Presentation on theme: "Argumentative vs. Analytical Writing An Introduction to Terms and Concepts."— Presentation transcript:
Argumentative vs. Analytical Writing An Introduction to Terms and Concepts
What is an argument? ➢ What is your definition of an argument?
For purposes of English class, ➢ An argument is a reasoned, logical way of demonstrating that the writer’s position, belief, or conclusion is valid. ➢ In English, students make claims about the worth or meaning of literary works, defending their interpretation with evidence from the text.
In short… ➢ Arguments seek to make people believe that something is true or to persuade people to change their beliefs or their behavior.
What is analysis? What is your definition of analysis?
For English class, An analytical essay A successful essay shows your understanding of how the author builds an argument by: ●Examining the author’s use of evidence, reasoning, and other stylistic and persuasive techniques ●Supporting and developing claims with well-chosen evidence from the passage
Difference Between Argument and Analysis Argumentative EssayAnalytical Essay Makes claims based on factual evidence Analyzes claims based on factual evidence in reading Makes counterclaims and takes opposing view into account Analyzes counterclaims and their effectiveness Neutralizes or “defeats” serious opposing ideas Explains the author's ability to refute opposing ideas. Convinces audience through merit of the claims and proof offered Shows your understanding of how the author builds an argument.
Difference Between Argument and Analysis cont. Argumentative EssayAnalysis Essay Often compares texts or ideas to establish a position Asks you to analyze one article/essay/text while always having the same prompt to answer the question. Logic-basedTextual evidence-based
Important Terms ➢ Claim— basic belief about a particular topic, issue, event, or idea based on evidence (either yours or the author of the passage) ➢ Counterclaim—A solid and reasonable argument that opposes or disagrees with the claim ➢ Support/Textual Evidence—specific facts or evidence from the text used to support why the claim is true
Important Terms ➢ Warrant-- Explains how the evidence supports the claim (links claim and evidence) **very important piece, often forgotten
Important Terms cont. ➢ Rebuttal—A written or verbal response to a counterclaim. The object is to take into account the ideas presented in the counterclaim and explain why they aren’t persuasive enough, valid enough, or important enough to outweigh your claim. ➢ Refute—Argue against a position or prove it to be wrong.
SAT Analytical Essay Prompt As you read the passage below, consider how the author uses ●evidence, such as facts or examples, to support claims. ●reasoning to develop ideas and to connect claims and evidence. ●stylistic or persuasive elements, such as word choice or appeals to emotion, to add power to the ideas expressed.