?
6 Imperialist Presidents Justified or not? America as World PowerImperialist PresidentsJustified or not?
7 China Markets, Markets, Markets Population in China 500,000,000 (Currently: 1,319,175,331)Population in US 75,000,000(Currently: 304,861,920)*Open Door Policy - Allowing the US to trade in China, even though they did not control any territory there.Spheres of Influence—China is carved up among the imperial countries
9 Boxer RebellionAnti-foreigner groups formed over anger of outside country’s influence.A group known as Boxers began attacking foreign missionaries in protest.Made westerners realize the importance of working together to continue the control of Chinese trade. (Open Door Policy)
10 Panama CanalWhy: To provide a faster water route connecting the Atlantic and the Pacific.This faster route was hoped to strengthen an already booming U.S. economy.Built fromMany HardshipsMalaria, Yellow fever, extreme heatEstimated death toll: more than 5,600 workers$380 Million!
11 HOW THE PANAMA CANAL WORKS!!! HOW THE PANAMA CANAL WORKS!!!
12 “Speak Softly and Carry a Big Stick” Was Roosevelt’s foreign policy“big stick” was naval powerHe built up the Great White FleetAchieved dream of canalDemonstrate power
13 Roosevelt’s Corollary (to the Monroe Doctrine) Monroe Doctrine- Stated that the U.S. would not allow further colonization of the western hemisphere by European or other Nations.Roosevelt’s Corollary Stated more specifically that the U.S. would act as a international police force.
14 Reshaping Diplomacy President Taft took over in 1909 Further influenced Latin AmericaBelieved in promoting U.S. economic interests overseas to best suite Americans: known as Dollar Diplomacy
15 Wilson (1913-1921): Influence of WW1 Hated idea of imperialismWill invade more countries than any previous president in US HistoryProtect US propertyLatin America—Haiti, Dominican Republic, Virgin Islands, Mexico
16 Woodrow Wilson and Mexico Moral or Missionary DiplomacyRecognize only democratic govsMexican Revolution—unstable Mexican GovernmentSeries of Mexican Dictators vie for powerU.S. Policy—”watchful waiting”Tampico and U.S. occupation of VeracruzGermany supports HuertaU.S. supports CarranzaMexican Bandit Pancho VillaUS Mexican relations are strained.
17 Your turn… (pgs )RooseveltWilsonUsing your book and notes, compare and contrast Roosevelt’s and Wilson’s use of power during ImperialismSimilaritiesWas imperialism of the United States in the early 1900’s justified? Why or why not? – (Think DBQ!)Predict: how could imperialism be considered a cause for WWI?