The historian wrote about many famous. womencolorfulplaces eventsagoideas didpretty
A noun is a word that names a person, place, thing, or idea. There are two basic types of nouns: common nouns and proper nouns Common: names any person, place, thing, or idea Proper: names a specific person, place, thing, or idea
Proper nouns: The first word is always capitalized If there are multiple words, all words are capitalized Common nouns: Can be either concrete or abstract
Concrete nouns: name things that you can see or touch Document, crown, snow, museum, buffalo Abstract nouns: name ideas, qualities, or feelings that cannot be seen or touched Truth, courage, time, history, heritage
Get a Writer’s Choice Book from my cabinet (green books) Turn to page 382 Complete Ex. 1 #’s 1-10 Complete Ex. 2 #’s 1-10. You do not have to write out the sentence. We will go over answers when you have completed them.
Nouns can be either singular or plural Singular means one Child, dog, monkey, sheep, calf, mouse, daddy Plural means more than one Children, dogs, monkeys, sheep, calves, mice, daddies
For most nouns, add –s to the end to make it plural Dog -> dogsshovel -> shovels For nouns ending in s, ss, x, z, ch, sh, add –es to make the noun plural Box -> boxescouch -> couches For nouns ending in y with a consonant before the y, change the y to i and add –es Army -> armiesbaby -> babies For nouns ending in y with a vowel before the y, just add –s Monkey -> monkeysturkey -> turkeys
Some nouns are irregular. This means their spelling changes completely and you do not simply add –s or –es to make them plural. For most nouns that end in f or fe, f or fe becomes ves Elf -> elves loaf -> loaves thief -> thieves For most nouns that end in o, add s Kangaroo -> kangaroos piano -> pianos video -> videos
For certain nouns that end in a consonant and o, add es Hero -> heroes potato -> potatoes volcano -> volcanoes For some nouns, the spelling changes completely Child -> children mouse -> mice tooth -> teeth For some nouns, the singular and plural is the same Deer, fish, sheep, species
Singular Plural analysis analyses appendix appendices bison bison cactus cacti calf calves child children elf elves foot feet goose geese knife knives leaf leaves life lives loaf loaves man men mouse mice person people scissors scissors tooth teeth
Nouns made of two or more words Three types of Compound Nouns 1. One word: housekeeper, football, bookbag, 2. Hyphenated: runner-up, mother-in-law, great-grandmother 3. More than one word: ice cream, dining room, maid of honor
To make One Word Compound nouns plural, follow the rules previously mentioned Hyphenated Plural: Make the most important part of the compound noun plural More than One Word: Make the most important part of the compound noun plural.
Turn to page 384 Complete Exercise 3 #’s 1-20. We will go over when completed.
Names who or what owns or has something Examples: Rita has a book on history. Rita’s book is new. Read the books. Note the books’ major themes
Most singular nouns: Add an apostrophe (‘) and –s (‘s) a girl a girl’s name Singular nouns ending in –s: Add an apostrophe and –s (‘s) Lewis Lewis’s explorations Plural nouns ending in –s: Add an apostrophe animals animals’ habits Plural nouns not ending in –s: Add an apostrophe and –s women women’s history
Acquire your Writer’s Choice Book Turn to page 386 Complete Ex. 6 #’s 1-10. You do not have to write out the sentence. We will go over when completed.
Names a group that is made up of individuals Examples of Collective Nouns family, group, flock, jury, herd Collective Nouns need to show agreement with the verb in the sentence Singular Noun: -s on the verb Plural Noun: no –s on the verb Hint: if you can sub IT for collective noun, then its singular. If you can sub THEY for collective noun then its plural
Grab a Writer’s Choice Book to practice identifying collective nouns and verb agreement. Turn to page 390 Complete Ex. 10
A noun that is placed next to another noun to identify or add information about it. James Madison’s wife Dolley was a famous first lady. Appositive phrase is a group of words that includes an appositive and other words that describe the appositive. Madison, our fourth president, held many other offices.
Appositive phrase is usually set off my commas however if the appositive is needed to identify the noun or if it is a single word no commas needed. Madison’s friend Thomas Jefferson was president before him. Madison’s father, James Madison, was a plantation owner.
Get your Writer’s Choice Book Turn to page 392. We are going to complete Ex. 11 together as a class. If you want another example then write one in your notebook.