Presentation on theme: "Claims of Fact, Claims of Value & Claims of Policy"— Presentation transcript:
1 Claims of Fact, Claims of Value & Claims of Policy Making A Strong ClaimClaims of Fact, Claims of Value & Claims of Policy
2 Claims of FactA claim that a certain condition existed in the past, exists in the present or will exist in the future. This claim must be supported by facts.Claim of Fact (Past): Prayer in public schools has created much debate in the field of education.Claim of Fact (Present): Students who listen to rap music are more likely to commit violent acts.Claim of Fact (Future): Global warming will impact future generations and eventually ruin the environment.
3 Claims of Value A claim of value makes a judgment. It is supported by dataIn a claim of value, one expresses their approval or disapprovalThey prove that an action, belief or condition is right or wrong, good or bad, beautiful or ugly, worthwhile or undesirable
4 Claims of Value Example: Cheating in sports is wrong. Example: Illegal immigrants are ruining the American economy.Example: Cheating men are undesirable to women.
5 Claims of PolicyA claim of policy argues that certain conditions should not existThey promote courses of action for problems that need a solutionThey almost always include the keywords “should,” “ought to,” or “must”
6 Claims of PolicyExample: A dress code should be introduced for all public high school students.Example: Texting while driving should be an offense punishable by jail time.