Presentation on theme: "December 5 In your notebook answer the following questions: Why didn’t the Articles of Confederation work? What was the purpose of the Constitutional Convention?"— Presentation transcript:
December 5 In your notebook answer the following questions: Why didn’t the Articles of Confederation work? What was the purpose of the Constitutional Convention? Who was president of the convention? Where was the meeting held? How many houses did the Virginia plan want? What is the first compromise about slavery?
Why do we need a new government? The government created under the Articles was too weak War debt, economy failing, unrest in colonies after Rev war We must create a new gt!! Stronger, hold country together we will create the Constitution
Constitutional Convention A meeting in Philadelphia PA George Washington will be President of Convention May 25,1787 Need to set up some rules
Had to keep meeting secret No notes allowed to be removed Conversations in state house only Each state had one vote No whispering passing notes while other delegates speaking Met 6 days a week 10-4 40 delegates met everyday
Old buildings sitting next to modern sky scrapers
Virginia Plan Edmund Randolph Gov of Virginia Proposed one house legislature Senators would be chosen by the House Number of seats based on states population
Although his father remained a firm Loyalist throughout the American Revolution, Randolph joined the war effort as an aide-de- camp to General George Washington. After the war, Randolph became Mayor of Williamsburg, a delegate to the Continental Congress, and eventually, Governor of Virginia -- a position he held when named to serve in the Constitutional Convention. Although he cared enough about strengthening the central government to attend the Constitutional Convention, Randolph did not sign the completed document; to him, the government outlined in the Constitution was too strong -- "the foetus of a monarchy."
Slavery or no slavery Major issue was whether each state would have the power to protect or abolish slave trade Compromised and national gt would regulate trade and would not interfere with slave trade until 1808
New Jersey Plan Proposed by William Patterson of New Jersey A one house legislature where each state has equal number of votes. www.archives.gov/.../ new_jersey.html
Great Compromise Roger Sherman of Connecticut proposed a plan that took both ideas together: A BICAMERAL or two- house legislature The House of Representatives = population. The Senate = two senators regardless of population. This plan gave large states more power in the House but equal power reigned in the Senate
James Madison Get rid of A of C Proposed 3 branch of gt idea –Legislative –Judicial –Executive –Legislative branch has 2 houses Senate and House of Representatives –He is the father (writer) of the Constitution.
The three-fifths compromise Since House seats were based on population the south wanted to count their slaves as part of the population… The northern states objected to this idea because it would give the south more reps in the House Decided to count every 3 out of 5 slaves as a rep
Executive and Judicial branches Powers will be given to the President A Supreme Court will be created –Authority to interpret laws and settle conflicts between states
Who gets to vote? White men with property will… –Elect members of House State legislature will select senators Group of electors will be used for electoral college
The party’s over September 17, 1787 39 delegates signed the Constitution
Who went to the Constitutional Convention? Scene at the Signing of the Constitution of the United StatesScene at the Signing of the Constitution of the United States Delegates to the Constitutional ConventionDelegates to the Constitutional Convention
Voting on new government The Constitution had to be ratified or approved by nine state conventions Many people debated the issue on whether to ratify or not..
Federalists Supporters of Constitution called Federalists Supported strong federal national government Provide protection Maintain order Regulate trade Guarantee rights Ensure war debts paid
Anti-Federalists Opponents of Constitution called anti-federalists Feared strong central government would endanger peoples liberties Reps should met in a location close to the people whose interest they sought to protect http://library.thinkquest.org/11572/creation/framing/feds.html Patrick Henry
Bill of Rights Anti-federalists wanted a Bill of Rights Feared that the strong national government would not respect the rights of a citizen Federalists thought Bill of Rights was unnecessary
The Federalist Papers In response to Patrick Henry James Madison Alexander Hamilton John Jay Wrote the pro- Constitution articles called The Federalist www.federalist.com/ histdocs/
Ratification Needed a majority of votes to ratify Nine of the 13 states had to vote yes June 1788 the Constitution is ratified with the ninth state being New Hampshire