# Oct. 5, 2012PG. #40 Focus: Properties of Waves Objective: #6.P.1.1, compare transverse waves and compressional waves HW: wave practice pg. 39, background.

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Oct. 5, 2012PG. #40 Focus: Properties of Waves Objective: #6.P.1.1, compare transverse waves and compressional waves HW: wave practice pg. 39, background research and report Warm-Up: Wave Review (complete the 4 problems on the sheet)

Waves transfer energy not matter. The water waves below are carrying energy but are not moving. Waves can only exist as they have energy to carry.

What are mechanical waves? Mechanical waves are waves which require a medium. A medium is a form of matter through which the wave travels (such as water, air, glass, etc.) What are the two kinds of mechanical waves? Transverse Waves In a transverse wave the matter in the wave moves up and down at a right angle to the direction of the wave

What are the parts of a wave? Transverse wave The crest is the highest point on a transverse wave. The trough is the lowest point on a transverse wave. The rest position of the wave is called the node or nodal line.

The amplitude of a transverse wave is determined by the height of the crest or depth of the trough

What are the parts of a wave? Transverse wave The wavelength is the distance from one point on the wave to the next corresponding adjacent point.

What is wavelength? Wavelength is a measure of distance, so the units for wavelength are always distance units, such as meter, centimeters, millimeters, etc.

What is wave frequency? Frequency is the number of waves that pass through a point in one second. Wavelength and frequency are inversely related. The smaller the wavelength, the more times it will pass through a point in one second. The larger the wavelength, the fewer times it will pass through a point in one second.

How is wavelength and frequency related?

Example of a transverse wave:

What are mechanical waves? Mechanical waves are waves which require a medium. A medium is a form of matter through which the wave travels (such as water, air, glass, etc.) What are the two kinds of mechanical waves? Longitudinal Waves (Compression Waves) In a longitudinal wave the matter in the wave moves back and forth parallel to the direction of the wave

Compressional Longitudinal wave On a compressional wave the area squeezed together is called the compression. The areas spread out are called the rarefaction. The wavelength is the distance from the center of one compression to the center of the next compression.

Wavelength compression rarefraction Wavelength can be measured from rarefraction to rarefraction or compression to compression.

Sound waves (elastic/mechanical waves) Longitudinal waves Transverse waves

Sound Waves are compressional waves. Sound travels as vibrations moving through the air as a compressional wave. Sound travels through air, but travels through other materials as well. Whale communicate through long distances by producing sounds under water. What are Seismic Waves? An energy wave which vibrates through the earth’s crust as the crust bends or breaks. Seismic waves are exist as both transverse and compressional waves. Some travel through the earth and some travel across the earth’s surface.

http://www.ltscotland.org.uk/5to14/resourc es/science/oscilloscope.asphttp://www.ltscotland.org.uk/5to14/resourc es/science/oscilloscope.asp http://www.educationscotland.gov.uk/reso urces/s/sound/amplitude.asp?strReferring Channel=educationscotland&strReferringP ageID=tcm:4-615801-64http://www.educationscotland.gov.uk/reso urces/s/sound/amplitude.asp?strReferring Channel=educationscotland&strReferringP ageID=tcm:4-615801-64

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