Let’s Do a Quick Review What’s the difference between a primary source and a secondary source?
Difference between Primary & Secondary Sources Primary: Original Source the “topic” Secondary: Second-Hand Source analysis of the “topic”
Difference may be difficult to determine American history textbook is a secondary source Reprint of U.S. Constitution in the history textbook is a primary source
One last point to consider… Can primary & secondary sources sometimes contain bias and be subjective?
Bias in Primary Sources & Secondary Sources? Primary & Secondary Sources are the viewpoint or memory of either a participant or observer… so Yes, sometimes they are subjective and contain bias.
Test Yourself - Primary Sources? original painting? diary by a Vietnam Veteran? an autobiography?
Test Yourself - Primary Sources? original painting?Yes diary by a Vietnam Veteran? Yes an autobiography?Yes
Test Yourself - Secondary Sources? scholarly review of Toni Morrison’s Beloved? encyclopedia? history textbook?
Test Yourself - Secondary Sources? scholarly review of Toni Morrison’s Beloved?Yes encyclopediaYes history textbookYes
Primary Sources & Secondary Sources Any questions?
Congratulations! Now you know the difference between primary & secondary sources Check out the recommended websites for primary sources:
Good luck on your research! Discover the wealth of historical information at: Library of Congress Research and Reference Services http://www.loc.gov/rr/ and thehttp://www.loc.gov/rr/ Library of Congress American Memory Project http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/index.html http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/index.html
References for Primary and Secondary Sources Information University of California Berkeley http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/instruct/guides/primarysources.html University of West Florida Libraries http://library.uwf.edu/Research/OnlineTutorials/SourceTypes/ List of References for Images used in this tutorial References Primary Secondary Sources Images.pdf