Presentation on theme: " Bellwork: Please take out your notebook and a pen or a pencil. Want to volunteer for Current Event? Food Drive items?"— Presentation transcript:
Bellwork: Please take out your notebook and a pen or a pencil. Want to volunteer for Current Event? Food Drive items?
How would you describe this painting? What is going on? What are the people doing? "Siege of Jerusalem during the First Crusade." Photos/Illustrations. The British Library. World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2015. Web. 23 Oct. 2015.
Major religious cities Constantinople – most important for Greek Orthodox in the East Rome – most important for Roman Catholics in the West Jerusalem – important to three major religions ▪ Judaism – known as Zion (God’s own city) ▪ Christianity – location where Jesus was crucified and resurrected ▪ Islam – third “holy city” behind Mecca and Medina
Arab Muslims took control of Jerusalem and Palestine However, they still allowed Christians to travel freely to Jerusalem for religious/personal reasons
Seljuk Turks took control of Jerusalem Seljuk Turks were warlike people who converted to Islam ▪ Over time, the Christian pilgrimage to Jerusalem became increasingly dangerous ▪ Seljuk Turks began to threaten the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Emperor Alexis I asked Pope Urban II for help (to try to save the Byzantine Empire from the Seljuk Turks) There was motivation to reunite the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox church again Fighting the Seljuk Turks could be profitable – could reclaim land from them Pope Urban II claimed that God spoke to him and told him to go to battle and to kill for control of the “holy land” – “Dues Vult” became the battle cry (means “God wills it”
Byzantine Empire faced a series of attacks Byzantine Emperor Alexius I asked Pope Urban II for help Together they could reunite the East and West under one Christian Empire Could gain territory and wealth Dues Vult! God wills it.
Christians took up arms and launched the first of nine crusades – heading east toward the holy land Peasants and nobility fought Took provisions from the land as they crossed it Killed non-Christians along the way Three crusader armies met up in Constantinople and marched to Jerusalem together Crusaders reached Jerusalem, and after a two month siege, Jerusalem fell ▪ Crusaders killed many Muslim and Jewish inhabitants
Turks capture Edessa in Greece and use it as a staging zone to launch future attacks There were no decisive victories in the 2 nd Crusade
Turkish General Saladin practiced jihad Invaded Palestine and Jerusalem Won back the true cross and the Church of the Holy Sepulcher Christians led by King Richard the Lionhearted of England Philip Augustus of France Frederick Barbarossa of Germany Ended in a truce between Saladin and Richard who couldn’t afford any more losses Turks got Jerusalem Christians got cities along the Mediterranean
For the West Unsuccessful in taking back Christian lands Helped break down feudalism and strengthen monarchies in Europe Increased trade in the Mediterranean led to exchange of ideas, goods and technology (setting the stage for the Renaissance)
United Muslims against a common enemy Crusades deeply rooted in Islamic history – some historian believe that the Crusades are still continuing today Legacy of distrust
1. Number the paragraphs 2. Circle key ideas, names of people and places, and dates. 3. Highlight or box unfamiliar words. 4. Underline the main point or other relevant information.
Using the Document, choose one of the following activities: Write an editorial about the Massacre at Acre from the point of view of a supporter of Saladin or a supporter of King Richard. Create a propaganda poster from the point of view of a supporter of Saladin or a supporter of King Richard.