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Suffrage and Reform Campaigns

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1 Suffrage and Reform Campaigns
Progressive Women Suffrage and Reform Campaigns

2 Today’s Objective After today’s lesson, students will be able to…
Discuss the reforms movements of progressive women Explain the process of women’s suffrage and the associated fears felt by anti-suffragists Essential Skill: Explicitly assess information and draw conclusions

3 Gender Stereotypes What are the stereotypes of women and men?
Write them on the board! Be prepared to discuss

4 Women’s Movement Educated, Middle-Class Women
Formed a “Grass Roots” Movement Lobbied Legislators, Held Rallies and Parades, Distributed Literature

5 Reform Campaigns SUFFRAGE Child labor Working conditions Poverty
Civil rights Temperance (Prohibition) Education Abortion/birth control SUFFRAGE

6 Struggle for Suffrage Organized movement started in 1848 at Seneca Falls, NY Disrupted by Civil War Divided over support for 15th Amendment

7 Early Leaders Susan B. Anthony Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Founder and president of National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) Elizabeth Cady Stanton Important member of NWSA “Women deserve to vote because they are equal in all capacities to men Difference between National Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) and American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA)?

8 Voting Out West

9 NAWSA National American Woman Suffrage Association Carrie Chapman Catt
Merger of NWSA and AWSA Largest organization working form women’s suffrage Carrie Chapman Catt Assumed presidency in 1900 Focused on women’s “unique role” Developed “Winning Plan” Grassroots effort with many state rallies Supported by white, native-born, middle-class women

10 Alice Paul Leader of the National Women’s Party (NWP)
Established due to disagreements with NAWSA NWP pushed more for constitutional amendment Influenced by more militant suffragettes in Britain Intended to shame President Wilson in any way possible for not allowing women to vote Picketing outside of White House


12 Anti-Suffragists National Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage (NAOWS) What were the arguments?


14 Josephine Dodge President of NAOWS

15 19th Amendment Ratified in 1920
“Right to vote shall not be denied or abridged on account of sex”

16 Other early 20th Century Reformers
Margaret Sanger- crusade for birth control Florence Kelly- child labor protection, National Consumer’s League Carrie Nation- Temperance movement to ban alcohol- Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) organized in 1874

17 Other early 20th Century Reformers
Jane Addams – Settlement House Ida B. Wells-Barnett—anti-lynching Charlotte Perkins Gillman – economics; women’s discrimination is due to inequality in the workplace

18 Concluding Discussion
How equal is the workplace today? What are some solutions to help women in the workplace? Should women be allowed to participate in all jobs that men participate? Are men or women better at certain domestic tasks?

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