Presentation on theme: "Who Has the Power to Implement Foreign Policy?. Presidential Powers Military Powers – Commander of the military. – Can send troops out for a limited time."— Presentation transcript:
Presidential Powers Military Powers – Commander of the military. – Can send troops out for a limited time Negotiating treaties Executive Agreement – the President and the leader of a foreign nation come to a mutual agreement. Appointing ambassadors (representatives) Receive ambassadors from other countries
Presidential Powers Diplomatic recognition – recognize or establish official relationships with a foreign government. Refuse to recognize a government who is considered unfriendly or dangerous.
Department of State A part of the President’s cabinet (Executive Branch) Responsible for carrying out U.S. foreign policy Secretary of State reports directly to the President – Advises the president – Supervises the activities of U.S. ambassadors and other representatives.
Department of Defense Also a part of the President’s Cabinet Secretary of Defense reports directly to the President Provides the president with military information like – troop movement – placement of bases – weapon development
Other Executive Branch Agencies Department of Agriculture (other Cabinet departments) CIA – Central Intelligence Agency – gathers info about military and political trends in various countries. NSC – National Security Council – created to coordinate U.S. military and foreign policy AID – Agency for International Development – provides money for food, fuel, medical supplies, etc.
Power of Congress The Committee on International Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the House Committee on International Relations make foreign-policy recommendations to Congress and the president.
Approval Powers Senate approves all treaties between the United States and other countries with a 2/3 vote. Congress also may approve an executive agreement which has the same effect as a treaty. Congress has the power to declare war
The War Powers Act – limits the power of the president to send troops abroad without the approval of Congress. Congress must approve all spending of public funds. This allows Congress to influence foreign affairs.
President Wilson Treaty of Versailles (http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/wilson/portrai t/wp_league.html)http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/wilson/portrai t/wp_league.html