 EXAMPLE 3 Add expressions with different denominators Find the sum 5 12x 3 9 8x28x2 5 9 8x28x2 += 9 3x 8x 2 3x + 5 2 12x 3 2 Rewrite fractions using LCD,

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EXAMPLE 3 Add expressions with different denominators Find the sum 5 12x 3 9 8x28x2 5 9 8x28x2 += 9 3x 8x 2 3x + 5 2 12x 3 2 Rewrite fractions using LCD, 24x 3. 27x 24x 3 = + 10 24x 3 Simplify numerators and denominators. = 27x + 10 24x 3 Add fractions. +

EXAMPLE 4 Subtract expressions with different denominators Find the difference –. 7x7x x + 2 10 3x3x 7x7x x + 2 10 3x3x = – 10(x + 2) 3x(x + 2) – 7x (3x) (x + 2)(3x) Rewrite fractions using LCD, 3x(x + 2). 10(x + 2) – 7x(3x) 3x(x + 2) = Subtract fractions. – 21x 2 + 10x + 20 3x(x + 2) = Simplify numerator.

EXAMPLE 5 Subtract expressions with different denominators Find the difference. x + 4 x 2 + 3x – 10 – x – 1 x 2 + 2x – 8 x + 4 x 2 + 3x – 10 – x – 1 x 2 + 2x – 8 Factor denominators. Rewrite fractions using LCD, (x – 2)(x + 5)(x + 4). Subtract fractions. = x + 4 (x – 2)(x + 5) – x – 1 (x + 4)(x – 2) = (x + 4)(x + 4) (x – 2)(x + 5) (x + 4) – (x – 1)(x + 5) (x + 4)(x – 2)(x + 5) = (x + 4)(x + 4) – (x – 1)(x + 5) (x – 2)(x + 5)(x + 4)

EXAMPLE 5 Subtract expressions with different denominators = x 2 + 8x + 16 – (x 2 + 4x – 5) (x – 2)(x + 5)(x + 4) = 4x + 21 (x – 2)(x + 5)(x + 4) Find products in numerator. Simplify.

GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 3, 4, and 5 Find the sum or difference. 6. 3 2x2x 7 5x 4 + = 15x 3 + 14 10x 4 7. y y + 1 + 3 y + 2 = y 2 + 5y + 3 ( y +1)( y + 2) 8. 2z – 1 z 2 + 2z – 8 – z + 1 z 2 – 4 = z 2 – 2z – 6 (z + 4)(z – 2)(z + 2)

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