Presentation on theme: "Adapted by: Prof. Victor M. Vázquez"— Presentation transcript:
1 Adapted by: Prof. Victor M. Vázquez Punctuating DialogueAdapted by: Prof. Victor M. Vázquez
2 Tag LinesTag lines provide two bits of important information: 1. WHO is speaking or spoke. (a noun or pronoun) 2. HOW they spoke ( a verb with possible modifiers).
3 Examples Elena responded. My brother said sadly, they yelled simultaneously.asked Raymond.The UHS Chorus sang the following at the Christmas program,
4 RulesQuotation marks should go at the beginning and the end of spoken words.Q.M. have a specific form: “cool”The first letter of a quote should always be capitalized. If the quote is interrupted by a tag line –the words that identify the speaker – the continuation is not capitalized.Example:“My family loves sushi,” said José, “but only if it has shrimp and avocado.”
5 Exercises stop the car, yelled Amanda because I want to get in! Someday I would like to go to the Swiss Alps Robin sighed but only if it’s during summer because that’s when the weather is benign.
6 Rule:However, a NEW sentence after the tag line should also be capitalized. Example: “We also enjoy Italian pastas,” José continued. “On the other hand, we think fast foods suck.”
7 Exercisethe bridge is old and could fall warned the engineer. it needs to be bolstered with iron beams.taking physics can be beneficial suggested the vocational counselor the field is burgeoning with new career opportunities.
8 RuleCommas and periods which are part of a quote always go before the CLOSING quotation marks. Example: “Many fast foods have little nutritional value, ”commented María, “but since they are inexpensive, many people consume them. ”
9 ExerciseValeria replied with alacrity I really want to go with you! Please let me Many arboreal creatures dwell in this area the zoologist informed us so we need to take care of their habitat
10 Once again: Keep final commas and periods inside the CLOSING quotation marks. “ I do not know,” yelled Albert.Albert yelled, “I do not know.”Which one is correct?The teacher screamed, “Everyone needs to line up at the door”.“Everyone needs to line up at the door,” the teacher screamed.
11 Rule:Question marks (?) and exclamation points (!) go before closing quotation marks IF they are part of the spoken words.
12 Examples:“Fred, I want you to take that new truck back to the dealership,” Mary snarled, “right now!”“No way,” Fred paused, “ that I can return it. I lost the receipt.”“What?” Mary retorted, “I can’t believe it!” Then she began to cry.(Only the words spoken are surrounded by quotation marks.)
13 ExerciseDon’t be so belligerent! my mom whispered as she confronted me please learn to control your temper, my dear
14 An uninterrupted speech needs quotation marks only at the beginning and the end. WHICH ONE IS CORRECT?“My mother was right. I never should have married you. You only think of yourself and I’m always the one who has to suffer.”“Oh, cry me a river.” ” I’m the one who came out on the losing end of this marriage!” “Why didn’t you listen to your mother?”
15 RULE: INDENT each time a different speaker talks. “You can be so cruel some times!” Mary wailed.“Oh, I suppose you’ll go crying to your mother now,” Fred sighed. He was sorry he hurt Mary but he felt so confused.Mary continued to sob. “At least she understands me.”
16 When only two people are talking you don’t have to repeat their names. “I understand how you feel, alright?”“You do?”“Aw, you know I do. It’s just that sometimes I lose my head.”“So you still care about me? I was thinking this was over for us.”“Of course, I care about you, Sweetie.”“So you’ll take the truck back?” Gisela asked with her affable tone of voice.“Over my dead body!”
17 Quote inside of a quoteUse single quotation marks for quotes within quotes.Examples:Jason told us, "Danea said, ‘Let’s go to the beach.’ "Leandra laughed, “I love it when my mom announces, ‘Supper time!’ ”
18 Exclamations and Questions An exclamation point or question mark is placed inside the quotation marks when it punctuates the quotation. It is placed outside when it punctuates the main sentence.For example:I was surprised when he asked, “That won’t be a problem for you, will it?”Did the teacher really say, “Finish by tomorrow”?
19 Exclamations and Questions When using exclamation points and question marks in your dialogue, be sure to properly punctuate the words following the marks. If the sentence continues and the following words are not proper nouns then you DO NOT capitalize the next word.Examples:“Did you hear Mr. Marcoux?” asked Esteban.“Watch out!” warned Margie.“No homework tonight!” Mrs. Tavárez asserted.
20 Examples: reported whispered replied affirmed Avoid overusing the past tense verb “said” when writing dialogue. What other verbs can be used to develop written dialogue? List at least 20…..Examples: reported whispered replied affirmed
21 Punctuate the following sentences. when will you go the hospital Nora asked WillieAt 9:00 he answered unless you want to go earlierI need to go right now I have an emergency she cried frantically.This morning the coach told us after yesterday’s game against Philippines Barea said I am the best