Main points What… like? Comparative Superlative
What……like??? Like is the preposition not the main verb What…like?? Is used to describe somebody or something Ex: What is your teacher like? He is very nice What was your holiday like? It was good and wonderful. Note: We don’t use like in the answer She is very nice NOT She is like very nice In these sentences, Like is the verb What does he like? I like playing football.
The boy on the left is taller than the boy on the right Or The boy on the right is shorter than the boy on the left
The can on the left is bigger than the can on the right Or The can on the right is smaller than the can on the left
Comparative adjectives Comparative adjectives are used to clarify the difference between 2 objects/nouns: Comparative adjectives are used to compare 2 nouns. To state that one noun has more of something then the 2nd noun. Ex: The black dog is older than the white dog. My house is bigger than my sister's house. The yellow hat is more expansive than the green hat. The winter is colder than the summer. The green hat is smaller than the yellow hat.
How to Use Comparative Adjectives: -er is added to the end of a 1-syllable adjective: cold - colder small - smaller tall – taller -er is added to the end of an adjective with 2 syllables, if the word ends in –y: early - earlier happy - happier crazy - crazier adjectives that end in -e, only -r is added to end of the adjective: nice -nicer safe -safer adjective that end in a consonant, vowel, consonant - the last consonant is doubled big -bigger fat- fatter hot -hotter
"more" is used for words that have 2 or more syllables: honest - more honest difficult- more difficult modern - more modern expensive - more expensive comfortable - more comfortable "Than" is usually usually used after the comparative adjective. How to Use Comparative Adjectives:
Superlative adjectives: Superlative adjectives are used to define the highest degree of a noun. Superlative adjectives are used only if 3 or more things or people are being compared. Examples: The black dog is the biggest. The house at the end of the street is the nicest. My mother's pizza is the best.
How to use superlative adjectives As with comparative adjectives, there are two ways to form a superlative adjective: short adjectives: add "-est" old → the oldest late → the latest long adjectives: use "most" modern → the most modern expensive → the most expensive