Presentation on theme: "Suffrage and Reform Campaigns"— Presentation transcript:
1 Suffrage and Reform Campaigns Progressive WomenSuffrage and Reform Campaigns
2 Today’s Objective After today’s lesson, students will be able to… Discuss the reforms movements of progressive womenExplain the process of women’s suffrage and the associated fears felt by anti-suffragistsEssential Skill:Explicitly assess information and draw conclusions
3 Gender Stereotypes What are the stereotypes of women and men? Write them on the board!Be prepared to discuss
4 Women’s Movement Educated, Middle-Class Women Formed a “Grass Roots” MovementLobbied Legislators, Held Rallies and Parades, Distributed Literature
6 Struggle for SuffrageOrganized movement started in 1848 at Seneca Falls, NYDisrupted by Civil WarDivided over support for 15th Amendment
7 Early Leaders Susan B. Anthony Elizabeth Cady Stanton Founder and president of National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA)Elizabeth Cady StantonImportant member of NWSA“Women deserve to vote because they are equal in all capacities to menDifference between National Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) and American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA)?
9 NAWSA National American Woman Suffrage Association Carrie Chapman Catt Merger of NWSA and AWSALargest organization working form women’s suffrageCarrie Chapman CattAssumed presidency in 1900Focused on women’s “unique role”Developed “Winning Plan”Grassroots effort with many state ralliesSupported by white, native-born, middle-class women
10 Alice Paul Leader of the National Women’s Party (NWP) Established due to disagreements with NAWSANWP pushed more for constitutional amendmentInfluenced by more militant suffragettes in BritainIntended to shame President Wilson in any way possible for not allowing women to votePicketing outside of White House
15 19th Amendment Ratified in 1920 “Right to vote shall not be denied or abridged on account of sex”
16 Other early 20th Century Reformers Margaret Sanger- crusade for birth controlFlorence Kelly- child labor protection, National Consumer’s LeagueCarrie Nation- Temperance movement to ban alcohol- Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) organized in 1874
17 Other early 20th Century Reformers Jane Addams – Settlement HouseIda B. Wells-Barnett—anti-lynchingCharlotte Perkins Gillman – economics; women’s discrimination is due to inequality in the workplace
18 Concluding Discussion How equal is the workplace today?What are some solutions to help women in the workplace?Should women be allowed to participate in all jobs that men participate?Are men or women better at certain domestic tasks?